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Table 9 U.S. Terms of Trade Indexes, by Locality

Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: October 2018 to October 2019(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
Sept.
2019
Oct.
2019
Annual Monthly
Oct.
2018
to
Oct.
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2019
to
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2019
to
Oct.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

99.4 100.0 -0.9 0.0 0.0 -0.2 0.6

Canada

98.3 100.0 -2.6 0.6 0.1 -0.5 1.7

European Union

103.2 102.9 1.1 0.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Germany

106.8 106.7 2.6 1.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Latin America(3)

101.5 103.1 1.6 1.1 -0.4 -0.5 1.6

Mexico

101.2 101.3 -1.3 0.7 -0.3 -0.4 0.1

Pacific Rim(4)

100.6 101.1 1.8 0.9 -0.4 0.0 0.5

China

99.1 99.0 0.0 0.8 -1.0 0.0 -0.1

Japan

99.2 99.7 0.2 0.6 -0.7 0.4 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available

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Last Modified Date: November 15, 2019