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Economic News Release
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Table 9 U.S. Terms of Trade Indexes, by Locality

Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: August 2020 to August 2021(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2020
to
Aug.
2021
Apr.
2021
to
May
2021
May
2021
to
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2021
to
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2021
to
Aug.
2021

Industrialized Countries(2)

97.8 98.7 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.8 0.9

Canada

88.5 91.3 -9.2 -3.2 -2.6 2.3 3.2

European Union

102.5 102.3 1.7 0.4 1.0 -1.1 -0.2

Germany

104.1 104.4 -4.4 0.4 1.2 -3.3 0.3

Latin America(3)

113.9 114.3 17.1 4.3 -0.4 0.1 0.4

Mexico

118.5 118.8 23.4 7.8 0.2 0.1 0.3

Pacific Rim(4)

109.6 108.8 10.2 1.1 0.8 1.5 -0.7

China

107.8 107.6 8.0 1.3 0.4 -0.3 -0.2

Japan

108.4 108.1 10.9 3.1 1.0 -0.4 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: September 15, 2021