Friday, January 16, 2015
Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), decreased 0.5 percent in December after declines of 0.4 percent in November and 0.2 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the December decrease to falling energy prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)
Over the year, the CPI-U increased 0.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The 12-month percent change in December was the smallest rate of increase since October 2009. The all items less food and energy index rose 1.1 percent. (See table 1.)
After no change in October and November, the food index rose 0.5 percent in December, due to higher prices for food at home. Groceries jumped 0.8 percent, with eggs, tomatoes, and sugar and sweeteners among the items with price increases. In contrast, prices for food away from home were unchanged.
For the year ending in December, the food index advanced 3.5 percent, reflecting increases of 3.7 percent for at-home food and 3.2 percent for away-from-home food.
The energy index fell 4.3 percent, marking the sixth consecutive one-month decline. The last time the index was down for six successive months was for the period ending in January 2009. Gasoline prices dropped 8.5 percent in December, the largest decline recorded in six years. Prices for household energy also decreased, with price reductions for electricity (-2.0 percent) and for fuel oil outweighing a 5.5-percent jump in natural gas charges.
From December 2013 to December 2014, the energy index dropped 12.9 percent, the largest 12-month decline since September 2009. Prices for gasoline fell 21.1 percent, and prices for household energy were down 5.8 percent, with declines in natural gas (-9.1 percent) and in electricity (-1.3 percent).
The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.3 percent, after edging down 0.2 percent in November. Not uncommon for this time of year, apparel prices declined, falling 4.9 percent. Lower prices were also reported for household furnishings and operations (-0.6 percent) and for used cars and trucks. In contrast, prices for recreation, education and communication, and other goods and services were unchanged. Shelter prices inched up 0.1 percent, as did residential and owners’ equivalent rent. Medical care prices, on the other hand, advanced 0.5 percent.
Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.1 percent, due primarily to higher prices for shelter (2.1 percent). Within shelter, residential rent rose 2.9 percent. Medical care prices increased 3.6 percent. These increases were tempered by declines in a number of items, including apparel (-1.2 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-2.6 percent).
In December, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 253.224, down 0.6 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.1 percent over the year.
The January 2015 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released Thursday, February 26, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from-|
All items (1967=100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence (1)
Fuels and utilities
Energy services (1)
Utility (piped) gas service (1)
Household furnishings and operations
Gasoline (all types)
Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)
Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)
Education and communication (5)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food and beverages
Nondurables less food and beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less medical care
All items less shelter
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter (2)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Last Modified Date: Friday, January 16, 2015