Tuesday, May 17, 2016
Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose for the fourth consecutive month, up 0.4 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the increase primarily to higher prices for energy, particularly gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)
Over the year, the CPI-U was up 1.0 percent. (See table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent. (See chart 1.) Higher prices for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)
The food index increased 0.7 percent in April, reflecting higher prices for both food at home (1.0 percent) and food away from home (0.4 percent). Within the food at home group, prices rose for snacks; cakes, cupcakes, and cookies; and salad dressings.
Over the year, the food index increased 0.9 percent as away-from-home food prices rose 3.6 percent. In contrast, at-home food prices declined 1.1 percent.
The energy index rose 4.6 percent in April. After falling in eight of the last nine months, gasoline prices jumped 12.9 percent, the largest increase since June 2009. Household energy prices rose 0.3 percent with higher prices for natural gas (0.4 percent) and fuel oil. Electricity prices were unchanged.
For the year ended in April 2016, the energy index fell 8.3 percent. The decline was driven by a 12.9-percent drop in gasoline prices, along with lower prices for electricity (-4.7 percent) and fuel oil. Natural gas prices moderated the drop in the energy index, rising 7.1 percent.
The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent, due largely to a 0.2-percent increase in shelter prices. Higher prices for both owners’ equivalent rent (0.2 percent) and residential rent (0.1 percent) contributed to the price rise. Prices also increased for motor vehicle insurance. The indexes for medical care and recreation each rose 0.3 percent. A 1.4-percent decline in prices for apparel helped to moderate the overall advance.
From April 2015 to April 2016, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent. Shelter prices were up 2.8 percent as prices rose for residential rent (4.0 percent) and owners’ equivalent rent (2.8 percent). Other categories with higher prices included other goods and services (3.2 percent), education and communication (2.2 percent), and medical care (1.8 percent).
In April, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 257.289, up 0.5 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 1.0 percent over the year.
The May 2016 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released Thursday, June 16, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from-|
All items (1967=100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence (1)
Fuels and utilities
Energy services (1)
Utility (piped) gas service (1)
Household furnishings and operations
Gasoline (all types)
Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)
Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)
Education and communication (5)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food and beverages
Nondurables less food and beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less medical care
All items less shelter
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter (2)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 17, 2016