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News Release Information

18-1477-NEW
Thursday, September 13, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City – August 2018

Area prices up 0.1 percent over the month and 2.2 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), ticked up 0.1 percent in August, after no change in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli explained that rising apparel and shelter prices were largely offset by declining energy prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U increased 2.2 percent. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.4 percent. (See table A and chart 1.) Price increases for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

Food

The August food index was unchanged after increasing 0.2 percent in July. Prices for food at home ticked up 0.1 percent. Price increases were recorded for three of the six grocery groups, led by cereals and bakery products (1.7 percent), which included higher prices for breakfast cereal. Prices for food away from home were unchanged for the second consecutive month.

For the year ended in August 2018, the food index rose 2.4 percent, with prices 3.4 percent higher for food away from home and 1.7 percent higher for food at home.

Energy

Over the month, energy prices declined 1.9 percent, following a 0.7-percent decrease in July. Household energy prices dropped 3.0 percent, with a 3.7-percent decline for electricity and a 3.0-percent decline for natural gas. Gasoline prices decreased 0.5 percent, after decreasing 2.0 percent in July.

From August 2017 to August 2018, the energy index rose 11.0 percent. Gasoline prices climbed 19.1 percent. Prices for household energy rose 5.7 percent, with higher prices recorded for natural gas (9.4 percent), partially offset by declines in prices for electricity (-0.2 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in August. Often up at this time of year, apparel prices jumped 7.6 percent—the largest increase in more than eight years. Shelter prices rose 0.2 percent. Within shelter, residential rent rose 0.5 percent and owners’ equivalent rent, 0.3 percent. Education and communication prices increased 0.8 percent, with higher prices recorded for tuition, other school fees, and childcare (2.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.4 percent. Other goods and services rose 2.7 percent and medical care, 1.8 percent. Shelter prices increased 1.8 percent, including a 2.4-percent rise in owners’ equivalent rent and a 1.8-percent increase in residential rent. Education and communication posted a 1.0 percent increase.

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month201320142015201620172018
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.52.20.91.90.1-0.50.20.80.62.50.41.4

February

0.62.4-0.21.10.30.10.20.60.32.60.51.7

March

0.11.90.41.30.2-0.10.20.70.02.30.01.7

April

-0.21.40.01.60.10.00.41.00.12.00.31.9

May

0.11.40.51.90.4-0.10.30.90.11.80.42.2

June

0.31.80.01.70.20.10.2(R)0.9(R)0.21.80.12.0

July

0.22.10.11.6-0.1-0.1-0.11.0-0.21.60.02.2

August

0.11.7-0.21.30.10.10.21.10.21.70.12.2

September

0.31.60.01.00.20.30.21.00.52.1

October

-0.61.1-0.21.3-0.10.40.11.2-0.21.8

November

0.11.2-0.40.8-0.20.60.21.6-0.11.6

December

0.01.5-0.50.3-0.40.70.12.10.11.6

Footnotes:
(R) = revised.

CPI-W

In August, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 269.304, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 2.2 percent over the year.

The September 2018 Consumer Price Index for New York-Newark-Jersey City is scheduled to be released on Thursday, October 11, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from-
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018

Expenditure category

All items

274.170274.073274.4412.20.10.1

All items (1967=100)

792.589792.308793.370   

Food and beverages

266.694267.197267.3512.50.20.1

Food

266.740267.302267.4232.40.30.0

Food at home

255.693256.679256.8201.70.40.1

Cereals and bakery products

305.975299.330304.336 -0.51.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

252.605254.407253.685 0.4-0.3

Dairy and related products

220.666222.495224.308 1.70.8

Fruits and vegetables

321.847323.239325.772 1.20.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

252.958252.946249.937 -1.2-1.2

Other food at home

224.946228.701226.603 0.7-0.9

Food away from home

289.637289.604289.6993.40.00.0

Alcoholic beverages

261.554261.241261.8472.80.10.2

Housing

298.099298.964298.6292.00.2-0.1

Shelter

375.650376.707377.5491.80.50.2

Rent of primary residence

387.522388.214390.0071.80.60.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

383.104384.019385.2782.40.60.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

382.629383.544384.8012.40.60.3

Fuels and utilities

204.415205.035199.5215.5-2.4-2.7

Household energy

196.675197.285191.2805.7-2.7-3.0

Energy services

186.826187.246180.7642.8-3.2-3.5

Electricity

192.726192.265185.081-0.2-4.0-3.7

Utility (piped) gas service

166.908168.665163.6439.4-2.0-3.0

Household furnishings and operations

108.371108.783107.994-1.1-0.3-0.7

Apparel

121.897118.532127.486-0.74.67.6

Transportation

226.460224.456223.3565.6-1.4-0.5

Private transportation

213.066212.744211.8636.4-0.6-0.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

91.59792.32491.934 0.4-0.4

New vehicles(1)

200.946200.922199.778 -0.6-0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

267.577270.890271.128 1.30.1

Motor fuel

243.146238.190237.09719.1-2.5-0.5

Gasoline (all types)

242.052237.112236.02119.1-2.5-0.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

241.625236.541235.40919.4-2.6-0.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

247.675243.552242.45617.4-2.1-0.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

247.015243.041242.27816.4-1.9-0.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

740.009744.758739.734 0.0-0.7

Medical care

485.040484.915484.8751.80.00.0

Recreation(3)

123.824123.307122.693-0.6-0.9-0.5

Education and communication(3)

141.443141.696142.8611.01.00.8

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,166.5171,167.9231,191.912 2.22.1

Other goods and services

433.209432.066431.5872.7-0.4-0.1

Commodity and service group

All items

274.170274.073274.4412.20.10.1

Commodities

192.218191.481192.5092.90.20.5

Commodities less food and beverages

146.741145.482146.8473.30.10.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

189.254187.184190.4185.20.61.7

Durables

93.34393.03792.276-1.0-1.1-0.8

Services

343.699344.033343.9691.90.10.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

265.013264.917265.3022.20.10.1

All items less shelter

234.083233.478233.6432.4-0.20.1

Commodities less food

151.093149.855151.2063.20.10.9

Nondurables

229.795228.889230.7463.70.40.8

Nondurables less food

193.710191.730194.8295.10.61.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

320.028319.561318.4801.9-0.5-0.3

Services less medical care services

331.965332.243332.1561.90.10.0

Energy

217.130215.616211.41211.0-2.6-1.9

All items less energy

281.606281.648282.4701.60.30.3

All items less food and energy

286.132286.094287.0311.40.30.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 13, 2018