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News Release Information

18-1645-NEW
Thursday, October 11, 2018

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  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City – September 2018

Area prices up 0.4 percent over the month and 2.0 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.4 percent in September, after three months of little change, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the rise to price increases for food and other non-energy items. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U increased 2.0 percent. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.6 percent. (See table A and chart 1.) Price increases for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

Food

The September food index increased 0.7 percent after no change in August. Prices for food at home jumped 1.0 percent. Prices increased in five of the six food categories, which included a wide variety of groceries, such as bread and lettuce. Prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent, following two consecutive months of no change.

Over the year, the food index rose 3.1 percent. For food away from home, prices were 3.4 percent higher. For food at home, prices were 2.9 percent higher, the largest 12-month percent increase recorded since April 2015.

Energy

Over the month, energy prices were unchanged, following two consecutive declines. A 0.3-percent decrease in gasoline prices was offset by a 0.2-percent increase in household energy prices. Within household energy, prices for electricity rose 1.7 percent. Prices for natural gas, on the other hand, fell 3.1 percent in September, following a 3.0-percent drop in August.

For the year ended in September 2018, the energy index increased 5.0 percent. Gasoline prices were up 5.2 percent, and household energy prices, 4.8 percent. Natural gas prices were 6.1 percent higher, and electricity prices were 0.9 percent higher.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.4 percent in September. Often up at this time of year, apparel prices rose 3.4 percent, after climbing 7.6 percent in August. Medical care prices jumped 1.4 percent. Education and communication prices increased 0.5 percent, and household furnishings and operations rose 0.4 percent. Shelter prices rose 0.2 percent, primarily due to higher prices for out-of-town lodging.

From September 2017 to September 2018, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent. Medical care prices increased 3.2 percent. Shelter prices rose 2.0 percent, including a 2.3-percent rise in owners’ equivalent rent and a 1.6-percent increase in residential rent. Two other categories were up by at least 1.0 percent—other goods and services (2.3 percent) and education and communication (1.1 percent).

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month201320142015201620172018
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.52.20.91.90.1-0.50.20.80.62.50.41.4

February

0.62.4-0.21.10.30.10.20.60.32.60.51.7

March

0.11.90.41.30.2-0.10.20.70.02.30.01.7

April

-0.21.40.01.60.10.00.41.00.12.00.31.9

May

0.11.40.51.90.4-0.10.30.90.11.80.42.2

June

0.31.80.01.70.20.10.2(R)0.9(R)0.21.80.12.0

July

0.22.10.11.6-0.1-0.1-0.11.0-0.21.60.02.2

August

0.11.7-0.21.30.10.10.21.10.21.70.12.2

September

0.31.60.01.00.20.30.21.00.52.10.42.0

October

-0.61.1-0.21.3-0.10.40.11.2-0.21.8

November

0.11.2-0.40.8-0.20.60.21.6-0.11.6

December

0.01.5-0.50.3-0.40.70.12.10.11.6

Footnotes:
(R) = revised.

CPI-W

In September, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 270.298, up 0.4 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 1.9 percent over the year.

The October 2018 Consumer Price Index for New York-Newark-Jersey City is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 14, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from-
July
2018
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
July
2018
Aug.
2018

Expenditure category

All items

274.073274.441275.4552.00.50.4

All items (1967=100)

792.308793.370796.303   

Food and beverages

267.197267.351269.3213.10.80.7

Food

267.302267.423269.3233.10.80.7

Food at home

256.679256.820259.4992.91.11.0

Cereals and bakery products

299.330304.336308.903 3.21.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

254.407253.685253.060 -0.5-0.2

Dairy and related products

222.495224.308225.880 1.50.7

Fruits and vegetables

323.239325.772329.982 2.11.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

252.946249.937254.493 0.61.8

Other food at home

228.701226.603230.264 0.71.6

Food away from home

289.604289.699290.5323.40.30.3

Alcoholic beverages

261.241261.847264.7533.51.31.1

Housing

298.964298.629299.1872.20.10.2

Shelter

376.707377.549378.1952.00.40.2

Rent of primary residence

388.214390.007389.5281.60.3-0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

384.019385.278385.5702.30.40.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

383.544384.801385.0922.30.40.1

Fuels and utilities

205.035199.521199.8394.8-2.50.2

Household energy

197.285191.280191.6274.8-2.90.2

Energy services

187.246180.764180.7012.3-3.50.0

Electricity

192.265185.081188.2330.9-2.11.7

Utility (piped) gas service

168.665163.643158.6166.1-6.0-3.1

Household furnishings and operations

108.783107.994108.4450.3-0.30.4

Apparel

118.532127.486131.878-0.111.33.4

Transportation

224.456223.356222.1382.2-1.0-0.5

Private transportation

212.744211.863210.3632.7-1.1-0.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

92.32491.93489.504 -3.1-2.6

New vehicles(1)

200.922199.778200.860 0.00.5

Used cars and trucks(1)

270.890271.128259.428 -4.2-4.3

Motor fuel

238.190237.097236.3595.3-0.8-0.3

Gasoline (all types)

237.112236.021235.2815.2-0.8-0.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

236.541235.409234.6435.1-0.8-0.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

243.552242.456242.1755.8-0.6-0.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

243.041242.278241.6535.5-0.6-0.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

744.758739.734749.008 0.61.3

Medical care

484.915484.875491.8813.21.41.4

Recreation(3)

123.307122.693122.709-0.8-0.50.0

Education and communication(3)

141.696142.861143.5901.11.30.5

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,167.9231,191.9121,196.632 2.50.4

Other goods and services

432.066431.587432.1522.30.00.1

Commodity and service group

All items

274.073274.441275.4552.00.50.4

Commodities

191.481192.509193.4902.11.00.5

Commodities less food and beverages

145.482146.847147.3181.31.30.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

187.184190.418191.6252.02.40.6

Durables

93.03792.27691.913-0.8-1.2-0.4

Services

344.033343.969345.0562.00.30.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

264.917265.302266.0571.90.40.3

All items less shelter

233.478233.643234.8362.00.60.5

Commodities less food

149.855151.206151.7531.41.30.4

Nondurables

228.889230.746232.3392.71.50.7

Nondurables less food

191.730194.829196.1322.12.30.7

Services less rent of shelter(2)

319.561318.480320.0902.00.20.5

Services less medical care services

332.243332.156332.6351.80.10.1

Energy

215.616211.412211.3485.0-2.00.0

All items less energy

281.648282.470283.5981.80.70.4

All items less food and energy

286.094287.031288.0481.60.70.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 11, 2018