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News Release Information

19-992-NEW
Wednesday, June 12, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City – May 2019

Area prices up 0.2 percent over the month and 1.5 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.2 percent in May after rising 0.3 percent during each of the two prior months, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the rise to price increases for gasoline and non-energy expenditures that were partly offset by a decline in food prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U increased 1.5 percent. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.9 percent. (See table A and chart 1.) Price increases for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index dipped 0.2 percent for the second consecutive month in May. Prices for food at home fell 0.7 percent, with price declines in four of the six grocery groups. Groceries with lower prices in May included lettuce and snacks. In contrast, prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent.

From May 2018 to May 2019, the food index increased 1.3 percent. Food-away-from-home prices rose 2.2 percent, while food-at-home prices increased 0.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.7 percent, following a 1.9-percent increase in April. Gasoline prices climbed 5.7 percent, marking the third consecutive month with prices increases exceeding 5.0 percent. In contrast, prices for household energy declined 1.3 percent, with price reductions recorded for electricity (-1.7 percent) and for natural gas (-1.1 percent).  

Over the year, the energy index declined 3.6 percent. Household energy prices decreased 5.4 percent, pulled down by declines of 7.5 percent for electricity prices and 5.2 percent for natural gas prices. Area gasoline prices decreased 0.7 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent, marking a fifth consecutive increase. Apparel prices rose 1.2 percent, following declines during the prior two months. Airline fares were up, as were prices for recreation (0.4 percent) and other goods and services (0.4 percent). Medical care and education and communication each recorded increases of 0.2 percent. Shelter prices, by contrast, were unchanged; a 0.2-percent increase in residential rent was offset by a decline in out-of-town lodging.

For the year ended in May 2019, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.9 percent. A 2.2-percent increase in shelter prices included a 3.1-percent rise in residential rent and a 1.8-percent increase in owners’ equivalent rent. Following shelter, the next largest contributor to the change in the index for all items less food and energy was medical care, which rose 4.3 percent. The 12-month change for medical care was the largest in more than two years. Price increases were also recorded for recreation (3.1 percent) and for alcoholic beverages (3.0 percent). Prices for education and communication rose 2.3 percent, buoyed up by a 3.4-percent rise in tuition, other school fees, and childcare.

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month201420152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.91.90.1-0.50.20.80.62.50.41.40.51.6

February

-0.21.10.30.10.20.60.32.60.51.70.21.3

March

0.41.30.2-0.10.20.70.02.30.01.70.31.6

April

0.01.60.10.00.41.00.12.00.31.90.31.6

May

0.51.90.4-0.10.30.90.11.80.42.20.21.5

June

0.01.70.20.10.2(R)0.9(R)0.21.80.12.0

July

0.11.6-0.1-0.1-0.11.0-0.21.60.02.2

August

-0.21.30.10.10.21.10.21.70.12.2

September

0.01.00.20.30.21.00.52.10.42.0

October

-0.21.3-0.10.40.11.2-0.21.8-0.12.0

November

-0.40.8-0.20.60.21.6-0.11.6-0.21.9

December

-0.50.3-0.40.70.12.10.11.6-0.21.6

Footnotes:
(R) = revised.

CPI-W

In May, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 272.726, up 0.3 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 1.4 percent over the year.

The June 2019 Consumer Price Index for New York-Newark-Jersey City is scheduled to be released on Thursday, July 11, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from-
March
2019
April
2019
May
2019
May
2018
March
2019
April
2019

Expenditure category

All items

276.570277.441278.0681.50.50.2

All items (1967=100)

799.526802.042803.857   

Food and beverages

270.636270.123269.7071.4-0.3-0.2

Food

270.756270.294269.6431.3-0.4-0.2

Food at home

259.546258.348256.6110.7-1.1-0.7

Cereals and bakery products

306.981300.794306.0562.1-0.31.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

254.454254.478249.685-0.1-1.9-1.9

Dairy and related products

225.649227.752224.0011.0-0.7-1.6

Fruits and vegetables

334.342325.386328.5990.0-1.71.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

248.616255.104251.2063.11.0-1.5

Other food at home

230.412229.749226.441-0.3-1.7-1.4

Food away from home

293.993294.575295.4652.20.50.3

Alcoholic beverages

264.415263.215266.0443.00.61.1

Housing

301.791302.413302.1921.40.1-0.1

Shelter

382.414384.220384.0852.20.40.0

Rent of primary residence

396.754398.932399.6813.10.70.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

388.962389.944389.8681.80.20.0

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

388.481389.461389.3851.80.20.0

Fuels and utilities

196.239192.664190.433-4.8-3.0-1.2

Household energy

187.523183.483181.053-5.9-3.5-1.3

Energy services

178.718174.095171.555-6.7-4.0-1.5

Electricity

178.798175.302172.359-7.5-3.6-1.7

Utility (piped) gas service

168.262162.164160.395-5.2-4.7-1.1

Household furnishings and operations

109.961109.450110.3710.40.40.8

Apparel

125.298120.552122.042-4.9-2.61.2

Transportation

218.283223.336226.8970.43.91.6

Private transportation

205.715210.603212.9720.33.51.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

91.12791.01590.026-1.7-1.2-1.1

New vehicles(1)

204.123204.534204.3011.70.1-0.1

Used cars and trucks(1)

269.956270.612267.8190.6-0.8-1.0

Motor fuel

208.752225.223238.052-0.714.05.7

Gasoline (all types)

207.720224.169236.979-0.714.15.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

206.468223.441236.450-0.714.55.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

216.774228.991241.485-0.511.45.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

218.523231.591242.9510.011.24.9

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

763.145763.145761.8682.4-0.2-0.2

Medical care

504.067504.551505.4624.30.30.2

Recreation(3)

124.499125.593126.0443.11.20.4

Education and communication(3)

143.612144.143144.3802.30.50.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,204.2821,204.2761,205.8713.40.10.1

Other goods and services

434.964433.891435.6311.80.20.4

Commodity and service group

All items

276.570277.441278.0681.50.50.2

Commodities

190.914191.104192.6100.10.90.8

Commodities less food and beverages

143.120143.619145.914-1.12.01.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

182.224183.761187.698-1.63.02.1

Durables

93.64992.97993.3580.2-0.30.4

Services

348.744350.122350.1822.00.40.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

266.692267.579268.1951.30.60.2

All items less shelter

234.608235.082236.0551.00.60.4

Commodities less food

147.646148.097150.422-0.81.91.6

Nondurables

227.768228.375230.3520.01.10.9

Nondurables less food

187.203188.594192.480-1.32.82.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

323.287324.226324.5051.80.40.1

Services less medical care services

335.584336.972336.9341.60.40.0

Energy

198.185201.948205.330-3.63.61.7

All items less energy

286.132286.722287.0821.90.30.1

All items less food and energy

290.772291.529292.0481.90.40.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 12, 2019