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News Release Information

20-419-NEW
Wednesday, March 11, 2020

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Technical information:
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  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City – February 2020

Area prices up 0.2 percent over the month and 2.4 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), inched up 0.2 percent in February, after rising 0.8 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli noted that the increase was partially driven by rising shelter prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U advanced 2.4 percent. The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.6 percent. (See table A and chart 1.) Price increases for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index was unchanged in February after rising 0.5 percent in each of the two previous months. With half of the six grocery groups declining, the food-at-home index inched down 0.2 percent. Citrus fruits were among grocery items with lower February prices. In contrast, prices for food away from home increased 0.3 percent.

Over the year, the food index increased 1.5 percent. Prices for food away from home were up 2.5 percent, and prices for food at home rose 0.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 2.3 percent in February, following a 1.4-percent rise in January. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-3.3 percent). Household energy prices declined 1.6 percent, with lower prices for natural gas (-3.5 percent) and fuel oil and other fuels, partially offset by higher prices for electricity (1.2 percent).

Energy prices rose 2.1 percent over the year. Gasoline prices increased 5.7 percent. Electricity prices rose 2.8 percent, while natural gas prices dropped 5.3 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent, after jumping 0.8 percent in January. Shelter prices rose 0.3 percent, driven by price increases for lodging away from home. Apparel prices, often up in February, rose 1.7 percent. Medical care prices increased 1.2 percent, with higher prices reported for eyeglasses and eye care and nonprescription drugs. Tuition, other school fees, and childcare rose 1.2 percent. Used cars and trucks advanced 1.1 percent, while new vehicles rose 0.6 percent. Higher prices were also reported for motor vehicle insurance, up 1.1 percent, and airline fares. Recreation rose 0.6 percent.

From February 2019 to February 2020, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.6 percent. A 2.5-percent increase in shelter prices included a 2.7-percent rise in residential rent and a 2.4-percent increase in owners’ equivalent rent. Medical care prices rose 5.7 percent. A 4.3-percent rise in prices for tuition, other school fees, and childcare contributed to a 3.4-percent increase in prices for education and communication. Prices for recreation rose 3.4 percent.

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month201520162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.1-0.50.20.80.62.50.41.40.51.60.82.5

February

0.30.10.20.60.32.60.51.70.21.30.22.4

March

0.2-0.10.20.70.02.30.01.70.31.6

April

0.10.00.41.00.12.00.31.90.31.6

May

0.4-0.10.30.90.11.80.42.20.21.5

June

0.20.10.2(R)0.9(R)0.21.80.12.00.31.7

July

-0.1-0.1-0.11.0-0.21.60.02.20.01.7

August

0.10.10.21.10.21.70.12.20.21.8

September

0.20.30.21.00.52.10.42.00.01.4

October

-0.10.40.11.2-0.21.8-0.12.00.01.5

November

-0.20.60.21.6-0.11.6-0.21.90.11.8

December

-0.40.70.12.10.11.6-0.21.60.12.2

Footnotes:
(R) = revised.

CPI-W

In February, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 276.412, up 0.1 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 2.3 percent over the year.

The March 2020 Consumer Price Index for New York-Newark-Jersey City is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 10, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from-
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

279.816282.020282.5772.41.00.2

All items (1967=100)

808.908815.281816.892   

Food and beverages

272.644274.084274.1091.60.50.0

Food

272.678274.070274.1201.50.50.0

Food at home

258.504261.131260.6510.80.8-0.2

Cereals and bakery products

302.844306.081304.005-0.40.4-0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

256.300256.578257.6092.50.50.4

Dairy and related products

227.681231.648229.0922.20.6-1.1

Fruits and vegetables

334.575340.468332.596-0.3-0.6-2.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

245.190254.065257.7410.45.11.4

Other food at home

226.983226.667229.0000.40.91.0

Food away from home

300.220299.909300.7072.50.20.3

Alcoholic beverages

267.591269.654269.3412.20.7-0.1

Housing

305.331307.061307.2102.00.60.0

Shelter

387.979389.790390.9842.50.80.3

Rent of primary residence

404.797405.906406.2612.70.40.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

395.838397.709397.8902.40.50.0

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

395.348397.216397.3982.40.50.0

Fuels and utilities

195.743198.531195.7270.30.0-1.4

Household energy

186.140189.053185.940-0.2-0.1-1.6

Energy services

175.579178.787178.2150.21.5-0.3

Electricity

171.328176.820178.9132.84.41.2

Utility (piped) gas service

171.997170.390164.497-5.3-4.4-3.5

Household furnishings and operations

109.437110.276108.883-1.6-0.5-1.3

Apparel

115.059125.131127.306-0.310.61.7

Transportation

220.151221.885221.7163.00.7-0.1

Private transportation

208.085209.161207.6892.8-0.2-0.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

90.29790.47090.129-1.1-0.2-0.4

New vehicles(1)

202.882206.151207.4011.42.20.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

264.946263.204266.104-0.60.41.1

Motor fuel

212.729215.275208.1155.7-2.2-3.3

Gasoline (all types)

211.706214.243207.0705.7-2.2-3.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

210.067212.656205.2315.7-2.3-3.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

222.782224.941218.9555.5-1.7-2.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

225.454227.640222.3505.9-1.4-2.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

781.508782.017790.5033.61.21.1

Medical care

519.528523.628529.9115.72.01.2

Recreation(3)

128.159128.629129.4243.41.00.6

Education and communication(3)

147.649148.031147.9793.40.20.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,241.7501,241.7501,256.4674.31.21.2

Other goods and services

439.804440.288441.2731.40.30.2

Commodity and service group

All items

279.816282.020282.5772.41.00.2

Commodities

189.876192.635191.9731.11.1-0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

140.753143.937143.0060.61.6-0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

179.142184.854183.0671.62.2-1.0

Durables

92.17692.77992.708-1.20.6-0.1

Services

355.073356.925358.4103.00.90.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

269.408271.530271.8472.20.90.1

All items less shelter

236.889239.249239.5542.41.10.1

Commodities less food

145.433148.602147.6850.71.5-0.6

Nondurables

227.011230.748229.8081.51.2-0.4

Nondurables less food

184.455189.961188.2571.62.1-0.9

Services less rent of shelter(2)

330.667332.594334.4013.61.10.5

Services less medical care services

340.973342.543343.7222.60.80.3

Energy

198.837201.655196.9802.1-0.9-2.3

All items less energy

289.655291.832292.8322.51.10.3

All items less food and energy

294.570296.892298.0552.61.20.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 11, 2020