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News Release Information

20-1726-NEW
Friday, September 11, 2020

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Technical information:
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  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City – August 2020

Area prices down 0.1 percent over the month and up 1.4 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), ticked down 0.1 percent in August, after increasing 0.5 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the downturn to falling prices for energy. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U increased 1.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent. Price increases for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index was unchanged in August, after dropping 0.8 percent in July. A 0.7-percent rise in prices for food away from home was offset by a 0.5-percent decline in prices for food at home. Among the groceries with lower prices in August were uncooked beef steaks; rice, pasta, cornmeal; and snacks.

For the year ended in August 2020, the food index rose 3.9 percent. Prices for food at home increased 4.4 percent, and prices for food away from home rose 3.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 1.8 percent in August, after a 0.2-percent rise in July. Prices for household energy decreased 2.6 percent. Often down in August, electricity prices fell 4.1 percent. By contrast, prices for natural gas edged up 0.2 percent. Gasoline prices retreated 0.6 percent in August after advancing 2.5 percent in July and 2.6 percent in June.  

Over the year, energy prices dropped 8.9 percent, primarily due to a 21.0-percent fall in gasoline prices. Household energy prices edged down 0.2 percent, with price declines for fuel oil and other fuels largely offset by increases in prices for electricity (3.6 percent) and for natural gas (0.7 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was flat in August, after advancing 0.7 percent in July. A seasonal increase in apparel prices (4.1 percent) led the components with higher prices in August. Other categories with rising prices included recreation (1.1 percent), used cars and trucks (5.9 percent), and household furnishings and operations (1.1 percent). These increases were partly offset by price declines for new vehicles (-0.9 percent) and motor vehicle insurance (-0.6 percent).

From August 2019 to August 2020, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent. A 1.7-percent increase in shelter prices included a 2.2-percent rise in owners’ equivalent rent and a 1.7-percent increase in residential rent. Recreation prices advanced 6.6 percent, and medical care prices rose 4.6 percent. A 2.6-percent rise in prices for tuition, other school fees, and childcare contributed to a 2.4-percent increase in prices for education and communication.

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month201520162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.1-0.50.20.80.62.50.41.40.51.60.82.5

February

0.30.10.20.60.32.60.51.70.21.30.22.4

March

0.2-0.10.20.70.02.30.01.70.31.6-0.22.0

April

0.10.00.41.00.12.00.31.90.31.6-0.51.1

May

0.4-0.10.30.90.11.80.42.20.21.50.51.4

June

0.20.10.2(R)0.9(R)0.21.80.12.00.31.70.11.3

July

-0.1-0.1-0.11.0-0.21.60.02.20.01.70.51.7

August

0.10.10.21.10.21.70.12.20.21.8-0.11.4

September

0.20.30.21.00.52.10.42.00.01.4

October

-0.10.40.11.2-0.21.8-0.12.00.01.5

November

-0.20.60.21.6-0.11.6-0.21.90.11.8

December

-0.40.70.12.10.11.6-0.21.60.12.2

Footnotes:
(R) = revised.

CPI-W

In August, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 277.920, unchanged over the month. The CPI-W rose 1.5 percent over the year.

The September 2020 Consumer Price Index for New York-Newark-Jersey City is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, October 13, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on August 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at

https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from-
June
2020
July
2020
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2019
June
2020
July
2020

Expenditure category

All items

282.333283.624283.4781.40.4-0.1

All items (1967=100)

816.185819.917819.497   

Food and beverages

283.866281.823282.0143.8-0.70.1

Food

284.462282.301282.4403.9-0.70.0

Food at home

272.888270.732269.4244.4-1.3-0.5

Cereals and bakery products

319.724324.531313.2472.5-2.0-3.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

280.832270.862270.9257.0-3.50.0

Dairy and related products

242.453238.469240.7845.6-0.71.0

Fruits and vegetables

338.841340.323339.1874.70.1-0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

265.127263.544260.9412.0-1.6-1.0

Other food at home

234.973235.371235.9803.40.40.3

Food away from home

308.662306.433308.6173.30.00.7

Alcoholic beverages

270.889270.502271.4081.90.20.3

Housing

308.680308.945308.8251.70.00.0

Shelter

391.894392.217392.4691.70.10.1

Rent of primary residence

408.318408.845409.0421.70.20.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

400.381400.502400.9912.20.20.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

399.885400.007400.4952.20.20.1

Fuels and utilities

200.896199.345194.9550.5-3.0-2.2

Household energy

191.006189.199184.341-0.2-3.5-2.6

Energy services

189.809186.915181.5903.5-4.3-2.8

Electricity

197.758193.784185.8503.6-6.0-4.1

Utility (piped) gas service

160.704160.179160.4730.7-0.10.2

Household furnishings and operations

109.907111.080112.3553.12.21.1

Apparel

112.850114.472119.120-3.65.64.1

Transportation

212.644214.264209.508-6.0-1.5-2.2

Private transportation

201.678204.084204.697-2.51.50.3

New and used motor vehicles(3)

93.29993.55694.3744.31.20.9

New vehicles(1)

207.321210.085208.1003.10.4-0.9

Used cars and trucks(1)

264.089273.042289.0874.49.55.9

Motor fuel

175.435179.673178.672-20.91.8-0.6

Gasoline (all types)

174.363178.664177.649-21.01.9-0.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

171.671176.016174.825-21.81.8-0.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

191.973195.698195.991-16.22.10.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

195.890199.925200.242-15.32.20.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

746.338772.419767.5311.32.8-0.6

Medical care

536.188539.187539.8044.60.70.1

Recreation(3)

129.484133.697135.1696.64.41.1

Education and communication(3)

147.716149.780150.2652.41.70.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,258.2411,263.8741,267.1442.60.70.3

Other goods and services

439.746445.023444.3981.01.1-0.1

Commodity and service group

All items

282.333283.624283.4781.40.4-0.1

Commodities

189.546190.178191.619-0.41.10.8

Commodities less food and beverages

135.230137.031138.946-3.92.71.4

Nondurables less food and beverages

168.504170.691173.121-6.92.71.4

Durables

91.77893.05094.3111.92.81.4

Services

359.791361.612360.2762.10.1-0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

271.329272.547272.3701.20.4-0.1

All items less shelter

238.851240.526240.2231.30.6-0.1

Commodities less food

140.139141.885143.783-3.62.61.3

Nondurables

226.759226.938228.325-0.90.70.6

Nondurables less food

174.616176.655178.999-6.22.51.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

336.311339.715336.7102.70.1-0.9

Services less medical care services

344.585346.257344.8301.70.1-0.4

Energy

187.978188.409184.925-8.9-1.6-1.8

All items less energy

293.315294.692294.8242.10.50.0

All items less food and energy

296.928298.894299.0261.80.70.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, September 11, 2020