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News Release Information

21-648-NEW
Tuesday, April 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City – March 2021

Area prices up 0.4 percent over the month and 2.0 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.4 percent in March, following a 0.3-percent increase in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli noted that the increase was influenced by higher prices for all items less food and energy. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U rose 2.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 3.9 percent. Energy prices rose 6.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.4 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index climbed 0.3 percent in March. Prices for food at home rose 0.3 percent, with three of the six grocery indexes reporting increases. Groceries with higher March prices included chicken, fresh fish and seafood, and beef roasts. The index for food away from home rose 0.3 percent.  

Over the year, the food index was up 3.9 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 5.3 percent, the largest over-the-year increase since May 2008. At-home food prices rose 2.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 1.6 percent in March, after rising 4.5 percent in February. Household energy prices fell 8.5 percent, which included a 13.8-percent drop in electricity prices. A 9.8-percent jump in gasoline prices largely offset the household energy decline.   

From March 2020 to March 2021, energy prices increased 6.3 percent. Price increases for gasoline (15.8 percent) and natural gas (6.8 percent) were partially offset by a decline in electricity prices (-4.9 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.5 percent in March. New and used motor vehicles prices rose 3.7 percent, and other goods and services, 3.2 percent. Lower prices for residential rent (-0.3 percent) and owners’ equivalent rent (-0.1 percent) partially offset the increases.

For the year ended in March 2021, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent. New and used motor vehicles rose 9.2 percent, and household furnishings and operations, 6.5 percent. Shelter prices rose 0.5 percent, with a 0.9-percent increase in owners’ equivalent rent. Residential rent rose 0.3 percent, the smallest over-the-year increase recorded since February 1958.

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.62.50.41.40.51.60.82.50.41.2

February

0.32.60.51.70.21.30.22.40.31.4

March

0.02.30.01.70.31.6-0.22.00.42.0

April

0.12.00.31.90.31.6-0.51.1

May

0.11.80.42.20.21.50.51.4

June

0.21.80.12.00.31.70.11.3

July

-0.21.60.02.20.01.70.51.7

August

0.21.70.12.20.21.8-0.11.4

September

0.52.10.42.00.01.40.41.9

October

-0.21.8-0.12.00.01.5-0.21.7

November

-0.11.6-0.21.90.11.8-0.31.4

December

0.11.6-0.21.60.12.20.41.6

The April 2021 Consumer Price Index for New York-Newark-Jersey City is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 12, 2021, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on March 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in March was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. 

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at

https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from-
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021
March
2021
March
2020
Jan.
2021
Feb.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

285.525286.474287.4812.00.70.4

All items (1967=100)

825.413828.156831.067   

Food and beverages

283.663284.117284.8833.80.40.3

Food

283.787284.173285.0643.90.40.3

Food at home

267.564267.500268.3472.70.30.3

Cereals and bakery products

305.978309.918303.628-0.1-0.8-2.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

263.792262.388269.0272.72.02.5

Dairy and related products

242.657238.089241.4545.6-0.51.4

Fruits and vegetables

343.461339.875346.3074.80.81.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

262.536269.623269.1764.62.5-0.2

Other food at home

234.763235.309230.1220.7-2.0-2.2

Food away from home

314.528315.561316.5385.30.60.3

Alcoholic beverages

277.184278.558277.6062.10.2-0.3

Housing

310.692311.974310.5521.00.0-0.5

Shelter

392.787393.648394.2860.50.40.2

Rent of primary residence

409.744409.559408.2270.3-0.4-0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

402.401402.698402.3720.90.0-0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

401.903402.200401.8730.90.0-0.1

Fuels and utilities

202.932208.407193.4731.1-4.7-7.2

Household energy

192.568198.628181.6700.3-5.7-8.5

Energy services

187.782193.004174.193-1.2-7.2-9.7

Electricity

189.182194.225167.492-4.9-11.5-13.8

Utility (piped) gas service

171.990177.211175.6356.82.1-0.9

Household furnishings and operations

115.465115.554115.7356.50.20.2

Apparel

127.102126.288128.3622.61.01.6

Transportation

218.246221.064227.7565.24.43.0

Private transportation

209.138213.608222.6468.06.54.2

New and used motor vehicles(3)

94.68695.78399.3749.25.03.7

New vehicles(1)

210.395211.041211.0712.30.30.0

Used cars and trucks(1)

288.705289.542296.0158.92.52.2

Motor fuel

194.216207.391227.67115.617.29.8

Gasoline (all types)

193.362206.574226.85915.817.39.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

191.300204.726225.48516.417.910.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

205.444217.639235.45811.214.68.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

210.453222.091238.98011.713.67.6

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

755.633762.383777.234-2.02.91.9

Medical care

534.632535.385534.6170.80.0-0.1

Recreation(3)

130.375130.026130.5010.10.10.4

Education and communication(3)

150.705150.812151.0342.00.20.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,272.3871,272.3871,272.3871.30.00.0

Other goods and services

437.829435.976449.9412.12.83.2

Commodity and service group

All items

285.525286.474287.4812.00.70.4

Commodities

194.743195.862198.0434.01.71.1

Commodities less food and beverages

142.543143.892146.5764.22.81.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

179.311181.498186.0104.23.72.5

Durables

95.22895.69396.4744.21.30.8

Services

361.575362.424362.5811.10.30.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

274.717275.672276.7522.10.70.4

All items less shelter

242.956243.940245.0932.90.90.5

Commodities less food

147.467148.825151.4184.12.71.7

Nondurables

232.418233.802236.5764.01.81.2

Nondurables less food

185.172187.313191.5124.03.42.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

339.053339.904339.5661.90.2-0.1

Services less medical care services

346.359347.179347.4071.10.30.1

Energy

196.015204.830201.5756.32.8-1.6

All items less energy

296.139296.442297.8161.70.60.5

All items less food and energy

300.345300.637302.1001.40.60.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, April 13, 2021