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News Release Information

22-863-NEW
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City — April 2022

Area prices up 0.9 percent over the month and 6.3 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.9 percent in April, following a 1.3-percent increase in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the April increase to higher prices for food, energy, and other items. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U advanced 6.3 percent, while the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The 12-month percent increase in the all-items index was the highest since October 1990. Energy prices climbed 29.8 percent, led by higher prices for gasoline. Food prices advanced 8.8 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 1.5 percent in April, following a 0.3-percent increase in March. Prices for food at home rose 1.8 percent, with all six grocery categories recording higher increases. Among the groceries with higher April prices in the New York area were citrus fruits, eggs, and milk. Prices for food away from home rose 1.1 percent.

From April 2021 to April 2022, food prices were up 8.8 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 10.0 percent—the largest over-the-year increase in 41 years. Prices for food away from home rose 6.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 1.2 percent in April, following a 12.9-percent jump in March. A 4.0-percent rise in household energy prices was partially offset by a 2.3-percent decline in gasoline prices. Within household energy, electricity and natural gas were up 4.2 and 1.8 percent, respectively.

For the year ended in April 2022, energy prices rose 29.8 percent, led by a 42.0-percent climb in gasoline prices. Household energy prices increased 21.2 percent. Prices for electricity advanced 12.6 percent, and natural gas prices increased 18.9 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent in April. Prices for new and used motor vehicles, which include leased and rented vehicles, jumped 5.6 percent. Airline fares also rose. Shelter prices increased 0.4 percent for the second consecutive month. Within shelter, owners’ equivalent rent edged up 0.3 percent, and residential rent ticked up 0.1 percent. Lodging away from home also increased. In contrast, prices for apparel were down (-5.6 percent), as they often are at this time of year.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.4 percent. New and used motor vehicles were up 16.8 percent, including increases of 15.0 percent for new vehicles and 23.6 percent for used cars and trucks. A 2.2-percent increase in shelter prices reflected, in part, a 2.5-percent increase in owners’ equivalent rent and a 1.4-percent rise in residential rent. Other price increases included recreation (7.9 percent), household furnishings and operations (8.9 percent), and medical care (4.6 percent).

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20182019202020212022
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.41.40.51.60.82.50.41.21.15.1

February

0.51.70.21.30.22.40.31.40.35.1

March

0.01.70.31.6-0.22.00.42.01.36.1

April

0.31.90.31.6-0.51.10.73.20.96.3

May

0.42.20.21.50.51.40.53.2

June

0.12.00.31.70.11.31.04.1

July

0.02.20.01.70.51.7-0.13.5

August

0.12.20.21.8-0.11.40.13.7

September

0.42.00.01.40.41.90.53.8

October

-0.12.00.01.5-0.21.70.34.3

November

-0.21.90.11.8-0.31.40.35.0

December

-0.21.60.12.20.41.6-0.24.4

The May 2022 Consumer Price Index for the New York-Newark-Jersey City area is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 10, 2022 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from-
Feb.
2022
March
2022
April
2022
April
2021
Feb.
2022
March
2022

Expenditure category

All items

301.151305.024307.7816.32.20.9

All items (1967=100)

870.587881.781889.753   

Food and beverages

305.776306.791311.3458.51.81.5

Food

307.079307.940312.6588.81.81.5

Food at home

291.811293.548298.82510.02.41.8

Cereals and bakery products

337.711338.718344.5479.32.01.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

307.037307.003310.06413.21.01.0

Dairy and related products

250.901249.525259.1637.23.33.9

Fruits and vegetables

359.267361.793371.9188.93.52.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

284.524286.341286.5336.80.70.1

Other food at home

251.589256.321261.03210.73.81.8

Food away from home

336.070335.373339.1196.90.91.1

Alcoholic beverages

282.572285.821287.9233.21.90.7

Housing

319.660323.204325.4284.11.80.7

Shelter

401.151402.690404.2372.20.80.4

Rent of primary residence

414.299414.021414.4011.40.00.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

411.537412.162413.4772.50.50.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

411.028411.652412.9652.50.50.3

Fuels and utilities

213.733230.781238.90318.511.83.5

Household energy

203.427222.201231.03121.213.64.0

Energy services

189.255204.719211.74014.611.93.4

Electricity

174.289200.122208.58912.619.74.2

Utility (piped) gas service

206.281199.830203.46018.9-1.41.8

Household furnishings and operations

125.140126.609127.3248.91.70.6

Apparel

129.746134.936127.3412.1-1.9-5.6

Transportation

251.934261.280270.02915.57.23.3

Private transportation

251.487261.303268.10317.66.62.6

New and used motor vehicles(3)

114.029114.712121.11316.86.25.6

New vehicles(1)

244.662242.971245.20515.00.20.9

Used cars and trucks(1)

413.170405.395401.55323.6-2.8-0.9

Motor fuel

285.025335.871328.34442.115.2-2.2

Gasoline (all types)

284.071334.595326.94842.015.1-2.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

283.876334.932326.73442.715.1-2.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

289.984339.305334.96240.215.5-1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

288.244335.669331.51737.015.0-1.2

Medical care

552.255555.768561.1044.61.61.0

Recreation(3)

140.321141.364141.0367.90.5-0.2

Education and communication(3)

155.690154.990155.1312.6-0.40.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,303.1781,303.0451,304.0262.50.10.1

Other goods and services

468.478473.131472.3505.10.8-0.2

Commodity and service group

All items

301.151305.024307.7816.32.20.9

Commodities

217.392221.613221.80311.12.00.1

Commodities less food and beverages

163.869169.054167.45213.32.2-0.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

202.433216.380212.17214.44.8-1.9

Durables

113.062111.810112.13213.1-0.80.3

Services

371.976375.485380.5004.32.31.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

290.245294.115296.7626.52.20.9

All items less shelter

261.445266.211269.4308.93.11.2

Commodities less food

168.485173.670172.14812.72.2-0.9

Nondurables

255.344263.104263.14510.93.10.0

Nondurables less food

207.296220.650216.79713.44.6-1.7

Services less rent of shelter(2)

351.667357.505366.6036.94.22.5

Services less medical care services

355.939359.440364.2424.12.31.3

Energy

236.894267.556270.70429.814.31.2

All items less energy

309.836311.558314.3155.01.40.9

All items less food and energy

312.563314.449316.8794.41.40.8

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022