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Wednesday, November 15, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, New York-Northern New Jersey – October 2017

Area prices down 0.2 percent over the month and up 1.8 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged down 0.2 percent in October after advancing 0.5 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the downturn to lower energy prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U rose 1.8 percent. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent. (See table A and chart 1.) Price increases for shelter drove the 12-month change in both indexes. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index increased 0.4 percent after inching up 0.1 percent in September. At-home food prices advanced 0.5 percent, with cheese and sugar and artificial sweeteners among the groceries recording price increases. Away-from-home food prices rose 0.3 percent.

From October 2016 to October 2017, the food index increased 2.1 percent. Prices rose 2.1 percent for food at home, and for food away home, 2.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index fell 5.0 percent after jumping 5.7 percent in September. The decline, the largest since January 2015, was partly attributable to a 6.6-percent drop in gasoline prices, which had climbed 12.8 percent one month earlier. Household energy prices (-3.8 percent) also experienced a downturn in October, primarily due to a seasonal decline in energy services—prices for electricity decreased 6.5 percent, and prices for natural gas declined -0.5 percent.

Over the year, energy prices increased 10.1 percent, with gasoline prices rising 18.5 percent. A 4.7-percent rise in household energy prices included an 11.3-percent advance in natural gas charges, along with a 0.5-percent increase in electricity prices.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy ticked up 0.1 percent, after edging up 0.2 percent in September. Shelter prices inched up 0.1 percent. Within shelter, residential rent increased 0.2 percent. Higher prices were reported for medical care (0.7 percent), household furnishings and operations (0.7 percent), and airline fares. These increases were largely offset by lower prices for apparel and recreation.

For the year ended October 2017, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent. Shelter prices increased 2.1 percent, with residential rent up 2.5 percent. Prices for medical care and for other goods and services each rose 1.9 percent, and prices for recreation increased 1.3 percent.

Table A. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.4 2.8 0.5 2.2 0.9 1.9 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.8 0.6 2.5

February

0.4 2.6 0.6 2.4 -0.2 1.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.3 2.6

March

0.6 2.6 0.1 1.9 0.4 1.3 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.7 0.0 2.3

April

0.2 2.4 -0.2 1.4 0.0 1.6 0.1 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.1 2.0

May

0.1 1.8 0.1 1.4 0.5 1.9 0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.8

June

-0.1 1.6 0.3 1.8 0.0 1.7 0.2 0.1 0.2(R) 0.9(R) 0.2 1.8

July

-0.2 1.1 0.2 2.1 0.1 1.6 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 1.0 -0.2 1.6

August

0.6 1.4 0.1 1.7 -0.2 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 1.1 0.2 1.7

September

0.4 1.6 0.3 1.6 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 1.0 0.5 2.1

October

-0.1 1.7 -0.6 1.1 -0.2 1.3 -0.1 0.4 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.8

November

0.0 2.0 0.1 1.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.2 0.6 0.2 1.6    

December

-0.3 2.1 0.0 1.5 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 0.7 0.1 2.1    

Footnotes:
(R) = revised.
 

CPI-W

In October, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 264.578, down 0.3 percent over the month. The CPI-W rose 2.2 percent over the year.

The November 2017 Consumer Price Index for New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island is scheduled to be released Wednesday, December 13, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, Middlesex, and New Haven Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)(not seasonally adjusted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
 

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

268.657 270.059 269.575 1.8 0.3 -0.2

All items (1967=100)

776.650 780.704 779.305      
 

Food and beverages

260.948 261.175 262.271 2.0 0.5 0.4

Food

261.084 261.243 262.309 2.1 0.5 0.4

Food at home

252.606 252.197 253.405 2.1 0.3 0.5

Food away from home

280.119 281.109 281.995 2.2 0.7 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

254.669 255.792 257.289 0.8 1.0 0.6
 

Housing

292.898 292.867 292.432 2.1 -0.2 -0.1

Shelter

370.744 370.662 371.091 2.1 0.1 0.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

383.150 383.268 384.111 2.5 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

376.331 376.922 377.790 2.1 0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

375.867 376.459 377.324 2.1 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

189.107 190.718 184.521 4.3 -2.4 -3.2

Household energy

181.001 182.804 175.806 4.7 -2.9 -3.8

Energy services(1)

175.878 176.600 168.407 3.8 -4.2 -4.6

Electricity(1)

185.424 186.545 174.350 0.5 -6.0 -6.5

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

149.533 149.520 148.749 11.3 -0.5 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

109.195 108.094 108.872 -0.9 -0.3 0.7
 

Apparel

128.373 132.011 130.854 0.1 1.9 -0.9
 

Transportation

211.533 217.462 215.299 3.2 1.8 -1.0

Private transportation

199.166 204.868 201.485 3.7 1.2 -1.7

Motor fuel

199.087 224.555 209.807 18.5 5.4 -6.6

Gasoline (all types)

198.243 223.701 208.899 18.5 5.4 -6.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

197.110 223.226 207.635 19.2 5.3 -7.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

206.501 228.957 218.182 15.3 5.7 -4.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

208.204 229.001 219.685 14.2 5.5 -4.1
 

Medical care

476.319 476.539 479.874 1.9 0.7 0.7
 

Recreation(5)

123.381 123.685 121.660 1.3 -1.4 -1.6
 

Education and communication(5)

141.397 142.094 142.227 -0.7 0.6 0.1
 

Other goods and services

420.290 422.606 424.127 1.9 0.9 0.4
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

268.657 270.059 269.575 1.8 0.3 -0.2

Commodities

187.098 189.498 188.766 1.7 0.9 -0.4

Commodities less food and beverages

142.224 145.492 143.956 1.4 1.2 -1.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

180.952 187.843 184.743 3.5 2.1 -1.7

Durables

93.246 92.697 92.819 -2.3 -0.5 0.1

Services

337.573 338.253 337.945 1.9 0.1 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

259.633 261.083 260.441 1.8 0.3 -0.2

All items less shelter

228.207 230.219 229.361 1.7 0.5 -0.4

Commodities less food

146.474 149.693 148.244 1.4 1.2 -1.0

Nondurables

222.470 226.274 225.138 2.7 1.2 -0.5

Nondurables less food

185.451 192.012 189.177 3.2 2.0 -1.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

312.425 313.950 312.833 1.6 0.1 -0.4

Services less medical care services

326.062 326.694 326.174 1.7 0.0 -0.2

Energy

190.395 201.202 191.166 10.1 0.4 -5.0

All items less energy

278.132 278.666 279.072 1.3 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

282.983 283.583 283.881 1.2 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA consolidated area comprises the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam, Dutchess, and Orange Counties in New York State; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren Counties in New Jersey; Fairfield County and parts of Litchfield, New Haven, and Middlesex Counties in Connecticut; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 15, 2017