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News Release Information

15-841-ATL
Friday, May 29, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Occupational Employment and Wages in Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville – May 2014

Workers in the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.56 in May 2014, about 9 percent below the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 2 of the 22 major occupational groups. Seventeen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical; food preparation and serving related; and architecture and engineering. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including management; production; and business and financial operations. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesCharlestonUnited StatesCharlestonPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0%100.0%$22.71$20.56*-9

Management

5.04.4*54.0847.72*-12

Business and financial operations

5.14.5*34.8130.58*-12

Computer and mathematical

2.82.740.3733.79*-16

Architecture and engineering

1.82.4*39.1935.00*-11

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.6*33.6927.94*-17

Community and social services

1.41.0*21.7920.76-5

Legal

0.80.7*48.6134.60*-29

Education, training, and library

6.26.0*25.1023.42*-7

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.31.1*26.8220.42*-24

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.87.3*36.5434.25*-6

Healthcare support

2.92.5*13.8613.17*-5

Protective service

2.42.421.1417.79*-16

Food preparation and serving related

9.110.4*10.5710.19*-4

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.23.612.6811.13*-12

Personal care and service

3.12.6*12.0111.28*-6

Sales and related

10.511.118.5914.81*-20

Office and administrative support

16.015.717.0816.32*-4

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.1*12.0916.77*39

Construction and extraction

3.94.122.4018.15*-19

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.2*21.7421.25-2

Production

6.66.0*17.0619.33*13

Transportation and material moving

6.86.516.5715.90-4

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Charleston is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville had 22,570 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 7.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.8-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $34.25, significantly below the national wage of $36.54.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (9,440), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (1,290), and pharmacy technicians (1,050). Among the higher paying jobs were surgeons, and general internists with mean hourly wages of $131.24 and $95.46, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were pharmacy technicians ($14.56) and emergency medical technicians and paramedics ($16.33). (Detailed occupational data for healthcare practitioners and technical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2014/may/oes_16700.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, family and general practitioners were employed at 2.4 times the national rate in Charleston, and medical records and health information technicians, at 2.0 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, dental hygienists had a location quotient of 1.0 in Charleston, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the South Carolina Department of Employment and Workforce.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,588 establishments with a response rate of 71 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, S.C. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southeast. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2014/may/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2014
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

22,5701.3$34.25$71,240

Chiropractors

500.734.1571,030

Dentists, General

3601.688.43183,930

Dietitians and Nutritionists

1601.222.7347,280

Optometrists

600.929.8562,080

Pharmacists

9301.454.07112,470

Anesthesiologists

(5)(5)(6)(6)

Family and General Practitioners

6902.484.47175,690

Internists, General

600.595.46198,550

Surgeons

(5)(5)131.24272,980

Physicians and Surgeons, All Other

3100.496.41200,530

Physician Assistants

2701.341.8387,000

Occupational Therapists

4201.738.4079,870

Physical Therapists

6901.538.6180,310

Respiratory Therapists

3401.328.8359,970

Speech-Language Pathologists

3601.335.2373,270

Veterinarians

1300.949.96103,910

Registered Nurses

9,4401.531.9866,510

Nurse Anesthetists

1602.069.66144,890

Nurse Practitioners

2300.841.4486,190

Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other

1001.331.7466,020

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

4201.127.2456,660

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians

2600.718.9839,480

Dental Hygienists

4301.026.8055,740

Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians

1301.126.2654,610

Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

900.731.1864,850

Nuclear Medicine Technologists

501.133.4069,470

Radiologic Technologists

6101.426.0854,250

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists

1101.528.8760,050

Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

7101.316.3333,960

Dietetic Technicians

500.79.6520,080

Pharmacy Technicians

1,0501.314.5630,290

Surgical Technologists

2201.019.1539,840

Veterinary Technologists and Technicians

3501.715.5532,340

Ophthalmic Medical Technicians

(5)(5)16.5434,400

Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

1,2900.819.8941,360

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians

8302.017.4736,340

Opticians, Dispensing

2701.616.6634,650

Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other

800.424.9151,820

Occupational Health and Safety Specialists

2701.827.2356,650

Athletic Trainers

400.8(5)42,560

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other

400.422.3846,550

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_16700.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 29, 2015