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News Release Information

15-957-ATL
Wednesday, May 27, 2015

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Occupational Employment and Wages in Montgomery – May 2014

Workers in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.13 in May 2014, about 16 percent below the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that, after testing for statistical significance, no wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 22 major occupational groups. Nineteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including construction and extraction; sales and related; and transportation and material moving.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production and transportation and material moving. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including management; construction and extraction; and healthcare support. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesMontgomeryUnited StatesMontgomeryPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0%100.0%$22.71$19.13*-16

Management

5.03.9*54.0849.53*-8

Business and financial operations

5.14.4*34.8130.42*-13

Computer and mathematical

2.82.5*40.3733.92*-16

Architecture and engineering

1.81.6*39.1932.76*-16

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.7*33.6927.38*-19

Community and social services

1.41.3*21.7921.810

Legal

0.80.948.6141.05*-16

Education, training, and library

6.25.825.1019.80*-21

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.31.1*26.8221.16*-21

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.85.236.5432.58*-11

Healthcare support

2.92.1*13.8611.65*-16

Protective service

2.43.4*21.1417.62*-17

Food preparation and serving related

9.18.7*10.579.20*-13

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.23.412.6810.81*-15

Personal care and service

3.12.812.0110.88*-9

Sales and related

10.510.618.5915.26*-18

Office and administrative support

16.016.217.0815.41*-10

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.312.0913.129

Construction and extraction

3.92.9*22.4017.27*-23

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.2*21.7420.75*-5

Production

6.610.3*17.0616.48-3

Transportation and material moving

6.87.8*16.5713.57*-18

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Montgomery is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Montgomery had 16,380 jobs in production, accounting for 10.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $16.48, compared to the national wage of $17.06.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (5,480), first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (1,170), and inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (1,060). Among the higher paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers; and extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders, with mean hourly wages of $26.13 and $21.25, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers ($10.34) and production workers helpers ($12.86). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2014/may/oes_33860.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, team assemblers were employed at 4.1 times the national rate in Montgomery, and inspectors, testers, sorters samplers, and weighers, at 1.9 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, production workers helpers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Montgomery, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Alabama Department of Labor.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,729 establishments with a response rate of 78 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Montgomery, Ala. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Autauga, Elmore, Lowndes, and Montgomery Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southeast. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2014/may/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2014
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production Occupations

16,3801.6$16.48$34,270

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

1,1701.726.1354,340

Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators

1004.413.6128,320

Team Assemblers

5,4804.117.7236,860

Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other

5301.913.9429,000

Bakers

2101.09.9620,720

Butchers and Meat Cutters

1000.613.3527,780

Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers

6203.510.3421,500

Food Batchmakers

1601.210.7122,270

Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders

(5)(5)15.0031,200

Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic

2001.118.9639,440

Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

301.225.5253,090

Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1001.217.3236,020

Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

2000.913.7128,520

Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

500.614.2029,530

Machinists

3400.718.4938,450

Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1400.912.1625,290

Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

2001.813.0227,080

Tool and Die Makers

300.420.6742,980

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

9102.115.1131,420

Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

500.718.0037,430

Prepress Technicians and Workers

501.115.6632,570

Printing Press Operators

1700.916.1933,670

Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

2100.910.2621,330

Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials

1402.410.0420,890

Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers

(5)(5)11.4323,770

Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

800.814.4930,140

Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood

701.312.5126,030

Woodworkers, All Other

607.312.8226,670

Power Plant Operators

(5)(5)31.9566,460

Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators

1000.719.3340,210

Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

2105.812.6526,310

Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1300.912.8126,640

Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

3003.721.2544,200

Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

1,0601.813.3827,840

Dental Laboratory Technicians

701.814.1029,330

Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

2600.612.4625,910

Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1201.113.5028,090

Painters, Transportation Equipment

701.120.3242,270

Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers

401.913.5528,180

Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders

(5)(5)13.6128,300

Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

(5)(5)11.9124,780

Helpers--Production Workers

5001.012.8626,740

Production Workers, All Other

1000.412.0124,980

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Montgomery, AL, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_33860.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 27, 2015