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News Release Information

21-162-ATL
Thursday, March 25, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Fatal Occupational Injuries in Alabama — 2019

Fatal work injuries totaled 89 in 2019 for Alabama, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the number of work-related fatalities in Alabama was unchanged from the previous year. (See chart 1.) Fatal occupational injuries in the state have ranged from a high of 155 in 1996 to a low of 70 in 2015.

Nationwide, a total of 5,333 fatal work injuries were recorded in 2019, a 2 percent increase from the 5,250 in 2018, according to the results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program. The 5,333 fatal occupational injuries in 2019 represents the largest annual number since 2007.


Fatal event or exposure

In Alabama, transportation incidents resulted in 41 fatal work injuries and violence and other injuries by persons or animals accounted for 21 fatalities. These two major categories accounted for 70 percent of all workplace fatalities in the state. (See table 1.) Worker deaths from transportation incidents were up from 34 over the year and worker fatalities due to violence and other injuries by persons or animals were up from 17.

Contact with objects and equipment was the third-most frequent fatal work event with 12 fatalities, up from 7 in the prior year.

Nationally, transportation incidents were the most frequent fatal workplace event in 2019, accounting for 40 percent of fatal work injuries. (See chart 2.) Falls, slips, and trips was the second-most common fatal event (17 percent), followed by violence and other injuries by persons or animals (16 percent).


Industry

The private construction industry had the highest number of fatalities in Alabama with 18. (See table 2.) Transportation incidents resulted in 6 of the 18 fatalities in the industry. The heavy and civil engineering construction subsector accounted for one-third of the workplace fatalities in the construction industry.

The private transportation and warehousing industry had 17 workplace fatalities in Alabama. The general freight trucking industry group accounted for 11, or 65 percent, of the fatal injuries in this industry.

Occupation

The transportation and material moving occupational group had the highest number of workplace fatalities with 27. (See table 3.) Motor vehicle operators accounted for 23 of the 27 fatalities among transportation and material moving workers. The construction and extraction occupational group had the second highest number of workplace fatalities with 16, followed by protective service occupations with 11. Construction trade workers suffered 14 of the work-related deaths within the construction and extraction group. Police officers accounted for 8 of the 11 protective service occupational fatalities.

Additional highlights

  • Men accounted for 96 percent of the work-related fatalities in Alabama, compared to the national share of 92 percent. (See table 4.) Violence and other injuries by persons or animals made up 22 percent of the fatalities for men in Alabama.

  • White non-Hispanics accounted for 61 percent of those who died from a workplace injury. Nationwide, this group accounted for 62 percent of work-related deaths.

  • Workers 25-54 years old accounted for 62 percent of the state’s work-related fatalities in 2019, compared to 55 percent of on-the-job fatalities nationally.

  • Of the 89 fatal work injuries in Alabama, 91 percent worked for wages and salaries; the remainder were self-employed. The most frequent fatal event for wage and salary workers was transportation incidents as well as for self-employed workers.

Changes in Industry and Occupation Classification Structure

Information in this release incorporates revisions to both the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and the Standard Occupational Classification codes (SOC). Comparison of data for 2019 to prior years should be done with caution due to these changes, and thus analysis in this release is limited to 2019 for industries and occupations. More information on NAICS can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm. More information on SOC can be found at www.bls.gov/soc/2018/home.htm.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Data in this news release are for reference year 2019. No changes in collection procedures or outputs were necessary due to COVID-19. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-on-workplace-injuries-and-illnesses-compensation-and-occupational-requirements.htm.


Technical Note

Background of the program. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Safety and Health Statistics (OSHS) program, is a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the U.S. during the calendar year. The CFOI uses a variety of state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe fatal work injuries. This ensures counts are as complete and accurate as possible. For the 2019 national data, over 25,100 unique source documents were reviewed as part of the data collection process. For technical information and definitions for the CFOI, see the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/home.htm and the CFOI definitions at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm

Federal/State agency coverage. The CFOI includes data for all fatal work injuries, some of which may be outside the scope of other agencies or regulatory coverage. Comparisons between CFOI counts and those released by other agencies should account for the different coverage requirements and definitions used by each agency. For more information on the scope of CFOI, see www.bls.gov/iif/cfoiscope.htm and www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/concepts.htm.

Acknowledgments. BLS thanks the Alabama Department of Labor for their efforts in collecting accurate, comprehensive, and useful data on fatal work injuries. BLS also appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that provided source documents used to identify fatal work injuries. Among these agencies are the Occupational Safety and Health Administration; the National Transportation Safety Board; the U.S. Coast Guard; the Mine Safety and Health Administration; the Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs (Federal Employees' Compensation and Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation divisions); the Federal Railroad Administration; the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; state vital statistics registrars, coroners, and medical examiners; state departments of health, labor, and industrial relations and workers' compensation agencies; state and local police departments; and state farm bureaus.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, Alabama, 2018–19
Event or exposure (1)20182019
NumberNumberPercent

Total

8989100

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

172124

Intentional injury by person

162022

Intentional injury by other person

121921

Self-inflicted injury--intentional

411

Injury by person--unintentional or intent unknown

111

Transportation incidents

344146

Aircraft incidents

--11

Pedestrian vehicular incident

--1011

Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicle

222528

Roadway collision with other vehicle

61416

Roadway collision with object other than vehicle

1189

Roadway noncollision incident

533

Fires and explosions

3----

Falls, slips, trips

18----

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

978

Exposure to other harmful substances

633

Inhalation of harmful substance

--33

Contact with objects and equipment

71213

Struck by object or equipment

678

Struck by discharged or flying object

--11

Overexertion and bodily reaction

------

Footnotes:
(1) Based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.


Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries by industry, Alabama, 2019
Industry (1)NumberPercent

Total

89100

Private industry (2)

7888

Goods producing

----

Natural resources and mining

1112

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

1112

Construction

1820

Construction

1820

Heavy and civil engineering construction

67

Manufacturing

----

Service providing (3)

----

Trade, transportation, and utilities

2528

Wholesale trade

56

Retail trade

33

Transportation and warehousing

1719

Truck transportation

1517

General freight trucking

1112

Information

----

Financial activities

----

Professional and business services

78

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

78

Administrative and support services

78

Educational and health services

11

Leisure and hospitality

44

Accommodation and food services

44

Food services and drinking places

44

Other services, except public administration

44

Government (4)

1112

Federal government

----

State government

----

Local government

1112

Footnotes:
(1) CFOI has used several versions of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) since 2003 to define industry. For complete information on the version of NAICS used in this year, see our definitions page at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm.
(2) Cases where ownership is unknown are included in private industry counts.
(3) Cases where industry is unknown are included in the service sector counts.
(4) Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. Cases classified as foreign government and other government are included in all government counts, but not displayed separately.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.


Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries by occupation, Alabama, 2019
Occupation (1)NumberPercent

Total

89100

Management occupations

44

Business and financial operations occupations

----

Computer and mathematical occupations

----

Architecture and engineering occupations

----

Life, physical, and social science occupations

----

Community and social service occupations

----

Legal occupations

----

Educational instruction and library occupations

----

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

----

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

----

Healthcare support occupations

----

Protective service occupations

1112

Law enforcement workers

89

Police officers

89

Food preparation and serving related occupations

----

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

67

Personal care and service occupations

----

Sales and related occupations

44

Office and administrative support occupations

----

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

67

Fishing and hunting workers

44

Construction and extraction occupations

1618

Construction trades workers

1416

Construction laborers

56

Construction equipment operators

44

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

33

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

33

Production occupations

78

Metal workers and plastic workers

56

Transportation and material moving occupations

2730

Air transportation workers

11

Motor vehicle operators

2326

Material moving workers

33

Military specific occupations (2)

----

Footnotes:
(1) CFOI has used several versions of the Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) system since 2003 to define occupation. For complete information on the version of SOC used in this year, see our definitions page at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Cases where occupation is unknown are included in the total.
(2) Includes fatal injuries to persons identified as resident armed forces regardless of individual occupation listed.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.


Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries by selected demographic characteristics, Alabama, 2018–19
Worker characteristics20182019
NumberNumberPercent

Total

8989100

Employee status

Wage and salary workers (1)

758191

Self-employed (2)

1489

Gender

Men

838596

Women

644

Age (3)

25 to 34 years

181618

35 to 44 years

201618

45 to 54 years

182326

55 to 64 years

162022

65 years and over

1189

Race or ethnic origin (4)

White, non-Hispanic

575461

Black or African-American, non-Hispanic

242427

Hispanic or Latino

4910

Footnotes:
(1) May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation. Cases where employment status is unknown are included in the counts of wage and salary workers.
(2) Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships.
(3) Information may not be available for all age groups.
(4) Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown exclude data for Hispanics and Latinos. Cases where ethnicity is unknown are included in counts of non-Hispanic workers.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, March 25, 2021