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News Release Information

20-1498-ATL
Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Business Employment Dynamics in Georgia – Fourth Quarter 2019

From September 2019 to December 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Georgia were 252,323, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 216,151, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 36,172 jobs in the private sector during the fourth quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,274. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the fourth quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 6.5 percent of private-sector employment in Georgia; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Georgia, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 200,670 in the fourth quarter of 2019, an increase of 16,083 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 51,653 jobs gained in the fourth quarter of 2019, a decrease of 3,686 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the fourth quarter of 2019, gross job losses represented 5.6 percent of private-sector employment in Georgia; nationally, gross job losses also accounted for 5.6 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Georgia, contracting establishments lost 172,695 jobs in the fourth quarter of 2019, a decrease of 18,661 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 43,456 jobs, an increase of 1,160 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Georgia in the fourth quarter of 2019. Transportation and warehousing services had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 8,404 jobs. This was the result of 17,349 gross job gains and 8,945 gross job losses. The leisure and hospitality industry had a net gain of 6,453 jobs. Information was the only sector to record a net loss of jobs, down 1,545 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for First Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 28, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Georgia, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

239,126 257,662 236,211 239,926 252,323 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.5

At expanding establishments

198,937 193,839 188,041 184,587 200,670 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.8 5.2

At opening establishments

40,189 63,823 48,170 55,339 51,653 1.1 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.3

Gross job losses

217,509 218,890 246,926 233,652 216,151 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.6

At contracting establishments

173,494 177,498 195,452 191,356 172,695 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.0 4.5

At closing establishments

44,015 41,392 51,474 42,296 43,456 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

21,617 38,772 -10,715 6,274 36,172 0.5 1.1 -0.2 0.1 0.9

Construction

Gross job gains

16,357 17,988 16,534 14,836 15,778 8.2 8.9 8.1 7.3 7.7

At expanding establishments

13,407 14,158 13,634 11,812 12,874 6.7 7.0 6.7 5.8 6.3

At opening establishments

2,950 3,830 2,900 3,024 2,904 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.5 1.4

Gross job losses

14,535 13,185 16,729 14,688 14,662 7.3 6.6 8.2 7.2 7.1

At contracting establishments

11,351 10,397 13,133 11,887 11,563 5.7 5.2 6.4 5.8 5.6

At closing establishments

3,184 2,788 3,596 2,801 3,099 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.4 1.5

Net employment change (2)

1,822 4,803 -195 148 1,116 0.9 2.3 -0.1 0.1 0.6

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

14,896 12,546 13,629 12,633 13,300 3.6 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.3

At expanding establishments

13,207 11,279 12,260 10,789 11,652 3.2 2.8 3.0 2.7 2.9

At opening establishments

1,689 1,267 1,369 1,844 1,648 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4

Gross job losses

13,454 13,217 15,326 14,868 12,929 3.3 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.2

At contracting establishments

11,763 11,847 13,271 13,424 11,594 2.9 2.9 3.3 3.3 2.9

At closing establishments

1,691 1,370 2,055 1,444 1,335 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3

Net employment change (2)

1,442 -671 -1,697 -2,235 371 0.3 -0.1 -0.5 -0.5 0.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

10,767 10,231 9,795 11,819 10,906 4.9 4.7 4.5 5.4 5.0

At expanding establishments

9,142 8,409 8,182 9,169 8,544 4.2 3.9 3.8 4.2 3.9

At opening establishments

1,625 1,822 1,613 2,650 2,362 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.2 1.1

Gross job losses

8,402 10,178 10,652 9,835 9,306 3.9 4.6 4.9 4.5 4.2

At contracting establishments

6,211 8,127 8,019 7,479 7,049 2.9 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2

At closing establishments

2,191 2,051 2,633 2,356 2,257 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

2,365 53 -857 1,984 1,600 1.0 0.1 -0.4 0.9 0.8

Retail trade

Gross job gains

25,622 30,133 28,957 26,987 29,183 5.2 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.9

At expanding establishments

22,680 25,409 23,701 23,800 25,695 4.6 5.1 4.8 4.8 5.2

At opening establishments

2,942 4,724 5,256 3,187 3,488 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

28,147 27,926 30,409 29,390 27,264 5.7 5.6 6.1 5.9 5.6

At contracting establishments

23,551 23,425 25,233 25,703 23,044 4.8 4.7 5.1 5.2 4.7

At closing establishments

4,596 4,501 5,176 3,687 4,220 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-2,525 2,207 -1,452 -2,403 1,919 -0.5 0.5 -0.2 -0.5 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

17,484 10,953 9,442 10,940 17,349 8.2 5.3 4.6 5.3 8.3

At expanding establishments

16,210 9,464 7,757 8,633 15,253 7.6 4.6 3.8 4.2 7.3

At opening establishments

1,274 1,489 1,685 2,307 2,096 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

9,045 11,802 10,136 11,992 8,945 4.2 5.8 4.9 5.8 4.3

At contracting establishments

7,659 10,758 8,839 10,742 7,370 3.6 5.3 4.3 5.2 3.5

At closing establishments

1,386 1,044 1,297 1,250 1,575 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8

Net employment change (2)

8,439 -849 -694 -1,052 8,404 4.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.5 4.0

Information

Gross job gains

6,312 11,152 8,854 8,506 7,609 5.6 9.7 7.5 7.3 6.6

At expanding establishments

5,565 9,062 7,667 7,638 6,684 4.9 7.9 6.5 6.6 5.8

At opening establishments

747 2,090 1,187 868 925 0.7 1.8 1.0 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

9,530 7,000 10,100 10,346 9,154 8.3 6.1 8.6 8.9 8.0

At contracting establishments

8,452 6,223 8,746 9,288 8,088 7.4 5.4 7.4 8.0 7.1

At closing establishments

1,078 777 1,354 1,058 1,066 0.9 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-3,218 4,152 -1,246 -1,840 -1,545 -2.7 3.6 -1.1 -1.6 -1.4

Financial activities

Gross job gains

12,388 12,093 12,950 13,410 14,182 5.1 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.8

At expanding establishments

9,469 9,387 9,846 9,767 10,581 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.3

At opening establishments

2,919 2,706 3,104 3,643 3,601 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.5

Gross job losses

12,109 12,014 12,774 12,015 11,507 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.7

At contracting establishments

9,084 8,715 8,809 8,746 8,793 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

At closing establishments

3,025 3,299 3,965 3,269 2,714 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.1

Net employment change (2)

279 79 176 1,395 2,675 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 1.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

52,773 49,737 49,691 49,744 52,702 7.6 7.0 6.9 6.9 7.3

At expanding establishments

44,430 39,889 41,120 38,870 42,857 6.4 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.9

At opening establishments

8,343 9,848 8,571 10,874 9,845 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.4

Gross job losses

47,093 49,246 50,802 47,438 48,157 6.8 6.9 7.1 6.6 6.7

At contracting establishments

37,877 40,690 40,777 38,073 38,006 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3

At closing establishments

9,216 8,556 10,025 9,365 10,151 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

5,680 491 -1,111 2,306 4,545 0.8 0.1 -0.2 0.3 0.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

27,095 33,650 28,239 28,593 28,950 4.8 5.8 4.9 5.0 4.9

At expanding establishments

21,005 24,898 23,048 23,550 22,416 3.7 4.3 4.0 4.1 3.8

At opening establishments

6,090 8,752 5,191 5,043 6,534 1.1 1.5 0.9 0.9 1.1

Gross job losses

22,927 24,187 29,355 26,679 23,678 4.0 4.2 5.0 4.6 4.0

At contracting establishments

17,843 18,201 21,649 21,127 18,284 3.1 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.1

At closing establishments

5,084 5,986 7,706 5,552 5,394 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

4,168 9,463 -1,116 1,914 5,272 0.8 1.6 -0.1 0.4 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

39,255 44,374 38,533 39,210 42,395 8.0 8.9 7.7 7.9 8.5

At expanding establishments

32,610 30,556 29,905 29,208 32,296 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.5

At opening establishments

6,645 13,818 8,628 10,002 10,099 1.4 2.8 1.7 2.0 2.0

Gross job losses

36,833 34,761 43,759 41,767 35,942 7.5 7.0 8.7 8.4 7.2

At contracting establishments

29,113 28,606 35,656 34,625 29,014 5.9 5.8 7.1 7.0 5.8

At closing establishments

7,720 6,155 8,103 7,142 6,928 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.4

Net employment change (2)

2,422 9,613 -5,226 -2,557 6,453 0.5 1.9 -1.0 -0.5 1.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

7,799 9,724 8,492 8,108 8,510 7.3 9.1 7.8 7.5 7.8

At expanding establishments

6,190 6,525 6,840 5,926 6,525 5.8 6.1 6.3 5.5 6.0

At opening establishments

1,609 3,199 1,652 2,182 1,985 1.5 3.0 1.5 2.0 1.8

Gross job losses

9,055 8,050 9,007 7,870 7,871 8.5 7.5 8.3 7.2 7.3

At contracting establishments

6,923 5,816 6,573 5,890 6,172 6.5 5.4 6.1 5.4 5.7

At closing establishments

2,132 2,234 2,434 1,980 1,699 2.0 2.1 2.2 1.8 1.6

Net employment change (2)

-1,256 1,674 -515 238 639 -1.2 1.6 -0.5 0.3 0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019

United States(1)

6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.6

Alabama

6.3 6.0 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.7

Alaska

11.0 10.0 10.8 9.5 10.2 9.8 9.0 10.2 10.1 10.2

Arizona

6.2 5.6 5.7 6.4 6.4 5.1 5.5 5.7 4.8 5.2

Arkansas

5.9 5.2 5.0 5.5 6.4 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.5 4.8

California

6.9 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.7 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.9

Colorado

6.8 6.6 7.0 6.6 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 4.9 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.5

Delaware

6.6 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 6.2 6.2

District of Columbia

5.6 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.5 5.4 4.7

Florida

6.4 6.1 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.1 5.6 6.3 5.7 5.9

Georgia

6.3 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.5 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.6

Hawaii

5.8 5.4 4.7 5.5 5.6 5.1 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.4

Idaho

7.4 7.5 7.1 6.9 7.7 6.3 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.3

Illinois

5.5 5.2 5.6 4.9 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.2

Indiana

5.6 5.9 5.2 5.4 6.0 5.0 4.8 5.8 5.7 5.1

Iowa

5.8 5.1 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.3

Kansas

6.1 5.4 5.7 5.7 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.7

Kentucky

6.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.7 5.8

Louisiana

6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.5 6.1 5.8

Maine

7.3 7.2 7.5 6.4 7.4 6.7 6.4 7.5 7.2 7.0

Maryland

6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.4 5.7 6.4 6.6 5.8

Massachusetts

5.8 5.7 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.5

Michigan

5.6 5.1 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.2 4.6 5.8 6.0 5.3

Minnesota

5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.6

Mississippi

6.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 6.2 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5

Missouri

5.8 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.2

Montana

8.9 7.6 8.0 7.3 8.6 7.2 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.2

Nebraska

5.9 5.7 5.7 5.6 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.8

Nevada

6.6 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.8 5.5 5.4 6.0 5.7 5.0

New Hampshire

6.6 6.3 6.4 5.8 6.6 5.7 5.7 6.3 6.6 5.9

New Jersey

6.4 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.8

New Mexico

6.8 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.7 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.1 6.2

New York

6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.9 5.7

North Carolina

6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.9 5.3

North Dakota

6.8 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.7 7.1 6.7

Ohio

5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.8 5.3

Oklahoma

6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.2

Oregon

6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.8

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.4 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.2 4.9

Rhode Island

6.4 5.8 6.4 5.8 6.5 5.7 5.6 6.7 6.2 5.9

South Carolina

7.4 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2 5.7 5.9

South Dakota

6.3 5.7 6.2 5.8 6.4 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.0 5.7

Tennessee

5.8 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0

Texas

6.2 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.1

Utah

6.9 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.3

Vermont

7.4 6.7 6.9 6.3 6.9 6.8 6.3 7.1 7.6 6.4

Virginia

6.3 6.4 6.1 5.2 6.6 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.5

Washington

6.4 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.6 5.6 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.7

West Virginia

6.3 6.0 6.2 5.8 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.7 7.1

Wisconsin

5.4 5.1 5.5 4.8 5.5 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.8 5.0

Wyoming

10.0 8.6 8.5 8.5 9.3 7.8 7.8 9.6 8.7 8.6

Puerto Rico

6.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 5.4 6.8 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.9

Virgin Islands

7.9 11.9 8.8 11.2 10.2 7.1 7.4 6.1 6.6 7.1

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 11, 2020