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News Release Information

20-312-ATL
Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Business Employment Dynamics in Kentucky – Second Quarter 2019

From March 2019 to June 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Kentucky were 91,694, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 94,999, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 3,305 jobs in the private sector during the second quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,316. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

The 91,694 gross job gains in the second quarter of 2019 were 842 less than the 92,536 gross job gains in the first quarter of 2019. Kentucky’s gross job gains have remained below 100,000 each quarter since the fourth quarter of 2016. (See chart 1.) Kentucky’s gross job losses were 94,999 in the second quarter of 2019, an increase of 6,779 jobs from the previous quarter.

In the second quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 5.8 percent of private-sector employment in Kentucky; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses represented 5.9 percent of private-sector employment in Kentucky, matching the national rate.

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Kentucky. Education and health services added 13,256 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, and lost 11,045 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 2,211 jobs was the largest of any sector in the state for the second quarter of 2019. Kentucky’s professional and business services industry sector had a net employment gain of 1,072 jobs in the second quarter of 2019. Net job gains in the remaining four industries were less than 200. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in five industry sectors in Kentucky in the second quarter of 2019. Retail trade lost 13,384 jobs at closing and contracting establishments, while opening and expanding establishments added 10,929 jobs. The resulting net loss of 2,455 jobs was the largest of any Kentucky industry sector in the second quarter of 2019. Kentucky’s leisure and hospitality sector lost 18,565 jobs at closing and contracting establishments, while opening and expanding establishments added 16,460 jobs, resulting in a net loss of 2,105 jobs. Manufacturing had a net employment loss of 1,079 jobs in the second quarter of 2019. Among the two other sectors with net job losses, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 350.

Kentucky was among the four states in the East South Central Census division. In the second quarter of 2019, Alabama, Kentucky, and Mississippi each had gross job losses that exceeded gross job gains. (See table A.) Kentucky was among the three states in the division that had rates of gross job losses that were at or above the 5.9-percent national rate. Tennessee had a rate of job loss below the national rate. All four states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were below the 6.0-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East South Central Division, and East South Central states, June 2019, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,605,000 6.0 7,423,000 5.9 182,000 0.1

East South Central (1)

380,489 377,880 2,609

Alabama

93,715 5.8 97,277 6.0 -3,562 -0.2

Kentucky

91,694 5.8 94,999 5.9 -3,305 -0.1

Mississippi

52,288 5.8 54,217 6.0 -1,929 -0.2

Tennessee

142,792 5.5 131,387 5.0 11,405 0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East South Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Kentucky, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

94,540 90,984 97,782 92,536 91,694 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.8

At expanding establishments

76,414 75,768 79,889 76,714 74,730 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.7

At opening establishments

18,126 15,216 17,893 15,822 16,964 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

90,495 96,148 87,327 88,220 94,999 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.9

At contracting establishments

76,601 80,167 72,281 74,959 79,957 4.8 5.0 4.5 4.7 5.0

At closing establishments

13,894 15,981 15,046 13,261 15,042 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

4,045 -5,164 10,455 4,316 -3,305 0.2 -0.2 0.7 0.3 -0.1

Construction

Gross job gains

7,757 8,094 7,848 8,433 7,638 9.8 10.4 10.0 10.5 9.4

At expanding establishments

6,269 6,463 5,868 6,752 6,242 7.9 8.3 7.5 8.4 7.7

At opening establishments

1,488 1,631 1,980 1,681 1,396 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.1 1.7

Gross job losses

7,590 8,297 7,653 6,579 7,788 9.6 10.6 9.8 8.2 9.6

At contracting establishments

5,982 6,360 6,164 5,251 5,909 7.6 8.1 7.9 6.5 7.3

At closing establishments

1,608 1,937 1,489 1,328 1,879 2.0 2.5 1.9 1.7 2.3

Net employment change (2)

167 -203 195 1,854 -150 0.2 -0.2 0.2 2.3 -0.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

6,505 6,809 8,355 6,729 6,639 2.6 2.7 3.4 2.7 2.6

At expanding establishments

6,120 6,130 7,726 6,338 6,099 2.4 2.4 3.1 2.5 2.4

At opening establishments

385 679 629 391 540 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

7,320 7,763 5,729 6,802 7,718 2.9 3.1 2.3 2.7 3.0

At contracting establishments

6,251 7,274 5,284 6,372 7,384 2.5 2.9 2.1 2.5 2.9

At closing establishments

1,069 489 445 430 334 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Net employment change (2)

-815 -954 2,626 -73 -1,079 -0.3 -0.4 1.1 0.0 -0.4

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,724 3,631 3,596 3,895 3,704 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.1 4.9

At expanding establishments

3,025 2,819 3,108 3,108 2,940 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9

At opening establishments

699 812 488 787 764 0.9 1.1 0.7 1.0 1.0

Gross job losses

3,531 3,714 3,441 3,130 3,551 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.1 4.6

At contracting establishments

2,780 2,990 2,556 2,568 2,770 3.7 4.0 3.4 3.4 3.6

At closing establishments

751 724 885 562 781 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.7 1.0

Net employment change (2)

193 -83 155 765 153 0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.0 0.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

12,167 12,252 11,594 12,107 10,929 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.1

At expanding establishments

9,989 10,791 9,803 10,102 8,980 4.6 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.2

At opening establishments

2,178 1,461 1,791 2,005 1,949 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

12,619 13,708 12,114 12,174 13,384 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.7 6.3

At contracting establishments

11,382 11,507 10,332 10,436 11,390 5.3 5.4 4.9 4.9 5.4

At closing establishments

1,237 2,201 1,782 1,738 1,994 0.6 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-452 -1,456 -520 -67 -2,455 -0.3 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 -1.2

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

6,133 4,483 9,052 4,186 4,793 5.8 4.2 8.4 3.9 4.4

At expanding establishments

5,703 3,960 8,495 3,782 4,214 5.4 3.7 7.9 3.5 3.9

At opening establishments

430 523 557 404 579 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Gross job losses

3,758 7,651 4,450 6,500 4,764 3.6 7.3 4.1 6.0 4.4

At contracting establishments

3,372 7,149 3,922 6,181 4,218 3.2 6.8 3.6 5.7 3.9

At closing establishments

386 502 528 319 546 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5

Net employment change (2)

2,375 -3,168 4,602 -2,314 29 2.2 -3.1 4.3 -2.1 0.0

Information

Gross job gains

1,343 1,372 1,073 1,090 1,354 6.1 6.2 4.9 5.0 6.1

At expanding establishments

949 1,115 731 755 1,101 4.3 5.0 3.3 3.5 5.0

At opening establishments

394 257 342 335 253 1.8 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.1

Gross job losses

1,288 1,296 1,430 995 1,235 5.8 5.9 6.6 4.5 5.6

At contracting establishments

1,037 1,101 1,018 815 912 4.7 5.0 4.7 3.7 4.1

At closing establishments

251 195 412 180 323 1.1 0.9 1.9 0.8 1.5

Net employment change (2)

55 76 -357 95 119 0.3 0.3 -1.7 0.5 0.5

Financial activities

Gross job gains

4,181 4,300 4,025 3,865 4,197 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.6

At expanding establishments

3,006 3,454 2,946 2,954 3,031 3.2 3.7 3.2 3.2 3.3

At opening establishments

1,175 846 1,079 911 1,166 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.3

Gross job losses

3,611 4,024 4,136 4,160 4,011 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.3

At contracting establishments

2,747 3,149 3,166 3,124 2,986 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2

At closing establishments

864 875 970 1,036 1,025 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

570 276 -111 -295 186 0.6 0.3 0.0 -0.3 0.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

18,172 16,738 17,051 17,680 17,754 8.3 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.2

At expanding establishments

14,416 13,991 13,386 14,577 14,537 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.7 6.7

At opening establishments

3,756 2,747 3,665 3,103 3,217 1.7 1.3 1.7 1.4 1.5

Gross job losses

17,236 17,224 18,233 18,184 16,682 7.9 7.9 8.4 8.4 7.7

At contracting establishments

14,414 14,415 14,913 15,512 14,100 6.6 6.6 6.9 7.2 6.5

At closing establishments

2,822 2,809 3,320 2,672 2,582 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

936 -486 -1,182 -504 1,072 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 -0.3 0.5

Education and health services

Gross job gains

14,312 11,588 12,446 11,702 13,256 5.4 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.8

At expanding establishments

11,080 9,818 9,493 9,742 10,694 4.2 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.9

At opening establishments

3,232 1,770 2,953 1,960 2,562 1.2 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.9

Gross job losses

10,568 11,653 10,809 11,270 11,045 4.0 4.4 4.0 4.2 4.0

At contracting establishments

8,468 9,081 8,679 9,511 9,056 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3

At closing establishments

2,100 2,572 2,130 1,759 1,989 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

3,744 -65 1,637 432 2,211 1.4 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

15,475 16,620 17,253 17,728 16,460 7.8 8.4 8.7 8.8 8.2

At expanding establishments

12,335 13,186 14,109 14,672 13,064 6.2 6.7 7.1 7.3 6.5

At opening establishments

3,140 3,434 3,144 3,056 3,396 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.7

Gross job losses

17,642 16,266 14,873 13,672 18,565 8.9 8.3 7.5 6.8 9.2

At contracting establishments

15,649 13,677 12,689 11,459 16,130 7.9 7.0 6.4 5.7 8.0

At closing establishments

1,993 2,589 2,184 2,213 2,435 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-2,167 354 2,380 4,056 -2,105 -1.1 0.1 1.2 2.0 -1.0

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

3,352 3,291 3,474 3,231 3,266 8.1 8.0 8.3 7.7 7.8

At expanding establishments

2,356 2,475 2,623 2,486 2,537 5.7 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.1

At opening establishments

996 816 851 745 729 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7

Gross job losses

3,415 3,278 3,119 3,101 3,607 8.2 7.9 7.5 7.4 8.6

At contracting establishments

2,842 2,441 2,483 2,378 2,761 6.8 5.9 6.0 5.7 6.6

At closing establishments

573 837 636 723 846 1.4 2.0 1.5 1.7 2.0

Net employment change (2)

-63 13 355 130 -341 -0.1 0.1 0.8 0.3 -0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

United States(1)

6.1 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.9

Alabama

5.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.5 6.0

Alaska

10.9 8.9 11.0 10.0 10.8 10.7 10.7 9.8 9.0 10.2

Arizona

6.0 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.7

Arkansas

5.0 6.1 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.7

California

6.7 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.4

Colorado

6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.1 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.2

Connecticut

5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.8 5.1 5.7 4.9 5.7 5.9

Delaware

6.4 5.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3

District of Columbia

5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.9 5.5

Florida

6.4 6.8 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.3

Georgia

6.3 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4

Hawaii

5.3 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.1

Idaho

7.3 6.8 7.4 7.5 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.7

Illinois

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.3

Indiana

5.5 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.8

Iowa

5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6

Kansas

5.7 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.7

Kentucky

5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.9

Louisiana

6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.5

Maine

8.0 6.1 7.3 7.2 7.5 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.4 7.5

Maryland

6.1 6.3 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.8 6.6 6.4 5.7 6.4

Massachusetts

6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.7

Michigan

5.5 5.0 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.2 6.2 5.2 4.6 5.8

Minnesota

5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.5

Mississippi

5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.3 6.2 6.0

Missouri

5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.8

Montana

8.0 7.2 8.9 7.6 8.0 7.8 7.9 7.2 8.0 7.7

Nebraska

5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7

Nevada

6.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 6.0

New Hampshire

6.7 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.8 5.7 5.7 6.3

New Jersey

6.5 6.0 6.4 5.7 6.2 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.8

New Mexico

6.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3

New York

6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.9

North Carolina

6.1 5.7 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1 5.7

North Dakota

6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.7

Ohio

5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.7

Oklahoma

6.4 6.7 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.2

Oregon

6.2 6.2 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.1

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.8 5.3

Rhode Island

6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.4 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.6 6.7

South Carolina

7.5 5.8 7.4 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2

South Dakota

6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.0

Tennessee

5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8 5.0

Texas

5.9 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.3

Utah

6.9 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.9 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5

Vermont

7.2 6.9 7.4 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.6 6.8 6.3 7.1

Virginia

6.2 5.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.9

Washington

7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6 5.7

West Virginia

6.8 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.5

Wisconsin

5.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.3

Wyoming

8.4 8.3 10.0 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.8 9.6

Puerto Rico

7.9 7.2 6.0 7.1 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.1 5.8

Virgin Islands

13.2 12.8 7.9 11.9 8.8 7.0 5.9 7.1 7.4 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 19, 2020