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19-1904-ATL
Thursday, November 21, 2019

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Technical information:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Tennessee – First Quarter 2019

From December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Tennessee were 138,640, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 124,279, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses in Tennessee yielded a net employment gain of 14,361 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2019. In the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 20,827. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Tennessee’s gross job gains totaled 138,640 in the first quarter of 2019, a decrease of 9,994 from the previous quarter. Tennessee’s gross job gains have been above 130,000 each quarter since the second quarter of 2015. Tennessee’s 124,279 gross job losses in the first quarter of 2019 were the lowest since the fourth quarter of 2015. (See chart 1.)

Tennessee’s rate of gross job gains as a percent of private sector employment was 5.4 percent in the first quarter of 2019; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses represented 4.8 percent of private sector employment in Tennessee; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.5 percent of private sector employment in the first quarter of 2019.

During the first quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 9 of the 11 industry sectors in Tennessee. Retail trade created 20,192 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, but lost 15,700 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 4,492 jobs was the largest of any sector in Tennessee for the first quarter of 2019. In leisure and hospitality, 26,045 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 22,644 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 3,401 jobs. Two other industry sectors—education and health services, and construction—each had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by more than 2,100.

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in two industries in Tennessee: professional and business services, and transportation and warehousing. Professional and business services had a net employment decrease of 1,767 jobs. Transportation and warehousing had a net employment loss of 711 jobs. (See table 1.)

Tennessee was among the four states in the East South Central Census Division. In the first quarter of 2019, Alabama, Kentucky, and Tennessee had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses. (See table A.) Alabama had a rate of gross job gains that was above the national rate of 5.9 percent. Tennessee had a rate of gross job losses that was below the 5.5 percent national rate; Alabama, Kentucky, and Mississippi had rates of gross job losses at or above the national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East South Central Division, and East South Central states, March 2019, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,375,000 5.9 6,850,000 5.5 525,000 0.4

East South Central (1)

378,698 356,619 22,079

Alabama

96,841 6.0 88,823 5.5 8,018 0.5

Kentucky

92,536 5.8 88,220 5.5 4,316 0.3

Mississippi

50,681 5.7 55,297 6.2 -4,616 -0.5

Tennessee

138,640 5.4 124,279 4.8 14,361 0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East South Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020.

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Tennessee, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

130,419 141,283 149,585 148,634 138,640 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4

At expanding establishments

114,610 120,667 125,302 128,655 121,172 4.5 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.7

At opening establishments

15,809 20,616 24,283 19,979 17,468 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

125,868 135,300 135,764 127,807 124,279 4.9 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8

At contracting establishments

112,045 113,254 118,584 111,690 110,615 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.3

At closing establishments

13,823 22,046 17,180 16,117 13,664 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

4,551 5,983 13,821 20,827 14,361 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.6

Construction

Gross job gains

10,097 10,326 10,961 10,717 11,190 8.1 8.3 8.8 8.5 8.6

At expanding establishments

8,725 8,844 9,389 9,385 9,632 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.4 7.4

At opening establishments

1,372 1,482 1,572 1,332 1,558 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.2

Gross job losses

8,793 9,219 9,439 9,865 9,069 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.0

At contracting establishments

7,766 7,808 8,111 8,723 7,945 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.9 6.1

At closing establishments

1,027 1,411 1,328 1,142 1,124 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,304 1,107 1,522 852 2,121 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.7 1.6

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

9,546 10,461 12,662 11,810 10,512 2.7 3.0 3.6 3.3 3.0

At expanding establishments

8,892 9,840 11,960 11,063 9,942 2.5 2.8 3.4 3.1 2.8

At opening establishments

654 621 702 747 570 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

8,848 9,379 9,217 10,022 8,547 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.4

At contracting establishments

8,021 8,727 8,541 9,608 8,172 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.7 2.3

At closing establishments

827 652 676 414 375 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Net employment change (2)

698 1,082 3,445 1,788 1,965 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.5 0.6

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,003 5,892 5,483 5,615 5,044 4.2 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.2

At expanding establishments

4,211 5,043 4,608 4,761 4,432 3.5 4.2 3.8 4.0 3.7

At opening establishments

792 849 875 854 612 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

4,681 4,871 5,230 4,212 4,380 4.0 4.1 4.3 3.5 3.6

At contracting establishments

3,771 3,910 4,364 3,408 3,659 3.2 3.3 3.6 2.8 3.0

At closing establishments

910 961 866 804 721 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

322 1,021 253 1,403 664 0.2 0.8 0.2 1.2 0.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

18,849 18,437 18,041 17,384 20,192 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 6.0

At expanding establishments

17,247 16,179 15,895 15,489 18,062 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.6 5.4

At opening establishments

1,602 2,258 2,146 1,895 2,130 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

16,501 18,398 20,894 17,712 15,700 4.9 5.4 6.1 5.3 4.7

At contracting establishments

14,769 16,337 18,440 15,621 13,980 4.4 4.8 5.4 4.7 4.2

At closing establishments

1,732 2,061 2,454 2,091 1,720 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

2,348 39 -2,853 -328 4,492 0.7 0.0 -0.8 -0.1 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

6,089 6,887 8,672 12,519 7,602 3.7 4.3 5.3 7.5 4.4

At expanding establishments

5,391 6,088 8,047 11,419 6,878 3.3 3.8 4.9 6.8 4.0

At opening establishments

698 799 625 1,100 724 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.4

Gross job losses

7,423 7,193 5,861 5,592 8,313 4.6 4.4 3.6 3.3 4.9

At contracting establishments

7,010 6,334 5,202 5,182 8,004 4.3 3.9 3.2 3.1 4.7

At closing establishments

413 859 659 410 309 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,334 -306 2,811 6,927 -711 -0.9 -0.1 1.7 4.2 -0.5

Information

Gross job gains

2,213 4,289 3,215 2,126 2,976 4.9 9.3 7.1 4.8 6.8

At expanding establishments

1,774 3,862 2,228 1,719 2,528 3.9 8.4 4.9 3.9 5.8

At opening establishments

439 427 987 407 448 1.0 0.9 2.2 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

2,208 3,169 4,122 3,747 2,456 4.9 6.9 9.0 8.4 5.7

At contracting establishments

1,820 2,861 3,782 2,863 2,111 4.0 6.2 8.3 6.4 4.9

At closing establishments

388 308 340 884 345 0.9 0.7 0.7 2.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

5 1,120 -907 -1,621 520 0.0 2.4 -1.9 -3.6 1.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,380 6,919 7,469 6,911 6,024 4.3 4.6 5.0 4.5 3.8

At expanding establishments

5,531 5,849 6,141 5,513 5,046 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.6 3.2

At opening establishments

849 1,070 1,328 1,398 978 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6

Gross job losses

5,611 5,892 6,018 5,997 5,518 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.5

At contracting establishments

4,838 4,611 5,083 4,716 4,592 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.1 2.9

At closing establishments

773 1,281 935 1,281 926 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6

Net employment change (2)

769 1,027 1,451 914 506 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

25,257 29,154 28,930 30,115 26,259 6.1 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.2

At expanding establishments

22,305 24,940 24,698 26,098 23,214 5.4 6.0 5.9 6.2 5.5

At opening establishments

2,952 4,214 4,232 4,017 3,045 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.7

Gross job losses

29,610 26,196 27,596 25,839 28,026 7.2 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.6

At contracting establishments

26,327 22,557 23,986 22,534 25,210 6.4 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.9

At closing establishments

3,283 3,639 3,610 3,305 2,816 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-4,353 2,958 1,334 4,276 -1,767 -1.1 0.7 0.3 1.0 -0.4

Education and health services

Gross job gains

14,602 16,120 18,782 15,065 16,364 3.5 3.8 4.4 3.5 3.8

At expanding establishments

13,330 14,043 14,906 13,271 14,908 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.1 3.5

At opening establishments

1,272 2,077 3,876 1,794 1,456 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.3

Gross job losses

13,499 17,676 14,838 15,067 14,184 3.3 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.3

At contracting establishments

12,407 12,641 12,817 12,942 12,379 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9

At closing establishments

1,092 5,035 2,021 2,125 1,805 0.3 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.4

Net employment change (2)

1,103 -1,556 3,944 -2 2,180 0.2 -0.4 0.9 -0.1 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

25,952 25,962 28,371 29,581 26,045 7.7 7.6 8.4 8.7 7.5

At expanding establishments

21,812 20,431 21,826 24,244 21,210 6.5 6.0 6.5 7.1 6.1

At opening establishments

4,140 5,531 6,545 5,337 4,835 1.2 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.4

Gross job losses

22,814 26,781 26,519 23,321 22,644 6.8 8.0 7.8 6.8 6.5

At contracting establishments

20,213 22,144 23,096 20,777 19,866 6.0 6.6 6.8 6.1 5.7

At closing establishments

2,601 4,637 3,423 2,544 2,778 0.8 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

3,138 -819 1,852 6,260 3,401 0.9 -0.4 0.6 1.9 1.0

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

4,861 5,430 5,590 4,879 4,742 6.9 7.7 7.8 6.8 6.6

At expanding establishments

4,172 4,432 4,666 4,109 3,980 5.9 6.3 6.5 5.7 5.5

At opening establishments

689 998 924 770 762 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1

Gross job losses

4,488 4,714 4,690 5,041 4,210 6.4 6.7 6.6 7.0 5.9

At contracting establishments

3,926 3,873 3,970 4,295 3,590 5.6 5.5 5.6 6.0 5.0

At closing establishments

562 841 720 746 620 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

373 716 900 -162 532 0.5 1.0 1.2 -0.2 0.7

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States(1)

6.1 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.9 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5

Alabama

6.1 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.5

Alaska

10.1 10.9 8.9 11.0 10.0 8.9 10.7 10.7 9.8 9.0

Arizona

6.0 6.0 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.5

Arkansas

5.4 5.0 6.1 5.9 5.2 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.1

California

6.4 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2

Colorado

6.8 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.0 6.1 6.8 6.0 6.3

Connecticut

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 4.9 5.7

Delaware

7.1 6.4 5.7 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.5

District of Columbia

6.0 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.9

Florida

6.2 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6

Georgia

6.5 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.8 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7

Hawaii

5.1 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.9

Idaho

7.9 7.3 6.8 7.4 7.5 6.1 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1

Indiana

5.7 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8

Iowa

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4

Kansas

5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

Kentucky

6.2 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5

Louisiana

6.7 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.9

Maine

7.0 8.0 6.1 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.4

Maryland

6.3 6.1 6.3 6.8 6.4 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.4 5.7

Massachusetts

5.7 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.2 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.2

Michigan

5.6 5.5 5.0 5.6 5.1 4.6 5.2 6.2 5.2 4.6

Minnesota

5.4 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1

Mississippi

5.5 5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.3 6.2

Missouri

5.5 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3

Montana

7.9 8.0 7.2 8.9 7.6 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.2 8.0

Nebraska

5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4

New Hampshire

6.1 6.7 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.8 5.7 5.7

New Jersey

5.7 6.5 6.0 6.4 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6

New Mexico

6.5 6.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8

New York

6.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3

North Carolina

6.2 6.1 5.7 6.7 6.3 5.3 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4

Ohio

5.6 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1

Oklahoma

6.2 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.8 5.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8

Oregon

8.0 6.2 6.2 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.8

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.8

Rhode Island

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.6

South Carolina

6.3 7.5 5.8 7.4 6.4 5.1 6.7 6.5 5.4 6.0

South Dakota

6.4 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.4

Tennessee

5.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 4.9 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8

Texas

5.9 5.9 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2

Utah

7.5 6.9 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2

Vermont

6.5 7.2 6.9 7.4 6.7 7.0 7.1 7.6 6.8 6.3

Virginia

6.0 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.4 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.5

Washington

7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6

West Virginia

6.9 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6

Wisconsin

5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.7 5.5 5.9 5.0 4.8

Wyoming

8.6 8.4 8.3 10.0 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.8

Puerto Rico

8.5 7.9 7.2 6.0 7.1 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.1

Virgin Islands

13.3 13.2 12.8 7.9 11.9 18.6 7.0 5.9 7.1 7.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 21, 2019