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News Release Information

15-620-DAL
Tuesday, May 19, 2015

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2014

From June 2014 to September 2014 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 106,145, while gross job losses numbered 93,279, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 12,866. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,391.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in September 2014, although larger than June 2014, remained below the recent peak of more than 115,000 jobs in March 2012. Louisiana’s employment gains have remained above 105,000 each quarter since September 2013. Gross job losses declined by 9,654 in the three months ended in September 2014 after increasing in the previous quarter. During the last five years, gross job losses in the state peaked in September 2009 when more than 111,000 jobs were lost, but have remained below 100,000 in four of the last five quarters. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 6.6 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana in the quarter ended September 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) With the exception of June 2013, Louisiana’s rates of gross job gain have equaled or exceeded the U.S. rates in every quarter since December 2004. Similarly, Louisiana’s rates of gross job loss have consistently exceeded the national averages since the third quarter of 1998, though the state’s September 2014 rate of 5.8 percent matched the U.S. rate. Gross job loss rates have trended downward for both the state and nation since 2009, with the latest state rate matching its series low first recorded in March 2014.

During the third quarter of 2014, Louisiana gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 11 industry sectors. For example, within construction, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,760. While nearly 10,500 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 17,200 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2014. In education and health services, more than 13,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and approximately 10,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 3,350. The leisure and hospitality industry led all sectors in gross job losses, with more than 16,700 jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments. However, these job losses were offset by the creation of more than 16,800 jobs at opening and expanding establishments in the industry. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors in Louisiana in September 2014. Within information, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,423. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 120 in two sectors in the state in the third quarter of 2014, manufacturing and other services.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Fourth Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2015.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept. 2013Dec. 2013Mar. 2014June 2014Sept. 2014Sept. 2013Dec. 2013Mar. 2014June 2014Sept. 2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

107,860106,092106,380105,324106,1456.96.76.76.66.6

At expanding establishments

84,41284,29487,24587,78490,2215.45.35.55.55.6

At opening establishments

23,44821,79819,13517,54015,9241.51.41.21.11.0

Gross job losses

94,59996,48392,250102,93393,2796.06.15.86.45.8

At contracting establishments

78,92080,63676,10586,96077,4615.05.14.85.44.8

At closing establishments

15,67915,84716,14515,97315,8181.01.01.01.01.0

Net employment change (2)

13,2619,60914,1302,39112,8660.90.60.90.20.8

Construction

 

Gross job gains

13,30112,46017,99113,84417,24010.19.513.510.112.3

At expanding establishments

11,48510,37315,73812,23315,7588.77.911.88.911.2

At opening establishments

1,8162,0872,2531,6111,4821.41.61.71.21.1

Gross job losses

12,46314,64011,39513,25110,4809.411.28.69.67.5

At contracting establishments

10,83513,0139,44911,9779,0858.210.07.18.76.5

At closing establishments

1,6281,6271,9461,2741,3951.21.21.50.91.0

Net employment change (2)

838-2,1806,5965936,7600.7-1.74.90.54.8

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,9436,3975,8895,9995,5844.14.44.04.13.8

At expanding establishments

5,1835,7715,1335,3755,1103.64.03.53.73.5

At opening establishments

7606267566244740.50.40.50.40.3

Gross job losses

5,8955,7215,5915,9585,7014.13.93.84.13.9

At contracting establishments

5,1985,0975,1185,0925,1633.63.53.53.53.5

At closing establishments

6976244738665380.50.40.30.60.4

Net employment change (2)

4867629841-1170.00.50.20.0-0.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,5623,5613,5453,3223,6464.94.84.84.55.0

At expanding establishments

3,0413,0472,9982,6503,0724.24.14.13.64.2

At opening establishments

5215145476725740.70.70.70.90.8

Gross job losses

3,0093,3043,4263,3432,7694.14.54.64.53.7

At contracting establishments

2,5672,5742,5942,5132,1573.53.53.53.42.9

At closing establishments

4427308328306120.61.01.11.10.8

Net employment change (2)

553257119-218770.80.30.20.01.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,76413,82613,15315,03913,4628.06.15.86.65.9

At expanding establishments

11,77411,74111,26912,98211,4915.35.25.05.75.0

At opening establishments

5,9902,0851,8842,0571,9712.70.90.80.90.9

Gross job losses

11,52713,09213,73712,75713,4175.25.86.15.65.8

At contracting establishments

10,25211,29112,21211,16811,7124.65.05.44.95.1

At closing establishments

1,2751,8011,5251,5891,7050.60.80.70.70.7

Net employment change (2)

6,237734-5842,282452.80.3-0.31.00.1

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,5494,9914,4494,0494,3276.36.86.05.45.7

At expanding establishments

3,6934,1863,6473,4473,7735.15.74.94.65.0

At opening establishments

8568058026025541.21.11.10.80.7

Gross job losses

3,9163,1423,9534,4722,8425.44.35.35.93.7

At contracting establishments

2,9542,4903,2174,0192,3884.13.44.35.33.1

At closing establishments

9626527364534541.30.91.00.60.6

Net employment change (2)

6331,849496-4231,4850.92.50.7-0.52.0

Information

 

Gross job gains

3,0993,0693,0353,2332,24311.812.011.912.28.7

At expanding establishments

2,5102,8302,6732,7201,8659.611.110.510.37.2

At opening establishments

5892393625133782.20.91.41.91.5

Gross job losses

4,9292,0092,9632,4013,66618.87.911.79.114.2

At contracting establishments

4,6221,8142,5862,0003,32917.67.110.27.612.9

At closing establishments

3071953774013371.20.81.51.51.3

Net employment change (2)

-1,8301,06072832-1,423-7.04.10.23.1-5.5

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,7264,4424,0485,3975,3055.25.04.66.15.9

At expanding establishments

3,9893,4753,2274,5614,3814.43.93.75.24.9

At opening establishments

7379678218369240.81.10.90.91.0

Gross job losses

3,9735,3864,4905,2674,6134.46.05.15.95.2

At contracting establishments

3,1004,5113,5814,2613,4773.45.04.14.83.9

At closing establishments

8738759091,0061,1361.01.01.01.11.3

Net employment change (2)

753-944-4421306920.8-1.0-0.50.20.7

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

16,71118,18217,67816,33916,6498.18.68.47.77.8

At expanding establishments

13,42614,32214,37413,55513,6516.56.86.86.46.4

At opening establishments

3,2853,8603,3042,7842,9981.61.81.61.31.4

Gross job losses

15,47114,71016,82316,96515,2887.57.07.98.07.2

At contracting establishments

12,18911,77612,69613,53812,0315.95.66.06.45.7

At closing establishments

3,2822,9344,1273,4273,2571.61.41.91.61.5

Net employment change (2)

1,2403,472855-6261,3610.61.60.5-0.30.6

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

14,91415,70913,09611,96413,3615.55.74.74.34.7

At expanding establishments

11,74910,1439,5459,73811,5564.33.73.43.54.1

At opening establishments

3,1655,5663,5512,2261,8051.22.01.30.80.6

Gross job losses

10,92712,38310,60213,17310,0114.04.53.84.73.5

At contracting establishments

8,4959,8558,88311,2407,6603.13.63.24.02.7

At closing establishments

2,4322,5281,7191,9332,3510.90.90.60.70.8

Net employment change (2)

3,9873,3262,494-1,2093,3501.51.20.9-0.41.2

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

15,76416,14115,64118,49216,8437.37.57.28.47.7

At expanding establishments

11,62112,72512,26514,16713,3845.45.95.66.46.1

At opening establishments

4,1433,4163,3764,3253,4591.91.61.62.01.6

Gross job losses

15,40514,51012,66416,60816,7607.26.75.87.57.6

At contracting establishments

12,85212,11210,28813,67514,1036.05.64.76.26.4

At closing establishments

2,5532,3982,3762,9332,6571.21.11.11.31.2

Net employment change (2)

3591,6312,9771,884830.10.81.40.90.1

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

3,1292,8323,2293,2773,0937.16.57.37.47.0

At expanding establishments

2,4392,1432,5142,6412,5685.54.95.76.05.8

At opening establishments

6906897156365251.61.61.61.41.2

Gross job losses

3,0533,0552,8663,1423,1336.97.06.57.27.1

At contracting establishments

2,4722,4572,2642,5402,5575.65.65.15.85.8

At closing establishments

5815986026025761.31.41.41.41.3

Net employment change (2)

76-223363135-400.2-0.50.80.2-0.1

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.



Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014

United States(1)

6.36.46.06.56.25.85.85.75.65.8

Alabama

5.56.05.65.95.95.75.35.75.55.4

Alaska

9.810.110.810.99.410.110.49.610.910.4

Arizona

6.46.75.76.06.45.55.46.06.05.4

Arkansas

5.86.05.85.65.95.75.55.04.95.3

California

6.97.36.87.07.06.26.36.16.46.0

Colorado

7.06.96.77.37.36.36.15.96.16.2

Connecticut

5.35.35.15.65.25.45.45.04.85.3

Delaware

6.66.66.36.56.06.05.85.95.26.1

District of Columbia

6.05.85.96.45.75.15.45.55.75.5

Florida

7.07.06.57.27.26.26.05.86.25.9

Georgia

6.66.86.56.86.86.05.85.65.95.9

Hawaii

5.65.44.84.95.24.74.55.15.14.7

Idaho

7.78.38.47.77.57.27.37.28.07.3

Illinois

5.75.85.86.15.75.75.35.55.55.8

Indiana

5.66.15.35.95.35.45.15.55.05.3

Iowa

5.96.05.86.25.75.55.55.55.75.7

Kansas

6.16.25.76.15.75.75.35.55.75.8

Kentucky

6.06.56.16.26.15.55.45.95.55.4

Louisiana

6.96.76.76.66.66.06.15.86.45.8

Maine

7.47.06.77.86.77.37.57.06.57.1

Maryland

6.16.45.96.66.56.16.35.85.86.2

Massachusetts

5.55.45.36.35.65.55.35.05.35.5

Michigan

5.96.05.56.45.55.85.65.15.45.8

Minnesota

5.65.65.36.55.55.55.65.75.15.9

Mississippi

6.26.65.76.16.25.85.65.96.76.0

Missouri

5.86.05.66.05.65.75.55.55.35.6

Montana

7.78.27.28.28.07.67.57.97.78.1

Nebraska

6.36.35.96.06.05.75.75.66.05.7

Nevada

6.06.36.66.76.65.85.35.25.65.5

New Hampshire

6.06.85.76.75.96.55.85.96.16.3

New Jersey

6.26.45.96.96.36.26.46.25.86.3

New Mexico

6.76.96.36.66.56.76.46.46.16.1

New York

6.46.66.26.66.46.16.06.05.76.0

North Carolina

6.36.45.96.46.15.85.75.65.55.8

North Dakota

8.38.28.67.68.26.96.96.87.06.7

Ohio

5.66.05.66.15.55.65.35.65.35.5

Oklahoma

6.46.26.16.26.15.76.26.06.15.5

Oregon

7.16.97.06.97.06.36.66.16.46.0

Pennsylvania

5.25.45.25.65.25.25.24.94.85.1

Rhode Island

6.26.25.76.55.96.15.75.75.55.8

South Carolina

6.26.76.26.56.15.65.55.85.75.8

South Dakota

6.26.96.36.46.26.36.06.16.06.0

Tennessee

5.56.35.45.65.75.34.75.35.05.0

Texas

6.06.15.96.06.05.25.35.14.95.1

Utah

6.97.46.57.07.16.46.16.06.66.0

Vermont

7.17.66.77.46.87.46.66.86.97.2

Virginia

5.95.75.36.25.65.95.65.55.55.8

Washington

7.06.96.67.37.06.66.35.95.56.0

West Virginia

6.06.56.36.66.16.46.46.76.46.6

Wisconsin

5.55.75.35.95.35.45.25.15.05.6

Wyoming

8.49.48.48.78.38.28.18.08.28.4

Puerto Rico

6.16.65.15.65.66.65.26.46.35.9

Virgin Islands

5.75.54.96.16.36.56.06.16.45.5

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 19, 2015