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News Release Information

15-2193-DAL
Monday, December 14, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Texas – First Quarter 2015

From December 2014 to March 2015 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Texas totaled 558,120, while gross job losses numbered 554,065, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,055. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 139,098.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Texas have trended upward since the series low of 436,521 in June 2009. Texas’ 621,191 gross job gains in December 2014 were the highest level since the series’ inception in 1992, although the number of gross job gains fell 63,071 in March 2015. Gross job losses in the state peaked in March 2009, when more than 620,000 jobs were lost, and remained below 500,000 from December 2009 to December 2014. However, in March 2015, gross job losses increased by 71,972 to 554,065 (see chart 1.), the highest level since June 2009.

Gross job gains represented 5.8 percent of private sector employment in Texas in the quarter ended March 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Texas has been below the U.S. rate in each quarter since March 2009 and generally below the U.S. rate since the series began in September 1992. In March 2015 the state’s rate of gross job loss as a percent of private sector employment rose to match the national rate at 5.7 percent. With a few exceptions, the Texas rate of gross job loss has been below the U.S. rate since the series inception.

During the first quarter of 2015, Texas gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors. For example, more than 89,400 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in leisure and hospitality during the period, though about 76,100 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 13,387 jobs was the largest of any sector in the first quarter 2015. Other industries showing large net job gains included retail trade and education and health services. Within retail trade, approximately 76,000 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments, while nearly 66,000 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 10,145. Education and health services recorded a net employment gain of 7,967, with nearly 68,900 gross job gains in opening and expanding establishments and around 60,900 job losses in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in five industry sectors in Texas in March 2015. The manufacturing sector recorded a net employment loss of 8,936 jobs. Although more than 27,500 jobs were added in opening and expanding establishments, these gains were offset by a loss of about 36,500 jobs at closing and contracting establishments. Professional and business services led all industry sectors in terms of both gross job gains and gross job losses with more than 109,000 of each, producing a net loss of approximately 1,500. Among the three remaining sectors – transportation and warehousing, other services, and information – gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,200.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 27, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.

Additionally, all historical BED series back to third quarter 1992 have been revised for both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted series, to incorporate an administrative scope change. These revisions are primarily due to the reclassification of a number of establishments from private households (NAICS 814110) to services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120). Private households are not within the scope of BED and, as a result, those establishments impacted by this industry reclassification are now within scope.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Texas, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

557,909572,445578,909621,191558,1205.96.06.16.45.8

At expanding establishments

465,877483,942487,315523,547455,1774.95.15.15.44.7

At opening establishments

92,03288,50391,59497,644102,9431.00.91.01.01.1

Gross job losses

482,188471,468492,179482,093554,0655.14.95.15.05.7

At contracting establishments

407,061390,819416,536398,929475,5884.34.14.34.14.9

At closing establishments

75,12780,64975,64383,16478,4770.80.80.80.90.8

Net employment change (2)

75,721100,97786,730139,0984,0550.81.11.01.40.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

57,04657,04357,58060,63954,9509.08.98.89.18.2

At expanding establishments

49,29449,93651,21853,07847,1407.87.87.88.07.0

At opening establishments

7,7527,1076,3627,5617,8101.21.11.01.11.2

Gross job losses

46,06743,89544,50046,07353,1907.36.86.86.97.9

At contracting establishments

38,85937,80938,61239,37947,1246.25.95.95.97.0

At closing establishments

7,2086,0865,8886,6946,0661.10.90.91.00.9

Net employment change (2)

10,97913,14813,08014,5661,7601.72.12.02.20.3

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

30,41631,75332,27835,26327,5733.43.63.73.93.1

At expanding establishments

27,65629,41026,39332,51524,8883.13.33.03.62.8

At opening establishments

2,7602,3435,8852,7482,6850.30.30.70.30.3

Gross job losses

26,67228,49627,22224,31336,5093.03.23.12.74.1

At contracting establishments

24,03921,45724,58221,71333,7152.72.42.82.43.8

At closing establishments

2,6337,0392,6402,6002,7940.30.80.30.30.3

Net employment change (2)

3,7443,2575,05610,950-8,9360.40.40.61.2-1.0

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

27,44827,42729,38732,03427,5624.84.85.05.44.7

At expanding establishments

22,91723,62225,13927,05621,8944.04.14.34.63.7

At opening establishments

4,5313,8054,2484,9785,6680.80.70.70.81.0

Gross job losses

22,88620,50321,34421,81926,0194.03.53.73.84.4

At contracting establishments

18,29415,73517,24716,76221,4603.22.73.02.93.6

At closing establishments

4,5924,7684,0975,0574,5590.80.80.70.90.8

Net employment change (2)

4,5626,9248,04310,2151,5430.81.31.31.60.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

70,37574,63070,54174,88776,0055.65.95.66.06.0

At expanding establishments

62,27862,82861,56065,28763,5195.05.04.95.25.0

At opening establishments

8,09711,8028,9819,60012,4860.60.90.70.81.0

Gross job losses

65,66163,38065,38663,11965,8605.25.15.24.95.1

At contracting establishments

58,86356,03057,95755,10657,7744.74.54.64.34.5

At closing establishments

6,7987,3507,4298,0138,0860.50.60.60.60.6

Net employment change (2)

4,71411,2505,15511,76810,1450.40.80.41.10.9

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

22,05023,05623,87132,01422,9815.55.75.87.65.4

At expanding establishments

18,76219,93220,19428,76719,6784.74.94.96.84.6

At opening establishments

3,2883,1243,6773,2473,3030.80.80.90.80.8

Gross job losses

18,85317,00817,81018,45224,1244.74.24.34.35.6

At contracting establishments

16,33714,74514,90715,32421,6234.13.63.63.65.0

At closing establishments

2,5162,2632,9033,1282,5010.60.60.70.70.6

Net employment change (2)

3,1976,0486,06113,562-1,1430.81.51.53.3-0.2

Information

 

Gross job gains

8,5579,4609,41610,0498,5104.34.64.74.94.3

At expanding establishments

6,8108,3958,2289,0127,5603.44.14.14.43.8

At opening establishments

1,7471,0651,1881,0379500.90.50.60.50.5

Gross job losses

10,3287,80410,1628,2188,9935.13.85.04.04.5

At contracting establishments

9,0846,5039,1467,1267,3964.53.24.53.53.7

At closing establishments

1,2441,3011,0161,0921,5970.60.60.50.50.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,7711,656-7461,831-483-0.80.8-0.30.9-0.2

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

30,05632,76335,26636,54332,4324.54.85.15.34.6

At expanding establishments

24,16426,62329,17028,90425,2853.63.94.24.23.6

At opening establishments

5,8926,1406,0967,6397,1470.90.90.91.11.0

Gross job losses

29,00127,66329,80828,32930,1394.34.14.44.14.3

At contracting establishments

22,31921,71323,22522,37624,6893.33.23.43.23.5

At closing establishments

6,6825,9506,5835,9535,4501.00.91.00.90.8

Net employment change (2)

1,0555,1005,4588,2142,2930.20.70.71.20.3

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

110,179112,354114,302116,366109,8807.37.47.37.47.0

At expanding establishments

91,02394,36595,08397,90989,6866.06.26.16.25.7

At opening establishments

19,15617,98919,21918,45720,1941.31.21.21.21.3

Gross job losses

96,35792,98696,75696,275111,4156.46.16.26.27.1

At contracting establishments

79,91775,20979,79778,13292,9535.34.95.15.05.9

At closing establishments

16,44017,77716,95918,14318,4621.11.21.11.21.2

Net employment change (2)

13,82219,36817,54620,091-1,5350.91.31.11.2-0.1

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

62,37564,99866,66379,53668,8824.34.54.65.44.6

At expanding establishments

52,40156,63157,18065,64056,6103.63.93.94.53.8

At opening establishments

9,9748,3679,48313,89612,2720.70.60.70.90.8

Gross job losses

58,52456,25457,44154,67060,9154.13.93.93.74.1

At contracting establishments

50,22546,53148,14541,64350,9263.53.23.32.83.4

At closing establishments

8,2999,7239,29613,0279,9890.60.70.60.90.7

Net employment change (2)

3,8518,7449,22224,8667,9670.20.60.71.70.5

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

90,39189,27588,07690,77189,4747.77.57.47.67.3

At expanding establishments

70,53871,65669,33271,97268,3386.06.05.86.05.6

At opening establishments

19,85317,61918,74418,79921,1361.71.51.61.61.7

Gross job losses

69,98875,03181,67477,49776,0876.06.46.86.56.2

At contracting establishments

58,40363,57370,35565,90865,1315.05.45.95.55.3

At closing establishments

11,58511,45811,31911,58910,9561.01.00.91.00.9

Net employment change (2)

20,40314,2446,40213,27413,3871.71.10.61.11.1

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

21,30522,31620,41622,99520,0627.57.87.07.96.9

At expanding establishments

16,82517,77416,81218,35915,7915.96.25.86.35.4

At opening establishments

4,4804,5423,6044,6364,2711.61.61.21.61.5

Gross job losses

18,10018,82020,07519,62120,8926.46.57.06.77.1

At contracting establishments

14,43815,06016,09915,85117,0185.15.25.65.45.8

At closing establishments

3,6623,7603,9763,7703,8741.31.31.41.31.3

Net employment change (2)

3,2053,4963413,374-8301.11.30.01.2-0.2

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015

United States (1)

6.16.56.36.65.95.75.85.85.75.7

Alabama

5.75.95.96.05.65.65.55.55.25.4

Alaska

10.810.89.510.610.49.711.010.410.49.2

Arizona

5.96.06.47.06.05.96.05.55.35.7

Arkansas

5.95.66.06.65.45.15.45.55.15.7

California

6.97.07.17.46.86.26.56.26.46.2

Colorado

6.87.27.37.06.95.96.16.16.16.1

Connecticut

5.15.75.25.44.85.04.95.35.25.1

Delaware

6.36.66.37.05.75.95.26.25.47.3

District of Columbia

5.96.35.75.55.55.35.65.45.35.4

Florida

6.57.27.37.16.35.86.26.16.05.6

Georgia

6.66.96.86.96.25.66.05.95.55.6

Hawaii

4.95.05.35.24.95.15.04.54.44.8

Idaho

8.47.77.58.09.17.27.97.37.07.0

Illinois

5.86.25.76.25.85.45.55.85.55.7

Indiana

5.35.95.46.35.35.65.05.35.05.3

Iowa

5.86.15.86.15.95.55.75.85.65.4

Kansas

5.76.15.76.25.75.65.65.85.45.8

Kentucky

6.26.26.26.65.56.05.65.55.36.0

Louisiana

6.86.66.86.86.15.96.55.95.86.7

Maine

6.87.86.77.26.57.16.57.07.27.0

Maryland

6.06.66.56.75.95.85.86.36.26.2

Massachusetts

5.56.35.76.05.15.25.35.55.25.4

Michigan

5.46.45.46.25.25.15.45.75.25.1

Minnesota

5.26.55.65.85.65.65.15.75.45.2

Mississippi

5.86.26.26.95.56.06.66.05.46.4

Missouri

5.66.05.76.35.65.65.35.75.15.4

Montana

7.38.28.18.59.18.07.78.18.07.2

Nebraska

5.86.16.06.26.15.65.95.75.65.6

Nevada

6.66.76.66.66.35.45.75.75.35.3

New Hampshire

5.96.95.96.95.75.96.16.36.05.7

New Jersey

6.07.06.36.95.86.35.96.46.26.0

New Mexico

6.56.86.67.26.46.56.26.16.16.5

New York

6.26.76.46.65.96.05.86.05.85.9

North Carolina

6.06.46.26.55.95.75.65.75.45.7

North Dakota

8.77.68.28.77.16.77.06.96.78.7

Ohio

5.66.15.56.15.45.55.25.55.15.6

Oklahoma

6.26.36.26.75.75.76.05.65.56.1

Oregon

7.06.97.07.16.96.26.46.26.35.7

Pennsylvania

5.25.65.25.64.94.94.85.14.95.2

Rhode Island

5.76.55.96.45.35.75.55.85.65.8

South Carolina

6.26.46.06.85.75.85.85.85.05.5

South Dakota

6.56.46.26.36.36.16.05.95.85.7

Tennessee

5.55.75.76.25.25.35.15.04.85.2

Texas

5.96.06.16.45.85.14.95.15.05.7

Utah

6.57.17.17.27.36.06.76.05.85.9

Vermont

6.97.36.97.56.86.86.97.36.76.8

Virginia

5.46.25.65.86.05.55.75.85.55.6

Washington

6.97.47.16.96.76.06.46.26.15.6

West Virginia

6.56.66.26.66.06.76.46.56.06.7

Wisconsin

5.35.85.55.85.45.15.05.65.25.1

Wyoming

8.68.78.39.38.98.18.38.58.08.9

Puerto Rico

5.35.55.66.45.36.56.36.04.96.4

Virgin Islands

5.06.26.66.25.56.06.35.65.65.9

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, December 14, 2015