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News Release Information

15-2017-DAL
Thursday, October 15, 2015

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Consumer Price Index, Dallas-Fort Worth – September 2015

Area prices fall 0.5 percent in August and September; down 0.9 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Dallas-Fort Worth declined 0.5 percent in August and September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that the decline was the result of an 11.1-percent decrease in the energy index, as prices fell for both household energy and motor fuel. The energy index decline was partially offset by increases in the indexes for all items less food and energy (0.5 percent) and for food (0.3 percent). (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bimonthly changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

During the 12 months ended in September 2015, the all items CPI-U fell 0.9 percent, the fifth consecutive period of annual decline for the overall index. (See chart 1.) In contrast, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.3 percent in August and September, after decreasing 0.4 percent in the previous two-month period. The indexes for both food at home (grocery store prices) and for food away from home increased 0.3 percent during the period.

From September 2014 to September 2015, food prices slipped 0.2 percent, reflecting the combined effects of a 2.4-percent price decline at grocery stores and a 2.7-percent price rise for food away from home. This was the first annual decrease in food prices since the year ended in March 2010.

Energy

The energy index fell 11.1 percent in August and September, following a 2.1-percent increase in June and July. The current decline was primarily the result of an 18.8-percent decrease in motor fuel prices, though lower costs for electricity, down 4.1 percent, also contributed. In contrast, natural gas prices rose 0.4 percent during the period.

During the year ended in September 2015, energy costs registered a 23.2-percent decrease as prices fell for all three energy components. A 35.5-percent drop in motor fuel prices was the biggest factor in the decrease, but natural gas and electricity costs also fell, down 17.1 and 6.9 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.5 percent in August and September, after registering no change in June and July. Among the leading factors in the advance were higher prices for apparel (5.1 percent) and medical care (1.5 percent). Slowing these gains were lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-0.6 percent) and recreation (-0.5 percent). The indexes for shelter and for other goods and services were little changed during the two-month period, edging up 0.1 percent.

From September 2014 to September 2015, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.0 percent. The biggest factor in the annual increase was a 3.9-percent rise in shelter costs, as the indexes rose for both renters’ costs (5.4 percent) and owners’ equivalent rent (3.4 percent). Another large contributor was a 7.0-percent annual rise in medical care prices. Countering a portion of these advances, annual declines were registered for apparel (-4.3 percent), household furnishings and operations (-2.4 percent), and education and communication (-1.0 percent).

The November 2015 Consumer Price Index for All Items for Dallas-Fort Worth is scheduled to be released Tuesday, December 15, 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details, see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas, Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) includes Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Henderson, Hood, Hunt, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall, and Tarrant Counties.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and GroupIndexesPercent change from -
 
Jul.
2015
Aug.
2015
Sep.
2015
Sep.
2014
Jul.
2015
Aug.
2015

All items

218.676 217.507-0.9-0.5 

All items (1967 = 100)

685.976 682.308   

Food and beverages

247.956 248.674-0.20.3 

Food

242.552 243.248-0.20.3 

Food at home

217.495219.548218.096-2.40.3-0.7

Food away from home

281.927 282.7742.70.3 

Alcoholic beverages

320.019 321.0730.90.3 

Housing

200.056 199.3351.7-0.4 

Shelter

214.699215.027214.9093.90.1-0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

223.931225.824226.9015.41.30.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

229.696229.639229.7953.40.00.1

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

229.696229.639229.7953.40.00.1

Fuels and utilities

231.923 226.218-5.3-2.5 

Household energy

221.598214.594213.617-8.7-3.6-0.5

Energy services (1) (3)

218.059211.109210.339-8.5-3.5-0.4

Electricity (1)

213.324205.388204.514-6.9-4.1-0.4

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

187.973188.619188.660-17.10.40.0

Household furnishings and operations

124.852 124.064-2.4-0.6 

Apparel

106.992 112.470-4.35.1 

Transportation

205.342 196.453-10.6-4.3 

Private transportation

208.044 198.621-10.8-4.5 

Motor fuel

235.179216.694190.975-35.5-18.8-11.9

Gasoline (all types)

234.513215.942189.760-35.5-19.1-12.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

227.537208.859182.290-36.8-19.9-12.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

244.914226.504201.905-32.9-17.6-10.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

246.031229.682206.771-30.2-16.0-10.0

Medical care

412.078 418.3997.01.5 

Recreation (6)

113.474 112.9251.6-0.5 

Education and communication (6)

137.793 138.663-1.00.6 

Other goods and services

385.228 385.6032.10.1 
 

COMMODITY AND SERVICE GROUP

 

Commodities

174.991 172.495-6.0-1.4 

Commodities less food and beverages

141.749 138.218-9.4-2.5 

Nondurables less food and beverages

171.898 164.265-13.4-4.4 

Durables

114.801 114.976-3.60.2 

Services

261.414 261.5552.80.1 
 

SPECIAL AGGREGATE INDEXES

 

All items less shelter

221.274 219.488-2.8-0.8 

All items less medical care

209.240 207.760-1.5-0.7 

Commodities less food

146.420 142.922-9.0-2.4 

Nondurables

206.743 202.635-6.8-2.0 

Nondurables less food

179.047 171.618-12.6-4.1 

Services less rent of shelter (2)

328.661 328.6971.70.0 

Services less medical care services

246.193 245.8822.4-0.1 

Energy

229.716217.095204.113-23.2-11.1-6.0

All items less energy

221.408 222.4731.60.5 

All items less food and energy

217.967 219.0942.00.5 

(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Prior to January 2011 this series was titled Gas (piped) and electricity.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 15, 2015