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16-212-DAL
Wednesday, February 10, 2016

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Business Employment Dynamics in Arkansas – Second Quarter 2015

From March 2015 to June 2015 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Arkansas totaled 57,124, while gross job losses numbered 51,031, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,093, contrasting with the previous quarter in which gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 3,244. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Arkansas’s June 2015 gross job gain was below the December 2014 gain of more than 63,000 jobs, but was above the job gains in 12 of the previous 14 quarters. Gross job gains in the state have exceeded 52,000 in each quarter since the series low of 50,401 in June 2013. Gross job losses fell 4,287 in the three months ended in June 2015, after rising by more than 6,500 in the previous quarter. The December 2014 loss of 48,759 was the third-lowest level since the series inception in 1992. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Arkansas in the quarter ended June 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) With the exception of December 2014, the rate of gross job gains has remained below the U.S. rate in each quarter since September 2011. Similarly, Arkansas’s 5.3 percent rate of gross job loss was also lower than the national rate of 5.7 percent in June 2015. From June 2010 to June 2013, the state’s rate of gross job losses generally tracked the national rate, although with greater variability. However, since September 2013 Arkansas’s rate of gross job losses has remained below the U.S. rate in seven of the last eight quarters. Gross job losses fell to a series low in both March 2014 and December 2014, at 5.1 percent, respectively.

During the second quarter 2015, Arkansas gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 10 industry sectors. For example, more than 8,700 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in retail trade during the period, though about 6,000 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 2,762 jobs was the largest of any sector in the second quarter 2015. Within leisure and hospitality, approximately 9,500 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments, exceeding jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments by about 1,700. Education and health services created more than 1,200 jobs, with over 7,100 gross job gains in opening and expanding establishments and nearly 5,900 job losses in closing and contracting establishments.

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in manufacturing by 991 jobs and in professional and business services by 461 in the second quarter 2015. (See table 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 27, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Arkansas, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

53,16057,01963,56052,07457,1245.66.06.65.45.9

At expanding establishments

43,89247,76451,99442,46648,1564.65.05.44.45.0

At opening establishments

9,2689,25511,5669,6088,9681.01.01.21.00.9

Gross job losses

50,92752,22948,75955,31851,0315.45.55.15.75.3

At contracting establishments

43,43342,99639,32047,34943,4424.64.54.14.94.5

At closing establishments

7,4949,2339,4397,9697,5890.81.01.00.80.8

Net employment change (2)

2,2334,79014,801-3,2446,0930.20.51.5-0.30.6

Construction

 

Gross job gains

4,6645,1695,7094,4175,53110.311.212.19.211.5

At expanding establishments

3,8204,2794,3053,5974,5808.49.39.17.59.5

At opening establishments

8448901,4048209511.91.93.01.72.0

Gross job losses

3,8314,3623,7105,2584,4928.49.57.811.09.3

At contracting establishments

2,9933,5183,0004,1233,4616.67.76.38.67.2

At closing establishments

8388447101,1351,0311.81.81.52.42.1

Net employment change (2)

8338071,999-8411,0391.91.74.3-1.82.2

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

4,2454,6485,2934,2423,9342.83.03.42.72.6

At expanding establishments

4,1004,2765,1054,0813,6782.72.83.32.62.4

At opening establishments

1453721881612560.10.20.10.10.2

Gross job losses

3,3543,9234,6654,6304,9252.12.53.02.93.1

At contracting establishments

3,1263,5953,8304,4314,6942.02.32.52.83.0

At closing establishments

2283288351992310.10.20.50.10.1

Net employment change (2)

891725628-388-9910.70.50.4-0.2-0.5

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,4052,5192,6652,5902,4425.25.45.75.55.2

At expanding establishments

1,9012,1072,1462,1791,9274.14.54.64.64.1

At opening establishments

5044125194115151.10.91.10.91.1

Gross job losses

2,1722,0722,2572,3852,4004.74.44.85.15.1

At contracting establishments

1,7171,6851,7711,9131,9943.73.63.84.14.2

At closing establishments

4553874864724061.00.81.01.00.9

Net employment change (2)

233447408205420.51.00.90.40.1

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

7,8137,9698,4298,3598,7655.75.86.26.06.2

At expanding establishments

6,5376,4457,3766,5077,9094.84.75.44.75.6

At opening establishments

1,2761,5241,0531,8528560.91.10.81.30.6

Gross job losses

6,4787,8766,6877,7926,0034.85.84.95.64.3

At contracting establishments

5,8086,8235,5996,8915,2004.35.04.15.03.7

At closing establishments

6701,0531,0889018030.50.80.80.60.6

Net employment change (2)

1,335931,7425672,7620.90.01.30.41.9

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

2,5302,8503,0892,4572,8695.15.66.04.75.4

At expanding establishments

2,2002,5232,6832,1302,5044.45.05.24.14.7

At opening establishments

3303274063273650.70.60.80.60.7

Gross job losses

2,0822,0731,9432,5102,0004.24.13.74.73.7

At contracting establishments

1,7481,6621,6752,2241,6603.53.33.24.23.1

At closing establishments

3344112682863400.70.80.50.50.6

Net employment change (2)

4487771146-538690.91.52.30.01.7

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

2,0982,4252,4442,5132,4204.45.15.15.35.0

At expanding establishments

1,5422,0181,8182,0821,9293.24.23.84.44.0

At opening establishments

5564076264314911.20.91.30.91.0

Gross job losses

2,0242,5852,3932,1612,3834.35.45.14.65.0

At contracting establishments

1,5681,8181,8441,7031,8213.33.83.93.63.8

At closing establishments

4567675494585621.01.61.21.01.2

Net employment change (2)

74-16051352370.1-0.30.00.70.0

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

9,05110,98113,0368,48110,1966.88.39.66.17.5

At expanding establishments

7,5249,70410,4957,0448,3095.77.37.75.16.1

At opening establishments

1,5271,2772,5411,4371,8871.11.01.91.01.4

Gross job losses

12,0798,9727,99910,19710,6579.16.85.97.47.9

At contracting establishments

10,7447,2306,2318,7029,2178.15.54.66.36.8

At closing establishments

1,3351,7421,7681,4951,4401.01.31.31.11.1

Net employment change (2)

-3,0282,0095,037-1,716-461-2.31.53.7-1.3-0.4

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

6,6216,5507,9026,6977,1233.93.94.74.04.2

At expanding establishments

5,4145,5196,3765,3925,9973.23.33.83.23.5

At opening establishments

1,2071,0311,5261,3051,1260.70.60.90.80.7

Gross job losses

6,4586,5486,6707,2135,8793.83.84.04.23.4

At contracting establishments

5,2625,3094,7096,0294,8163.13.12.83.52.8

At closing establishments

1,1961,2391,9611,1841,0630.70.71.20.70.6

Net employment change (2)

16321,232-5161,2440.10.10.7-0.20.8

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

9,2179,84610,1768,1779,5528.69.19.37.48.7

At expanding establishments

7,1957,6018,0716,0627,8156.77.07.45.57.1

At opening establishments

2,0222,2452,1052,1151,7371.92.11.91.91.6

Gross job losses

7,9519,4738,0058,3927,8487.48.87.37.67.1

At contracting establishments

6,7917,9886,9977,5146,9316.37.46.46.86.3

At closing establishments

1,1601,4851,0088789171.11.40.90.80.8

Net employment change (2)

1,2663732,171-2151,7041.20.32.0-0.21.6

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,0411,8671,8691,6091,8158.88.08.07.17.9

At expanding establishments

1,5931,4561,3451,2781,4736.96.25.85.66.4

At opening establishments

4484115243313421.91.82.21.51.5

Gross job losses

1,6631,8462,0651,6731,5317.27.98.97.36.7

At contracting establishments

1,3001,3141,6741,2751,1345.65.67.25.65.0

At closing establishments

3635323913983971.62.31.71.71.7

Net employment change (2)

37821-196-64.02841.60.1-0.9-0.21.2

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015

United States(1)

6.56.36.65.96.45.85.85.75.75.7

Alabama

5.95.96.05.65.95.55.55.25.45.3

Alaska

10.89.510.610.410.611.010.410.49.210.8

Arizona

6.06.47.06.05.96.05.55.35.75.7

Arkansas

5.66.06.65.45.95.45.55.15.75.3

California

7.07.17.46.86.86.56.26.46.26.5

Colorado

7.27.37.06.97.06.16.16.16.16.4

Connecticut

5.75.25.44.85.84.95.35.25.14.8

Delaware

6.66.37.05.77.65.26.25.47.35.6

District of Columbia

6.35.75.55.56.25.65.45.35.45.4

Florida

7.27.37.16.36.96.26.16.05.65.9

Georgia

6.96.86.96.26.76.05.95.55.65.7

Hawaii

5.05.35.24.94.95.04.54.44.85.0

Idaho

7.77.58.09.17.57.97.37.07.07.1

Illinois

6.25.76.25.86.25.55.85.55.75.2

Indiana

5.95.46.35.35.75.05.35.05.35.1

Iowa

6.15.86.15.96.15.75.85.65.45.9

Kansas

6.15.76.25.76.05.65.85.45.85.8

Kentucky

6.26.26.65.56.45.65.55.36.05.5

Louisiana

6.66.86.86.16.36.55.95.86.76.8

Maine

7.86.77.26.58.06.57.07.27.06.4

Maryland

6.66.56.75.97.05.86.36.26.25.9

Massachusetts

6.35.76.05.16.35.35.55.25.45.0

Michigan

6.45.46.25.26.15.45.75.25.15.2

Minnesota

6.55.65.85.66.15.15.75.45.25.2

Mississippi

6.26.26.95.56.36.66.05.46.45.9

Missouri

6.05.76.35.66.05.35.75.15.45.2

Montana

8.28.18.59.18.07.78.18.07.28.4

Nebraska

6.16.06.26.15.95.95.75.65.65.7

Nevada

6.76.66.66.36.25.75.75.35.35.7

New Hampshire

6.95.96.95.76.86.16.36.05.75.9

New Jersey

7.06.36.95.87.15.96.46.26.05.9

New Mexico

6.86.67.26.46.76.26.16.16.56.8

New York

6.76.46.65.96.75.86.05.85.95.8

North Carolina

6.46.26.55.96.45.65.75.45.75.4

North Dakota

7.68.28.77.16.77.06.96.78.711.3

Ohio

6.15.56.15.46.05.25.55.15.65.3

Oklahoma

6.36.26.75.76.06.05.65.56.16.5

Oregon

6.97.07.16.96.96.46.26.35.76.1

Pennsylvania

5.65.25.64.95.64.85.14.95.24.9

Rhode Island

6.55.96.45.36.65.55.85.65.85.8

South Carolina

6.46.06.85.76.55.85.85.05.55.6

South Dakota

6.46.26.36.36.36.05.95.85.75.9

Tennessee

5.75.76.25.25.95.15.04.85.24.8

Texas

6.06.16.45.86.04.95.15.05.75.5

Utah

7.17.17.27.36.96.76.05.85.96.1

Vermont

7.36.97.56.87.36.97.36.76.87.0

Virginia

6.25.65.86.06.45.75.85.55.65.4

Washington

7.47.16.96.77.26.46.26.15.65.8

West Virginia

6.66.26.66.06.36.46.56.06.76.6

Wisconsin

5.85.55.85.45.75.05.65.25.15.2

Wyoming

8.78.39.38.97.88.38.58.08.910.9

Puerto Rico

5.55.66.45.35.86.36.04.96.46.8

Virgin Islands

6.26.66.25.56.36.35.65.65.96.7

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 10, 2016