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16-1337-DAL
Tuesday, August 09, 2016

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Business Employment Dynamics in Oklahoma – Fourth Quarter 2015

From September 2015 to December 2015, gross job losses in Oklahoma totaled 81,183, while gross job gains numbered 79,209, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. As a result, gross job losses exceeded gross gains by 1,974. (See chart 1.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that in the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,370.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job losses in Oklahoma rose by nearly 4,600 during the fourth quarter of 2015 after falling by nearly 6,000 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) Oklahoma’s gross job losses have remained around 80,000 in three of the previous four quarters. Gross job gains rose by almost 4,000 in the three months ended in December 2015, after decreasing by about 400 in the previous quarter.

Gross job losses represented 6.5 percent of private sector employment in Oklahoma in the quarter ended December 2015; nationally gross job losses accounted for 5.8 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) During the past five years, Oklahoma’s rate of gross job losses had generally tracked with the U.S. rate until December 2014, but the state’s rate of gross job losses has exceeded the national rate since March 2015. Oklahoma’s rate of gross job gains as a percent of private sector employment was 6.3 percent compared to the national rate of 6.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2015. With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Oklahoma has mirrored the national rate during the past five years.

During the fourth quarter of 2015, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 5 of the 11 industry sectors in Oklahoma. For example, within manufacturing, opening and expanding establishments added nearly 3,800 jobs, while closing and contracting establishments lost nearly 6,400 jobs. The resulting net loss of 2,604 jobs in the manufacturing sector was the largest of any sector in Oklahoma in the fourth quarter of 2015. The other services sector created approximately 2,300 jobs at opening and expanding establishments and lost about 2,800 jobs at closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net loss of 498 jobs. Oklahoma’s education and health services sector created nearly 9,200 jobs in opening and expanding establishments; however, the sector lost more than 9,600 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

Six industry sectors in Oklahoma registered net job gains during the quarter. Transportation and warehousing had the largest net gain in the state, 2,908 jobs. The sector lost more than 2,700 jobs at closing and contracting establishments, but it gained nearly 5,700 jobs at opening and expanding establishments. The professional and business services sector gained nearly 14,900 jobs in opening and expanding establishments, but lost more than 13,300 jobs in closing and contracting establishments. The result was a net gain of 1,552, the second largest net gain among the state’s sectors.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED website at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for First Quarter 2016 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 9, 2016.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Oklahoma, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

85,45872,45475,65875,23879,2096.75.76.06.06.3

At expanding establishments

68,71258,99262,07261,38863,9425.44.64.94.95.1

At opening establishments

16,74613,46213,58613,85015,2671.31.11.11.11.2

Gross job losses

69,61878,71582,57076,60881,1835.56.16.56.16.5

At contracting establishments

57,03166,81869,19062,81365,3484.55.25.45.05.2

At closing establishments

12,58711,89713,38013,79515,8351.00.91.11.11.3

Net employment change (2)

15,840-6,261-6,912-1,370-1,9741.2-0.4-0.5-0.1-0.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

8,3707,4107,1038,0067,42111.09.79.310.59.5

At expanding establishments

6,7496,2805,6326,5855,7678.98.27.48.67.4

At opening establishments

1,6211,1301,4711,4211,6542.11.51.91.92.1

Gross job losses

7,3367,0457,6777,1987,5479.69.210.09.49.7

At contracting establishments

5,8115,6986,0645,6966,0707.67.47.97.47.8

At closing establishments

1,5251,3471,6131,5021,4772.01.82.12.01.9

Net employment change (2)

1,034365-574808-1261.40.5-0.71.1-0.2

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,6814,5444,1843,9163,7934.03.23.02.92.8

At expanding establishments

5,2184,0633,7263,6353,3343.72.92.72.72.5

At opening establishments

4634814582814590.30.30.30.20.3

Gross job losses

4,0905,5517,5496,1956,3972.93.95.44.64.8

At contracting establishments

3,5245,1136,9365,6795,7312.53.65.04.24.3

At closing establishments

5664386135166660.40.30.40.40.5

Net employment change (2)

1,591-1,007-3,365-2,279-2,6041.1-0.7-2.4-1.7-2.0

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,4082,9522,9262,8053,3205.44.94.84.75.6

At expanding establishments

2,6582,3662,3982,2652,6544.23.93.93.84.5

At opening establishments

7505865285406661.21.00.90.91.1

Gross job losses

2,9813,1894,0423,5413,6674.75.26.75.96.1

At contracting establishments

2,2802,7363,3912,7382,9403.64.55.64.64.9

At closing establishments

7014536518037271.10.71.11.31.2

Net employment change (2)

427-237-1,116-736-3470.7-0.3-1.9-1.2-0.5

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

11,45211,06512,11011,04911,0426.46.16.65.96.0

At expanding establishments

10,0189,63110,2829,3249,6145.65.35.65.05.2

At opening establishments

1,4341,4341,8281,7251,4280.80.81.00.90.8

Gross job losses

9,85210,4379,82111,16210,6255.55.75.36.05.7

At contracting establishments

8,4479,1868,6369,6719,4444.75.04.75.25.1

At closing establishments

1,4051,2511,1851,4911,1810.80.70.60.80.6

Net employment change (2)

1,6006282,289-1134170.90.41.3-0.10.3

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

3,0852,0362,6862,8185,6586.84.15.65.811.1

At expanding establishments

2,5501,6802,4622,4925,0915.63.45.15.110.0

At opening establishments

5353562243265671.20.70.50.71.1

Gross job losses

1,9522,6232,5532,4032,7504.35.35.24.95.4

At contracting establishments

1,5442,2682,1412,0431,9733.44.64.44.23.9

At closing establishments

4083554123607770.90.70.80.71.5

Net employment change (2)

1,133-5871334152,9082.5-1.20.40.95.7

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,1611,0841,1211,0671,0845.25.05.35.05.2

At expanding establishments

7179541,0458598723.24.44.94.04.2

At opening establishments

444130762082122.00.60.41.01.0

Gross job losses

8808141,1591,2668974.03.85.45.94.3

At contracting establishments

7586218399446443.42.93.94.43.1

At closing establishments

1221933203222530.60.91.51.51.2

Net employment change (2)

281270-38-1991871.21.2-0.1-0.90.9

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,6424,0053,6884,0693,8456.05.24.85.25.0

At expanding establishments

3,6462,8382,9533,1932,9404.73.73.84.13.8

At opening establishments

9961,1677358769051.31.51.01.11.2

Gross job losses

3,9474,1004,0083,6823,7715.15.35.24.84.9

At contracting establishments

3,0883,1782,8702,8222,8644.04.13.73.73.7

At closing establishments

8599221,1388609071.11.21.51.11.2

Net employment change (2)

695-95-320387740.9-0.1-0.40.40.1

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

16,51613,86612,98612,26014,8848.87.46.96.68.1

At expanding establishments

13,49110,87710,6679,64011,6047.25.85.75.26.3

At opening establishments

3,0252,9892,3192,6203,2801.61.61.21.41.8

Gross job losses

12,91514,26414,98413,55313,3326.97.68.07.37.2

At contracting establishments

10,15411,83712,48010,73910,3405.46.36.75.85.6

At closing establishments

2,7612,4272,5042,8142,9921.51.31.31.51.6

Net employment change (2)

3,601-398-1,998-1,2931,5521.9-0.2-1.1-0.70.9

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

9,9828,8558,9549,3679,1955.04.44.34.64.5

At expanding establishments

7,6057,2967,6527,7337,3383.83.63.73.83.6

At opening establishments

2,3771,5591,3021,6341,8571.20.80.60.80.9

Gross job losses

7,7778,5397,6678,1569,6363.84.23.84.04.7

At contracting establishments

6,3696,9126,2996,1827,1303.13.43.13.03.5

At closing establishments

1,4081,6271,3681,9742,5060.70.80.71.01.2

Net employment change (2)

2,2053161,2871,211-4411.20.20.50.6-0.2

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

13,59811,30814,34513,48714,0398.67.19.08.38.6

At expanding establishments

9,9559,10110,94410,24210,8356.35.76.96.36.6

At opening establishments

3,6432,2073,4013,2453,2042.31.42.12.02.0

Gross job losses

11,73811,74112,24712,46313,1897.47.47.67.78.1

At contracting establishments

10,13810,06210,10110,57310,4386.46.36.36.56.4

At closing establishments

1,6001,6792,1461,8902,7511.01.11.31.21.7

Net employment change (2)

1,860-4332,0981,0248501.2-0.31.40.60.5

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,8142,7062,8313,1282,3168.48.08.39.06.8

At expanding establishments

2,0862,0312,0682,6721,8956.26.06.17.75.6

At opening establishments

7286757634564212.22.02.21.31.2

Gross job losses

2,5222,5242,8632,3052,8147.57.48.46.78.3

At contracting establishments

1,9462,0442,1761,8222,1785.86.06.45.36.4

At closing establishments

5764806874836361.71.42.01.41.9

Net employment change (2)

292182-32823-4980.90.6-0.12.3-1.5

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015

United States (1)

6.65.96.46.16.65.75.75.75.85.8

Alabama

6.05.65.95.86.25.25.45.35.65.3

Alaska

10.610.410.69.09.510.49.210.810.210.5

Arizona

7.06.05.96.86.95.35.75.75.45.4

Arkansas

6.65.45.96.16.35.15.75.35.25.1

California

7.46.86.86.97.66.46.26.55.86.7

Colorado

7.06.97.07.17.06.16.16.46.46.3

Connecticut

5.44.85.85.15.35.25.14.85.85.0

Delaware

7.05.77.66.17.25.47.35.66.16.2

District of Columbia

5.55.56.26.25.95.35.45.45.54.7

Florida

7.16.36.96.87.16.05.65.95.85.8

Georgia

6.96.26.76.56.95.55.65.75.95.7

Hawaii

5.24.94.95.15.74.44.85.04.84.6

Idaho

8.09.17.57.87.97.07.07.17.16.9

Illinois

6.25.86.25.46.45.55.75.25.75.6

Indiana

6.35.35.75.46.25.05.35.15.34.9

Iowa

6.15.96.15.66.05.65.45.96.05.6

Kansas

6.25.76.05.76.25.45.85.85.75.6

Kentucky

6.65.56.46.06.65.36.05.55.65.3

Louisiana

6.86.16.36.26.55.86.76.86.26.3

Maine

7.26.58.06.57.17.27.06.47.17.0

Maryland

6.75.97.06.56.76.26.25.96.35.9

Massachusetts

6.05.16.35.45.95.25.45.05.65.2

Michigan

6.25.26.15.46.15.25.15.25.75.3

Minnesota

5.85.66.15.46.15.45.25.25.95.8

Mississippi

6.95.56.36.27.15.46.45.95.85.4

Missouri

6.35.66.05.76.35.15.45.25.55.1

Montana

8.59.18.07.68.58.07.28.47.77.3

Nebraska

6.26.15.96.06.15.65.65.75.55.5

Nevada

6.66.36.26.26.85.35.35.75.35.2

New Hampshire

6.95.76.86.06.76.05.75.96.35.6

New Jersey

6.95.87.16.36.86.26.05.96.15.9

New Mexico

7.26.46.76.56.86.16.56.86.56.8

New York

6.65.96.76.36.55.85.95.86.05.9

North Carolina

6.55.96.46.16.65.45.75.45.65.5

North Dakota

8.77.16.77.16.76.78.711.38.58.1

Ohio

6.15.46.05.46.05.15.65.35.65.2

Oklahoma

6.75.76.06.06.35.56.16.56.16.5

Oregon

7.16.96.97.07.06.35.76.16.46.2

Pennsylvania

5.64.95.65.25.74.95.24.95.25.1

Rhode Island

6.45.36.65.86.65.65.85.85.75.7

South Carolina

6.85.76.56.27.15.05.55.65.85.3

South Dakota

6.36.36.35.96.65.85.75.96.15.9

Tennessee

6.25.25.95.86.34.85.24.85.14.6

Texas

6.45.86.05.96.05.05.75.55.55.5

Utah

7.27.36.97.07.25.85.96.15.96.0

Vermont

7.56.87.36.97.16.76.87.07.66.5

Virginia

5.86.06.46.96.45.55.65.45.95.5

Washington

6.96.77.26.56.76.15.65.86.76.0

West Virginia

6.66.06.35.86.66.06.76.66.86.4

Wisconsin

5.85.45.75.55.75.25.15.25.65.2

Wyoming

9.38.97.88.39.08.08.910.98.79.2

Puerto Rico

6.45.35.86.26.34.96.46.86.35.8

Virgin Islands

6.25.56.35.87.35.65.96.77.45.4

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 09, 2016