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News Release Information

19-1215-DAL
Thursday, August 01, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Oklahoma – Fourth Quarter 2018

From September 2018 to December 2018, gross job gains in Oklahoma totaled 83,749, while gross job losses numbered 77,698, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1.) The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 6,051 in the private sector during the fourth quarter of 2018. Assistant Commissions for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that in the previous quarter, the net employment gain was 7,004.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Oklahoma decreased by 1,231 in the fourth quarter of 2018 after increasing by 3,795 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) Oklahoma’s gross job losses dipped by 278 in the fourth quarter of 2018, after falling by 4,946 in the previous quarter. The gain of 6,051 jobs in the current quarter was the state’s second consecutive net job gain after experiencing a net job loss in the second quarter of  2018.

Gross job gains represented 6.4 percent of private sector employment in Oklahoma in the fourth quarter of 2018, compared to the national gross job gain of 6.1 percent. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Oklahoma has equaled or exceeded the national rate since the fourth quarter of 2016. Oklahoma’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 6.0 percent compared to the national rate of 5.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2018. Oklahoma’s rate of gross job losses has exceeded the U.S. rate since the first quarter of 2015, with one exception.

During the fourth quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 11 industry sectors in Oklahoma. For example, within transportation and warehousing, opening and expanding establishments added 5,068 jobs, while closing and contracting establishments lost 2,322 jobs. The resulting net gain of 2,746 jobs in the transportation and warehousing sector was the largest of any sector in Oklahoma in the fourth quarter of 2018. In leisure and hospitality, 14,567 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 13,161 were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 1,406, the second largest among the state’s sectors. (See table 1.)

Three industry sectors in Oklahoma registered net job losses during the latest quarter. Retail trade saw a net loss of 1,868 jobs, as opening and expanding establishments added 9,213 jobs while closing and contracting establishments lost 11,081 jobs. Information had a net loss of 359 jobs during the quarter, as 1,311 gross job losses offset 952 gross job gains. The financial activities sector had a net job loss of 103.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED website at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for First Quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 30, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Oklahoma, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec. 2017Mar. 2018June 2018Sept. 2018Dec. 2018Dec. 2017Mar. 2018June 2018Sept. 2018Dec. 2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

82,24678,77181,18584,98083,7496.46.16.36.66.4

At expanding establishments

66,48762,85264,45968,23166,5715.24.95.05.35.1

At opening establishments

15,75915,91916,72616,74917,1781.21.21.31.31.3

Gross job losses

74,83770,89982,92277,97677,6985.85.56.56.16.0

At contracting establishments

58,96258,04066,29763,12161,6754.64.55.24.94.8

At closing establishments

15,87512,85916,62514,85516,0231.21.01.31.21.2

Net employment change (2)

7,4097,872-1,7377,0046,0510.60.6-0.20.50.4

Construction

Gross job gains

7,9278,0598,0259,4168,33310.110.210.111.610.1

At expanding establishments

6,2706,5036,3927,8546,7638.08.28.09.78.2

At opening establishments

1,6571,5561,6331,5621,5702.12.02.11.91.9

Gross job losses

8,3057,2538,5527,0178,09710.69.110.78.79.8

At contracting establishments

6,8245,8016,9275,8426,5198.77.38.77.27.9

At closing establishments

1,4811,4521,6251,1751,5781.91.82.01.51.9

Net employment change (2)

-378806-5272,399236-0.51.1-0.62.90.3

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,1435,0275,8034,9744,9474.03.74.23.63.5

At expanding establishments

4,3964,3445,1164,4854,1863.43.23.73.23.0

At opening establishments

7476836874897610.60.50.50.40.5

Gross job losses

4,1263,8424,4605,2004,8653.22.83.33.73.5

At contracting establishments

3,4053,0393,5564,4433,7122.62.22.63.22.7

At closing establishments

7218039047571,1530.60.60.70.50.8

Net employment change (2)

1,0171,1851,343-226820.80.90.9-0.10.0

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,8332,9753,0733,6514,1936.55.15.36.37.1

At expanding establishments

3,2082,3292,3702,8923,4075.44.04.15.05.8

At opening establishments

6256467037597861.11.11.21.31.3

Gross job losses

2,8983,0933,1593,1413,0894.95.35.55.45.3

At contracting establishments

1,9742,6022,2412,2681,9653.34.53.93.93.4

At closing establishments

9244919188731,1241.60.81.61.51.9

Net employment change (2)

935-118-865101,1041.6-0.2-0.20.91.8

Retail trade

Gross job gains

9,87510,3459,86511,4599,2135.55.85.56.45.2

At expanding establishments

8,7458,6928,2929,1957,8814.94.94.65.14.4

At opening establishments

1,1301,6531,5732,2641,3320.60.90.91.30.8

Gross job losses

9,8329,78011,94510,41311,0815.55.56.75.96.3

At contracting establishments

8,4528,5479,7029,2379,6784.74.85.45.25.5

At closing establishments

1,3801,2332,2431,1761,4030.80.71.30.70.8

Net employment change (2)

43565-2,0801,046-1,8680.00.3-1.20.5-1.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,1182,3332,9944,1255,0687.54.66.18.19.5

At expanding establishments

3,6331,9612,3123,6954,3526.63.94.77.38.2

At opening establishments

4853726824307160.90.71.40.81.3

Gross job losses

1,8663,4412,1852,4232,3223.46.84.44.84.3

At contracting establishments

1,4813,1881,6871,7851,8232.76.33.43.53.4

At closing establishments

3852534986384990.70.51.01.30.9

Net employment change (2)

2,252-1,1088091,7022,7464.1-2.21.73.35.2

Information

Gross job gains

8837291,1159319524.43.65.64.74.8

At expanding establishments

6266458547896513.13.24.34.03.3

At opening establishments

257842611423011.30.41.30.71.5

Gross job losses

9619301,1581,1391,3114.84.75.75.76.7

At contracting establishments

7747299288571,1513.93.74.64.35.9

At closing establishments

1872012302821600.91.01.11.40.8

Net employment change (2)

-78-201-43-208-359-0.4-1.1-0.1-1.0-1.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,9173,6473,8403,8313,9525.14.75.04.95.1

At expanding establishments

3,0752,8332,8572,8762,8814.03.73.73.73.7

At opening establishments

8428149839551,0711.11.01.31.21.4

Gross job losses

3,5853,7003,8593,6594,0554.64.85.04.75.3

At contracting establishments

2,7252,8542,7872,7113,1293.53.73.63.54.1

At closing establishments

8608461,0729489261.11.11.41.21.2

Net employment change (2)

332-53-19172-1030.5-0.10.00.2-0.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

14,20414,96015,30615,39415,7017.57.98.08.08.1

At expanding establishments

10,93511,79812,04912,07812,1775.86.26.36.36.3

At opening establishments

3,2693,1623,2573,3163,5241.71.71.71.71.8

Gross job losses

13,92312,66614,56514,91414,8127.46.77.67.87.7

At contracting establishments

10,84410,04211,68511,43411,3255.85.36.16.05.9

At closing establishments

3,0792,6242,8803,4803,4871.61.41.51.81.8

Net employment change (2)

2812,2947414808890.11.20.40.20.4

Education and health services

Gross job gains

9,6269,3969,0469,5799,7444.64.54.34.64.7

At expanding establishments

7,5547,2777,3827,5587,5163.63.53.53.63.6

At opening establishments

2,0722,1191,6642,0212,2281.01.00.81.01.1

Gross job losses

9,6708,72610,3219,2808,7444.64.14.94.54.1

At contracting establishments

7,0656,8157,9737,4476,5903.43.23.83.63.1

At closing establishments

2,6051,9112,3481,8332,1541.20.91.10.91.0

Net employment change (2)

-44670-1,2752991,0000.00.4-0.60.10.6

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

15,49714,04614,77814,42314,5679.28.28.68.48.4

At expanding establishments

11,96610,43811,09111,26011,1207.16.16.56.66.4

At opening establishments

3,5313,6083,6873,1633,4472.12.12.11.82.0

Gross job losses

13,19212,29315,69014,63213,1617.87.19.28.57.6

At contracting establishments

10,67410,16913,46912,23710,8716.35.97.97.16.3

At closing establishments

2,5182,1242,2212,3952,2901.51.21.31.41.3

Net employment change (2)

2,3051,753-912-2091,4061.41.1-0.6-0.10.8

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,6322,6932,7902,9432,8697.67.77.98.38.0

At expanding establishments

2,0862,1382,0732,2382,2976.06.15.96.36.4

At opening establishments

5465557177055721.61.62.02.01.6

Gross job losses

2,7202,5142,7512,6112,8037.87.17.87.47.8

At contracting establishments

1,9501,9852,1542,0542,2275.65.66.15.86.2

At closing establishments

7705295975575762.21.51.71.61.6

Net employment change (2)

-881793933266-0.20.60.10.90.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018

United States(1)

6.46.06.16.06.15.65.45.86.05.6

Alabama

6.06.05.85.96.35.45.35.75.95.3

Alaska

9.79.810.98.910.910.28.810.710.69.7

Arizona

6.36.06.06.66.25.35.35.95.05.1

Arkansas

6.15.45.06.05.85.15.05.65.54.9

California

6.96.46.76.56.76.05.96.36.25.9

Colorado

6.86.86.86.66.86.16.06.16.86.0

Connecticut

5.35.15.85.25.35.25.25.05.64.9

Delaware

7.07.16.55.66.66.45.96.06.65.7

District of Columbia

5.86.05.65.35.65.04.75.55.55.1

Florida

8.26.16.56.76.35.35.56.15.75.9

Georgia

6.96.56.26.76.35.65.66.46.25.7

Hawaii

5.15.05.25.15.74.74.85.55.55.1

Idaho

7.47.97.36.87.46.65.96.76.96.3

Illinois

6.05.75.65.65.65.35.15.55.75.6

Indiana

5.75.65.45.25.65.05.15.55.44.9

Iowa

5.95.55.75.35.85.35.35.45.75.3

Kansas

5.95.25.75.96.15.25.55.65.75.4

Kentucky

6.16.25.95.76.15.65.95.66.05.5

Louisiana

6.26.56.16.26.26.05.86.56.25.7

Maine

7.27.28.16.07.36.67.07.17.56.3

Maryland

6.26.36.06.36.86.35.75.86.66.4

Massachusetts

5.75.46.15.55.85.45.25.46.25.3

Michigan

5.75.75.65.05.75.44.65.16.25.2

Minnesota

5.85.35.85.45.75.55.05.35.75.4

Mississippi

6.35.55.75.86.45.45.86.05.75.2

Missouri

5.75.45.75.95.85.55.25.76.05.4

Montana

8.57.88.07.29.07.47.17.87.97.2

Nebraska

6.25.65.95.85.95.55.55.86.05.8

Nevada

6.66.56.16.76.65.25.45.85.65.3

New Hampshire

6.76.16.75.66.75.95.96.36.85.7

New Jersey

6.45.66.56.06.35.85.85.76.35.6

New Mexico

6.56.36.56.46.76.15.56.26.46.0

New York

6.26.26.36.16.25.85.65.86.45.7

North Carolina

6.36.26.15.66.75.55.25.56.55.3

North Dakota

6.87.06.76.66.86.86.36.26.66.2

Ohio

5.75.55.65.35.65.25.05.45.75.2

Oklahoma

6.46.16.36.66.45.85.56.56.16.0

Oregon

6.87.86.26.26.76.05.66.26.35.9

Pennsylvania

5.55.25.35.45.35.04.95.15.24.7

Rhode Island

6.66.36.36.26.46.06.16.16.45.7

South Carolina

7.05.97.55.87.45.34.76.56.55.4

South Dakota

6.46.46.15.96.35.75.96.15.85.8

Tennessee

5.95.05.55.85.84.94.85.15.24.9

Texas

6.45.85.95.96.15.35.15.25.45.1

Utah

7.07.46.97.36.95.96.06.36.56.1

Vermont

7.46.47.26.97.46.57.07.37.46.8

Virginia

6.35.86.15.66.25.55.25.86.35.5

Washington

6.97.27.36.16.56.05.76.36.35.6

West Virginia

6.36.86.87.06.36.15.86.46.46.5

Wisconsin

5.65.65.45.15.45.04.75.55.94.9

Wyoming

8.78.48.28.210.08.48.08.38.37.8

Puerto Rico

7.18.48.07.26.011.86.86.25.86.7

Virgin Islands

9.212.012.510.98.328.216.88.66.37.8

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, August 01, 2019