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News Release Information

19-1872-DAL
Thursday, November 07, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Texas – First Quarter 2019

From December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Texas totaled 584,029, while gross job losses numbered 541,312 the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 42,717 from December 2018 to March 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 114,830. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 584,029 gross job gains in the first quarter of 2019 were down from the series high of 652,219 recorded in the fourth quarter of 2018. Gross job losses numbered 541,312, up from 537,389 in the fourth quarter of 2018. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.5 percent of private sector employment in Texas in the first quarter of 2019; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Texas has been equal to or less than the national rate since the first quarter of 2009. The state’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 5.2 percent in the first quarter of 2019 compared to the national rate of 5.5 percent. With the exception of the first quarter of 2016, the rate of gross job losses in Texas has remained below the U.S. rate since the first quarter of 2003.

During the first quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 9 of the 11 industry sectors in Texas. For example, within construction, opening and expanding establishments added 59,322 jobs, while closing and contracting establishments lost 49,946 jobs. The resulting net gain of 9,376 jobs was the largest of any Texas sector in the first quarter of 2019. In leisure and hospitality, 96,218 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 88,108 were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net employment gain of 8,110, the second largest increase among the state’s sectors. Opening and expanding establishments in Texas’s education and health services sector added 70,400 jobs while losing 63,923 jobs at closing and contracting establishments, for a net gain of 6,477 jobs. (See table 1.)

Two industry sectors in Texas registered net job losses during the latest quarter. Transportation and warehousing saw a net loss of 4,327 jobs, as closing and contracting establishments lost 29,297 jobs, offsetting the 24,970 jobs at opening and expanding establishments. Retail trade had a net loss of 2,106 jobs during the quarter, as 70,618 gross job losses offset 68,512 gross job gains.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Second Quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020 at 10:00 am (EST).

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Texas, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

604,297612,249621,424652,219584,0295.95.96.06.25.5

At expanding establishments

492,751510,040516,287539,868479,4254.84.95.05.14.5

At opening establishments

111,546102,209105,137112,351104,6041.11.01.01.11.0

Gross job losses

530,142548,504565,749537,389541,3125.15.35.45.25.2

At contracting establishments

445,920452,613470,477437,416461,4224.34.44.54.24.4

At closing establishments

84,22295,89195,27299,97379,8900.80.90.91.00.8

Net employment change (2)

74,15563,74555,675114,83042,7170.80.60.61.00.3

Construction

Gross job gains

59,62158,75259,59662,15859,3228.28.08.18.37.7

At expanding establishments

50,69250,87251,03454,10451,3317.06.96.97.26.7

At opening establishments

8,9297,8808,5628,0547,9911.21.11.21.11.0

Gross job losses

52,65651,25657,03548,54849,9467.27.07.76.56.6

At contracting establishments

45,21243,83449,34740,93643,1676.26.06.75.55.7

At closing establishments

7,4447,4227,6887,6126,7791.01.01.01.00.9

Net employment change (2)

6,9657,4962,56113,6109,3761.01.00.41.81.1

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

31,74833,20632,55536,41732,4643.63.83.64.13.6

At expanding establishments

28,81030,24329,55733,05829,5383.33.53.33.73.3

At opening establishments

2,9382,9632,9983,3592,9260.30.30.30.40.3

Gross job losses

25,09124,31526,58727,19527,1702.92.83.03.13.0

At contracting establishments

21,75921,00123,28323,06024,3952.52.42.62.62.7

At closing establishments

3,3323,3143,3044,1352,7750.40.40.40.50.3

Net employment change (2)

6,6578,8915,9689,2225,2940.71.00.61.00.6

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

27,34629,29727,79627,23025,6704.64.94.74.54.3

At expanding establishments

23,14525,11023,12122,49920,9273.94.23.93.73.5

At opening establishments

4,2014,1874,6754,7314,7430.70.70.80.80.8

Gross job losses

22,90021,81323,94623,94022,0573.93.74.04.03.6

At contracting establishments

18,17417,31418,96519,52017,8173.12.93.23.32.9

At closing establishments

4,7264,4994,9814,4204,2400.80.80.80.70.7

Net employment change (2)

4,4467,4843,8503,2903,6130.71.20.70.50.7

Retail trade

Gross job gains

72,24972,45875,98168,76468,5125.45.45.75.25.2

At expanding establishments

62,32063,18767,00060,76560,5374.74.75.04.64.6

At opening establishments

9,9299,2718,9817,9997,9750.70.70.70.60.6

Gross job losses

67,97172,94573,43471,33370,6185.15.55.55.45.3

At contracting establishments

61,34465,02364,42562,62962,7974.64.94.84.74.7

At closing establishments

6,6277,9229,0098,7047,8210.50.60.70.70.6

Net employment change (2)

4,278-4872,547-2,569-2,1060.3-0.10.2-0.2-0.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

22,94523,70325,89535,17924,9704.74.95.37.05.0

At expanding establishments

19,03920,04522,18631,47021,6223.94.14.56.34.3

At opening establishments

3,9063,6583,7093,7093,3480.80.80.80.70.7

Gross job losses

27,75519,65121,93921,49629,2975.74.04.54.35.8

At contracting establishments

25,13316,02618,72417,35626,8325.23.33.83.55.3

At closing establishments

2,6223,6253,2154,1402,4650.50.70.70.80.5

Net employment change (2)

-4,8104,0523,95613,683-4,327-1.00.90.82.7-0.8

Information

Gross job gains

9,03110,6729,1379,3709,8644.45.24.54.64.8

At expanding establishments

7,5268,9877,6858,0638,5853.74.43.84.04.2

At opening establishments

1,5051,6851,4521,3071,2790.70.80.70.60.6

Gross job losses

9,1869,10911,1109,2097,9814.54.55.54.53.8

At contracting establishments

7,6777,7749,5777,7696,8893.83.84.73.83.3

At closing establishments

1,5091,3351,5331,4401,0920.70.70.80.70.5

Net employment change (2)

-1551,563-1,9731611,883-0.10.7-1.00.11.0

Financial activities

Gross job gains

35,03136,40338,77537,54734,4204.64.85.24.94.5

At expanding establishments

27,18728,67929,94029,15726,8573.63.84.03.83.5

At opening establishments

7,8447,7248,8358,3907,5631.01.01.21.11.0

Gross job losses

32,85333,18234,11834,47830,5344.44.44.54.54.0

At contracting establishments

26,07225,18726,32825,47123,5993.53.33.53.33.1

At closing establishments

6,7817,9957,7909,0076,9350.91.11.01.20.9

Net employment change (2)

2,1783,2214,6573,0693,8860.20.40.70.40.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

119,240121,833122,370127,383111,2927.07.17.07.36.4

At expanding establishments

96,687101,73799,774103,31190,7335.75.95.75.95.2

At opening establishments

22,55320,09622,59624,07220,5591.31.21.31.41.2

Gross job losses

100,838108,431109,858106,089109,0566.06.36.36.06.2

At contracting establishments

81,16687,35687,75484,92291,3314.85.15.04.85.2

At closing establishments

19,67221,07522,10421,16717,7251.21.21.31.21.0

Net employment change (2)

18,40213,40212,51221,2942,2361.00.80.71.30.2

Education and health services

Gross job gains

72,65776,18675,45480,78370,4004.54.74.64.94.2

At expanding establishments

60,40863,87661,47766,55758,5833.73.93.74.03.5

At opening establishments

12,24912,31013,97714,22611,8170.80.80.90.90.7

Gross job losses

61,82667,15268,81664,83563,9233.84.14.24.03.9

At contracting establishments

51,38151,74356,20450,75652,7083.23.23.43.13.2

At closing establishments

10,44515,40912,61214,07911,2150.60.90.80.90.7

Net employment change (2)

10,8319,0346,63815,9486,4770.70.60.40.90.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

100,41097,082103,935113,81296,2187.57.27.68.36.9

At expanding establishments

76,78776,69883,03189,54775,2595.75.76.16.55.4

At opening establishments

23,62320,38420,90424,26520,9591.81.51.51.81.5

Gross job losses

89,06997,73197,12487,91188,1086.77.27.26.56.3

At contracting establishments

76,10182,67081,97370,80276,8695.76.16.15.25.5

At closing establishments

12,96815,06115,15117,10911,2391.01.11.11.30.8

Net employment change (2)

11,341-6496,81125,9018,1100.80.00.41.80.6

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

22,59922,68124,15224,39321,9287.47.47.87.87.0

At expanding establishments

17,41418,14919,62319,64216,6515.75.96.36.35.3

At opening establishments

5,1854,5324,5294,7515,2771.71.51.51.51.7

Gross job losses

21,26121,41021,74320,91520,1906.96.97.06.76.4

At contracting establishments

17,15516,94817,35916,53016,1675.65.55.65.35.1

At closing establishments

4,1064,4624,3844,3854,0231.31.41.41.41.3

Net employment change (2)

1,3381,2712,4093,4781,7380.50.50.81.10.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States (1)

6.16.16.06.35.95.55.86.05.65.5

Alabama

6.15.86.06.36.05.45.75.95.35.5

Alaska

10.110.98.911.010.08.910.710.79.89.0

Arizona

6.06.06.66.25.65.35.95.15.15.5

Arkansas

5.45.06.15.95.25.25.75.65.05.1

California

6.46.76.56.96.36.06.46.25.96.2

Colorado

6.86.86.66.86.66.06.16.86.06.3

Connecticut

5.15.85.35.35.25.35.15.74.95.7

Delaware

7.16.45.76.66.45.96.06.55.65.5

District of Columbia

6.05.65.35.65.44.95.65.55.14.9

Florida

6.26.46.86.46.15.56.15.86.15.6

Georgia

6.56.36.76.36.85.76.46.15.85.7

Hawaii

5.15.35.15.85.44.75.45.45.15.9

Idaho

7.97.36.87.47.56.16.86.96.36.1

Illinois

5.75.65.55.55.25.25.65.85.65.1

Indiana

5.75.55.25.65.95.15.55.45.04.8

Iowa

5.65.75.35.85.15.35.45.75.35.4

Kansas

5.35.75.96.15.45.45.65.75.45.7

Kentucky

6.25.95.86.15.85.95.76.05.45.5

Louisiana

6.76.26.36.25.95.96.56.35.85.9

Maine

7.08.06.17.37.27.07.17.56.76.4

Maryland

6.36.16.36.86.45.85.86.66.45.7

Massachusetts

5.76.15.65.85.75.25.56.15.35.2

Michigan

5.65.55.05.65.14.65.26.25.24.6

Minnesota

5.45.85.55.75.25.15.25.75.45.1

Mississippi

5.55.75.96.55.76.06.05.95.36.2

Missouri

5.55.75.95.85.45.25.76.05.45.3

Montana

7.98.07.28.97.67.17.87.97.28.0

Nebraska

5.85.85.95.95.75.65.85.95.75.6

Nevada

6.56.16.76.66.05.55.85.75.55.4

New Hampshire

6.16.75.76.66.36.06.26.85.75.7

New Jersey

5.76.56.06.45.76.15.86.45.75.6

New Mexico

6.56.76.46.86.45.76.26.46.15.8

New York

6.36.36.16.36.05.65.86.45.75.3

North Carolina

6.26.15.76.76.35.35.76.45.35.1

North Dakota

7.16.76.66.87.16.36.26.66.26.4

Ohio

5.65.65.45.65.55.15.45.85.35.1

Oklahoma

6.26.46.76.55.85.76.36.16.15.8

Oregon

8.06.26.26.76.35.86.36.36.05.8

Pennsylvania

5.35.35.45.35.14.95.15.24.84.8

Rhode Island

6.46.36.26.45.86.16.16.45.75.6

South Carolina

6.37.55.87.46.45.16.76.55.46.0

South Dakota

6.46.16.06.35.75.96.15.75.86.4

Tennessee

5.15.55.85.85.44.95.35.34.94.8

Texas

5.95.96.06.25.55.15.35.45.25.2

Utah

7.56.97.36.97.36.06.46.46.26.2

Vermont

6.57.26.97.46.77.07.17.66.86.3

Virginia

6.06.25.76.36.45.45.86.35.65.5

Washington

7.27.36.26.46.26.26.56.55.65.6

West Virginia

6.96.87.06.36.06.06.46.46.56.6

Wisconsin

5.65.55.15.45.14.75.55.95.04.8

Wyoming

8.68.48.310.08.68.08.48.47.87.8

Puerto Rico

8.57.97.26.07.16.96.25.86.85.1

Virgin Islands

13.313.212.87.911.918.67.05.97.17.4

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 07, 2019