News Release Information
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Consumer Price Index, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land – December 2019
Area prices down 0.6 percent in November and December; up 1.0 percent over the year
Prices in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), fell 0.6 percent for the two months ending in December 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that a 0.6-percent decrease in the index for all items less food and energy was the biggest factor in the two-month decline, though lower energy prices (-1.7 percent) also contributed. In contrast, food costs rose 0.6 percent during the period. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)
Over the last 12 months, the all items CPI-U increased 1.0 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent over the year, while food prices increased 1.3 percent. The energy index fell 7.2 percent during the last year. (See table 1.)
Food prices rose 0.6 percent in November and December, following little movement in September and October (0.1 percent). The latest increase was entirely the result of higher prices for food away from home (1.2 percent), as prices for food at home were unchanged.
Over the year, food prices rose 1.3 percent. As with the bi-monthly change, the annual advance was due to higher prices for food away from home, up 2.9 percent. In contrast, prices for food at home declined 0.4 percent.
The energy index fell 1.7 percent in November and December, following a 0.3-percent decrease in September and October. Energy costs fell in five of the six bi-monthly periods in 2019. The latest movement was the result of a 3.9-percent decline in gasoline prices. Electricity costs were up 0.6 percent during the period, while prices for natural gas service were unchanged.
From December 2018 to December 2019, the energy index fell 7.2 percent. The decline was the result of lower household energy costs as electricity prices dropped 19.2 percent and prices for natural gas service declined 2.6 percent. In contrast, gasoline costs rose 5.7 percent over the year.
All items less food and energy
The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.6 percent in November and December, the first bi-monthly decline since the same period a year ago. During the latest period, a 6.9-percent decline in apparel prices had the greatest impact, but lower prices for recreation (-2.6 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-2.5 percent) were also large contributors. In contrast, the indexes for new vehicles and medical care rose during the two-month period, up 1.7 and 0.3 percent, respectively.
During the 12 months ending in December 2019, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.8 percent. The largest factor in the annual change was a 2.9-percent rise in the index for shelter. Other components contributing to the increase included higher prices for medical care (3.4 percent), education and communication (2.7 percent), household furnishings and operations (1.9 percent), and motor vehicle insurance (2.0 percent). Partly countering these increases, the indexes for apparel and for other goods and services declined over the year, down 3.1 and 2.4 percent, respectively.
The February 20120 Consumer Price Index for All Items for Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land is scheduled to be released Wednesday, March 11, 2020.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.
The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.
The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details, see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.
In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.
The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas, Core Based Statistical Area includes the counties of Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
|Item and Group||Indexes||Percent change from -|
All items (1967 = 100)
Food and beverages
Food at home
Cereals and bakery products
Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
Dairy and related products
Fruits and vegetables
Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)
Other food at home
Food away from home
Rent of primary residence
Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)
Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)
Fuels and utilities
Utility (piped) gas service
Household furnishings and operations
New and used motor vehicles(3)
Used cars and trucks(1)
Gasoline (all types)
Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)
Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)
Motor vehicle insurance(1)
Education and communication(3)
Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)
Other goods and services
Commodity and service group
Commodities less food and beverages
Nondurables less food and beverages
Special aggregate indexes
All items less shelter
All items less medical care
Commodities less food
Nondurables less food
Services less rent of shelter(2)
Services less medical care services
All items less energy
All items less food and energy
- Data not available.
Last Modified Date: Tuesday, January 14, 2020