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18-1606-DAL
Thursday, October 11, 2018

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Consumer Price Index, Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington — September 2018

Area prices increase 0.4 percent in August and September; up 2.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington rose 0.4 percent in August and September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that a 0.6-percent increase in the index for all items less food and energy was the biggest contributor, though food prices were also up, rising 0.4 percent. Partially countering these increases, energy costs declined 1.4 percent in August and September. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

During the year ended in September 2018, the all items CPI-U rose 2.4 percent and the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.6 percent. The annual rates of gain slowed for both series from the previous 12-month increases. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent in August and September, after edging up 0.1 percent in June and July. Both sub-components contributed to the current bimonthly increase as food at home (grocery store) prices rose 0.5 percent and prices for food away from home increased 0.3 percent.

During the 12 months ending in September 2018, total food prices fell 0.5 percent, reflecting opposing movements between the two sub-components. A 3.0-percent decline in grocery store prices was partially offset by a 2.0-percent increase in prices for food away from home.

Energy

The energy index fell 1.4 percent in August and September, following a 0.2-percent increase in June and July. The current decrease was the result of declines in household energy costs as electricity prices fell 4.4 percent and natural gas costs declined 1.1 percent. In contrast, motor fuel prices rose 0.4 percent.

During the year ended in September 2018, the energy index increased 4.9 percent. Higher prices for both electricity (6.4 percent) and motor fuel (4.8 percent) were factors in the energy index rise, while a 13.5-percent decline in natural gas costs partially countered those increases.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in August and September after registering a 0.3-percent decline in June and July. The increased cost of apparel, up 12.4 percent, was the biggest contributor to the advance. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) were another important factor in the rise, as were increases in the indexes for recreation (0.7 percent) and other goods and services (1.3 percent). In contrast, prices fell for medical care, down 0.3 percent, the first bimonthly decline in this index since January 2018.

From September 2017 to September 2018, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.6 percent. Higher shelter costs, up 3.7 percent, were responsible for the largest share of the annual rise, but increases in recreation (6.6 percent) and other goods and services (4.9 percent) also contributed.

The November 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Items for Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington is scheduled to be released Wednesday, December 12, 2018.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details, see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas, Core Based Statistical Area includes Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Hood, Hunt, Johnson, Kaufman, Parker, Rockwall, Somervell, Tarrant, and Wise Counties.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from -
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018
Sep.
2018
Sep.
2017
Jul.
2018
Aug.
2018

All items

233.570 - 234.563 2.4 0.4 -

All items (1967 = 100)

732.696 - 735.811      

Food and beverages

251.892 - 253.652 -0.5 0.7 -

Food

246.529 - 247.544 -0.5 0.4 -

Food at home

211.507 212.656 212.576 -3.0 0.5 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

250.801 - 255.424 - 1.8 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

244.402 - 245.949 - 0.6 -

Dairy and related products

182.832 - 190.021 - 3.9 -

Fruits and vegetables

203.355 - 203.360 - 0.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

178.213 - 181.064 - 1.6 -

Other food at home

198.898 - 195.793 - -1.6 -

Food away from home

299.482 - 300.428 2.0 0.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

314.804 - 337.220 0.5 7.1 -

Housing

224.944 - 225.016 3.2 0.0 -

Shelter

249.860 251.428 250.989 3.7 0.5 -0.2

Rent of primary residence

267.696 269.220 269.313 5.3 0.6 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

267.122 268.663 269.186 3.7 0.8 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

267.122 268.663 269.186 3.7 0.8 0.2

Fuels and utilities

241.559 - 235.203 4.4 -2.6 -

Household energy

219.567 219.152 211.188 3.1 -3.8 -3.6

Energy services

215.907 215.499 207.470 3.0 -3.9 -3.7

Electricity

206.124 206.124 197.125 6.4 -4.4 -4.4

Utility (piped) gas service

206.705 203.937 204.380 -13.5 -1.1 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

120.157 - 120.018 -1.9 -0.1 -

Apparel

102.892 - 115.649 1.3 12.4 -

Transportation

213.339 - 211.906 2.1 -0.7 -

Private transportation

218.077 - 216.320 2.6 -0.8 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

108.973 - 107.283 - -1.6 -

New vehicles(1)

203.755 - 204.743 - 0.5 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

330.264 - 316.525 - -4.2 -

Motor fuel

249.979 247.731 251.061 4.8 0.4 1.3

Gasoline (all types)

248.610 246.328 249.590 4.6 0.4 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

239.132 236.986 240.043 4.4 0.4 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

263.806 258.430 265.183 7.6 0.5 2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

265.521 263.364 266.800 6.5 0.5 1.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

800.384 - 795.116 - -0.7 -

Medical care

439.851 - 438.491 1.4 -0.3 -

Recreation(3)

118.727 - 119.571 6.6 0.7 -

Education and communication(3)

134.745 - 135.131 0.9 0.3 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,245.339 - 1,264.621 - 1.5 -

Other goods and services

403.401 - 408.710 4.9 1.3 -

Commodity and service group

Commodities

175.380 - 177.032 0.6 0.9 -

Commodities less food and beverages

140.573 - 142.078 1.1 1.1 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

177.534 - 182.561 2.6 2.8 -

Durables

109.303 - 108.088 -0.7 -1.1 -

Services

290.337 - 290.707 3.5 0.1 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

226.617 - 227.549 1.7 0.4 -

All items less medical care

223.548 - 224.648 2.5 0.5 -

Commodities less food

145.323 - 147.073 1.1 1.2 -

Nondurables

211.909 - 215.701 1.1 1.8 -

Nondurables less food

184.511 - 190.047 2.6 3.0 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

345.732 - 344.871 3.2 -0.2 -

Services less medical care services

275.125 - 275.518 3.7 0.1 -

Energy

237.356 235.936 234.111 4.9 -1.4 -0.8

All items less energy

237.289 - 238.686 2.2 0.6 -

All items less food and energy

235.573 - 237.023 2.6 0.6 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a February 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 11, 2018