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News Release Information

21-1987-DAL
Wednesday, November 10, 2021

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  • (972) 850-4800

Consumer Price Index, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land – October 2021

Area prices rise 1.1 percent in September and October, up 6.1 percent over the year

Prices in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 1.1 percent for the two months ending in October 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for all items less food and energy, but advances in the energy index and food index also contributed. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.1 percent. (See chart 1.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.7 percent over the year, the largest rise since February 2016. Energy prices jumped 38.5 percent, while food prices rose 5.6 percent. (See table 1.)


Food

Food prices increased 2.7 percent for the two months ending in October. Within the two components of the index, prices for food at home increased 3.4 percent, while prices for food away from home increased 2.1 percent for the same period.

During the 12 months ending in October 2021, food prices rose 5.6 percent. Prices for food at home increased 5.9 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home increased 5.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 4.8 percent for the two months ending in October. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for electricity (+6.8 percent). Prices for gasoline increased 3.8 percent, while prices for natural gas service were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 38.5 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (+59.8 percent). Prices paid for electricity jumped 22.1 percent, and prices for natural gas service jumped 16.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.5 percent in September and October, after rising 0.3 percent in July and August. Higher prices for new vehicles (+5.3 percent), owners’ equivalent rent of residences (+0.5 percent) and rent of primary residence (+0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for alcoholic beverages (-5.7 percent), other goods and services (-1.4 percent) and used cars and trucks (-1.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 3.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (+17.4 percent), household furnishings and operations (+10.2 percent) and shelter (+1.3 percent).

The December 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land area is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 12, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on October 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October 2021 was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas, Core Based Statistical Area includes the counties of Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods,
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, October 2021 (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from -
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2020
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021

All items

241.088 - 243.813 6.1 1.1 -

All items (1967 = 100)

773.255 - 781.997      

Food and beverages

246.754 - 251.965 5.2 2.1 -

Food

246.558 - 253.292 5.6 2.7 -

Food at home

234.938 240.961 242.828 5.9 3.4 0.8

Cereals and bakery products

264.818 - 288.071 5.1 8.8 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

267.387 - 278.343 11.9 4.1 -

Dairy and related products

189.807 - 199.750 3.5 5.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

290.991 - 290.869 4.2 0.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

286.516 - 285.206 3.7 -0.5 -

Other food at home

204.478 - 211.775 3.9 3.6 -

Food away from home

254.042 - 259.343 5.3 2.1 -

Alcoholic beverages

236.271 - 222.749 -0.7 -5.7 -

Housing

237.248 - 238.777 3.9 0.6 -

Shelter

275.699 275.903 276.207 1.3 0.2 0.1

Rent of primary residence

271.352 272.067 272.817 1.3 0.5 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

257.941 258.273 259.282 1.5 0.5 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

257.941 258.273 259.282 1.5 0.5 0.4

Fuels and utilities

208.552 - 217.878 15.7 4.5 -

Household energy

184.174 189.177 194.933 21.5 5.8 3.0

Energy services

181.220 186.268 191.827 21.4 5.9 3.0

Electricity

183.289 189.178 195.663 22.1 6.8 3.4

Utility (piped) gas service

154.222 154.228 154.240 16.4 0.0 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

154.373 - 154.321 10.2 0.0 -

Apparel

175.743 - 176.624 3.9 0.5 -

Transportation

199.300 - 206.367 18.6 3.5 -

Private transportation

203.929 - 210.685 21.7 3.3 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.573 - 104.187 17.4 3.6 -

New vehicles(1)

175.773 - 185.106 13.4 5.3 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

321.635 - 317.708 26.1 -1.2 -

Motor fuel

247.228 244.899 256.792 59.7 3.9 4.9

Gasoline (all types)

247.468 245.129 256.926 59.8 3.8 4.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

249.992 247.595 259.888 62.3 4.0 5.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

270.228 267.688 279.229 48.0 3.3 4.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

273.004 270.702 280.826 42.4 2.9 3.7

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

650.179 - 659.651 -0.6 1.5 -

Medical care

532.157 - 532.879 -0.3 0.1 -

Recreation(3)

116.434 - 115.956 6.4 -0.4 -

Education and communication(3)

124.309 - 124.233 3.4 -0.1 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,282.424 - 1,295.012 2.9 1.0 -

Other goods and services

432.191 - 426.314 0.6 -1.4 -

Commodity and service group

Commodities

187.677 - 191.409 11.6 2.0 -

Commodities less food and beverages

158.579 - 161.627 15.4 1.9 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

204.152 - 207.103 15.6 1.4 -

Durables

113.173 - 115.834 15.3 2.4 -

Services

295.807 - 297.517 2.7 0.6 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

228.248 - 231.851 8.4 1.6 -

All items less medical care

227.148 - 229.907 6.6 1.2 -

Commodities less food

161.235 - 163.866 14.8 1.6 -

Nondurables

225.571 - 229.631 9.8 1.8 -

Nondurables less food

205.759 - 207.598 14.2 0.9 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

314.953 - 318.123 4.0 1.0 -

Services less medical care services

271.708 - 273.418 3.1 0.6 -

Energy

212.448 214.198 222.690 38.5 4.8 4.0

All items less energy

247.466 - 249.504 4.0 0.8 -

All items less food and energy

247.453 - 248.737 3.7 0.5 -

(1) Indexes on an April 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Index on a December 1993=100.

- Data not available.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 10, 2021