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14-2132-SAN
Thursday, November 20, 2014

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — October 2014

Prices in the West down 0.1 percent over the month, up 2.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), inched down 0.1 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The October decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.0 percent. (See chart 1.) Energy prices decreased 1.5 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent since October 2013.

Food

Food prices advanced 0.4 percent for the month of October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.5 percent while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged (0.1 percent) for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 3.5 percent. Prices for food at home rose 4.1 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home increased 2.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 4.7 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-7.3 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 2.0 percent and prices for electricity decreased 0.8 percent in October.

Energy prices decreased 1.5 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-4.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service climbed 10.8 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.1 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in October. Higher prices for expenditure categories such as household furnishings and operations (1.3 percent), new vehicles (0.9 percent), apparel (0.5 percent), and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-2.2 percent) and education and communication (-0.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (3.6 percent) and medical care (2.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in used cars and trucks (-2.1 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.3 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month200920102011201220132014
MonthlyAnnualMonthlyAnnualMonthlyAnnualMonthlyAnnualMonthlyAnnualMonthlyAnnual

January

0.60.10.31.90.51.40.42.60.31.70.31.7

February

0.50.30.11.40.61.90.42.50.82.00.41.3

March

0.1-0.50.31.60.92.60.92.40.41.50.61.5

April

0.3-0.70.21.50.63.00.22.10.01.30.31.8

May

0.3-1.10.11.30.33.20.22.00.21.30.62.3

June

0.6-1.4-0.10.6-0.23.1-0.22.00.11.50.12.3

July

-0.2-2.00.10.8-0.12.9-0.31.80.01.90.12.3

August

0.2-1.30.10.70.23.00.52.10.11.5-0.12.1

September

0.2-0.8-0.10.50.43.50.52.20.21.30.12.0

October

0.1-0.30.10.60.03.40.42.5-0.10.9-0.12.0

November

-0.31.20.00.9-0.23.2-0.71.9-0.41.3  

December

-0.22.20.21.3-0.32.7-0.51.70.01.8  

CPI-W

In October, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 235.343, down 0.3 percent from September. The CPI-W increased 1.8 percent over the year.

The November 2014 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on December 17, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (PST).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

241.660241.920241.6502.00.0-0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

390.630391.050390.614   

Food and beverages

246.396246.725247.5483.30.50.3

Food

246.437246.789247.6853.50.50.4

Food at home

247.189247.510248.8154.10.70.5

Food away from home

244.165244.558244.8752.60.30.1

Alcoholic beverages

242.485242.517242.4071.40.00.0

Housing

247.359248.005248.7663.20.60.3

Shelter

277.648278.524279.3643.60.60.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

290.083291.184292.6394.10.90.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

290.940291.985293.1713.30.80.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

290.938291.979293.1633.30.80.4

Fuels and utilities

279.676280.414278.7933.8-0.3-0.6

Household energy

249.454250.309247.6393.4-0.7-1.1

Energy services (1)

251.295252.024249.2863.4-0.8-1.1

Electricity (1)

274.835273.175271.0591.1-1.4-0.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

211.058217.545213.14610.81.0-2.0

Household furnishings and operations

127.836127.616129.292-0.31.11.3

Apparel

119.706123.108123.7701.03.40.5

Transportation

218.606216.202212.341-1.3-2.9-1.8

Private transportation

213.479210.883206.135-1.4-3.4-2.3

New and used motor vehicles (3)

101.267100.706100.634-0.8-0.6-0.1

New vehicles

143.985144.067145.3050.60.90.9

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

100.080100.138100.9770.60.90.8

New cars (4)

144.653144.745145.8620.30.80.8

Used cars and trucks

149.067146.904143.669-2.1-3.6-2.2

Motor fuel

310.314301.502279.670-4.7-9.9-7.2

Gasoline (all types)

309.000300.027278.053-4.8-10.0-7.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

308.215299.153276.842-4.9-10.2-7.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

289.695281.633261.764-4.5-9.6-7.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

292.707284.500265.285-4.5-9.4-6.8

Medical Care

440.232442.039441.6192.20.3-0.1

Medical care commodities

330.029333.431332.3231.80.7-0.3

Medical care services

475.563476.690476.5572.30.20.0

Professional services

332.238332.163331.8871.9-0.1-0.1

Recreation (3)

110.146110.199110.3060.80.10.1

Education and communication (3)

138.755139.189138.6080.4-0.1-0.4

Other goods and services

399.953400.006399.3011.8-0.2-0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

241.660241.920241.6502.00.0-0.1

Commodities

185.559185.335184.0750.5-0.8-0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

154.049153.606151.530-1.4-1.6-1.4

Nondurables less food & beverages

201.368200.939196.375-1.2-2.5-2.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

258.520255.547247.451-1.9-4.3-3.2

Durables

110.446109.991110.173-1.5-0.20.2

Services

293.037293.760294.4492.90.50.2

Rent of shelter (2)

295.354296.288297.1873.50.60.3

Transportation services

276.086275.671279.7481.41.31.5

Other services

333.879334.765333.9221.40.0-0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

232.496232.693232.4311.90.0-0.1

All items less food

241.101241.346240.8911.7-0.1-0.2

All items less shelter

228.500228.499227.7551.2-0.3-0.3

Commodities less food

157.570157.138155.107-1.3-1.6-1.3

Nondurables

224.871224.793222.7061.1-1.0-0.9

Nondurables less food

204.859204.456200.136-1.0-2.3-2.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

256.583253.904246.587-1.6-3.9-2.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

323.395323.926324.4172.10.30.2

Services less medical care services

280.341281.036281.7672.90.50.3

Energy

285.855281.340267.981-1.5-6.3-4.7

All items less energy

240.270240.894241.6132.30.60.3

All items less food and energy

239.946240.619241.3102.10.60.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

140.401140.953141.275-0.30.60.2

Energy commodities

314.455305.804284.045-4.6-9.7-7.1

Services less energy services

296.432297.157298.0662.90.60.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 20, 2014