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News Release Information

15-1971-SAN
Friday, October 16, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Alaska – Fourth Quarter 2014

From September 2014 to December 2014 gross job gains in Alaska totaled 26,557, while gross job losses numbered 26,126, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Richard J. Holden, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 431. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 2,413.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Alaska, December 2009-December 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Alaska rose by 2,647 between September 2014 and December 2014, after falling more than 3,700 the previous quarter. Gross job losses edged down 197 in the three months ended December 2014, following a decline of more than 1,300 in the three months ended September 2014. During the most recent five-year period, job gains and losses in the state peaked in June 2014 when more than 27,000 jobs were each added and lost. (See chart 1.)

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Alaska, December 2009-December 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 10.5 percent of private sector employment in Alaska in the quarter ended December 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.6 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) Alaska’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 10.3 percent, compared to the national rate of 5.6 percent. The rate of gross job gains in Alaska has exceeded that of the nation by at least 2.8 percentage points during the past five years, while Alaska’s rate of gross job losses has exceeded the national rate by at least 3.1 percentage points during the same time period.

During the fourth quarter of 2014, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in three industry sectors in Alaska. Within construction, gross job gains exceeded gross jobs losses by 282. While over 3,200 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 3,500 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the three months ended in December 2014. In the leisure and hospitality industry, approximately 5,400 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 5,200 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. Within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 138. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors. Within transportation and warehousing, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 711. Among the three other sectors—education and health services, other services, and retail trade—gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 500.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The County Employment and Wages release for first quarter 2015 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, November 18, 2015.

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

With the processing of fourth quarter 2014 BED data, BLS implemented a new statistical matching process used in the longitudinal linking of Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) data. Tabulations from this quarter forward will reflect this new methodology. For additional details on this new methodology, please see the article "A Simplified Approach to Administrative Record Linkage in the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages" available at: https://www.bls.gov/osmr/research-papers/2014/pdf/st140020.pdf.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Alaska, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

25,599 27,111 27,613 23,910 26,557 10.1 10.8 10.9 9.4 10.5

At expanding establishments

21,459 21,911 22,269 18,508 21,950 8.5 8.7 8.8 7.3 8.7

At opening establishments

4,140 5,200 5,344 5,402 4,607 1.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.8

Gross job losses

26,151 24,286 27,672 26,323 26,126 10.4 9.6 10.9 10.4 10.3

At contracting establishments

21,444 20,532 23,557 22,453 21,371 8.5 8.1 9.3 8.9 8.4

At closing establishments

4,707 3,754 4,115 3,870 4,755 1.9 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.9

Net employment change (2)

-552 2,825 -59 -2,413 431 -0.3 1.2 0.0 -1.0 0.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

3,859 4,432 3,420 2,927 3,554 22.8 24.5 19.3 17.5 21.0

At expanding establishments

3,383 3,201 2,837 2,348 2,883 20.0 17.7 16.0 14.0 17.0

At opening establishments

476 1,231 583 579 671 2.8 6.8 3.3 3.5 4.0

Gross job losses

3,306 3,264 4,698 3,284 3,272 19.5 18.0 26.5 19.6 19.3

At contracting establishments

2,696 2,702 4,273 2,718 2,627 15.9 14.9 24.1 16.2 15.5

At closing establishments

610 562 425 566 645 3.6 3.1 2.4 3.4 3.8

Net employment change (2)

553 1,168 -1,278 -357 282 3.3 6.5 -7.2 -2.1 1.7

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

2,159 2,974 2,690 2,542 2,436 5.9 8.2 7.3 6.9 6.7

At expanding establishments

1,861 2,695 2,291 2,117 2,085 5.1 7.4 6.2 5.7 5.7

At opening establishments

298 279 399 425 351 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.0

Gross job losses

2,613 2,366 2,411 2,337 2,928 7.2 6.5 6.6 6.3 7.9

At contracting establishments

2,127 2,152 2,198 2,075 2,476 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.6 6.7

At closing establishments

486 214 213 262 452 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-454 608 279 205 -492 -1.3 1.7 0.7 0.6 -1.2

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

1,783 1,937 2,349 1,870 1,621 9.2 10.2 12.1 9.5 8.4

At expanding establishments

1,589 1,481 1,996 1,437 1,335 8.2 7.8 10.3 7.3 6.9

At opening establishments

194 456 353 433 286 1.0 2.4 1.8 2.2 1.5

Gross job losses

2,380 2,249 1,747 1,827 2,332 12.2 11.7 9.1 9.3 12.0

At contracting establishments

1,970 2,068 1,426 1,553 1,905 10.1 10.8 7.4 7.9 9.8

At closing establishments

410 181 321 274 427 2.1 0.9 1.7 1.4 2.2

Net employment change (2)

-597 -312 602 43 -711 -3.0 -1.5 3.0 0.2 -3.6

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

2,884 3,031 2,696 2,805 3,031 9.6 10.0 9.0 9.4 10.1

At expanding establishments

2,311 2,554 2,135 2,261 2,341 7.7 8.4 7.1 7.6 7.8

At opening establishments

573 477 561 544 690 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.8 2.3

Gross job losses

2,798 3,352 3,141 2,643 2,893 9.3 11.0 10.5 9.0 9.6

At contracting establishments

2,285 2,847 2,611 2,153 2,211 7.6 9.3 8.7 7.3 7.3

At closing establishments

513 505 530 490 682 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 2.3

Net employment change (2)

86 -321 -445 162 138 0.3 -1.0 -1.5 0.4 0.5

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

2,017 1,600 1,826 1,842 1,998 4.3 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.4

At expanding establishments

1,637 1,454 1,609 1,569 1,740 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.8

At opening establishments

380 146 217 273 258 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

2,037 1,946 2,050 1,703 2,224 4.4 4.3 4.5 3.7 4.8

At contracting establishments

1,657 1,360 1,612 1,508 1,615 3.6 3.0 3.5 3.3 3.5

At closing establishments

380 586 438 195 609 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-20 -346 -224 139 -226 -0.1 -0.8 -0.5 0.3 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

4,589 5,545 5,291 4,171 5,391 13.7 16.2 15.2 12.1 15.6

At expanding establishments

3,453 4,656 4,022 3,161 4,309 10.3 13.6 11.6 9.2 12.5

At opening establishments

1,136 889 1,269 1,010 1,082 3.4 2.6 3.6 2.9 3.1

Gross job losses

5,188 3,416 6,147 4,875 5,206 15.4 10.0 17.7 14.1 15.1

At contracting establishments

3,980 2,639 4,892 3,928 4,129 11.8 7.7 14.1 11.4 12.0

At closing establishments

1,208 777 1,255 947 1,077 3.6 2.3 3.6 2.7 3.1

Net employment change (2)

-599 2,129 -856 -704 185 -1.7 6.2 -2.5 -2.0 0.5

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

826 922 1,017 981 841 8.4 9.4 10.4 9.8 8.5

At expanding establishments

682 703 813 850 715 6.9 7.2 8.3 8.5 7.2

At opening establishments

144 219 204 131 126 1.5 2.2 2.1 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

910 895 844 904 1,084 9.3 9.2 8.6 9.1 11.0

At contracting establishments

743 682 687 745 869 7.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.8

At closing establishments

167 213 157 159 215 1.7 2.2 1.6 1.6 2.2

Net employment change (2)

-84 27 173 77 -243 -0.9 0.2 1.8 0.7 -2.5

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014

United States (1)

6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2 6.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.6

Alabama

6.0 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2

Alaska

10.1 10.8 10.9 9.4 10.5 10.4 9.6 10.9 10.4 10.3

Arizona

6.7 5.7 6.0 6.4 7.0 5.4 6.0 6.0 5.4 5.2

Arkansas

6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.5 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.3 4.9

California

7.3 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.5

Colorado

6.9 6.7 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.1

Connecticut

5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.1

Delaware

6.6 6.3 6.5 6.0 7.0 5.8 5.9 5.2 6.1 5.4

District of Columbia

5.8 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.5

Florida

7.0 6.5 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.9 6.0

Georgia

6.8 6.5 6.8 6.8 7.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.6

Hawaii

5.4 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.2 4.5 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.4

Idaho

8.3 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.9 7.3 7.2 8.0 7.3 6.5

Illinois

5.8 5.8 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5

Indiana

6.1 5.3 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.0

Iowa

6.0 5.8 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6

Kansas

6.2 5.7 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.3

Kentucky

6.5 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.6 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.4 5.3

Louisiana

6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.8 5.8

Maine

7.0 6.7 7.8 6.7 7.1 7.5 7.0 6.5 7.1 7.2

Maryland

6.4 5.9 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.2 6.2

Massachusetts

5.4 5.3 6.3 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.5 5.3

Michigan

6.0 5.5 6.4 5.5 6.2 5.6 5.1 5.4 5.8 5.2

Minnesota

5.6 5.3 6.5 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.9 5.4

Mississippi

6.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.8 5.6 5.9 6.7 6.0 5.2

Missouri

6.0 5.6 6.0 5.6 6.3 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.1

Montana

8.2 7.2 8.2 8.0 8.5 7.5 7.9 7.7 8.1 8.0

Nebraska

6.3 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.2 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.3 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.3

New Hampshire

6.8 5.7 6.7 5.9 6.9 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0

New Jersey

6.4 5.9 6.9 6.3 6.9 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.3 6.1

New Mexico

6.9 6.3 6.6 6.5 7.0 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.1 6.0

New York

6.6 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8

North Carolina

6.4 5.9 6.4 6.1 6.5 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.4

North Dakota

8.2 8.6 7.6 8.2 8.7 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.7

Ohio

6.0 5.6 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.1

Oklahoma

6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.7 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.5

Oregon

6.9 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.3

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.2 5.6 5.2 5.6 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1 4.8

Rhode Island

6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.6

South Carolina

6.7 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.8 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.0

South Dakota

6.9 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8

Tennessee

6.3 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.3 4.7 5.3 5.0 5.0 4.7

Texas

6.1 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.9

Utah

7.4 6.5 7.0 7.1 7.1 6.1 6.0 6.6 6.0 5.8

Vermont

7.6 6.7 7.4 6.8 7.5 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.2 6.7

Virginia

5.7 5.3 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5

Washington

6.9 6.6 7.3 7.0 7.1 6.3 5.9 5.5 6.0 5.9

West Virginia

6.5 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.0

Wisconsin

5.7 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.1

Wyoming

9.4 8.4 8.7 8.3 9.2 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.1

Puerto Rico

6.6 5.1 5.6 5.6 6.5 5.2 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.0

Virgin Islands

5.5 4.9 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.5 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, October 16, 2015