Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

Tuesday, February 23, 2016

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Average Energy Prices, Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, January 2016

Gasoline prices averaged $2.909 a gallon in the Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County area in January 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that area gasoline prices were 36.9 cents more than last January when they averaged $2.540 per gallon. Los Angeles area households paid an average of 21.3 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) of electricity in January 2016, similar to the 21.6 cents per kWh paid in January 2015. The average cost of utility (piped) gas at $1.155 per therm in January was similar to the $1.170 per therm spent last year. (Data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year-analysis is used throughout.)

At $2.909 a gallon, Los Angeles area consumers paid 43.0 percent more than the $2.034 national average in January 2016. A year earlier, consumers in the Los Angeles area paid 17.1 percent more than the national average for a gallon of gasoline. The local price of a gallon of gasoline has ranged from 8.5 to 43.0 percent above the national average in the month of January during the past five years. (See chart 1.)

The 21.3 cents per kWh Los Angeles households paid for electricity in January 2016 was 59.0 percent more than the nationwide average of 13.4 cents per kWh. Last January, electricity costs were 56.5 percent higher in Los Angeles compared to the nation. In the past five years, prices paid by Los Angeles area consumers for electricity exceeded the U.S. average by 56.5 percent or more in the month of January. (See chart 2.)

Prices paid by Los Angeles area consumers for utility (piped) gas, commonly referred to as natural gas, were $1.155 per therm, or 28.6 percent more compared to the national average in January 2016 ($0.898 per therm). A year earlier, area consumers paid 12.9 percent more per therm for natural gas compared to the nation. In the Los Angeles area over the past five years, the per therm cost for natural gas in November has varied between 2.4 percent below and 28.6 percent above the U.S. average. (See chart 3.)

The Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif. metropolitan area consists of Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino and Ventura Counties in California.

Technical Note

Average prices are estimated from Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for selected commodity series to support the research and analytic needs of CPI data users. Average prices for electricity, utility (piped) gas, and gasoline are published monthly for the U.S. city average, the 4 regions, the 3 population size classes, 10 region/size-class cross-classifications, and the 14 largest local index areas. For electricity, average prices per kilowatt-hour (kWh) and per 500 kWh are published. For utility (piped) gas, average prices per therm, per 40 therms, and per 100 therms are published. For gasoline, the average price per gallon is published. Average prices for commonly available grades of gasoline are published as well as the average price across all grades.

Price quotes for 40 therms and 100 therms of utility (piped) gas and for 500 kWh of electricity are collected in sample outlets for use in the average price programs only. Since they are for specified consumption amounts, they are not used in the CPI. All other price quotes used for average price estimation are regular CPI data.

With the exception of the 40 therms, 100 therms, and 500 kWh price quotes, all eligible prices are converted to a price per normalized quantity. These prices are then used to estimate a price for a defined fixed quantity.

The average price per kilowatt-hour represents the total bill divided by the kilowatt-hour usage. The total bill is the sum of all items applicable to all consumers appearing on an electricity bill including, but not limited to, variable rates per kWh, fixed costs, taxes, surcharges, and credits.  This calculation also applies to the average price per therm for utility (piped) gas.

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200, Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Average prices for gasoline, electricty, and utility (piped) gas, Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County and the United States, January 2015-January 2016, not seasonally adjusted
  Gasoline per gallon Electricity per kWh Utillity (piped) gas per therm
Los Angeles area United States Los Angeles area United States Los Angeles area United States


$2.540 $2.170 $0.216 $0.138 $1.170 $1.036


2.867 2.308 0.216 0.138 1.165 1.007


3.371 2.544 0.215 0.136 1.161 0.985


3.229 2.545 0.217 0.137 1.124 0.947


3.898 2.832 0.217 0.137 1.124 0.930


3.625 2.889 0.206 0.143 1.261 0.942


4.022 2.893 0.206 0.142 1.259 0.933


3.684 2.745 0.205 0.142 1.275 0.932


3.206 2.463 0.205 0.141 1.261 0.921


2.956 2.357 0.213 0.136 1.253 0.909


2.850 2.249 0.213 0.134 1.104 0.903


2.842 2.125 0.209 0.133 1.153 0.892


2.909 2.034 0.213 0.134 1.155 0.898


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, February 23, 2016