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19-631-SAN
Wednesday, April 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Hawaii Area – March 2019

Area prices were up 0.5 percent over the past two months, up 1.8 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Hawaii Area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.5 percent for the two months ending in March 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the March increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter, gasoline, and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.8 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices declined 0.7 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices declined 0.5 percent for the two months ending in March. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 1.2 percent, but prices for food away from home advanced 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 1.3 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 3.8 percent since a year ago, but prices for food at home decreased 1.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 0.5 percent for the two months ending in March. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (4.7 percent). Prices for natural gas service moved up 2.3 percent, but prices for electricity moved down 4.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices declined 0.7 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-3.3 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 23.9 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (5.9 percent) and shelter (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-0.6 percent) and education and communication (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included recreation (4.8 percent) and shelter (3.6 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in apparel (-2.0 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.9 percent).

The May 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Urban Hawaii area is scheduled to be released on June 12, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index changed to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in January, 2018. The first indexes using the new structure were published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.

Historical data, including semiannual and annual averages, are available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Urban Hawaii area covered in this release consists of Honolulu in the State of Hawaii.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Urban Hawaii (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

279.005-280.2631.80.5-

All items (1967=100)

768.094-771.555---

Food and beverages

288.104-286.9361.3-0.4-

Food

289.097-287.7531.3-0.5-

Food at home

278.139276.291274.797-1.0-1.2-0.5

Cereals and bakery products

304.412-299.666-1.0-1.6-

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

255.682-257.361-4.30.7-

Dairy and related products

235.859-236.6913.40.4-

Fruits and vegetables

345.824-339.4891.4-1.8-

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

342.245-349.5831.12.1-

Other food at home

271.906-259.828-2.1-4.4-

Food away from home

294.526-295.4123.80.3-

Food away from home

294.526-295.4123.80.3-

Alcoholic beverages

269.378-271.5701.70.8-

Housing

305.530-305.9673.20.1-

Shelter

332.482333.127334.1743.60.50.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

322.482323.321324.3312.30.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

345.435346.620348.9034.11.00.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

345.435346.620348.9034.11.00.7

Fuels and utilities

370.950-361.3613.1-2.6-

Household energy

301.339276.480289.5662.3-3.94.7

Energy services

296.461271.654284.6392.4-4.04.8

Electricity

294.389268.795281.8951.6-4.24.9

Utility (piped) gas service

280.539279.545287.03123.92.32.7

Household furnishings and operations

146.952-146.080-0.9-0.6-

Apparel

106.928-113.199-2.05.9-

Transportation

218.016-222.641-2.42.1-

Private transportation

217.070-221.038-2.41.8-

New and used motor vehicles(3)

104.092-104.748-5.60.6-

New vehicles(1)

165.484-166.627-5.40.7-

Used cars and trucks(1)

240.766-243.0600.01.0-

Motor fuel

236.727240.103247.653-3.34.63.1

Gasoline (all types)

242.734246.294254.081-3.34.73.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

253.044256.825265.267-3.54.83.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

205.439205.439209.658-2.32.12.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

223.076226.647232.689-2.24.32.7

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

489.593-489.6021.20.0-

Medical care

------

Recreation(3)

131.960-132.7854.80.6-

Education and communication(3)

143.609-143.4001.9-0.1-

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,752.584-1,752.5855.80.0-

Other goods and services

501.811-500.4600.2-0.3-

Commodity and service group

All items

279.005-280.2631.80.5-

Commodities

203.363-204.671-0.90.6-

Commodities less food & beverages

152.613-155.058-2.71.6-

Nondurables less food & beverages

189.613-194.221-3.02.4-

Durables

111.300-111.848-2.30.5-

Services

345.002-346.2233.10.4-

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

271.384-272.6801.80.5-

All items less shelter

255.697-256.7480.60.4-

Commodities less food

156.838-159.301-2.61.6-

Nondurables

240.521-242.172-0.40.7-

Nondurables less food

194.423-198.930-2.72.3-

Services less rent of shelter(2)

359.382-359.7982.50.1-

Services less medical care services

337.165-338.2523.20.3-

Energy

262.608254.019263.864-0.70.53.9

All items less energy

281.814-283.0781.90.4-

All items less food and energy

282.323-284.0892.10.6-

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, April 10, 2019