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19-803-SAN
Friday, May 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – April 2019

Area prices were up 1.0 percent over the past month, up 3.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.0 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 3.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 8.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 0.7 percent for the month of April. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home rose 1.0 percent, and prices for food at home rose 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.2 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 5.0 percent since a year ago, but prices for food at home declined 0.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 8.3 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (15.0 percent). Prices for electricity rose 0.8 percent, but prices for natural gas service dropped 15.3 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 8.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (10.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 9.8 percent, and prices for electricity increased 3.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in April. Higher prices for medical care (0.7 percent) and shelter (0.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-2.1 percent) and other goods and services (-0.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 3.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.9 percent) and education and communication (2.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in apparel (-3.3 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

-0.3-0.10.73.10.92.10.83.50.73.2

February

0.70.10.02.40.62.70.73.60.12.5

March

1.00.50.31.70.32.70.43.80.62.7

April

-0.10.50.22.00.22.70.44.01.03.3

May

1.01.10.51.40.32.50.44.1

June

-0.30.80.11.8-0.22.2-0.24.0

July

0.71.40.01.10.32.50.23.9

August

-0.31.10.01.40.32.80.23.9

September

-0.40.70.21.90.43.10.53.9

October

0.21.00.42.20.43.10.54.1

November

0.01.6-0.41.80.13.6-0.33.6

December

-0.12.00.02.00.03.6-0.33.2

The May 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim area is scheduled to be released on June 12, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

269.608271.311273.9453.31.61.0

All items (1967=100)

796.542801.573809.356---

Food and beverages

263.133264.112265.7882.21.00.6

Food

263.672264.592266.4592.21.10.7

Food at home

253.890255.111256.108-0.40.90.4

Cereals and bakery products

265.333267.027270.9343.32.11.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

276.038274.330278.702-0.71.01.6

Dairy and related products

246.272246.976243.2760.1-1.2-1.5

Fruits and vegetables

333.006343.687342.410-0.52.8-0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

270.972265.537263.9601.5-2.6-0.6

Other food at home

195.949197.371198.575-3.41.30.6

Food away from home

270.343270.937273.6865.01.21.0

Food away from home

270.343270.937273.6865.01.21.0

Alcoholic beverages

239.892241.589240.6061.50.3-0.4

Housing

309.497312.127312.6884.61.00.2

Shelter

356.982359.475361.6694.91.30.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

377.425380.499381.5315.41.10.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

371.743373.265375.0664.80.90.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

371.721373.243375.0444.80.90.5

Fuels and utilities

325.201329.908321.9753.9-1.0-2.4

Household energy

278.269284.090274.0654.8-1.5-3.5

Energy services(2)

276.771282.620272.5074.8-1.5-3.6

Electricity(2)

317.998321.116323.6133.31.80.8

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

229.026241.126204.3139.8-10.8-15.3

Household furnishings and operations

119.497121.782119.2251.4-0.2-2.1

Apparel

107.306109.928110.382-3.32.90.4

Transportation

210.461212.514223.4354.86.25.1

Private transportation

207.378209.911219.8074.86.04.7

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.77291.80391.923-0.20.20.1

New vehicles(1)

170.073169.506170.1060.20.00.4

Used cars and trucks(1)

267.527269.606269.2280.10.6-0.1

Motor fuel

256.316267.783307.72610.820.114.9

Gasoline (all types)

250.262261.512300.75810.820.215.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

250.628261.977301.68310.920.415.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

241.180252.139288.79711.019.714.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

239.351249.632285.20510.419.214.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

774.857774.857774.8573.60.00.0

Medical care

482.174478.912482.4580.90.10.7

Recreation(6)

105.914105.446105.4041.3-0.50.0

Education and communication(6)

146.560146.326146.9692.20.30.4

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,893.3911,893.3911,893.3916.60.00.0

Other goods and services

435.395438.268436.5301.90.3-0.4

Commodity and service group

All items

269.608271.311273.9453.31.61.0

Commodities

180.663182.634186.4181.83.22.1

Commodities less food & beverages

137.885140.105144.4441.54.83.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

184.882190.025199.4742.47.95.0

Durables

92.19491.86991.741-0.2-0.5-0.1

Services

348.755350.227351.8564.10.90.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

260.322262.204264.7923.51.71.0

All items less shelter

231.196232.548235.3952.31.81.2

Commodities less food

142.287144.522148.7771.54.62.9

Nondurables

225.033228.388234.4972.34.22.7

Nondurables less food

190.401195.428204.4382.47.44.6

Services less rent of shelter(3)

346.278346.301347.1422.80.20.2

Services less medical care services

336.890338.536340.0054.30.90.4

Energy

265.805275.385298.1878.812.28.3

All items less energy

271.996273.189274.5053.00.90.5

All items less food and energy

273.716274.954276.1853.10.90.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 10, 2019