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19-363-SAN
Tuesday, March 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — February 2019

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 2.4 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.2 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The February increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter, food, and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices declined 2.0 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.3 percent for the month of February. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.4 percent, and prices for food away from home increased 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.6 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.5 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home increased 1.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 1.5 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-2.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 1.2 percent, and prices for electricity decreased 0.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices declined 2.0 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-3.3 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 0.8 percent, and prices paid for electricity declined 0.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in February. Higher prices for apparel (1.4 percent), household furnishings and operations (0.9 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.2 percent) and medical care (2.8 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in apparel (-3.2 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

-0.30.70.52.60.52.50.53.10.22.7

February

0.60.90.12.10.63.00.53.10.22.4

March

0.81.10.21.50.33.10.43.2

April

0.31.00.51.80.32.90.43.2

May

0.81.20.51.50.22.60.53.5

June

0.01.10.21.60.02.50.23.6

July

0.31.30.11.40.12.50.13.6

August

-0.11.30.01.50.22.70.23.6

September

-0.21.00.32.00.52.90.33.4

October

0.01.10.32.30.32.90.43.5

November

-0.21.5-0.22.30.03.1-0.23.3

December

-0.11.80.02.50.13.1-0.23.1

The March 2019 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on April 10, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

265.209265.624266.2152.40.40.2

All items (December 1977=100)

428.696429.366430.322   

Food and beverages

262.181263.345264.2482.60.80.3

Food

261.855263.047263.9672.60.80.3

Food at home

248.218249.310250.2081.80.80.4

Cereals and bakery products

261.853262.666263.9993.10.80.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

257.246257.439257.0401.3-0.1-0.2

Dairy and related products

226.828228.486228.8671.30.90.2

Fruits and vegetables

331.647334.573334.8912.31.00.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

172.432175.277175.7632.91.90.3

Other food at home

211.872211.549213.7040.90.91.0

Food away from home

279.600280.922281.8723.50.80.3

Alcoholic beverages

263.056263.861264.5253.00.60.3

Housing

291.204292.683293.9303.80.90.4

Shelter

336.308337.955339.4274.20.90.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

357.850358.907359.9094.60.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

354.193355.581356.8374.30.70.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

354.199355.586356.8444.30.70.4

Fuels and utilities

298.971299.677299.2181.40.1-0.2

Household energy

252.425252.252250.987-0.3-0.6-0.5

Energy services(1)

254.277253.980252.537-0.4-0.7-0.6

Electricity(1)

285.289284.146282.977-0.3-0.8-0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

195.999197.947195.624-0.8-0.2-1.2

Household furnishings and operations

131.016132.196133.3242.71.80.9

Apparel

113.373114.914116.537-3.22.81.4

Transportation

215.713212.839212.3080.2-1.6-0.2

Private transportation

211.645208.593207.5090.4-2.0-0.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.103100.415100.3490.00.2-0.1

New vehicles

147.735148.085148.1320.60.30.0

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

102.607102.848102.8770.60.30.0

New cars(4)

145.307145.533145.5941.30.20.0

Used cars and trucks

132.951133.580134.1241.00.90.4

Motor fuel

255.210239.968234.893-3.2-8.0-2.1

Gasoline (all types)

253.747238.517233.532-3.3-8.0-2.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

250.792235.515230.505-3.4-8.1-2.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

244.108230.099224.213-2.8-8.2-2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

249.022235.203230.957-2.8-7.3-1.8

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

852.986854.341854.3414.50.20.0

Medical Care

500.699502.208502.1172.80.30.0

Medical care commodities

385.342384.030382.8490.7-0.6-0.3

Medical care services

537.012539.474539.7563.30.50.1

Professional services

355.554356.295356.6720.00.30.1

Recreation(3)

115.330115.443114.5560.9-0.7-0.8

Education and communication(3)

137.114136.832137.1441.20.00.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,458.0001,460.0731,460.0605.90.10.0

Other goods and services

439.672441.881443.3062.20.80.3

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

265.209265.624266.2152.40.40.2

Commodities

184.375183.890184.1860.6-0.10.2

Commodities less food & beverages

145.936144.858144.913-0.7-0.70.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

190.829187.921187.345-1.6-1.8-0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

245.129239.022236.860-1.0-3.4-0.9

Durables

105.547105.906106.4380.60.80.5

Services

340.293341.620342.4963.40.60.3

Rent of shelter(2)

358.088359.855361.4314.30.90.4

Transportation services

317.832318.519320.1681.80.70.5

Other services

355.347356.032355.6312.50.1-0.1

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

254.447254.814255.4332.40.40.2

All items less food

265.909266.202266.7432.40.30.2

All items less shelter

237.358237.279237.5181.40.10.1

Commodities less food

150.229149.192149.264-0.5-0.60.0

Nondurables

226.607225.549225.6520.7-0.40.0

Nondurables less food

196.144193.433192.926-1.2-1.6-0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

246.533241.088239.195-0.6-3.0-0.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

355.727356.645356.7352.30.30.0

Services less medical care services

326.541327.790328.7033.40.70.3

Energy

257.960248.473244.834-2.0-5.1-1.5

All items less energy

267.943269.081269.9862.70.80.3

All items less food and energy

269.797270.930271.8342.70.80.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

138.775139.403140.0750.10.90.5

Energy commodities

259.887244.677239.672-3.1-7.8-2.0

Services less energy services

346.582348.004349.0123.50.70.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 12, 2019