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19-1262-SAN
Thursday, July 11, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — June 2019

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 2.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) During this period higher shelter prices helped counter lower gasoline prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 0.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.2 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.5 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 2.7 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 3.4 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 2.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 2.5 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-4.4 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 0.7 percent, but prices for electricity increased 1.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 0.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (1.0 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 1.7 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 2.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in June. Higher prices were reported for household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent), new and used vehicles (0.7 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included tuition, other school fees, and childcare (6.2 percent), shelter (4.5 percent), and medical care (2.3 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

-0.30.70.52.60.52.50.53.10.22.7

February

0.60.90.12.10.63.00.53.10.22.4

March

0.81.10.21.50.33.10.43.20.42.4

April

0.31.00.51.80.32.90.43.20.82.9

May

0.81.20.51.50.22.60.53.50.52.9

June

0.01.10.21.60.02.50.23.60.02.7

July

0.31.30.11.40.12.50.13.6

August

-0.11.30.01.50.22.70.23.6

September

-0.21.00.32.00.52.90.33.4

October

0.01.10.32.30.32.90.43.5

November

-0.21.5-0.22.30.03.1-0.23.3

December

-0.11.80.02.50.13.1-0.23.1

The July 2019 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on August 13, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Apr.
2019
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Apr.
2019
May
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

269.522270.880270.9572.70.50.0

All items (December 1977=100)

435.668437.862437.988   

Food and beverages

265.309265.812265.3552.60.0-0.2

Food

265.213265.728265.1762.70.0-0.2

Food at home

250.761251.223250.0382.1-0.3-0.5

Cereals and bakery products

268.815269.246264.7122.1-1.5-1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

258.895259.650258.1311.8-0.3-0.6

Dairy and related products

227.794230.481228.7421.40.4-0.8

Fruits and vegetables

336.582335.637331.7963.3-1.4-1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

174.734174.776173.8073.3-0.5-0.6

Other food at home

212.510212.768214.6211.31.00.9

Food away from home

284.010284.595284.8583.40.30.1

Alcoholic beverages

263.201263.539264.3031.50.40.3

Housing

295.968297.487298.8444.21.00.5

Shelter

342.714343.752345.1314.50.70.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

363.035363.623365.4565.00.70.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

359.596360.524362.0564.50.70.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

359.608360.538362.0704.50.70.4

Fuels and utilities

300.944306.620308.2872.12.40.5

Household energy

252.052258.796260.8490.73.50.8

Energy services(1)

253.686260.761263.2190.83.80.9

Electricity(1)

285.156293.840297.8141.74.41.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

194.118197.563196.190-2.71.1-0.7

Household furnishings and operations

131.321132.761133.8813.41.90.8

Apparel

118.039116.675116.6270.5-1.20.0

Transportation

222.493226.846224.4191.20.9-1.1

Private transportation

217.909221.540219.1511.10.6-1.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.217100.135100.8200.40.60.7

New vehicles

147.416148.318148.3960.30.70.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

102.368102.987103.0420.30.70.1

New cars(4)

144.981146.045146.1200.90.80.1

Used cars and trucks

135.162134.113135.6041.60.31.1

Motor fuel

278.896294.800282.0520.91.1-4.3

Gasoline (all types)

278.093294.057281.2041.01.1-4.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

275.236291.448278.2310.91.1-4.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

264.429278.754268.6351.61.6-3.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

271.420285.004274.3541.41.1-3.7

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

851.247851.108848.4060.6-0.3-0.3

Medical Care

507.429507.396507.8722.30.10.1

Medical care commodities

386.605389.466386.9000.30.1-0.7

Medical care services

545.566544.546546.0572.90.10.3

Professional services

359.178359.646359.8200.40.20.0

Recreation(3)

115.022114.357114.4770.3-0.50.1

Education and communication(3)

136.774136.854137.1081.00.20.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,460.4061,466.1321,470.2216.20.70.3

Other goods and services

445.412446.490446.3712.40.20.0

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

269.522270.880270.9572.70.50.0

Commodities

187.966189.555188.5371.50.3-0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

149.518151.431150.2550.80.5-0.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

198.966202.457199.0880.70.1-1.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

255.702262.679256.9350.70.5-2.2

Durables

105.515106.148106.6880.91.10.5

Services

345.218346.298347.5003.40.70.3

Rent of shelter(2)

364.974366.086367.5504.50.70.4

Transportation services

322.512325.305325.5041.60.90.1

Other services

356.482355.680356.5632.00.00.2

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

258.646260.060260.1202.80.60.0

All items less food

270.374271.864272.0402.70.60.1

All items less shelter

240.842242.331241.8871.80.4-0.2

Commodities less food

153.749155.636154.5020.80.5-0.7

Nondurables

232.532234.684232.6201.70.0-0.9

Nondurables less food

203.867207.196204.0460.70.1-1.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

256.106262.447257.3260.80.5-2.0

Services less rent of shelter(2)

358.724359.883360.8872.10.60.3

Services less medical care services

331.216332.431333.6083.50.70.4

Energy

272.448284.955277.8920.82.0-2.5

All items less energy

271.552272.109272.7072.90.40.2

All items less food and energy

273.459274.026274.8232.90.50.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

139.924140.177140.4330.80.40.2

Energy commodities

283.769299.649286.6530.91.0-4.3

Services less energy services

351.832352.589353.7273.60.50.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 11, 2019