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News Release Information

20-382-SAN
Wednesday, March 04, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Oregon – Second Quarter 2019

From March 2019 to June 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Oregon totaled 105,253, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 100,367, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Richard Holden, the Bureau’s Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations, noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 4,886. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 9,934.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Oregon’s number of gross job gains rose by 215 during the second quarter of 2019, following a decrease of 5,348 in the previous quarter. Gross job losses rose by 5,263 in the second quarter of 2019, after decreasing by 3,049 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 6.3 percent of private-sector employment in Oregon in the second quarter of 2019, while gross job losses accounted for 6.1 percent of private-sector employment. Nationally, gross job gains and gross job losses accounted for 6.0 and 5.9 percent of private-sector employment, respectively. (See chart 2.) The rates of both gross job gains and gross job losses in Oregon have been at or above the U.S. rate each quarter since data became available in 1992, with one exception in the first quarter of 1998.

During the second quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 7 of the 11 industry sectors in Oregon. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,699. While 17,789 jobs were gained in opening and expanding establishments in the industry, 16,090 jobs were lost by closing and contracting establishments in the second quarter of 2019. In professional and business services, 16,690 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, while 15,573 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in four industry sectors in Oregon. The retail trade industry sector had the largest net employment loss, down 1,260.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for the Third Quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Oregon, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

102,489101,862110,386105,038105,2536.26.26.76.36.3

At expanding establishments

85,53683,82892,24086,69688,1225.25.15.65.25.3

At opening establishments

16,95318,03418,14618,34217,1311.01.11.11.11.0

Gross job losses

103,335102,38498,15395,104100,3676.36.36.05.86.1

At contracting establishments

86,77384,72481,20980,54882,8085.35.25.04.95.0

At closing establishments

16,56217,66016,94414,55617,5591.01.11.00.91.1

Net employment change (2)

-846-52212,2339,9344,886-0.1-0.10.70.50.2

Construction

Gross job gains

9,6588,94610,60410,2019,9779.38.610.19.59.1

At expanding establishments

7,4827,0508,1877,9847,8637.26.87.87.47.2

At opening establishments

2,1761,8962,4172,2172,1142.11.82.32.11.9

Gross job losses

9,1249,3828,4068,8169,1068.79.18.18.28.4

At contracting establishments

7,1907,2456,3557,0047,0896.97.06.16.56.5

At closing establishments

1,9342,1372,0511,8122,0171.82.12.01.71.9

Net employment change (2)

534-4362,1981,3858710.6-0.52.01.30.7

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

7,5506,5718,5377,6397,0683.93.34.43.83.5

At expanding establishments

6,9325,9078,0037,0276,5973.63.04.13.53.3

At opening establishments

6186645346124710.30.30.30.30.2

Gross job losses

6,4067,1225,4096,6887,5483.33.72.73.33.8

At contracting establishments

5,7796,3484,7756,0206,7403.03.32.43.03.4

At closing establishments

6277746346688080.30.40.30.30.4

Net employment change (2)

1,144-5513,128951-4800.6-0.41.70.5-0.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,4823,3863,7133,4003,5564.64.55.04.54.6

At expanding establishments

2,9412,9123,1332,8093,0753.93.94.23.74.0

At opening establishments

5414745805914810.70.60.80.80.6

Gross job losses

3,1433,4023,0533,5083,4114.24.54.14.74.4

At contracting establishments

2,4802,5692,3302,9372,5493.33.43.13.93.3

At closing establishments

6638337235718620.91.11.00.81.1

Net employment change (2)

339-16660-1081450.40.00.9-0.20.2

Retail trade

Gross job gains

11,95012,7439,58012,36311,5005.66.04.55.95.4

At expanding establishments

10,02311,1138,43711,06510,1594.75.24.05.34.8

At opening establishments

1,9271,6301,1431,2981,3410.90.80.50.60.6

Gross job losses

12,53812,59212,8969,98612,7605.95.96.24.86.1

At contracting establishments

11,45810,88511,2548,75611,0885.45.15.44.25.3

At closing establishments

1,0801,7071,6421,2301,6720.50.80.80.60.8

Net employment change (2)

-588151-3,3162,377-1,260-0.30.1-1.71.1-0.7

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

3,0674,1644,3973,4893,3025.47.27.35.65.3

At expanding establishments

2,6812,8983,9553,0192,9264.75.06.64.84.7

At opening establishments

3861,2664424703760.72.20.70.80.6

Gross job losses

2,9863,1582,9114,6523,3365.15.44.97.55.4

At contracting establishments

2,5592,6132,4204,4112,7714.44.54.17.14.5

At closing establishments

4275454912415650.70.90.80.40.9

Net employment change (2)

811,0061,486-1,163-340.31.82.4-1.9-0.1

Information

Gross job gains

1,8571,7392,2881,7322,4005.45.16.75.16.9

At expanding establishments

1,4341,3571,4451,2931,7684.24.04.23.85.1

At opening establishments

4233828434396321.21.12.51.31.8

Gross job losses

2,6581,9071,7822,0221,6047.85.75.25.94.7

At contracting establishments

2,1881,3421,4721,4801,2406.44.04.34.33.6

At closing establishments

4705653105423641.41.70.91.61.1

Net employment change (2)

-801-168506-290796-2.4-0.61.5-0.82.2

Financial activities

Gross job gains

4,4144,6554,5714,4314,3545.25.55.55.25.1

At expanding establishments

3,2673,6223,4293,4303,3233.84.34.14.03.9

At opening establishments

1,1471,0331,1421,0011,0311.41.21.41.21.2

Gross job losses

4,6234,6984,8123,9654,5095.55.65.74.75.3

At contracting establishments

3,4553,2923,5433,1243,2494.13.94.23.73.8

At closing establishments

1,1681,4061,2698411,2601.41.71.51.01.5

Net employment change (2)

-209-43-241466-155-0.3-0.1-0.20.5-0.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

15,51316,11421,77115,15616,6906.26.68.86.16.6

At expanding establishments

12,44012,99818,39412,47813,4885.05.37.45.05.3

At opening establishments

3,0733,1163,3772,6783,2021.21.31.41.11.3

Gross job losses

17,60716,03816,13514,05015,5737.16.46.45.66.2

At contracting establishments

14,15212,71812,55411,38512,1145.75.15.04.54.8

At closing establishments

3,4553,3203,5812,6653,4591.41.31.41.11.4

Net employment change (2)

-2,094765,6361,1061,117-0.90.22.40.50.4

Education and health services

Gross job gains

11,29711,98312,48213,61412,0603.94.14.34.64.1

At expanding establishments

9,60010,25410,74111,75310,5033.33.53.74.03.6

At opening establishments

1,6971,7291,7411,8611,5570.60.60.60.60.5

Gross job losses

11,67111,41910,7449,91011,7344.04.03.73.44.0

At contracting establishments

9,8809,5089,0968,42010,1083.43.33.12.93.4

At closing establishments

1,7911,9111,6481,4901,6260.60.70.60.50.6

Net employment change (2)

-3745641,7383,704326-0.10.10.61.20.1

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

17,53115,03917,27216,28317,7898.37.18.27.68.3

At expanding establishments

14,64711,86514,30913,06914,7696.95.66.86.16.9

At opening establishments

2,8843,1742,9633,2143,0201.41.51.41.51.4

Gross job losses

16,53817,49114,86816,77616,0907.98.37.07.87.5

At contracting establishments

14,05815,17112,54514,32013,4356.77.25.96.76.3

At closing establishments

2,4802,3202,3232,4562,6551.21.11.11.11.2

Net employment change (2)

993-2,4522,404-4931,6990.4-1.21.2-0.20.8

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

4,7613,9584,4164,1804,4117.46.26.96.66.9

At expanding establishments

3,8703,2593,6323,2453,7276.05.15.75.15.8

At opening establishments

8916997849356841.41.11.21.51.1

Gross job losses

4,2134,6094,2604,0364,1926.67.26.76.36.5

At contracting establishments

3,3943,6513,2463,3783,3015.35.75.15.35.1

At closing establishments

8199581,0146588911.31.51.61.01.4

Net employment change (2)

548-6511561442190.8-1.00.20.30.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019

United States(1)

6.16.06.35.96.05.86.05.65.55.9

Alabama

5.86.06.36.05.85.75.95.35.56.0

Alaska

10.98.911.010.010.810.710.79.89.010.2

Arizona

6.06.66.25.65.75.95.15.15.55.7

Arkansas

5.06.15.95.25.05.75.65.05.15.7

California

6.76.56.96.36.66.46.25.96.26.4

Colorado

6.86.66.86.67.06.16.86.06.36.2

Connecticut

5.85.35.35.25.85.15.74.95.75.9

Delaware

6.45.76.66.46.06.06.55.65.56.3

District of Columbia

5.65.35.65.45.45.65.55.14.95.5

Florida

6.46.86.46.16.56.15.86.15.66.3

Georgia

6.36.76.36.86.26.46.15.85.76.4

Hawaii

5.35.15.85.44.75.45.45.15.96.1

Idaho

7.36.87.47.57.16.86.96.36.16.7

Illinois

5.65.55.55.25.65.65.85.65.15.3

Indiana

5.55.25.65.95.25.55.45.04.85.8

Iowa

5.75.35.85.15.85.45.75.35.45.6

Kansas

5.75.96.15.45.75.65.75.45.75.7

Kentucky

5.95.86.15.85.85.76.05.45.55.9

Louisiana

6.26.36.25.96.06.56.35.85.96.5

Maine

8.06.17.37.27.57.17.56.76.47.5

Maryland

6.16.36.86.46.35.86.66.45.76.4

Massachusetts

6.15.65.85.76.05.56.15.35.25.7

Michigan

5.55.05.65.15.55.26.25.24.65.8

Minnesota

5.85.55.75.25.85.25.75.45.15.5

Mississippi

5.75.96.55.75.86.05.95.36.26.0

Missouri

5.75.95.85.45.65.76.05.45.35.8

Montana

8.07.28.97.68.07.87.97.28.07.7

Nebraska

5.85.95.95.75.75.85.95.75.65.7

Nevada

6.16.76.66.05.95.85.75.55.46.0

New Hampshire

6.75.76.66.36.46.26.85.75.76.3

New Jersey

6.56.06.45.76.25.86.45.75.65.8

New Mexico

6.76.46.86.46.36.26.46.15.86.3

New York

6.36.16.36.06.05.86.45.75.35.9

North Carolina

6.15.76.76.36.15.76.45.35.15.7

North Dakota

6.76.66.87.16.76.26.66.26.46.7

Ohio

5.65.45.65.55.65.45.85.35.15.7

Oklahoma

6.46.76.55.85.96.36.16.15.86.2

Oregon

6.26.26.76.36.36.36.36.05.86.1

Pennsylvania

5.35.45.35.15.25.15.24.84.85.3

Rhode Island

6.36.26.45.86.46.16.45.75.66.7

South Carolina

7.55.87.46.46.36.76.55.46.06.2

South Dakota

6.16.06.35.76.26.15.75.86.46.0

Tennessee

5.55.85.85.45.55.35.34.94.85.0

Texas

5.96.06.25.55.75.35.45.25.25.3

Utah

6.97.36.97.36.96.46.46.26.26.5

Vermont

7.26.97.46.76.97.17.66.86.37.1

Virginia

6.25.76.36.46.15.86.35.65.55.9

Washington

7.36.26.46.26.66.56.55.65.65.7

West Virginia

6.87.06.36.06.26.46.46.56.66.5

Wisconsin

5.55.15.45.15.55.55.95.04.85.3

Wyoming

8.48.310.08.68.58.48.47.87.89.6

Puerto Rico

7.97.26.07.16.46.25.86.85.15.8

Virgin Islands

13.212.87.911.98.87.05.97.17.46.1

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 04, 2020