Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

20-598-SAN
Friday, April 10, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – March 2020

Area prices were down 0.7 percent over the past month, up 1.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), declined 0.7 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the March decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.1 percent over the year. Food prices rose 3.3 percent. Energy prices declined 3.2 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices decreased 0.3 percent for the month of March. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home declined 0.4 percent, and prices for food away from home moved down 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 3.3 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 5.2 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at from home rose 1.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 5.2 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-7.5 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 5.1 percent, while prices for electricity were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices declined 3.2 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-5.5 percent). Prices for natural gas service fell 10.4 percent, but prices paid for electricity rose 4.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy declined 0.5 percent in March. Lower prices for apparel (-4.3 percent) and recreation (-0.9 percent) were partially offset by higher prices for household furnishings and operations (0.7 percent) and medical care (0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (4.5 percent) and shelter (3.6 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in household furnishings and operations (-2.1 percent) and apparel (-0.3 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.73.10.92.10.83.50.73.20.83.1

February

0.02.40.62.70.73.60.12.50.33.4

March

0.31.70.32.70.43.80.62.7-0.71.9

April

0.22.00.22.70.44.01.03.3

May

0.51.40.32.50.44.10.23.1

June

0.11.8-0.22.2-0.24.00.03.3

July

0.01.10.32.50.23.90.13.3

August

0.01.40.32.80.23.90.03.0

September

0.21.90.43.10.53.90.53.0

October

0.42.20.43.10.54.10.73.2

November

-0.41.80.13.6-0.33.6-0.33.2

December

0.02.00.03.6-0.33.2-0.63.0

The April 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on May 12, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on March 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) program suspended data collection by personal visit on March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in March was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices being considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/bls/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-bls-price-indexes.htm#CPI.

Specific information about the impact of COVID-19 on March 2020 CPI data collection is available at www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/covid19-statement-march-2020.htm


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

277.755278.657276.5891.9-0.4-0.7

All items (1967=100)

820.612823.275817.166---

Food and beverages

271.402272.546271.6692.90.1-0.3

Food

272.904274.138273.2033.30.1-0.3

Food at home

258.997259.080258.1711.2-0.3-0.4

Cereals and bakery products

273.713276.386271.7201.8-0.7-1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

283.279279.993283.7663.40.21.3

Dairy and related products

255.915254.288250.0761.3-2.3-1.7

Fruits and vegetables

346.423352.276348.8841.50.7-1.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

265.988260.897261.974-1.3-1.50.4

Other food at home

196.280197.475196.346-0.50.0-0.6

Food away from home

283.693286.037285.0875.20.5-0.3

Food away from home

283.693286.037285.0875.20.5-0.3

Alcoholic beverages

234.278234.278234.149-3.1-0.1-0.1

Housing

320.216321.211321.1622.90.30.0

Shelter

370.579372.271372.2383.60.40.0

Rent of primary residence(2)

394.761396.346397.2204.40.60.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

385.738386.813387.5733.80.50.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

385.716386.791387.5503.80.50.2

Fuels and utilities

338.513335.785332.8490.9-1.7-0.9

Household energy

293.308289.442285.8370.6-2.5-1.2

Energy services(2)

291.952288.050284.4380.6-2.6-1.3

Electricity(2)

335.880336.323336.3234.70.10.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

240.913227.580216.079-10.4-10.3-5.1

Household furnishings and operations

118.740118.423119.239-2.10.40.7

Apparel

112.147114.583109.624-0.3-2.2-4.3

Transportation

214.517214.885206.780-2.7-3.6-3.8

Private transportation

211.380211.600205.655-2.0-2.7-2.8

New and used motor vehicles(4)

90.68991.52790.780-1.10.1-0.8

New vehicles(1)

169.444171.904171.2551.01.1-0.4

Used cars and trucks(1)

261.076263.406269.5620.03.32.3

Motor fuel

274.752273.331252.972-5.5-7.9-7.4

Gasoline (all types)

268.329266.970247.056-5.5-7.9-7.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

268.258266.790246.587-5.9-8.1-7.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

259.489258.470239.988-4.8-7.5-7.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

257.222256.459238.851-4.3-7.1-6.9

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

782.920786.324786.3241.50.40.0

Medical care

498.270499.208500.3414.50.40.2

Recreation(6)

107.744108.757107.7762.20.0-0.9

Education and communication(6)

149.118149.002148.7291.6-0.3-0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,961.1581,961.1581,960.8203.60.00.0

Other goods and services

449.830446.751445.0031.5-1.1-0.4

Commodity and service group

All items

277.755278.657276.5891.9-0.4-0.7

Commodities

184.534185.266182.6970.0-1.0-1.4

Commodities less food & beverages

139.751140.276137.012-2.2-2.0-2.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

191.943192.518185.427-2.4-3.4-3.7

Durables

89.67290.12190.062-2.00.4-0.1

Services

360.662361.700360.2012.8-0.1-0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

268.151269.046266.8781.8-0.5-0.8

All items less shelter

236.840237.401234.4780.8-1.0-1.2

Commodities less food

144.030144.540141.363-2.2-1.9-2.2

Nondurables

232.872233.736229.7260.6-1.4-1.7

Nondurables less food

196.962197.500190.854-2.3-3.1-3.4

Services less rent of shelter(3)

355.975356.089352.4441.8-1.0-1.0

Services less medical care services

347.836348.868347.2522.6-0.2-0.5

Energy

283.316281.014266.478-3.2-5.9-5.2

All items less energy

279.587280.711279.4622.30.0-0.4

All items less food and energy

281.022282.124280.8152.1-0.1-0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, April 10, 2020