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News Release Information

20-954-SAN
Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – April 2020

Area prices were down 0.3 percent over the past month, up 0.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), declined 0.3 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the April decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 0.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.7 percent over the year. Food prices rose 3.7 percent. Energy prices fell 17.3 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 1.1 percent for the month of April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.6 percent, and prices for food away from home advanced 0.6 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 3.7 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 4.8 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 2.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 7.4 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-12.1 percent). Prices for electricity decreased 1.0 percent, but prices for natural gas service increased 3.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices fell 17.3 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-27.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service advanced 9.2 percent, and prices for electricity increased 2.9 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy were unchanged in April. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (1.6 percent), other goods and services (1.2 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent) helped counter lower prices for apparel (-5.7 percent) and medical care (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (3.6 percent) and shelter (3.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in apparel (-6.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.73.10.92.10.83.50.73.20.83.1

February

0.02.40.62.70.73.60.12.50.33.4

March

0.31.70.32.70.43.80.62.7-0.71.9

April

0.22.00.22.70.44.01.03.3-0.30.7

May

0.51.40.32.50.44.10.23.1

June

0.11.8-0.22.2-0.24.00.03.3

July

0.01.10.32.50.23.90.13.3

August

0.01.40.32.80.23.90.03.0

September

0.21.90.43.10.53.90.53.0

October

0.42.20.43.10.54.10.73.2

November

-0.41.80.13.6-0.33.6-0.33.2

December

0.02.00.03.6-0.33.2-0.63.0

The May 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on June 10, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on April 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in April was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed. While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at  www.bls.gov/bls/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-bls-price-indexes.htm#CPI


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2019
Feb.
2020
Mar.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

278.657276.589275.8530.7-1.0-0.3

All items (1967=100)

823.275817.166814.991---

Food and beverages

272.546271.669276.1013.91.31.6

Food

274.138273.203276.1853.70.71.1

Food at home

259.080258.171262.3512.41.31.6

Cereals and bakery products

276.386271.720284.5345.02.94.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

279.993283.766288.2033.42.91.6

Dairy and related products

254.288250.076260.4437.12.44.1

Fruits and vegetables

352.276348.884348.9011.9-1.00.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

260.897261.974267.8401.52.72.2

Other food at home

197.475196.346196.149-1.2-0.7-0.1

Food away from home

286.037285.087286.8724.80.30.6

Food away from home

286.037285.087286.8724.80.30.6

Alcoholic beverages

234.278234.149255.2006.18.99.0

Housing

321.211321.162322.6243.20.40.5

Shelter

372.271372.238373.6973.30.40.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

396.346397.220398.5554.50.60.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

386.813387.573389.5713.90.70.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

386.791387.550389.5493.90.70.5

Fuels and utilities

335.785332.849332.8243.4-0.90.0

Household energy

289.442285.837285.8064.3-1.30.0

Energy services(2)

288.050284.438284.4724.4-1.20.0

Electricity(2)

336.323336.323332.9522.9-1.0-1.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

227.580216.079223.1009.2-2.03.2

Household furnishings and operations

118.423119.239121.0951.62.31.6

Apparel

114.583109.624103.359-6.4-9.8-5.7

Transportation

214.885206.780196.441-12.1-8.6-5.0

Private transportation

211.600205.655195.216-11.2-7.7-5.1

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.52790.78090.854-1.2-0.70.1

New vehicles(1)

171.904171.255170.7660.4-0.7-0.3

Used cars and trucks(1)

263.406269.562266.420-1.01.1-1.2

Motor fuel

273.331252.972222.500-27.7-18.6-12.0

Gasoline (all types)

266.970247.056217.188-27.8-18.6-12.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

266.790246.587216.272-28.3-18.9-12.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

258.470239.988213.621-26.0-17.4-11.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

256.459238.851212.267-25.6-17.2-11.1

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

786.324786.324679.162-12.4-13.6-13.6

Medical care

499.208500.341499.7203.60.1-0.1

Recreation(6)

108.757107.776108.3172.8-0.40.5

Education and communication(6)

149.002148.729149.1591.50.10.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,961.1581,960.8201,963.6673.70.10.1

Other goods and services

446.751445.003450.4173.20.81.2

Commodity and service group

All items

278.657276.589275.8530.7-1.0-0.3

Commodities

185.266182.697180.993-2.9-2.3-0.9

Commodities less food & beverages

140.276137.012132.570-8.2-5.5-3.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.518185.427176.017-11.8-8.6-5.1

Durables

90.12190.06289.794-2.1-0.4-0.3

Services

361.700360.201360.4502.4-0.30.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

269.046266.878266.1420.5-1.1-0.3

All items less shelter

237.401234.478232.812-1.1-1.9-0.7

Commodities less food

144.540141.363137.783-7.4-4.7-2.5

Nondurables

233.736229.726227.215-3.1-2.8-1.1

Nondurables less food

197.500190.854183.606-10.2-7.0-3.8

Services less rent of shelter(3)

356.089352.444350.9601.1-1.4-0.4

Services less medical care services

348.868347.252347.4412.2-0.40.1

Energy

281.014266.478246.634-17.3-12.2-7.4

All items less energy

280.711279.462280.0002.0-0.30.2

All items less food and energy

282.124280.815280.8851.7-0.40.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 12, 2020