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News Release Information

20-1543-SAN
Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – July 2020

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 1.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.6 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent over the year. Food prices rose 4.6 percent. Energy prices decreased 8.4 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 0.9 percent, but prices for food at home edged down 0.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 4.6 percent. Prices for food away from home moved up 5.7 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 3.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (4.2 percent). Prices for electricity rose 0.9 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 8.4 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-16.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 12.4 percent, and prices for electricity increased 4.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.5 percent in July. Higher prices for education and communication (1.8 percent), medical care (0.9 percent), and shelter (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for alcoholic beverages (-7.2 percent), recreation (-0.8 percent), and new vehicles (-0.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (5.1 percent) and shelter (3.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in new and used motor vehicles (-2.5 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.7 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20162017201820192020
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.73.10.92.10.83.50.73.20.83.1

February

0.02.40.62.70.73.60.12.50.33.4

March

0.31.70.32.70.43.80.62.7-0.71.9

April

0.22.00.22.70.44.01.03.3-0.30.7

May

0.51.40.32.50.44.10.23.10.40.9

June

0.11.8-0.22.2-0.24.00.03.30.51.4

July

0.01.10.32.50.23.90.13.30.61.9

August

0.01.40.32.80.23.90.03.0

September

0.21.90.43.10.53.90.53.0

October

0.42.20.43.10.54.10.73.2

November

-0.41.80.13.6-0.33.6-0.33.2

December

0.02.00.03.6-0.33.2-0.63.0

The August 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on September 11, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019
May
2020
Jun.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

276.842278.121279.8991.91.10.6

All items (1967=100)

817.913821.692826.946---

Food and beverages

278.810279.880279.4614.70.2-0.1

Food

279.152278.999280.2044.60.40.4

Food at home

267.566265.933265.7093.5-0.7-0.1

Cereals and bakery products

282.739279.137275.677-0.9-2.5-1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

306.865304.442295.6285.9-3.7-2.9

Dairy and related products

263.686254.502256.9664.5-2.51.0

Fruits and vegetables

347.840355.139363.9375.34.62.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

271.735271.228264.6793.6-2.6-2.4

Other food at home

199.090196.604200.9091.50.92.2

Food away from home

287.618288.908291.4945.71.30.9

Alcoholic beverages

254.708269.985250.6244.5-1.6-7.2

Housing

324.152324.922326.9193.10.90.6

Shelter

374.276375.172377.0023.30.70.5

Rent of primary residence(2)

399.259399.973400.2873.60.30.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

390.476391.458392.0213.30.40.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

390.454391.436391.9983.30.40.1

Fuels and utilities

349.707349.898356.2116.01.91.8

Household energy

306.992307.227308.8216.30.60.5

Energy services(2)

305.686305.967307.5366.40.60.5

Electricity(2)

345.607344.110347.1854.30.50.9

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

264.700268.666267.35512.41.0-0.5

Household furnishings and operations

120.960121.428122.514-0.71.30.9

Apparel

103.244104.058105.437-0.42.11.3

Transportation

194.270199.707202.731-6.64.41.5

Private transportation

192.695198.058201.397-6.04.51.7

New and used motor vehicles(4)

90.02989.61589.794-2.5-0.30.2

New vehicles(1)

172.184171.152170.1380.7-1.2-0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

264.445261.205269.844-1.42.03.3

Motor fuel

215.604228.537238.014-16.610.44.1

Gasoline (all types)

210.463223.166232.451-16.610.44.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

209.198222.328231.515-17.010.74.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

205.559215.821224.835-16.49.44.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

207.318218.181227.498-14.69.74.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

679.162768.278786.3241.515.82.3

Medical care

511.177506.888511.6235.10.10.9

Recreation(6)

107.591106.313105.4581.1-2.0-0.8

Education and communication(6)

149.334148.297150.9562.01.11.8

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,968.0231,969.8401,969.8542.60.10.0

Other goods and services

449.121460.930459.5193.52.3-0.3

Commodity and service group

All items

276.842278.121279.8991.91.10.6

Commodities

181.378182.603183.933-0.51.40.7

Commodities less food & beverages

131.888133.148135.234-4.72.51.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

174.971177.915181.290-5.93.61.9

Durables

89.44189.30490.243-2.80.91.1

Services

362.004363.293365.4553.01.00.6

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

266.754268.222269.8841.71.20.6

All items less shelter

233.970235.405237.1531.01.40.7

Commodities less food

137.103138.862140.211-4.12.31.0

Nondurables

228.048230.067231.5560.11.50.6

Nondurables less food

182.591186.476188.202-4.93.10.9

Services less rent of shelter(3)

353.953355.848358.5302.71.30.8

Services less medical care services

348.431349.903351.8782.71.00.6

Energy

249.692258.193264.930-8.46.12.6

All items less energy

280.859281.664283.1242.60.80.5

All items less food and energy

281.340282.329283.8392.30.90.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 12, 2020