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News Release Information

21-1324-SAN
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – June 2021

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 4.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.6 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the June increase was influenced by higher prices for new and used motor vehicles and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 4.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 3.5 percent. Energy prices jumped 27.6 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices crept up 0.1 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home edged up 0.2 percent, led by higher prices for fruits and vegetables (3.0 percent). Prices for food away from home were unchanged during the month.

Over the year, food prices advanced 3.5 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 3.9 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 3.1 percent since a year ago, with increases in all food categories.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.4 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (2.2 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 2.3 percent, but prices for electricity declined 0.7 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 27.6 percent over the year, largely due to a jump in gasoline prices (40.3 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 11.4 percent, and prices for electricity increased 10.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.6 percent in June. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (3.2 percent), recreation (2.5 percent), and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.6 percent) and medical care (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (13.4 percent), recreation (5.8 percent), and shelter (1.1 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in alcoholic beverages (-2.5 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-1.7 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.92.10.83.50.73.20.83.10.20.9

February

0.62.70.73.60.12.50.33.40.41.0

March

0.32.70.43.80.62.7-0.71.90.52.2

April

0.22.70.44.01.03.3-0.30.71.13.6

May

0.32.50.44.10.23.10.40.90.63.9

June

-0.22.2-0.24.00.03.30.51.40.64.0

July

0.32.50.23.90.13.30.61.9

August

0.32.80.23.90.03.00.12.0

September

0.43.10.53.90.53.0-0.31.2

October

0.43.10.54.10.73.20.20.7

November

0.13.6-0.33.6-0.33.20.11.0

December

0.03.6-0.33.2-0.63.0-0.21.5

The July 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on August 11, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
Apr.
2021
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jun.
2020
Apr.
2021
May
2021

Expenditure category

All items

285.808287.620289.2184.01.20.6

All items (1967=100)

844.403849.756854.479---

Food and beverages

287.089288.225288.4863.10.50.1

Food

287.567288.639288.8553.50.40.1

Food at home

273.030273.803274.2883.10.50.2

Cereals and bakery products

283.353282.619283.8171.70.20.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

307.235311.151312.1052.51.60.3

Dairy and related products

258.855262.934265.5774.42.61.0

Fruits and vegetables

374.431364.347375.1745.60.23.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

276.135274.821272.9110.6-1.2-0.7

Other food at home

203.904208.027203.1123.3-0.4-2.4

Food away from home

298.823300.175300.1273.90.40.0

Alcoholic beverages

260.793262.603263.363-2.51.00.3

Housing

327.410328.792329.9391.50.80.3

Shelter

376.875378.182379.4491.10.70.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

401.462402.879402.2220.60.2-0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

391.614392.634394.2340.70.70.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

391.592392.612394.2110.70.70.4

Fuels and utilities

371.953384.156384.4869.93.40.1

Household energy

324.439339.425339.83010.64.70.1

Energy services(2)

322.917338.030338.41210.64.80.1

Electricity(2)

383.502382.304379.57410.3-1.0-0.7

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

241.865292.442299.25711.423.72.3

Household furnishings and operations

120.280118.394119.311-1.7-0.80.8

Apparel

110.832110.660108.8814.6-1.8-1.6

Transportation

225.729232.220236.53818.44.81.9

Private transportation

224.775230.905235.80419.14.92.1

New and used motor vehicles(4)

96.07398.432101.58813.45.73.2

New vehicles(1)

173.352175.268176.8713.32.00.9

Used cars and trucks(1)

320.026341.860376.50644.117.610.1

Motor fuel

301.473313.441320.37440.26.32.2

Gasoline (all types)

294.486306.245313.04440.36.32.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

294.509306.623313.51141.06.52.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

283.189293.696300.07239.06.02.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

283.871293.985300.22637.65.82.1

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

800.022823.411823.4117.22.90.0

Medical care

508.953510.991510.5420.70.3-0.1

Recreation(6)

110.592109.800112.5265.81.72.5

Education and communication(6)

146.927147.137148.3860.11.00.8

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,911.7661,916.7821,932.866-1.91.10.8

Other goods and services

468.902465.845466.4831.2-0.50.1

Commodity and service group

All items

285.808287.620289.2184.01.20.6

Commodities

193.088194.665195.8907.31.50.6

Commodities less food & beverages

144.819146.550148.17711.32.31.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

197.510200.080201.01213.01.80.5

Durables

94.01094.97197.0328.73.22.2

Services

367.939369.922371.8362.41.10.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

276.059277.851279.5124.21.30.6

All items less shelter

245.599247.617249.3485.91.50.7

Commodities less food

149.884151.630153.23810.42.21.1

Nondurables

243.550245.414246.0146.91.00.2

Nondurables less food

204.134206.673207.60111.31.70.4

Services less rent of shelter(3)

364.931367.927370.8224.21.60.8

Services less medical care services

354.558356.612358.6852.51.20.6

Energy

311.797324.926329.58327.65.71.4

All items less energy

286.335287.403288.8092.50.90.5

All items less food and energy

286.255287.323288.9582.30.90.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 13, 2021