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News Release Information

21-1483-SAN
Wednesday, August 11, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – July 2021

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 3.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.6 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the July increase was led by higher prices for shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 3.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 3.7 percent. Energy prices jumped 26.7 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.6 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 1.2 percent mainly due to a 2.9 percent increase in both meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, and other food at home. Prices for food away from home edged up 0.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 3.7 percent. Prices for food at home rose 4.5 percent since a year ago with increases at or above 2.3 percent for all food categories. Prices for food away from home moved up 3.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.9 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (2.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 2.0 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 1.3 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 26.7 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (37.4 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 14.2 percent, and prices for electricity increased 10.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.5 percent in July. Higher prices for recreation (2.0 percent) and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices (-1.0 percent) for both apparel and alcoholic beverages.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (14.2 percent), recreation (8.8 percent), and shelter (1.1 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in education and communication (-1.8 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-1.3 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20172018201920202021
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.92.10.83.50.73.20.83.10.20.9

February

0.62.70.73.60.12.50.33.40.41.0

March

0.32.70.43.80.62.7-0.71.90.52.2

April

0.22.70.44.01.03.3-0.30.71.13.6

May

0.32.50.44.10.23.10.40.90.63.9

June

-0.22.2-0.24.00.03.30.51.40.64.0

July

0.32.50.23.90.13.30.61.90.63.9

August

0.32.80.23.90.03.00.12.0

September

0.43.10.53.90.53.0-0.31.2

October

0.43.10.54.10.73.20.20.7

November

0.13.6-0.33.6-0.33.20.11.0

December

0.03.6-0.33.2-0.63.0-0.21.5

The August 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on September 14, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

IndexesPercent change from-
May
2021
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Jul.
2020
May
2021
Jun.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

287.620289.218290.8903.91.10.6

All items (1967=100)

849.756854.479859.418---

Food and beverages

288.225288.486289.8813.70.60.5

Food

288.639288.855290.5823.70.70.6

Food at home

273.803274.288277.5354.51.41.2

Cereals and bakery products

282.619283.817283.9243.00.50.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

311.151312.105321.2148.73.22.9

Dairy and related products

262.934265.577265.1713.20.9-0.2

Fruits and vegetables

364.347375.174372.4522.32.2-0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

274.821272.911272.5463.0-0.8-0.1

Other food at home

208.027203.112209.1024.10.52.9

Food away from home

300.175300.127300.3553.00.10.1

Alcoholic beverages

262.603263.363260.7904.1-0.7-1.0

Housing

328.792329.939332.0851.61.00.7

Shelter

378.182379.449381.1051.10.80.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

402.879402.222403.3290.80.10.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

392.634394.234395.2310.80.70.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

392.612394.211395.2080.80.70.3

Fuels and utilities

384.156384.486393.44810.52.42.3

Household energy

339.425339.830345.03511.71.71.5

Energy services(2)

338.030338.412343.59711.71.61.5

Electricity(2)

382.304379.574384.68310.80.61.3

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

292.442299.257305.28914.24.42.0

Household furnishings and operations

118.394119.311120.866-1.32.11.3

Apparel

110.660108.881107.8072.2-2.6-1.0

Transportation

232.220236.538238.87617.82.91.0

Private transportation

230.905235.804238.88018.63.51.3

New and used motor vehicles(4)

98.432101.588102.56514.24.21.0

New vehicles(1)

175.268176.871179.4795.52.41.5

Used cars and trucks(1)

341.860376.506378.90440.410.80.6

Motor fuel

313.441320.374326.95437.44.32.1

Gasoline (all types)

306.245313.044319.49437.44.32.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

306.623313.511320.02038.24.42.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

293.696300.072306.24736.24.32.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

293.985300.226306.23334.64.22.0

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

823.411823.411823.4114.70.00.0

Medical care

510.991510.542511.8490.00.20.3

Recreation(6)

109.800112.526114.7418.84.52.0

Education and communication(6)

147.137148.386148.291-1.80.8-0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,916.7821,932.8661,939.965-1.51.20.4

Other goods and services

465.845466.483464.8161.2-0.2-0.4

Commodity and service group

All items

287.620289.218290.8903.91.10.6

Commodities

194.665195.890197.2977.31.40.7

Commodities less food & beverages

146.550148.177149.55010.62.00.9

Nondurables less food & beverages

200.080201.012202.45111.71.20.7

Durables

94.97197.03298.2608.93.51.3

Services

369.922371.836373.7132.31.00.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

277.851279.512281.1864.21.20.6

All items less shelter

247.617249.348251.0185.81.40.7

Commodities less food

151.630153.238154.48210.21.90.8

Nondurables

245.414246.014247.4396.90.80.6

Nondurables less food

206.673207.601208.75710.91.00.6

Services less rent of shelter(3)

367.927370.822373.0514.11.40.6

Services less medical care services

356.612358.685360.5562.51.10.5

Energy

324.926329.583335.71926.73.31.9

All items less energy

287.403288.809290.1952.51.00.5

All items less food and energy

287.323288.958290.2792.31.00.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 11, 2021