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News Release Information

22-1646-SAN
Wednesday, August 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — July 2022

Area prices were down 0.2 percent over the past month, up 7.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), decreased 0.2 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the July decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 7.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 9.3 percent.  Energy prices advanced 28.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 5.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Los Angeles, July 2019-July 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 0.5 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.7 percent, led by cereals and bakery products (3.1 percent) and other food at home (2.4 percent). Prices for food away from home rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 9.3 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 11.6 percent since a year ago. Increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 5.1 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs to 16.5 percent for other food at home. Prices for food away from home rose 6.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 5.8 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-6.2 percent). Prices for natural gas service moved down 12.2 percent, and prices for electricity decreased 1.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices advanced 28.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (37.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 19.5 percent, and prices for electricity rose 10.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in July. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (1.0 percent), education and communication (0.8 percent), and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-4.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 5.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (13.3 percent), medical care (8.9 percent), and shelter (4.3 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9 1.1 7.5

February

0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0 0.3 7.4

March

0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2 1.5 8.5

April

0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6 0.5 7.9

May

0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9 0.8 8.0

June

-0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0 1.1 8.6

July

0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9 -0.2 7.7

August

0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0

September

0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 5.4

November

-0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0 0.6 6.0

December

-0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5 0.4 6.6

The August 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on September 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
May
2022
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Jul.
2021
May
2022
Jun.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

310.649 314.072 313.415 7.7 0.9 -0.2

All items (1967=100)

917.795 927.908 925.967 - - -

Food and beverages

311.948 314.494 316.016 9.0 1.3 0.5

Food

312.963 315.862 317.530 9.3 1.5 0.5

Food at home

303.614 307.614 309.766 11.6 2.0 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

312.077 315.506 325.385 14.6 4.3 3.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

338.675 340.484 337.476 5.1 -0.4 -0.9

Dairy and related products

290.887 300.685 302.333 14.0 3.9 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

415.915 421.056 420.071 12.8 1.0 -0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

293.392 297.600 295.495 8.4 0.7 -0.7

Other food at home

234.486 237.795 243.595 16.5 3.9 2.4

Food away from home

316.880 318.245 319.227 6.3 0.7 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

277.827 275.268 274.646 5.3 -1.1 -0.2

Housing

347.506 349.329 349.523 5.3 0.6 0.1

Shelter

395.023 396.161 397.446 4.3 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

417.907 419.626 420.576 4.3 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

409.021 410.336 412.096 4.3 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

408.998 410.312 412.073 4.3 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

441.064 452.268 438.677 11.5 -0.5 -3.0

Household energy

399.349 413.181 392.117 13.6 -1.8 -5.1

Energy services(2)

397.047 410.501 390.049 13.5 -1.8 -5.0

Electricity(2)

437.937 429.503 424.685 10.4 -3.0 -1.1

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

361.105 415.134 364.677 19.5 1.0 -12.2

Household furnishings and operations

130.521 131.664 132.307 9.5 1.4 0.5

Apparel

115.215 117.065 112.323 4.2 -2.5 -4.1

Transportation

275.999 284.834 279.034 16.8 1.1 -2.0

Private transportation

275.082 285.890 281.262 17.7 2.2 -1.6

New and used motor vehicles(4)

110.365 115.058 116.193 13.3 5.3 1.0

New vehicles(1)

193.326 194.139 194.191 8.2 0.4 0.0

Used cars and trucks(1)

394.741 404.909 406.991 7.4 3.1 0.5

Motor fuel

452.281 480.589 451.041 38.0 -0.3 -6.1

Gasoline (all types)

441.335 469.166 439.859 37.7 -0.3 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

443.440 471.683 441.781 38.0 -0.4 -6.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

419.640 445.477 418.631 36.7 -0.2 -6.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

417.782 443.040 417.067 36.2 -0.2 -5.9

Medical care

547.781 554.625 557.440 8.9 1.8 0.5

Recreation(6)

118.570 118.720 119.450 4.1 0.7 0.6

Education and communication(6)

152.518 154.579 155.764 5.0 2.1 0.8

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

2,083.211 2,163.845 2,170.105 11.9 4.2 0.3

Other goods and services

482.482 484.584 488.129 5.0 1.2 0.7

Commodity and service group

All items

310.649 314.072 313.415 7.7 0.9 -0.2

Commodities

218.383 221.928 220.404 11.7 0.9 -0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

169.147 172.891 170.243 13.8 0.6 -1.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

239.601 247.147 238.862 18.0 -0.3 -3.4

Durables

104.690 105.694 106.710 8.6 1.9 1.0

Services

391.649 394.879 395.063 5.7 0.9 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

300.221 303.497 302.707 7.7 0.8 -0.3

All items less shelter

273.374 277.836 276.302 10.1 1.1 -0.6

Commodities less food

174.217 177.844 175.215 13.4 0.6 -1.5

Nondurables

277.306 282.410 278.960 12.7 0.6 -1.2

Nondurables less food

245.040 252.050 244.139 16.9 -0.4 -3.1

Services less rent of shelter(3)

397.438 403.984 402.499 7.9 1.3 -0.4

Services less medical care services

377.026 379.967 379.974 5.4 0.8 0.0

Energy

433.563 456.205 429.904 28.1 -0.8 -5.8

All items less energy

305.278 307.564 308.450 6.3 1.0 0.3

All items less food and energy

304.024 306.206 306.958 5.7 1.0 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 10, 2022