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News Release Information

21-1660-SAN
Tuesday, September 14, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – August 2021

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 4.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), crept up 0.2 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the August increase was influenced by higher prices for apparel and food away from home. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 4.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 4.1 percent. Energy prices jumped 26.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.5 percent for the month of August. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home advanced 1.2 percent. Prices for food at home inched down 0.2 percent for the same period, led by lower prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (-2.4 percent).

Over the year, food prices rose 4.1 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 4.2 percent. Prices for food at home rose 3.9 percent since a year ago. All food categories showed similar increases, led by fruits and vegetables which increased 6.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.8 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.0 percent). Prices for natural gas service increased 1.5 percent, while prices for electricity were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 26.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (35.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 16.3 percent, and prices for electricity increased 10.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in August. Higher prices for apparel (3.6 percent) and new vehicles (2.3 percent) helped counter lower prices for used cars and trucks (-1.4 percent) and shelter (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (14.1 percent), recreation (10.0 percent), and shelter (1.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in education and communication (-2.0 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.2 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9

February

0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0

March

0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 -0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2

April

0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6

May

0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9

June

-0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0

July

0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9

August

0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0

September

0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2

October

0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7

November

0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0

December

0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5

The September 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on October 13, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on August 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in August was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Aug.
2020
Jun.
2021
Jul.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

289.218 290.890 291.333 4.0 0.7 0.2

All items (1967=100)

854.479 859.418 860.727 - - -

Food and beverages

288.486 289.881 291.593 4.0 1.1 0.6

Food

288.855 290.582 292.167 4.1 1.1 0.5

Food at home

274.288 277.535 277.010 3.9 1.0 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

283.817 283.924 282.737 2.2 -0.4 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

312.105 321.214 313.448 4.3 0.4 -2.4

Dairy and related products

265.577 265.171 268.182 3.8 1.0 1.1

Fruits and vegetables

375.174 372.452 382.012 6.5 1.8 2.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

272.911 272.546 273.176 3.0 0.1 0.2

Other food at home

203.112 209.102 207.404 2.8 2.1 -0.8

Food away from home

300.127 300.355 303.980 4.2 1.3 1.2

Alcoholic beverages

263.363 260.790 263.850 3.2 0.2 1.2

Housing

329.939 332.085 332.206 1.8 0.7 0.0

Shelter

379.449 381.105 380.890 1.2 0.4 -0.1

Rent of primary residence(2)

402.222 403.329 403.587 1.0 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

394.234 395.231 395.806 0.9 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

394.211 395.208 395.784 0.9 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

384.486 393.448 394.546 10.8 2.6 0.3

Household energy

339.830 345.035 346.461 12.3 2.0 0.4

Energy services(2)

338.412 343.597 345.029 12.3 2.0 0.4

Electricity(2)

379.574 384.683 384.683 10.8 1.3 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

299.257 305.289 309.848 16.3 3.5 1.5

Household furnishings and operations

119.311 120.866 121.846 -0.2 2.1 0.8

Apparel

108.881 107.807 111.691 2.7 2.6 3.6

Transportation

236.538 238.876 236.982 16.3 0.2 -0.8

Private transportation

235.804 238.880 239.577 18.1 1.6 0.3

New and used motor vehicles(4)

101.588 102.565 102.573 14.1 1.0 0.0

New vehicles(1)

176.871 179.479 183.610 8.0 3.8 2.3

Used cars and trucks(1)

376.506 378.904 373.749 31.0 -0.7 -1.4

Motor fuel

320.374 326.954 330.324 35.7 3.1 1.0

Gasoline (all types)

313.044 319.494 322.764 35.7 3.1 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

313.511 320.020 323.306 36.4 3.1 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

300.072 306.247 309.360 34.3 3.1 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

300.226 306.233 309.330 33.3 3.0 1.0

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

823.411 823.411 821.038 4.4 -0.3 -0.3

Medical care

510.542 511.849 510.897 0.6 0.1 -0.2

Recreation(6)

112.526 114.741 115.884 10.0 3.0 1.0

Education and communication(6)

148.386 148.291 148.759 -2.0 0.3 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,932.866 1,939.965 1,970.492 -0.7 1.9 1.6

Other goods and services

466.483 464.816 465.026 2.4 -0.3 0.0

Commodity and service group

All items

289.218 290.890 291.333 4.0 0.7 0.2

Commodities

195.890 197.297 199.101 7.6 1.6 0.9

Commodities less food & beverages

148.177 149.550 151.343 10.9 2.1 1.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

201.012 202.451 204.844 11.9 1.9 1.2

Durables

97.032 98.260 99.466 9.3 2.5 1.2

Services

371.836 373.713 372.791 2.2 0.3 -0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

279.512 281.186 281.675 4.2 0.8 0.2

All items less shelter

249.348 251.018 251.738 5.9 1.0 0.3

Commodities less food

153.238 154.482 156.332 10.4 2.0 1.2

Nondurables

246.014 247.439 249.502 7.1 1.4 0.8

Nondurables less food

207.601 208.757 211.223 11.0 1.7 1.2

Services less rent of shelter(3)

370.822 373.051 371.090 3.8 0.1 -0.5

Services less medical care services

358.685 360.556 359.629 2.4 0.3 -0.3

Energy

329.583 335.719 338.421 26.1 2.7 0.8

All items less energy

288.809 290.195 290.490 2.6 0.6 0.1

All items less food and energy

288.958 290.279 290.327 2.3 0.5 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 14, 2021