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19-1796-SAN
Thursday, October 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – September 2019

Area prices were up 0.5 percent over the past month, up 3.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.5 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 3.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.8 percent over the year. Food prices advanced 3.9 percent. Energy prices rose 3.4 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of electricity. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.6 percent for the month of September. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 1.0 percent, and prices for food at home rose 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 3.9 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 6.0 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 1.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 3.5 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (5.6 percent). Prices for electricity were virtually unchanged, while prices for natural gas service decreased 0.9 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 3.4 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for electricity (10.3 percent). Prices paid for gasoline rose 2.4 percent, but prices for natural gas service declined 6.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in September. Higher prices for apparel (4.0 percent) and household furnishings and operations (2.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for medical care (-1.4 percent) and other goods and services (-0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (5.0 percent) and shelter (4.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in recreation (-3.0 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2

The October 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on November 13, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

274.682 274.579 276.054 3.0 0.5 0.5

All items (1967=100)

811.534 811.228 815.585 - - -

Food and beverages

266.975 266.821 268.178 3.5 0.5 0.5

Food

267.789 267.539 269.243 3.9 0.5 0.6

Food at home

256.670 255.824 256.546 1.8 0.0 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

278.288 271.840 273.250 5.7 -1.8 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

279.145 277.930 279.039 1.3 0.0 0.4

Dairy and related products

245.850 250.521 244.890 3.5 -0.4 -2.2

Fruits and vegetables

345.694 347.604 344.965 0.6 -0.2 -0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

255.491 258.151 258.029 -0.3 1.0 0.0

Other food at home

197.945 194.663 199.400 1.5 0.7 2.4

Food away from home

275.796 276.171 278.875 6.0 1.1 1.0

Food away from home

275.796 276.171 278.875 6.0 1.1 1.0

Alcoholic beverages

239.819 240.962 237.594 -1.6 -0.9 -1.4

Housing

317.017 317.261 318.579 4.4 0.5 0.4

Shelter

365.102 366.290 367.156 4.3 0.6 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

386.502 387.736 389.477 5.6 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

379.331 380.668 381.832 4.8 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

379.309 380.646 381.810 4.8 0.7 0.3

Fuels and utilities

336.032 332.419 332.808 4.6 -1.0 0.1

Household energy

290.527 285.464 285.017 5.5 -1.9 -0.2

Energy services(2)

289.173 284.022 283.613 5.4 -1.9 -0.1

Electricity(2)

332.992 326.047 326.491 10.3 -2.0 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

237.789 235.594 233.416 -6.2 -1.8 -0.9

Household furnishings and operations

123.428 121.574 124.585 5.0 0.9 2.5

Apparel

105.821 107.937 112.308 0.9 6.1 4.0

Transportation

217.078 214.119 217.643 1.8 0.3 1.6

Private transportation

214.303 211.461 214.749 1.4 0.2 1.6

New and used motor vehicles(4)

92.094 91.674 90.969 0.5 -1.2 -0.8

New vehicles(1)

168.876 168.590 168.792 0.7 0.0 0.1

Used cars and trucks(1)

273.654 276.858 265.859 1.8 -2.8 -4.0

Motor fuel

285.269 275.496 290.816 2.4 1.9 5.6

Gasoline (all types)

278.711 269.106 284.163 2.4 2.0 5.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

278.800 269.084 284.214 2.1 1.9 5.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

268.892 260.694 274.830 3.2 2.2 5.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

266.404 257.613 271.704 3.0 2.0 5.5

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

774.857 774.857 777.794 -0.6 0.4 0.4

Medical care

486.727 486.938 480.073 2.2 -1.4 -1.4

Recreation(6)

104.282 104.271 104.177 -3.0 -0.1 -0.1

Education and communication(6)

148.046 148.897 149.287 0.3 0.8 0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,920.755 1,951.333 1,961.620 2.8 2.1 0.5

Other goods and services

443.955 446.607 443.033 2.9 -0.2 -0.8

Commodity and service group

All items

274.682 274.579 276.054 3.0 0.5 0.5

Commodities

184.820 183.672 186.235 2.2 0.8 1.4

Commodities less food & beverages

141.895 140.444 143.300 1.4 1.0 2.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.698 190.511 196.346 1.1 1.9 3.1

Durables

92.839 92.070 92.305 1.9 -0.6 0.3

Services

354.652 355.469 355.989 3.3 0.4 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

265.392 265.277 267.061 3.0 0.6 0.7

All items less shelter

234.910 234.219 235.978 2.1 0.5 0.8

Commodities less food

146.242 144.840 147.569 1.2 0.9 1.9

Nondurables

231.210 229.904 233.824 2.3 1.1 1.7

Nondurables less food

197.895 195.860 201.274 0.9 1.7 2.8

Services less rent of shelter(3)

349.081 349.377 349.406 1.8 0.1 0.0

Services less medical care services

342.706 343.500 344.269 3.3 0.5 0.2

Energy

289.143 280.943 290.873 3.4 0.6 3.5

All items less energy

275.897 276.331 277.256 3.0 0.5 0.3

All items less food and energy

277.590 278.131 278.935 2.8 0.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 10, 2019