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News Release Information

22-50-SAN
Wednesday, January 12, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — December 2021

Area prices were up 0.4 percent over the past month, up 6.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.4 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the December increase was influenced by higher prices for household furnishings and operations as well as shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 6.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 7.0 percent. Energy prices jumped 33.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Los Angeles, December 2018-December 2021

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent for the month of December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.7 percent, with four of the six grocery categories recording increases.  Prices for food away from home edged up 0.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 7.0 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 8.1 percent. Increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 4.7 percent for cereals and bakery products to 10.5 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs.  Prices for food away from home increased 6.0 percent since a year ago.

Energy

The energy index inched down 0.1 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for natural gas service (-4.9 percent). Prices for electricity were unchanged, while gasoline prices increased 0.6 percent in December.

Energy prices surged 33.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (46.5 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 18.3 percent, and prices for electricity moved up 15.5 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.4 percent in December. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (4.7 percent) and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-0.7 percent) and apparel (-0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (13.7 percent), recreation (7.2 percent), motor vehicle insurance (7.2 percent), and shelter (3.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9

February

0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0

March

0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 -0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2

April

0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6

May

0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9

June

-0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0

July

0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9

August

0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0

September

0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 5.4

November

0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0 0.6 6.0

December

0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5 0.4 6.6

The January 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on February 10, 2022

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on December 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.

For each month from March 2020 to December 2021, BLS has published a summary of the impact of the pandemic on the Consumer Price Index news release and data. The impact summary for December is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/consumer-price-index-covid19-impacts-december-2021.htm. Beginning with publication of January 2022 data in February 2022, this month-specific impact summary will be discontinued. However, information related to the impact of the pandemic will continue to be available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

294.961 296.790 297.925 6.6 1.0 0.4

All items (1967=100)

871.446 876.850 880.203 - - -

Food and beverages

297.368 298.977 300.134 6.6 0.9 0.4

Food

298.270 300.120 301.208 7.0 1.0 0.4

Food at home

281.931 284.755 286.611 8.1 1.7 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

288.772 291.195 290.078 4.7 0.5 -0.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

327.493 324.692 325.629 10.5 -0.6 0.3

Dairy and related products

266.584 267.862 271.117 5.3 1.7 1.2

Fruits and vegetables

385.225 388.020 394.158 9.6 2.3 1.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

276.394 270.473 279.831 4.8 1.2 3.5

Other food at home

209.249 220.157 218.448 9.4 4.4 -0.8

Food away from home

311.173 312.056 312.385 6.0 0.4 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

265.390 264.053 265.933 1.3 0.2 0.7

Housing

335.703 337.098 339.010 4.6 1.0 0.6

Shelter

383.359 385.570 386.939 3.4 0.9 0.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

405.103 408.175 410.109 2.7 1.2 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

397.170 399.307 400.507 2.4 0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

397.148 399.284 400.484 2.4 0.8 0.3

Fuels and utilities

418.268 414.671 410.184 14.2 -1.9 -1.1

Household energy

372.163 367.610 362.899 16.2 -2.5 -1.3

Energy services(2)

370.722 366.119 361.304 16.2 -2.5 -1.3

Electricity(2)

416.524 417.018 417.018 15.5 0.1 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

326.374 310.704 295.370 18.3 -9.5 -4.9

Household furnishings and operations

122.287 122.333 128.061 7.9 4.7 4.7

Apparel

111.738 111.799 111.021 6.2 -0.6 -0.7

Transportation

238.859 244.320 245.065 18.8 2.6 0.3

Private transportation

241.118 246.856 248.342 21.1 3.0 0.6

New and used motor vehicles(4)

101.788 104.080 104.756 13.7 2.9 0.6

New vehicles(1)

182.247 187.171 187.780 9.2 3.0 0.3

Used cars and trucks(1)

366.699 376.814 389.596 35.7 6.2 3.4

Motor fuel

337.507 350.330 352.368 46.4 4.4 0.6

Gasoline (all types)

329.770 342.229 344.224 46.5 4.4 0.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

330.443 343.100 345.072 47.5 4.4 0.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

315.705 327.223 329.435 44.3 4.3 0.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

315.639 326.968 328.944 43.0 4.2 0.6

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

827.745 828.618 844.557 7.2 2.0 1.9

Medical care

516.343 518.378 519.176 2.6 0.5 0.2

Recreation(6)

114.705 114.333 113.477 7.2 -1.1 -0.7

Education and communication(6)

153.911 154.044 154.360 1.7 0.3 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

2,079.998 2,080.520 2,080.565 6.0 0.0 0.0

Other goods and services

474.267 474.449 480.834 5.9 1.4 1.3

Commodity and service group

All items

294.961 296.790 297.925 6.6 1.0 0.4

Commodities

201.865 204.050 205.130 11.1 1.6 0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

152.660 155.044 156.057 15.3 2.2 0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

208.647 211.655 212.342 18.7 1.8 0.3

Durables

98.754 100.492 101.692 10.2 3.0 1.2

Services

377.150 378.563 379.713 4.3 0.7 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

285.216 287.026 288.165 6.8 1.0 0.4

All items less shelter

255.841 257.498 258.528 8.7 1.1 0.4

Commodities less food

157.666 159.936 160.987 14.4 2.1 0.7

Nondurables

254.317 256.638 257.565 11.3 1.3 0.4

Nondurables less food

214.896 217.612 218.394 16.9 1.6 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(3)

378.290 378.575 379.432 5.6 0.3 0.2

Services less medical care services

363.935 365.350 366.499 4.5 0.7 0.3

Energy

352.252 358.976 358.625 33.9 1.8 -0.1

All items less energy

293.463 294.979 296.222 4.8 0.9 0.4

All items less food and energy

292.702 294.154 295.428 4.4 0.9 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 12, 2022