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News Release Information

20-1543-SAN
Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – July 2020

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 1.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.6 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent over the year. Food prices rose 4.6 percent. Energy prices decreased 8.4 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 0.9 percent, but prices for food at home edged down 0.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 4.6 percent. Prices for food away from home moved up 5.7 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 3.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (4.2 percent). Prices for electricity rose 0.9 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 8.4 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-16.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 12.4 percent, and prices for electricity increased 4.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.5 percent in July. Higher prices for education and communication (1.8 percent), medical care (0.9 percent), and shelter (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for alcoholic beverages (-7.2 percent), recreation (-0.8 percent), and new vehicles (-0.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (5.1 percent) and shelter (3.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in new and used motor vehicles (-2.5 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.7 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1

February

0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4

March

0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 -0.7 1.9

April

0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7

May

0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9

June

0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4

July

0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9

August

0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0

September

0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0

October

0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2

November

-0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2

December

0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0

The August 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on September 11, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019
May
2020
Jun.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

276.842 278.121 279.899 1.9 1.1 0.6

All items (1967=100)

817.913 821.692 826.946 - - -

Food and beverages

278.810 279.880 279.461 4.7 0.2 -0.1

Food

279.152 278.999 280.204 4.6 0.4 0.4

Food at home

267.566 265.933 265.709 3.5 -0.7 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

282.739 279.137 275.677 -0.9 -2.5 -1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

306.865 304.442 295.628 5.9 -3.7 -2.9

Dairy and related products

263.686 254.502 256.966 4.5 -2.5 1.0

Fruits and vegetables

347.840 355.139 363.937 5.3 4.6 2.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

271.735 271.228 264.679 3.6 -2.6 -2.4

Other food at home

199.090 196.604 200.909 1.5 0.9 2.2

Food away from home

287.618 288.908 291.494 5.7 1.3 0.9

Alcoholic beverages

254.708 269.985 250.624 4.5 -1.6 -7.2

Housing

324.152 324.922 326.919 3.1 0.9 0.6

Shelter

374.276 375.172 377.002 3.3 0.7 0.5

Rent of primary residence(2)

399.259 399.973 400.287 3.6 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

390.476 391.458 392.021 3.3 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

390.454 391.436 391.998 3.3 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

349.707 349.898 356.211 6.0 1.9 1.8

Household energy

306.992 307.227 308.821 6.3 0.6 0.5

Energy services(2)

305.686 305.967 307.536 6.4 0.6 0.5

Electricity(2)

345.607 344.110 347.185 4.3 0.5 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

264.700 268.666 267.355 12.4 1.0 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

120.960 121.428 122.514 -0.7 1.3 0.9

Apparel

103.244 104.058 105.437 -0.4 2.1 1.3

Transportation

194.270 199.707 202.731 -6.6 4.4 1.5

Private transportation

192.695 198.058 201.397 -6.0 4.5 1.7

New and used motor vehicles(4)

90.029 89.615 89.794 -2.5 -0.3 0.2

New vehicles(1)

172.184 171.152 170.138 0.7 -1.2 -0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

264.445 261.205 269.844 -1.4 2.0 3.3

Motor fuel

215.604 228.537 238.014 -16.6 10.4 4.1

Gasoline (all types)

210.463 223.166 232.451 -16.6 10.4 4.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

209.198 222.328 231.515 -17.0 10.7 4.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

205.559 215.821 224.835 -16.4 9.4 4.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

207.318 218.181 227.498 -14.6 9.7 4.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

679.162 768.278 786.324 1.5 15.8 2.3

Medical care

511.177 506.888 511.623 5.1 0.1 0.9

Recreation(6)

107.591 106.313 105.458 1.1 -2.0 -0.8

Education and communication(6)

149.334 148.297 150.956 2.0 1.1 1.8

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,968.023 1,969.840 1,969.854 2.6 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

449.121 460.930 459.519 3.5 2.3 -0.3

Commodity and service group

All items

276.842 278.121 279.899 1.9 1.1 0.6

Commodities

181.378 182.603 183.933 -0.5 1.4 0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

131.888 133.148 135.234 -4.7 2.5 1.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

174.971 177.915 181.290 -5.9 3.6 1.9

Durables

89.441 89.304 90.243 -2.8 0.9 1.1

Services

362.004 363.293 365.455 3.0 1.0 0.6

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

266.754 268.222 269.884 1.7 1.2 0.6

All items less shelter

233.970 235.405 237.153 1.0 1.4 0.7

Commodities less food

137.103 138.862 140.211 -4.1 2.3 1.0

Nondurables

228.048 230.067 231.556 0.1 1.5 0.6

Nondurables less food

182.591 186.476 188.202 -4.9 3.1 0.9

Services less rent of shelter(3)

353.953 355.848 358.530 2.7 1.3 0.8

Services less medical care services

348.431 349.903 351.878 2.7 1.0 0.6

Energy

249.692 258.193 264.930 -8.4 6.1 2.6

All items less energy

280.859 281.664 283.124 2.6 0.8 0.5

All items less food and energy

281.340 282.329 283.839 2.3 0.9 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 12, 2020