Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-53-SAN
Wednesday, January 12, 2022

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Phoenix area — December 2021

Area prices were up 1.7 percent over the past two months, up 9.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Phoenix area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 1.7 percent for the two months ending in December 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the December increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 9.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 5.4 percent. Energy prices jumped 40.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 8.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Phoenix, December 2018-December 2021

Food

Food prices rose 2.0 percent for the two months ending in December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.7 percent, led by higher prices for cereals and bakery products (4.5 percent) and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (4.2 percent). Prices for food away from home advanced 2.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 5.4 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 6.2 percent since a year ago. Prices increases for food at home sub-categories ranged from 1.3 percent for dairy and related products to 14.5 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. Prices for food away from home increased 4.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 3.3 percent for the two months ending in December. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (11.3 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 1.9 percent, but prices for electricity decreased 7.3 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 40.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (67.2 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 33.5 percent, and prices for electricity rose 11.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.4 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for used cars and trucks (5.7 percent), recreation (3.5 percent), and shelter (2.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-2.5 percent) and education and communication (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 8.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (34.4 percent), recreation (12.4 percent), and shelter (10.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in alcoholic beverages (-3.6 percent).

Table A. Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2019 2020 2021
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

-0.3 2.1 0.6 4.4 1.0 1.0

April

1.4 2.3 -1.4 1.5 2.4 4.9

June

1.0 2.2 1.5 2.0 1.9 5.4

August

0.5 3.0 0.4 1.8 0.2 5.1

October

1.4 3.8 0.3 0.7 2.2 7.1

December

-0.6 3.4 -0.8 0.5 1.7 9.7

The February 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Phoenix area is scheduled to be released on March 10, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on December 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.

For each month from March 2020 to December 2021, BLS has published a summary of the impact of the pandemic on the Consumer Price Index news release and data. The impact summary for December is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/consumer-price-index-covid19-impacts-december-2021.htm. Beginning with publication of January 2022 data in February 2022, this month-specific impact summary will be discontinued. However, information related to the impact of the pandemic will continue to be available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area covered in this release consists of Maricopa and Pinal Counties in the State of Arizona.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (December 2001=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

157.254 - 159.850 9.7 1.7 -

Food and beverages

160.419 - 163.407 4.8 1.9 -

Food

162.205 - 165.516 5.4 2.0 -

Food at home

158.864 161.562 161.638 6.2 1.7 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

193.179 - 201.928 6.3 4.5 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

199.670 - 208.074 14.5 4.2 -

Dairy and related products

126.054 - 128.444 1.3 1.9 -

Fruits and vegetables

136.467 - 137.813 4.0 1.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

127.506 - 124.362 8.3 -2.5 -

Other food at home

154.256 - 156.174 3.4 1.2 -

Food away from home

168.962 - 172.925 4.6 2.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

142.392 - 141.086 -3.6 -0.9 -

Housing

166.729 - 169.414 9.8 1.6 -

Shelter

176.121 177.972 180.280 10.2 2.4 1.3

Rent of primary residence

181.541 182.250 184.896 6.1 1.8 1.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

175.387 177.726 179.958 11.1 2.6 1.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

175.387 177.726 179.958 11.1 2.6 1.3

Fuels and utilities

180.083 - 171.785 10.4 -4.6 -

Household energy

183.333 163.127 171.629 13.7 -6.4 5.2

Energy services

182.855 162.614 171.143 13.6 -6.4 5.2

Electricity

194.055 170.033 179.889 11.7 -7.3 5.8

Utility (piped) gas service

125.822 127.247 128.250 33.5 1.9 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

103.346 - 105.420 6.8 2.0 -

Apparel

139.042 - 135.590 10.4 -2.5 -

Transportation

145.025 - 149.711 23.4 3.2 -

Private transportation

150.348 - 155.330 23.7 3.3 -

New and used motor vehicles

- - - - - -

New vehicles

- - - - - -

Used cars and trucks

117.928 - 124.595 34.4 5.7 -

Motor fuel

285.585 314.854 318.074 67.3 11.4 1.0

Gasoline (all types)

286.065 315.215 318.372 67.2 11.3 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(1)

287.675 317.898 320.968 69.8 11.6 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(1)

297.826 326.101 330.620 60.4 11.0 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(1)

283.623 309.288 312.682 56.0 10.2 1.1

Motor vehicle insurance

161.037 - 161.037 3.0 0.0 -

Medical care

- - 201.635 - - -

Recreation

123.635 - 127.999 12.4 3.5 -

Education and communication

119.285 - 119.081 0.6 -0.2 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

- - - - - -

Other goods and services

157.102 - 160.770 9.0 2.3 -

Commodity and service group

All items

157.254 - 159.850 9.7 1.7 -

Commodities

135.509 - 139.061 12.5 2.6 -

Commodities less food & beverages

122.410 - 126.117 17.0 3.0 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

162.150 - 168.535 20.6 3.9 -

Durables

88.452 - 90.237 13.1 2.0 -

Services

172.234 - 174.086 8.2 1.1 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

154.705 - 157.577 10.8 1.9 -

All items less shelter

147.640 - 149.513 9.5 1.3 -

Commodities less food

123.297 - 126.879 16.2 2.9 -

Nondurables

161.574 - 166.243 12.2 2.9 -

Nondurables less food

160.637 - 166.511 19.0 3.7 -

Services less rent of shelter

167.110 - 166.225 5.6 -0.5 -

Services less medical care services

169.284 - 171.504 9.3 1.3 -

Energy

232.221 233.509 239.842 40.0 3.3 2.7

All items less energy

153.070 - 155.403 7.9 1.5 -

All items less food and energy

151.570 - 153.761 8.3 1.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 12, 2022