News Release Information

17-88-SAN
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Diego - Second Half 2016

Area prices were up 1.5 percent over the past six months, up 2.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego Area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 1.5 percent in the second half of 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that this latest six-month increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, six-month-to-six-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.0 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices declined 7.7 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices decreased 0.3 percent in the second half of 2016. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 1.2 percent, but prices for food away from home rose 0.8 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 0.4 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 2.7 percent since a year ago, but prices for food at home declined 1.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 3.0 percent since the first half of 2016. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for electricity (5.7 percent). Prices for natural gas service increased 10.5 percent, and prices for gasoline rose 0.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 7.7 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-15.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 5.7 percent, and prices for electricity increased 4.1 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent in the latest six-month period. Components contributing to the increase included apparel (5.3 percent), recreation (3.5 percent), and shelter (2.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included apparel (7.0 percent) and shelter (4.4 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in household furnishings and operations (-0.7 percent) and education and communication (-0.2 percent).

Table A. San Diego CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual

First Half

2.3 3.4 1.3 1.7 0.6 0.9 1.4 2.4 0.9 0.8 0.4 2.0

Second Half

0.4 2.7 0.3 1.5 1.1 1.7 -0.1 1.3 1.6 2.4 1.5 2.0

The First Half of 2017 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego is scheduled to be released on July 14, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego, CA metropolitan area covered in this release consists of San Diego County in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2016 from-
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

271.526 272.628 276.837 2.0 1.5

All items (1967=100)

918.113 921.839 936.069 - -

Food and beverages

249.132 250.802 249.953 0.3 -0.3

Food

246.216 247.966 247.261 0.4 -0.3

Food at home

225.186 224.494 221.896 -1.5 -1.2

Food away from home

272.984 278.205 280.339 2.7 0.8

Alcoholic beverages

270.880 271.582 269.043 -0.7 -0.9

Housing

306.480 310.972 318.689 4.0 2.5

Shelter

344.181 350.446 359.328 4.4 2.5

Rent of primary residence

337.405 343.020 350.857 4.0 2.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

365.724 372.674 379.648 3.8 1.9

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

365.724 372.674 379.648 3.8 1.9

Fuels and utilities

281.951 284.088 297.785 5.6 4.8

Household energy

250.290 244.828 260.242 4.0 6.3

Energy services

245.151 240.003 256.076 4.5 6.7

Electricity

236.897 233.377 246.655 4.1 5.7

Utility (piped) gas service

193.952 185.479 204.947 5.7 10.5

Household furnishings and operations

185.266 183.793 184.004 -0.7 0.1

Apparel

144.477 146.727 154.573 7.0 5.3

Transportation

215.297 205.418 205.124 -4.7 -0.1

Private transportation

207.683 196.071 196.296 -5.5 0.1

Motor fuel

259.681 219.589 220.884 -14.9 0.6

Gasoline (all types)

259.987 219.773 220.989 -15.0 0.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(2)

269.791 227.481 228.832 -15.2 0.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(2)(3)

224.045 189.936 192.187 -14.2 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(2)

264.272 225.955 226.391 -14.3 0.2

Medical care

- - - - -

Recreation(4)

149.623 149.835 155.012 3.6 3.5

Education and communication(4)

145.705 145.529 145.421 -0.2 -0.1

Other goods and services

370.311 376.381 376.440 1.7 0.0
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

271.526 272.628 276.837 2.0 1.5

Commodities

197.256 193.789 193.756 -1.8 0.0

Commodities less food & beverages

169.738 163.718 164.100 -3.3 0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

191.030 182.225 185.256 -3.0 1.7

Durables

147.191 145.336 142.460 -3.2 -2.0

Services

337.066 342.113 350.117 3.9 2.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

263.430 264.169 268.293 1.8 1.6

All items less shelter

243.430 242.232 244.491 0.4 0.9

Commodities less food

174.224 168.454 168.727 -3.2 0.2

Nondurables

220.963 216.911 218.079 -1.3 0.5

Nondurables less food

198.086 189.833 192.515 -2.8 1.4

Services less rent of shelter(1)

347.016 350.633 357.854 3.1 2.1

Services less medical care services

325.600 330.490 338.590 4.0 2.5

Energy

251.966 225.813 232.520 -7.7 3.0

All items less energy

275.057 278.406 282.473 2.7 1.5

All items less food and energy

281.618 285.278 290.280 3.1 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(3) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2017