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News Release Information

22-2153-SAN
Thursday, November 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Seattle area — October 2022

Area prices were up 1.0 percent over the past two months, up 8.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Seattle area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 1.0 percent for the two months ending in October 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 8.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 11.5 percent. Energy prices increased 22.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 7.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Seattle, October 2019-October 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 1.2 percent for the two months ending in October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home declined 1.1 percent, with lower prices in five of the six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home rose 4.8 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 11.5 percent. Prices for food at home rose 9.7 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 5.7 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs to 13.1 percent for other food at home. Prices for food away from home rose 14.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 5.0 percent for the two months ending in October. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (8.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service edged up 0.1 percent, but prices for electricity decreased 0.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 22.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (33.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service advanced 6.0 percent, and prices for electricity rose 1.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.7 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for recreation (2.7 percent) and shelter (1.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-6.5 percent), household furnishings and operations (-6.0 percent), and apparel (-1.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 7.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included other goods and services (9.1 percent), shelter (9.0 percent), and household furnishings and operations (8.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in apparel (-1.1 percent).

Table A. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.8 3.3 0.7 2.7 1.0 2.5 1.2 1.7 1.7 8.1

April

0.8 3.3 0.5 2.4 -0.6 1.3 1.1 3.4 2.1 9.1

June

0.8 3.3 0.7 2.3 0.2 0.9 2.2 5.5 3.2 10.1

August

-0.3 3.1 0.6 3.2 1.4 1.6 1.1 5.2 0.0 9.0

October

0.4 3.1 -0.6 2.2 -0.1 2.1 1.1 6.5 1.0 8.9

December

0.2 2.8 -0.3 2.2 -0.4 1.4 0.6 7.6

The December 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Seattle area is scheduled to be released on January 12, 2023.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties in the State of Washington.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

326.796 - 330.173 8.9 1.0 -

All items (1967=100)

996.201 - 1,006.496 - - -

Food and beverages

343.058 - 347.915 11.1 1.4 -

Food

347.244 - 351.451 11.5 1.2 -

Food at home

317.676 315.815 314.223 9.7 -1.1 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

353.151 - 349.064 9.4 -1.2 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

295.740 - 289.002 5.7 -2.3 -

Dairy and related products

279.188 - 273.026 11.6 -2.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

489.192 - 485.231 9.2 -0.8 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

396.774 - 401.924 10.9 1.3 -

Other food at home

253.342 - 251.283 13.1 -0.8 -

Food away from home

391.714 - 410.518 14.1 4.8 -

Alcoholic beverages

292.460 - 304.309 6.9 4.1 -

Housing

383.475 - 384.486 8.7 0.3 -

Shelter

435.149 437.959 440.790 9.0 1.3 0.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

435.210 439.701 444.072 7.9 2.0 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

453.620 457.716 462.468 9.2 2.0 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

453.620 457.716 462.468 9.2 2.0 1.0

Fuels and utilities

306.492 - 303.764 4.9 -0.9 -

Household energy

271.075 269.943 271.050 4.5 0.0 0.4

Energy services(2)

314.462 314.591 313.009 2.3 -0.5 -0.5

Electricity(2)

338.182 338.182 336.000 1.2 -0.6 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

188.061 188.382 188.279 6.0 0.1 -0.1

Household furnishings and operations

231.730 - 217.916 8.2 -6.0 -

Apparel

130.052 - 128.105 -1.1 -1.5 -

Transportation

294.892 - 303.431 19.5 2.9 -

Private transportation

311.865 - 318.513 17.9 2.1 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

127.788 - 126.833 3.8 -0.7 -

New vehicles(1)

218.599 - 220.058 3.9 0.7 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

488.628 - 456.994 1.3 -6.5 -

Motor fuel

543.603 535.461 586.242 34.1 7.8 9.5

Gasoline (all types)

552.459 544.299 597.396 33.7 8.1 9.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

599.563 590.871 649.619 34.2 8.3 9.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

437.595 429.647 469.675 32.2 7.3 9.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

508.214 500.233 545.156 31.4 7.3 9.0

Medical care

434.543 - 432.413 1.7 -0.5 -

Recreation(6)

112.041 - 115.084 0.1 2.7 -

Education and communication(6)

- - 150.499 2.5 - -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

- - - - - -

Other goods and services

- - 480.341 9.1 - -

Commodity and service group

All items

326.796 - 330.173 8.9 1.0 -

Commodities

243.877 - 243.628 8.8 -0.1 -

Commodities less food & beverages

196.034 - 193.930 7.4 -1.1 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

228.551 - 233.647 12.7 2.2 -

Durables

161.523 - 154.903 2.8 -4.1 -

Services

402.728 - 409.561 9.0 1.7 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

322.165 - 325.826 9.4 1.1 -

All items less shelter

284.764 - 287.282 8.9 0.9 -

Commodities less food

199.994 - 198.299 7.4 -0.8 -

Nondurables

283.606 - 288.609 11.8 1.8 -

Nondurables less food

234.258 - 239.856 12.2 2.4 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

372.721 - 380.983 8.8 2.2 -

Services less medical care services

396.025 - 403.496 9.7 1.9 -

Energy

414.524 409.945 435.190 22.0 5.0 6.2

All items less energy

325.895 - 328.490 8.2 0.8 -

All items less food and energy

322.523 - 324.871 7.7 0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 10, 2022