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17-1387-SAN
Friday, October 13, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — September 2017

Area prices were up 0.5 percent over the past month, up 2.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.5 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The September increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices advanced 7.6 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent for the month of September. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 0.5 percent, and prices for food at home rose 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 1.9 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 3.5 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 0.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 3.2 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (6.3 percent). Prices for electricity were unchanged, while prices for natural gas service decreased 1.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices advanced 7.6 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (14.3 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 1.8 percent, but prices for natural gas service declined 3.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in September. Higher prices for apparel (3.0 percent) and medical care (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-1.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.7 percent) and other goods and services (3.8 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in used cars and trucks (-3.0 percent), apparel (-0.9 percent) and education and communication (-0.8 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5

February

0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0

March

0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1

April

0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0 0.5  1.8 0.3 2.9

May

0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6

June

-0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5

July

-0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.1 2.5

August

0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1 -0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5 0.2 2.7

September

0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0 -0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 0.5 2.9

October

0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3    

November

-0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7 -0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3    

December

-0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3 -0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5    

The October 2017 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on November 15, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017
Sep.
2017
Sep.
2016
Jul.
2017
Aug.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

254.708 255.282 256.504 2.9 0.7 0.5

All items (December 1977=100)

411.722 412.649 414.625      

Food and beverages

255.163 255.140 256.241 1.9 0.4 0.4

Food

255.101 255.086 256.226 1.9 0.4 0.4

Food at home

246.141 245.591 246.581 0.8 0.2 0.4

Food away from home

266.577 267.324 268.673 3.5 0.8 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

252.643 252.515 253.075 1.8 0.2 0.2

Housing

277.110 278.205 278.592 4.0 0.5 0.1

Shelter

317.460 318.929 319.659 4.7 0.7 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

334.220 335.741 336.493 4.9 0.7 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

333.119 334.579 335.814 4.8 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

333.123 334.590 335.821 4.8 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

296.753 296.842 296.756 1.7 0.0 0.0

Household energy

256.581 256.389 255.958 0.6 -0.2 -0.2

Energy services(1)

259.008 258.781 258.133 0.5 -0.3 -0.3

Electricity(1)

287.553 287.100 287.179 1.8 -0.1 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

207.298 207.598 205.169 -3.7 -1.0 -1.2

Household furnishings and operations

128.039 128.280 127.647 0.0 -0.3 -0.5

Apparel

116.565 117.120 120.642 -0.9 3.5 3.0

Transportation

203.452 203.809 206.646 4.6 1.6 1.4

Private transportation

197.903 198.976 201.848 5.2 2.0 1.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.182 100.064 99.340 -0.6 -0.8 -0.7

New vehicles

146.187 145.768 146.069 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

101.537 101.245 101.454 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

New cars(4)

143.573 142.346 142.413 -1.4 -0.8 0.0

Used cars and trucks

134.446 134.351 132.279 -3.0 -1.6 -1.5

Motor fuel

217.894 222.750 236.781 14.3 8.7 6.3

Gasoline (all types)

217.074 221.923 235.889 14.3 8.7 6.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

214.277 219.170 233.275 14.4 8.9 6.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

207.764 212.069 224.087 13.9 7.9 5.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

214.785 218.984 231.464 13.4 7.8 5.7

Medical Care

479.489 480.581 482.243 1.8 0.6 0.3

Medical care commodities

373.433 374.209 374.072 3.8 0.2 0.0

Medical care services

512.688 513.883 516.198 1.3 0.7 0.5

Professional services

347.865 352.155 352.941 0.4 1.5 0.2

Recreation(3)

112.620 112.431 112.813 0.2 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(3)

135.565 135.778 136.162 -0.8 0.4 0.3

Other goods and services

427.393 425.773 425.862 3.8 -0.4 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

254.708 255.282 256.504 2.9 0.7 0.5

Commodities

179.962 180.155 181.816 2.0 1.0 0.9

Commodities less food & beverages

142.725 142.993 144.800 2.1 1.5 1.3

Nondurables less food & beverages

182.159 183.208 187.844 4.3 3.1 2.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

228.276 229.664 235.120 6.1 3.0 2.4

Durables

106.695 106.324 105.788 -0.9 -0.9 -0.5

Services

323.926 324.861 325.645 3.4 0.5 0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

337.961 339.535 340.318 4.7 0.7 0.2

Transportation services

302.777 300.766 301.491 4.6 -0.4 0.2

Other services

342.305 343.520 344.641 0.5 0.7 0.3
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

244.432 244.982 246.183 3.0 0.7 0.5

All items less food

254.819 255.484 256.720 3.1 0.7 0.5

All items less shelter

230.243 230.440 231.883 1.9 0.7 0.6

Commodities less food

146.801 147.061 148.849 2.1 1.4 1.2

Nondurables

218.589 219.150 222.191 3.0 1.6 1.4

Nondurables less food

187.323 188.311 192.748 4.1 2.9 2.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

230.300 231.550 236.564 5.7 2.7 2.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

342.371 342.567 343.442 1.7 0.3 0.3

Services less medical care services

310.737 311.652 312.335 3.6 0.5 0.2

Energy

237.666 240.324 248.061 7.6 4.4 3.2

All items less energy

258.070 258.492 259.236 2.6 0.5 0.3

All items less food and energy

259.362 259.860 260.539 2.7 0.5 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

139.360 139.079 139.425 -0.1 0.0 0.2

Energy commodities

222.186 227.055 241.218 14.1 8.6 6.2

Services less energy services

328.889 329.899 330.774 3.6 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, October 13, 2017