News Release Information

17-978-SAN
Friday, July 14, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — June 2017

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 2.5 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) During June, lower food, apparel, and gasoline prices helped counter higher shelter prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 2.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 3.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.2 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.5 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 1.0 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 3.1 percent since a year ago, but prices for food at home decreased 0.5 percent

Energy

The energy index decreased 0.3 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-0.6 percent). Prices for natural gas service were virtually unchanged (0.1 percent), while prices for electricity were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices increased 3.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (4.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 6.8 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 1.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in June. Higher prices for other goods and services (0.4 percent) and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.1 percent) and recreation (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (5.0 percent), other goods and services (4.4 percent), and medical care (1.6 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in education and communication (-1.8 percent) and apparel (-0.9 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5

February

0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0

March

0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1

April

0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0 0.5  1.8 0.3 2.9

May

0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6

June

-0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5

July

-0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4    

August

0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1 -0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5    

September

0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0 -0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0    

October

0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3    

November

-0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7 -0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3    

December

-0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3 -0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5    

The July 2017 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released Friday, August 11, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2017
May
2017
Jun.
2017
Jun.
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

253.806 254.380 254.469 2.5 0.3 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

410.263 411.191 411.335      

Food and beverages

255.097 255.017 254.351 1.1 -0.3 -0.3

Food

254.883 254.852 254.220 1.0 -0.3 -0.2

Food at home

246.511 246.228 244.962 -0.5 -0.6 -0.5

Food away from home

265.522 265.849 266.125 3.1 0.2 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

254.621 253.890 252.768 2.3 -0.7 -0.4

Housing

274.112 275.281 275.972 4.3 0.7 0.3

Shelter

314.096 314.833 315.895 5.0 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

330.389 331.457 332.809 5.4 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

329.569 330.128 331.530 5.0 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

329.586 330.140 331.535 5.0 0.6 0.4

Fuels and utilities

289.567 296.865 296.793 3.1 2.5 0.0

Household energy

247.896 257.057 256.940 2.9 3.6 0.0

Energy services(1)

249.575 259.321 259.358 2.9 3.9 0.0

Electricity(1)

276.195 286.949 286.873 1.7 3.9 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

201.863 209.824 210.130 6.8 4.1 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

128.292 128.144 127.865 -0.8 -0.3 -0.2

Apparel

120.457 118.822 117.509 -0.9 -2.4 -1.1

Transportation

205.005 206.275 206.034 2.0 0.5 -0.1

Private transportation

198.878 199.955 199.747 2.4 0.4 -0.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.914 101.160 100.686 -1.2 -0.2 -0.5

New vehicles

149.330 149.403 147.884 0.1 -1.0 -1.0

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

103.728 103.770 102.721 0.2 -1.0 -1.0

New cars(4)

146.018 146.352 145.596 0.0 -0.3 -0.5

Used cars and trucks

135.176 135.515 134.856 -3.8 -0.2 -0.5

Motor fuel

224.871 226.143 224.767 4.8 0.0 -0.6

Gasoline (all types)

224.041 225.360 223.980 4.7 0.0 -0.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

221.326 222.626 221.188 4.6 -0.1 -0.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

214.002 215.755 214.940 5.5 0.4 -0.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

220.855 222.031 220.984 4.9 0.1 -0.5

Medical Care

476.828 476.778 476.913 1.6 0.0 0.0

Medical care commodities

366.725 367.326 370.456 5.1 1.0 0.9

Medical care services

511.585 511.291 510.299 0.7 -0.3 -0.2

Professional services

350.724 350.937 347.039 -0.6 -1.1 -1.1

Recreation(3)

112.899 112.904 112.582 0.7 -0.3 -0.3

Education and communication(3)

135.177 135.176 135.408 -1.8 0.2 0.2

Other goods and services

424.946 423.336 425.120 4.4 0.0 0.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

253.806 254.380 254.469 2.5 0.3 0.0

Commodities

181.264 181.017 180.412 0.8 -0.5 -0.3

Commodities less food & beverages

144.503 144.202 143.647 0.6 -0.6 -0.4

Nondurables less food & beverages

185.192 184.380 183.584 2.0 -0.9 -0.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

230.834 230.527 230.041 3.0 -0.3 -0.2

Durables

107.406 107.527 107.183 -1.3 -0.2 -0.3

Services

320.904 322.266 323.025 3.5 0.7 0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

334.350 335.141 336.296 5.0 0.6 0.3

Transportation services

299.346 302.509 304.937 3.5 1.9 0.8

Other services

342.045 342.318 342.113 0.3 0.0 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

243.609 244.210 244.297 2.6 0.3 0.0

All items less food

253.811 254.479 254.679 2.7 0.3 0.1

All items less shelter

230.385 230.895 230.569 1.1 0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food

148.599 148.284 147.709 0.7 -0.6 -0.4

Nondurables

220.211 219.731 218.986 1.5 -0.6 -0.3

Nondurables less food

190.316 189.503 188.683 2.0 -0.9 -0.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

232.804 232.459 231.916 3.0 -0.4 -0.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

339.783 342.055 342.377 1.5 0.8 0.1

Services less medical care services

307.602 309.065 309.934 3.8 0.8 0.3

Energy

237.732 242.540 241.710 3.8 1.7 -0.3

All items less energy

257.087 257.350 257.508 2.4 0.2 0.1

All items less food and energy

258.247 258.560 258.853 2.7 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

140.525 140.045 139.573 -0.1 -0.7 -0.3

Energy commodities

229.502 230.557 229.064 4.7 -0.2 -0.6

Services less energy services

326.258 327.101 327.907 3.5 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 14, 2017