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16-2336-SAN
Thursday, December 15, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — November 2016

Area prices were down 0.2 percent over the past month, up 2.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged down 0.2 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The November decrease was influenced by lower prices for electricity and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.3 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices advanced 2.7 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of electricity. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices decreased 0.4 percent for the month of November. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.7 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices decreased 0.4 percent. Prices for food at home declined 2.6 percent since a year ago, but prices for food away from home increased 2.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 2.7 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for electricity (-3.3 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 6.6 percent, and prices for gasoline decreased 1.5 percent in for the same period.

Energy prices advanced 2.7 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for electricity (4.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 5.6 percent, and prices for gasoline rose 0.9 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

Prices for all items less food and energy did not change in November. Prices for shelter, new vehicles, and education and communication all rose 0.2 percent. Offsetting these increases were lower prices for apparel (-1.7 percent) and recreation (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (5.2 percent) and medical care (3.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in education and communication (-1.1 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.5 1.4 0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6

February

0.6 1.9 0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1

March

0.9 2.6 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5

April

0.6 3.0 0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0 0.5  1.8

May

0.3 3.2 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5

June

-0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6

July

-0.1 2.9 -0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4

August

0.2 3.0 0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1 -0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5

September

0.4 3.5 0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0 -0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0

October

0.0 3.4 0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3

November

-0.2 3.2 -0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7 -0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3

December

-0.3 2.7 -0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3 -0.1 1.8    

The December 2016 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on January 18, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

249.234 249.897 249.448 2.3 0.1 -0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

402.873 403.945 403.218      

Food and beverages

251.375 251.902 251.105 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Food

251.334 251.766 250.877 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4

Food at home

244.627 245.051 243.396 -2.6 -0.5 -0.7

Food away from home

259.616 260.057 260.265 2.6 0.2 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

248.625 250.423 250.874 2.1 0.9 0.2

Housing

268.004 269.287 269.068 4.6 0.4 -0.1

Shelter

305.353 306.763 307.505 5.2 0.7 0.2

Rent of primary residence(1)

320.634 322.717 324.716 5.7 1.3 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

320.346 321.546 323.569 5.4 1.0 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

320.357 321.556 323.579 5.4 1.0 0.6

Fuels and utilities

291.756 292.784 285.299 4.4 -2.2 -2.6

Household energy

254.309 255.621 245.626 4.7 -3.4 -3.9

Energy services(1)

256.818 258.405 247.811 4.9 -3.5 -4.1

Electricity(1)

281.990 283.386 274.032 4.7 -2.8 -3.3

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

213.032 215.177 200.941 5.6 -5.7 -6.6

Household furnishings and operations

127.680 128.653 128.384 0.0 0.6 -0.2

Apparel

121.771 122.540 120.424 1.3 -1.1 -1.7

Transportation

197.574 198.088 197.566 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Private transportation

191.913 192.528 191.730 0.8 -0.1 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

99.901 99.591 99.027 -1.1 -0.9 -0.6

New vehicles

146.302 147.660 148.005 1.0 1.2 0.2

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

101.598 102.540 102.789 1.0 1.2 0.2

New cars(4)

144.427 144.931 145.031 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Used cars and trucks

136.440 134.005 131.976 -4.4 -3.3 -1.5

Motor fuel

207.233 210.132 207.062 0.8 -0.1 -1.5

Gasoline (all types)

206.433 209.335 206.182 0.9 -0.1 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

203.841 206.703 203.490 0.8 -0.2 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

196.725 199.935 197.222 0.1 0.3 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

204.194 206.935 204.463 1.5 0.1 -1.2

Medical Care

473.509 473.706 473.402 3.2 0.0 -0.1

Medical care commodities

360.376 357.783 356.252 2.9 -1.1 -0.4

Medical care services

509.451 510.693 510.854 3.3 0.3 0.0

Professional services

351.639 351.944 351.991 3.1 0.1 0.0

Recreation(3)

112.587 112.100 111.750 0.4 -0.7 -0.3

Education and communication(3)

137.231 137.050 137.293 -1.1 0.0 0.2

Other goods and services

410.321 409.272 410.257 1.1 0.0 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

249.234 249.897 249.448 2.3 0.1 -0.2

Commodities

178.227 178.689 177.732 -0.3 -0.3 -0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

141.867 142.283 141.306 -0.4 -0.4 -0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

180.142 180.595 179.010 0.8 -0.6 -0.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

221.613 221.874 220.591 0.6 -0.5 -0.6

Durables

106.801 107.174 106.718 -1.8 -0.1 -0.4

Services

314.903 315.754 315.799 3.8 0.3 0.0

Rent of shelter(2)

324.978 326.484 327.282 5.3 0.7 0.2

Transportation services

288.181 288.372 290.285 1.5 0.7 0.7

Other services

342.846 342.064 341.973 0.8 -0.3 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

238.988 239.671 239.216 2.3 0.1 -0.2

All items less food

249.078 249.778 249.395 2.8 0.1 -0.2

All items less shelter

227.554 227.905 226.941 0.7 -0.3 -0.4

Commodities less food

145.853 146.308 145.361 -0.3 -0.3 -0.6

Nondurables

215.718 216.212 214.975 0.2 -0.3 -0.6

Nondurables less food

185.180 185.711 184.231 0.9 -0.5 -0.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

223.878 224.277 223.150 0.8 -0.3 -0.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

337.555 337.637 336.692 2.0 -0.3 -0.3

Services less medical care services

301.371 302.194 302.232 3.9 0.3 0.0

Energy

230.628 232.851 226.655 2.7 -1.7 -2.7

All items less energy

252.668 253.220 253.197 2.3 0.2 0.0

All items less food and energy

253.667 254.241 254.364 2.8 0.3 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

139.560 139.753 139.023 -0.4 -0.4 -0.5

Energy commodities

211.422 214.140 211.279 0.8 -0.1 -1.3

Services less energy services

319.415 320.223 320.930 3.8 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 15, 2016