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News Release Information

22-1645-SAN
Wednesday, August 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — July 2022

Area prices were up 0.1 percent over the past month, up 8.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.1 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and food. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 8.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 10.3 percent. Energy prices advanced 28.5 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 6.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, July 2019-July 2022
Food

Food prices increased 0.8 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.1 percent, with increases in five of the six subcategories. Prices for food away from home rose 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 10.3 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 12.8 percent since a year ago, with price increases of 11.0 percent or more in all six subcategories. Prices for food away from home rose 6.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 3.6 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-5.0 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 4.2 percent, but electricity prices rose 0.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices advanced 28.5 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (39.4 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 19.7 percent, and prices for electricity rose 10.1 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in July. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (0.7 percent), recreation (0.6 percent), and shelter (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for alcoholic beverages (-0.5 percent), apparel (-0.4 percent), and education and communication (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 6.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (12.0 percent), new and used motor vehicles (8.3 percent), and shelter (6.2 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.4 0.9 7.7

February

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.6 0.8 8.1

March

0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4 -0.2 2.5 0.7 2.4 1.3 8.7

April

0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9 -0.4 1.3 1.0 3.9 0.7 8.3

May

0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 4.7 0.8 8.3

June

0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.4 1.2 0.9 5.1 1.2 8.8

July

0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 5.2 0.1 8.3

August

0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6 0.3 1.9 0.2 5.0

September

0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6 0.0 1.6 0.2 5.3

October

0.4 3.5 0.5 2.8 0.2 1.2 0.8 6.0

November

-0.2 3.3 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 6.5

December

-0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 1.5 0.4 7.1

The August 2022 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on September 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
May
2022
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Jul.
2021
May
2022
Jun.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

309.645 313.496 313.951 8.3 1.4 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

500.524 506.748 507.484      

Food and beverages

312.918 317.106 319.435 10.0 2.1 0.7

Food

314.456 318.838 321.428 10.3 2.2 0.8

Food at home

299.993 304.172 307.392 12.8 2.5 1.1

Cereals and bakery products

300.153 305.463 311.396 13.1 3.7 1.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

338.424 342.481 339.241 11.4 0.2 -0.9

Dairy and related products

275.029 277.787 280.307 12.3 1.9 0.9

Fruits and vegetables

381.664 385.744 387.540 11.0 1.5 0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

210.726 211.020 215.558 12.3 2.3 2.2

Other food at home

251.380 257.084 263.070 15.4 4.7 2.3

Food away from home

331.529 336.151 337.584 6.8 1.8 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

288.689 290.005 288.488 4.9 -0.1 -0.5

Housing

335.311 337.805 339.184 7.2 1.2 0.4

Shelter

382.726 385.252 387.370 6.2 1.2 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

404.198 406.873 409.379 6.1 1.3 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

401.519 404.144 406.994 6.4 1.4 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

401.344 403.973 406.820 6.4 1.4 0.7

Fuels and utilities

373.469 377.106 374.545 10.6 0.3 -0.7

Household energy

325.330 329.280 325.206 12.7 0.0 -1.2

Energy services(1)

326.508 329.956 326.537 12.3 0.0 -1.0

Electricity(1)

356.644 354.959 355.360 10.1 -0.4 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

276.358 291.702 279.382 19.7 1.1 -4.2

Household furnishings and operations

153.479 155.275 155.742 12.0 1.5 0.3

Apparel

122.382 122.336 121.815 5.8 -0.5 -0.4

Transportation

285.185 295.312 292.198 16.2 2.5 -1.1

Private transportation

280.414 290.744 288.693 16.0 3.0 -0.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

127.860 130.289 131.187 8.3 2.6 0.7

New vehicles

171.505 172.591 173.173 8.2 1.0 0.3

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

           

New cars(4)

170.996 172.281 173.081   1.2 0.5

Used cars and trucks

200.407 204.799 205.520 7.1 2.6 0.4

Motor fuel

430.133 463.924 441.270 40.0 2.6 -4.9

Gasoline (all types)

427.409 461.261 438.278 39.4 2.5 -5.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

424.606 458.717 435.287 39.9 2.5 -5.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

404.185 435.612 415.325 38.4 2.8 -4.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

411.339 441.970 422.219 37.4 2.6 -4.5

Medical Care

566.873 567.250 568.682 5.1 0.3 0.3

Medical care commodities

427.357 430.052 434.655 4.0 1.7 1.1

Medical care services

609.977 609.643 610.102 5.3 0.0 0.1

Professional services

387.767 387.899 386.038 2.3 -0.4 -0.5

Recreation(3)

122.490 123.361 124.108 3.2 1.3 0.6

Education and communication(3)

141.034 141.800 141.617 0.9 0.4 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,566.464 1,582.560 1,578.362 4.2 0.8 -0.3

Other goods and services

499.546 500.908 504.605 5.9 1.0 0.7

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

309.645 313.496 313.951 8.3 1.4 0.1

Commodities

226.272 230.794 230.358 11.7 1.8 -0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

182.356 186.739 185.340 12.9 1.6 -0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

243.622 252.083 247.292 17.6 1.5 -1.9

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

327.889 341.968 334.339 20.7 2.0 -2.2

Durables

128.840 130.502 131.121 8.5 1.8 0.5

Services

385.326 388.311 389.690 6.3 1.1 0.4

Rent of shelter(2)

407.841 410.511 412.791 6.3 1.2 0.6

Transportation services

355.856 365.608 367.484 10.0 3.3 0.5

Other services

381.253 383.227 384.005 2.7 0.7 0.2

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

297.802 301.783 302.196 8.6 1.5 0.1

All items less food

309.031 312.800 312.922 8.0 1.3 0.0

All items less shelter

281.050 285.454 285.234 9.5 1.5 -0.1

Commodities less food

186.692 191.052 189.636 12.6 1.6 -0.7

Nondurables

278.804 285.238 283.881 13.3 1.8 -0.5

Nondurables less food

247.677 255.785 251.151 16.6 1.4 -1.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

323.822 336.728 329.662 19.2 1.8 -2.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

399.962 403.705 404.055 6.3 1.0 0.1

Services less medical care services

369.635 372.832 374.268 6.4 1.3 0.4

Energy

390.935 411.874 397.191 28.5 1.6 -3.6

All items less energy

306.854 309.614 311.066 6.9 1.4 0.5

All items less food and energy

306.402 308.894 310.157 6.3 1.2 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

161.495 163.061 163.664 7.3 1.3 0.4

Energy commodities

437.032 471.276 448.036 39.8 2.5 -4.9

Services less energy services

390.245 393.215 394.874 6.0 1.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 10, 2022