News Release Information

17-1122-SAN
Friday, August 11, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — July 2017

Area prices were up 0.1 percent over the past month, up 2.5 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.1 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and medical care. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 2.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.)Energy prices rose 2.2 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.3 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.5 percent, and prices for food away from home increased 0.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 1.4 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 3.0 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home increased 0.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 1.7 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-3.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 1.3 percent, but prices for electricity inched up 0.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 2.2 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (2.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 2.0 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.2 percent in July. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) and medical care (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for new vehicles (-1.1 percent) and apparel (-0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (5.0 percent), other goods and services (4.6 percent), and medical care (2.1 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in education and communication (-1.3 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-1.9 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.4 2.6 0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5

February

0.4 2.5 0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0

March

0.9 2.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1

April

0.2 2.1 0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0 0.5  1.8 0.3 2.9

May

0.2 2.0 0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6

June

-0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5

July

-0.3 1.8 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.1 2.5

August

0.5 2.1 0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1 -0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5    

September

0.5 2.2 0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0 -0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0    

October

0.4 2.5 -0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3    

November

-0.7 1.9 -0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7 -0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3    

December

-0.5 1.7 0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3 -0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5    

The August 2017 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released September 14, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
May
2017
Jun.
2017
Jul.
2017
Jul.
2016
May
2017
Jun.
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

254.380 254.469 254.708 2.5 0.1 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

411.191 411.335 411.722      

Food and beverages

255.017 254.351 255.163 1.5 0.1 0.3

Food

254.852 254.220 255.101 1.4 0.1 0.3

Food at home

246.228 244.962 246.141 0.3 0.0 0.5

Food away from home

265.849 266.125 266.577 3.0 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

253.890 252.768 252.643 2.3 -0.5 0.0

Housing

275.281 275.972 277.110 4.2 0.7 0.4

Shelter

314.833 315.895 317.460 5.0 0.8 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

331.457 332.809 334.220 5.4 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

330.128 331.530 333.119 5.1 0.9 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

330.140 331.535 333.123 5.1 0.9 0.5

Fuels and utilities

296.865 296.793 296.753 2.6 0.0 0.0

Household energy

257.057 256.940 256.581 1.7 -0.2 -0.1

Energy services(1)

259.321 259.358 259.008 1.7 -0.1 -0.1

Electricity(1)

286.949 286.873 287.553 1.6 0.2 0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

209.824 210.130 207.298 2.0 -1.2 -1.3

Household furnishings and operations

128.144 127.865 128.039 -0.8 -0.1 0.1

Apparel

118.822 117.509 116.565 0.0 -1.9 -0.8

Transportation

206.275 206.034 203.452 1.2 -1.4 -1.3

Private transportation

199.955 199.747 197.903 1.5 -1.0 -0.9

New and used motor vehicles(3)

101.160 100.686 100.182 -1.9 -1.0 -0.5

New vehicles

149.403 147.884 146.187 -1.4 -2.2 -1.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

103.770 102.721 101.537 -1.4 -2.2 -1.2

New cars(4)

146.352 145.596 143.573 -1.6 -1.9 -1.4

Used cars and trucks

135.515 134.856 134.446 -3.5 -0.8 -0.3

Motor fuel

226.143 224.767 217.894 2.7 -3.6 -3.1

Gasoline (all types)

225.360 223.980 217.074 2.6 -3.7 -3.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

222.626 221.188 214.277 2.6 -3.8 -3.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

215.755 214.940 207.764 2.7 -3.7 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

222.031 220.984 214.785 2.9 -3.3 -2.8

Medical Care

476.778 476.913 479.489 2.1 0.6 0.5

Medical care commodities

367.326 370.456 373.433 5.3 1.7 0.8

Medical care services

511.291 510.299 512.688 1.2 0.3 0.5

Professional services

350.937 347.039 347.865 -0.3 -0.9 0.2

Recreation(3)

112.904 112.582 112.620 0.5 -0.3 0.0

Education and communication(3)

135.176 135.408 135.565 -1.3 0.3 0.1

Other goods and services

423.336 425.120 427.393 4.6 1.0 0.5
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

254.380 254.469 254.708 2.5 0.1 0.1

Commodities

181.017 180.412 179.962 0.8 -0.6 -0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

144.202 143.647 142.725 0.4 -1.0 -0.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

184.380 183.584 182.159 2.0 -1.2 -0.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

230.527 230.041 228.276 2.6 -1.0 -0.8

Durables

107.527 107.183 106.695 -1.7 -0.8 -0.5

Services

322.266 323.025 323.926 3.5 0.5 0.3

Rent of shelter(2)

335.141 336.296 337.961 5.1 0.8 0.5

Transportation services

302.509 304.937 302.777 3.5 0.1 -0.7

Other services

342.318 342.113 342.305 0.2 0.0 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

244.210 244.297 244.432 2.6 0.1 0.1

All items less food

254.479 254.679 254.819 2.7 0.1 0.1

All items less shelter

230.895 230.569 230.243 1.1 -0.3 -0.1

Commodities less food

148.284 147.709 146.801 0.5 -1.0 -0.6

Nondurables

219.731 218.986 218.589 1.7 -0.5 -0.2

Nondurables less food

189.503 188.683 187.323 2.0 -1.2 -0.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

232.459 231.916 230.300 2.6 -0.9 -0.7

Services less rent of shelter(2)

342.055 342.377 342.371 1.5 0.1 0.0

Services less medical care services

309.065 309.934 310.737 3.7 0.5 0.3

Energy

242.540 241.710 237.666 2.2 -2.0 -1.7

All items less energy

257.350 257.508 258.070 2.6 0.3 0.2

All items less food and energy

258.560 258.853 259.362 2.8 0.3 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

140.045 139.573 139.360 0.1 -0.5 -0.2

Energy commodities

230.557 229.064 222.186 2.7 -3.6 -3.0

Services less energy services

327.101 327.907 328.889 3.6 0.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, August 11, 2017