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News Release Information

22-49-SAN
Wednesday, January 12, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — December 2021

Area prices were up 0.4 percent over the past month, up 7.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.4 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The December increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter, new and used motor vehicles, and household furnishings and operations. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 7.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 6.4 percent. Energy prices jumped 31.2 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 5.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, December 2018-December 2021

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent for the month of December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home crept up 0.2 percent. All sub-categories advanced 1.0 percent or less, except for prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs which declined 0.9 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 6.4 percent. Food at home advanced 7.1 percent. Prices ranged from no change for dairy and related products to a 14.3 percent increase for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. Since a year ago, and prices for food away from home increased 5.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index inched down 0.1 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-0.3 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 0.7 percent, but prices for electricity increased for the same period (0.5 percent).

Energy prices jumped 31.2 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (47.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service advanced 20.0 percent, and prices for electricity rose 9.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.4 percent in December. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (1.8 percent), household furnishings and operations (1.8 percent), and shelter (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.3 percent) and recreation (-0.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 5.5 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (19.6 percent), household furnishings and operations (7.0 percent), and shelter (4.5 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 2.5 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.4

February

0.6 3.0 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.6

March

0.3 3.1 0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4 -0.2 2.5 0.7 2.4

April

0.3 2.9 0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9 -0.4 1.3 1.0 3.9

May

0.2 2.6 0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 4.7

June

0.0 2.5 0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.4 1.2 0.9 5.1

July

0.1 2.5 0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 5.2

August

0.2 2.7 0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6 0.3 1.9 0.2 5.0

September

0.5 2.9 0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6 0.0 1.6 0.2 5.3

October

0.3 2.9 0.4 3.5 0.5 2.8 0.2 1.2 0.8 6.0

November

0.0 3.1 -0.2 3.3 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 6.5

December

0.1 3.1 -0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 1.5 0.4 7.1

The January 2022 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on February 10, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on December 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in December was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month.

For each month from March 2020 to December 2021, BLS has published a summary of the impact of the pandemic on the Consumer Price Index news release and data. The impact summary for December is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/consumer-price-index-covid19-impacts-december-2021.htm. Beginning with publication of January 2022 data in February 2022, this month-specific impact summary will be discontinued. However, information related to the impact of the pandemic will continue to be available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021

Expenditure category

All Items

293.397 294.986 296.102 7.1 0.9 0.4

All items (December 1977=100)

474.260 476.829 478.633      

Food and beverages

295.381 297.051 298.185 6.1 0.9 0.4

Food

296.297 298.117 299.237 6.4 1.0 0.4

Food at home

279.212 281.412 282.075 7.1 1.0 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

280.324 281.699 281.894 4.6 0.6 0.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

317.661 322.231 319.364 14.3 0.5 -0.9

Dairy and related products

249.035 246.994 249.507 0.0 0.2 1.0

Fruits and vegetables

357.199 360.627 363.171 5.0 1.7 0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

198.908 199.121 199.135 5.5 0.1 0.0

Other food at home

231.812 234.472 236.401 7.4 2.0 0.8

Food away from home

318.338 319.627 321.369 5.5 1.0 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

280.104 279.885 281.170 3.1 0.4 0.5

Housing

321.344 322.805 324.675 5.2 1.0 0.6

Shelter

368.754 370.626 372.354 4.5 1.0 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

390.734 392.999 394.665 3.4 1.0 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

388.374 390.390 392.230 4.2 1.0 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

388.255 390.255 392.075 4.1 1.0 0.5

Fuels and utilities

349.302 348.342 348.975 9.5 -0.1 0.2

Household energy

299.642 299.076 299.994 12.0 0.1 0.3

Energy services(1)

301.509 300.657 301.352 11.7 -0.1 0.2

Electricity(1)

330.360 327.921 329.569 9.4 -0.2 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

252.691 255.836 254.144 20.0 0.6 -0.7

Household furnishings and operations

144.246 145.239 147.843 7.0 2.5 1.8

Apparel

120.233 118.244 116.739 6.7 -2.9 -1.3

Transportation

249.555 253.907 256.142 21.0 2.6 0.9

Private transportation

249.813 253.876 256.169 22.3 2.5 0.9

New and used motor vehicles(3)

120.070 121.912 124.076 19.6 3.3 1.8

New vehicles

163.336 164.674 166.822 10.1 2.1 1.3

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

113.465 114.385 115.904 10.2 2.1 1.3

New cars(4)

160.574   165.345 10.4 3.0  

Used cars and trucks

186.515 191.477 198.068 36.6 6.2 3.4

Motor fuel

323.637 332.424 331.282 47.7 2.4 -0.3

Gasoline (all types)

322.622 331.224 330.078 47.7 2.3 -0.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

319.375 328.015 326.757 48.8 2.3 -0.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

307.761 315.751 315.000 44.4 2.4 -0.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

315.063 323.016 322.329 43.4 2.3 -0.2

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

818.567 825.555 836.233 5.0 2.2 1.3

Medical Care

546.468 549.444 548.403 2.0 0.4 -0.2

Medical care commodities

417.921 422.701 424.650 0.9 1.6 0.5

Medical care services

586.240 588.643 586.660 2.3 0.1 -0.3

Professional services

379.051 379.950 379.608 4.1 0.1 -0.1

Recreation(3)

122.423 122.099 121.371 4.1 -0.9 -0.6

Education and communication(3)

142.045 141.856 141.473 0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,565.035 1,565.734 1,561.607 3.1 -0.2 -0.3

Other goods and services

483.228 483.489 486.793 5.5 0.7 0.7

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

293.397 294.986 296.102 7.1 0.9 0.4

Commodities

209.871 211.588 212.825 11.7 1.4 0.6

Commodities less food & beverages

167.274 168.924 170.139 15.8 1.7 0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

215.434 216.992 216.638 16.7 0.6 -0.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

282.201 286.188 286.615 19.9 1.6 0.1

Durables

122.463 124.016 126.074 14.8 2.9 1.7

Services

369.925 371.298 372.228 4.3 0.6 0.3

Rent of shelter(2)

392.847 394.857 396.705 4.6 1.0 0.5

Transportation services

317.998 321.457 320.436 5.3 0.8 -0.3

Other services

379.554 378.727 378.398 2.6 -0.3 -0.1

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

281.786 283.311 284.514 7.5 1.0 0.4

All items less food

293.075 294.627 295.743 7.2 0.9 0.4

All items less shelter

263.812 265.290 266.166 8.5 0.9 0.3

Commodities less food

171.614 173.224 174.451 15.2 1.7 0.7

Nondurables

255.624 257.246 257.616 10.5 0.8 0.1

Nondurables less food

220.430 221.877 221.630 15.5 0.5 -0.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

281.599 285.135 285.653 17.9 1.4 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(2)

382.183 382.901 382.770 4.0 0.2 0.0

Services less medical care services

354.816 356.118 357.241 4.6 0.7 0.3

Energy

318.786 323.732 323.449 31.2 1.5 -0.1

All items less energy

294.146 295.520 296.741 5.6 0.9 0.4

All items less food and energy

294.588 295.887 297.129 5.5 0.9 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

155.102 155.971 157.409 10.1 1.5 0.9

Energy commodities

329.472 338.473 337.504 47.3 2.4 -0.3

Services less energy services

375.333 376.837 377.785 4.0 0.7 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 12, 2022