Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-306-SAN
Friday, February 19, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Oregon – Second Quarter 2020

From March 2020 to June 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Oregon were 80,081, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 293,842, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 213,761 jobs in the private sector during the second quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 4,275. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Oregon, June 2015-June 2020, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains

In the second quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 5.0 percent of private-sector employment in Oregon; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 4.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Oregon, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 63,674 in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of 22,608 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 16,407 jobs gained in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of 1,338 jobs from the previous quarter.

Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains as a percent of employment, United States and Oregon, June 2015-June 2020, seasonally adjusted

Gross job losses

In the second quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 18.4 percent of private-sector employment in Oregon; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 17.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Oregon, contracting establishments lost 240,925 jobs in the second quarter of 2020, an increase of 151,082 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 52,917 jobs, an increase of 34,458 jobs from the previous quarter.

Chart 3. Private sector gross job losses as a percent of employment, United States and Oregon, June 2015-June 2020, seasonally adjusted

Industries

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in all 11 industry sectors in Oregon in the second quarter of 2020. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job decrease, with a loss of 85,488 jobs. This was the result of 6,519 gross job gains and 92,007 gross job losses. Education and health services showed the second largest net loss of 26,246 jobs, followed by professional and business services (25,313) and retail trade (24,590). Job losses among the remaining sectors ranged from 16,917 in manufacturing to 1,519 in transportation and warehousing.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 28, 2021.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Oregon, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

104,398 103,032 111,629 104,027 80,081 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.0

At expanding establishments

87,581 85,809 93,198 86,282 63,674 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.1 4.0

At opening establishments

16,817 17,223 18,431 17,745 16,407 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

100,951 102,740 96,963 108,302 293,842 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5 18.4

At contracting establishments

82,831 85,377 79,709 89,843 240,925 5.0 5.2 4.8 5.4 15.1

At closing establishments

18,120 17,363 17,254 18,459 52,917 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 3.3

Net employment change (2)

3,447 292 14,666 -4,275 -213,761 0.2 0.0 0.9 -0.3 -13.4

Construction

Gross job gains

10,095 9,096 11,121 11,111 7,796 9.2 8.5 10.3 9.9 7.1

At expanding establishments

7,890 7,170 8,555 8,751 5,902 7.2 6.7 7.9 7.8 5.4

At opening establishments

2,205 1,926 2,566 2,360 1,894 2.0 1.8 2.4 2.1 1.7

Gross job losses

9,131 10,201 8,643 9,281 15,595 8.4 9.6 8.0 8.3 14.3

At contracting establishments

7,107 7,883 6,367 7,237 12,013 6.5 7.4 5.9 6.5 11.0

At closing establishments

2,024 2,318 2,276 2,044 3,582 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.8 3.3

Net employment change (2)

964 -1,105 2,478 1,830 -7,799 0.8 -1.1 2.3 1.6 -7.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

7,044 5,643 7,224 6,286 4,776 3.6 2.9 3.7 3.2 2.5

At expanding establishments

6,482 5,044 6,560 5,832 4,193 3.3 2.6 3.4 3.0 2.2

At opening establishments

562 599 664 454 583 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

7,511 8,257 6,242 8,454 21,693 3.8 4.2 3.2 4.3 11.6

At contracting establishments

6,770 7,307 5,457 7,865 19,705 3.4 3.7 2.8 4.0 10.5

At closing establishments

741 950 785 589 1,988 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-467 -2,614 982 -2,168 -16,917 -0.2 -1.3 0.5 -1.1 -9.1

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,556 2,990 3,622 3,389 2,390 4.7 4.0 4.7 4.4 3.3

At expanding establishments

3,027 2,418 3,134 2,916 1,977 4.0 3.2 4.1 3.8 2.7

At opening establishments

529 572 488 473 413 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

3,421 3,378 3,003 3,187 7,218 4.5 4.5 3.9 4.1 9.7

At contracting establishments

2,609 2,712 2,315 2,485 6,023 3.4 3.6 3.0 3.2 8.1

At closing establishments

812 666 688 702 1,195 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.6

Net employment change (2)

135 -388 619 202 -4,828 0.2 -0.5 0.8 0.3 -6.4

Retail trade

Gross job gains

11,491 12,008 9,910 13,324 13,015 5.4 5.7 4.8 6.3 6.4

At expanding establishments

10,187 10,526 8,689 12,003 11,928 4.8 5.0 4.2 5.7 5.9

At opening establishments

1,304 1,482 1,221 1,321 1,087 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

12,430 12,500 12,435 10,091 37,605 5.9 5.9 6.0 4.9 18.5

At contracting establishments

10,774 10,957 10,808 8,685 33,921 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.2 16.7

At closing establishments

1,656 1,543 1,627 1,406 3,684 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.8

Net employment change (2)

-939 -492 -2,525 3,233 -24,590 -0.5 -0.2 -1.2 1.4 -12.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

3,407 5,308 7,310 3,304 7,256 5.5 8.4 10.9 4.8 10.9

At expanding establishments

2,995 4,900 6,886 2,674 6,751 4.8 7.8 10.3 3.9 10.1

At opening establishments

412 408 424 630 505 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

3,374 3,055 2,642 5,414 8,775 5.5 4.8 3.9 7.9 13.1

At contracting establishments

2,771 2,661 2,295 5,040 7,691 4.5 4.2 3.4 7.4 11.5

At closing establishments

603 394 347 374 1,084 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.6

Net employment change (2)

33 2,253 4,668 -2,110 -1,519 0.0 3.6 7.0 -3.1 -2.2

Information

Gross job gains

2,406 2,149 2,146 2,235 1,500 6.9 6.1 6.2 6.4 4.5

At expanding establishments

1,745 1,686 1,564 1,715 972 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.9 2.9

At opening establishments

661 463 582 520 528 1.9 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.6

Gross job losses

1,571 2,450 1,866 2,089 4,840 4.6 7.0 5.3 6.0 14.6

At contracting establishments

1,201 1,577 1,439 1,602 3,991 3.5 4.5 4.1 4.6 12.0

At closing establishments

370 873 427 487 849 1.1 2.5 1.2 1.4 2.6

Net employment change (2)

835 -301 280 146 -3,340 2.3 -0.9 0.9 0.4 -10.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

4,383 4,273 4,645 4,856 3,382 5.1 5.0 5.4 5.7 4.0

At expanding establishments

3,331 3,268 3,610 3,576 2,378 3.9 3.8 4.2 4.2 2.8

At opening establishments

1,052 1,005 1,035 1,280 1,004 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.2

Gross job losses

4,460 4,111 4,164 4,504 8,038 5.3 4.9 4.9 5.2 9.6

At contracting establishments

3,292 2,940 2,971 3,295 6,197 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.8 7.4

At closing establishments

1,168 1,171 1,193 1,209 1,841 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 2.2

Net employment change (2)

-77 162 481 352 -4,656 -0.2 0.1 0.5 0.5 -5.6

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

16,959 15,939 18,974 14,624 11,544 6.7 6.3 7.4 5.7 4.7

At expanding establishments

13,550 12,645 15,593 12,074 8,115 5.4 5.0 6.1 4.7 3.3

At opening establishments

3,409 3,294 3,381 2,550 3,429 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.4

Gross job losses

15,664 16,202 15,392 16,924 36,857 6.2 6.4 6.1 6.6 15.2

At contracting establishments

12,107 13,174 11,898 13,745 30,343 4.8 5.2 4.7 5.4 12.5

At closing establishments

3,557 3,028 3,494 3,179 6,514 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.2 2.7

Net employment change (2)

1,295 -263 3,582 -2,300 -25,313 0.5 -0.1 1.3 -0.9 -10.5

Education and health services

Gross job gains

11,791 13,117 12,280 11,686 8,534 4.0 4.5 4.2 4.0 2.9

At expanding establishments

10,157 11,444 10,558 9,991 6,236 3.4 3.9 3.6 3.4 2.1

At opening establishments

1,634 1,673 1,722 1,695 2,298 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8

Gross job losses

11,871 11,282 10,388 11,210 34,780 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.7 11.8

At contracting establishments

10,175 9,420 8,580 9,359 27,808 3.5 3.2 2.9 3.1 9.4

At closing establishments

1,696 1,862 1,808 1,851 6,972 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.4

Net employment change (2)

-80 1,835 1,892 476 -26,246 -0.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 -8.9

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

17,781 15,519 16,629 15,635 6,519 8.3 7.3 7.8 7.3 3.7

At expanding establishments

14,769 12,533 13,606 12,453 4,742 6.9 5.9 6.4 5.8 2.7

At opening establishments

3,012 2,986 3,023 3,182 1,777 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.0

Gross job losses

16,660 17,834 15,319 20,778 92,007 7.8 8.3 7.1 9.7 51.8

At contracting establishments

13,497 15,175 12,875 17,089 72,762 6.3 7.1 6.0 8.0 41.0

At closing establishments

3,163 2,659 2,444 3,689 19,245 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.7 10.8

Net employment change (2)

1,121 -2,315 1,310 -5,143 -85,488 0.5 -1.0 0.7 -2.4 -48.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

4,280 4,259 4,494 4,127 2,555 6.6 6.6 7.0 6.4 4.3

At expanding establishments

3,561 3,399 3,622 3,325 1,778 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.2 3.0

At opening establishments

719 860 872 802 777 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

4,309 4,223 3,904 4,932 12,739 6.7 6.6 6.1 7.6 21.6

At contracting establishments

3,384 3,461 3,155 3,760 9,424 5.3 5.4 4.9 5.8 16.0

At closing establishments

925 762 749 1,172 3,315 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.8 5.6

Net employment change (2)

-29 36 590 -805 -10,184 -0.1 0.0 0.9 -1.2 -17.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020

United States(1)

6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.1 17.0

Alabama

5.9 5.8 6.2 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.9 12.6

Alaska

10.7 9.6 10.3 9.2 6.9 10.1 10.1 10.2 9.5 24.5

Arizona

5.7 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.9 11.7

Arkansas

5.0 5.6 6.5 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.8 4.9 5.5 12.0

California

6.6 6.3 6.8 6.1 5.2 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.7 18.6

Colorado

7.0 6.6 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.4 6.2 7.0 14.9

Connecticut

5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 4.3 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.9 19.7

Delaware

6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 4.9 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.6 17.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 3.3 5.5 5.3 4.7 5.3 22.4

Florida

6.5 6.6 6.6 5.4 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.2 13.9

Georgia

6.1 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.4 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.9 15.0

Hawaii

4.8 5.6 5.7 5.2 3.6 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.8 29.8

Idaho

7.1 7.0 7.7 7.6 6.4 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.1 11.2

Illinois

5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 4.6 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0 18.4

Indiana

5.1 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.7 5.9 5.6 5.1 6.0 13.7

Iowa

5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2 4.4 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.9 13.0

Kansas

5.7 5.6 6.3 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.0 13.3

Kentucky

5.8 5.9 6.2 5.3 4.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1 15.3

Louisiana

6.2 5.9 5.9 5.3 4.5 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.3 16.9

Maine

7.4 6.5 7.3 6.4 5.4 7.4 7.3 6.9 7.0 21.7

Maryland

6.4 6.2 6.4 5.7 4.7 6.5 6.3 5.9 6.7 21.9

Massachusetts

6.0 5.3 5.8 5.2 3.7 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0 24.2

Michigan

5.5 5.1 5.8 5.0 4.0 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.7 20.7

Minnesota

5.8 5.4 5.8 5.0 4.3 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6 17.6

Mississippi

5.8 5.7 6.2 5.6 5.1 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.2 12.9

Missouri

5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7 14.3

Montana

8.1 7.4 8.6 7.7 6.8 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.7 13.8

Nebraska

5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 4.9 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1 12.1

Nevada

6.0 6.1 6.8 5.4 5.3 6.2 5.5 5.0 6.3 29.2

New Hampshire

6.4 5.8 6.6 6.0 4.5 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.4 18.8

New Jersey

6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 4.6 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3 28.1

New Mexico

6.3 6.8 7.0 6.1 4.5 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.5 17.6

New York

6.1 5.8 6.0 5.5 3.9 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.4 26.9

North Carolina

6.0 5.8 6.3 5.8 4.8 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7 14.5

North Dakota

6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8 5.2 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0 17.2

Ohio

5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.6 14.4

Oklahoma

6.0 6.4 6.5 5.4 5.6 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.7 12.3

Oregon

6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.0 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5 18.4

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.2 5.4 4.9 3.6 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.6 18.2

Rhode Island

6.3 6.0 6.5 6.1 4.5 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.5 25.2

South Carolina

6.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 5.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.6 14.9

South Dakota

6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6 11.6

Tennessee

5.5 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3 13.7

Texas

5.8 5.9 6.0 5.0 4.7 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5 13.6

Utah

7.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4 10.9

Vermont

7.1 6.3 6.9 5.8 4.6 7.1 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5

Virginia

6.1 5.5 6.5 5.6 4.7 5.8 6.3 5.5 6.1 18.2

Washington

6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 4.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4 16.9

West Virginia

6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 5.1 6.6 6.7 7.1 6.8 13.8

Wisconsin

5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.4 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3 14.4

Wyoming

8.5 8.6 9.4 8.6 6.4 9.5 8.9 8.7 9.3 18.1

Puerto Rico

6.4 5.9 5.4 5.0 4.0 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.2 16.9

Virgin Islands

8.9 12.0 10.3 7.2 5.3 6.9 6.4 7.3 8.3 19.8

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, February 19, 2021