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News Release Information

20-2082-SAN
Friday, November 06, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Washington – First Quarter 2020

From December 2019 to March 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Washington were 216,627, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 215,647, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 980 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 23,187. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 7.4 percent of private-sector employment in Washington; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.5 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Washington, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 151,421 in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of 13,554 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 65,206 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 39,662 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 7.4 percent of private-sector employment in Washington; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.1 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Washington, contracting establishments lost 160,271 jobs in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 15,154 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 55,376 jobs, an increase of 33,161 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Washington in the first quarter of 2020. Retail trade had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 3,982 jobs. This was the result of 20,747 gross job gains and 16,765 gross job losses. The construction industry had a net gain of 3,407 jobs. Leisure and hospitality showed a net loss of 10,414 jobs, the largest loss of any sector in the state. Washington’s manufacturing industry sector had a net loss of 2,279 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Washington, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

182,351 190,598 174,815 190,519 216,627 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4

At expanding establishments

161,724 166,818 150,793 164,975 151,421 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.2

At opening establishments

20,627 23,780 24,022 25,544 65,206 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 2.2

Gross job losses

171,257 167,681 175,064 167,332 215,647 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4

At contracting establishments

144,109 144,129 155,344 145,117 160,271 5.1 5.0 5.4 5.0 5.5

At closing establishments

27,148 23,552 19,720 22,215 55,376 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.9

Net employment change (2)

11,094 22,917 -249 23,187 980 0.3 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.0

Construction

Gross job gains

19,190 20,283 16,653 19,999 19,857 9.2 9.8 8.2 9.7 9.3

At expanding establishments

16,874 17,574 14,023 17,448 17,114 8.1 8.5 6.9 8.5 8.0

At opening establishments

2,316 2,709 2,630 2,551 2,743 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

18,926 19,315 18,738 16,837 16,450 9.1 9.3 9.2 8.2 7.7

At contracting establishments

16,096 16,730 16,786 14,629 14,779 7.7 8.1 8.2 7.1 6.9

At closing establishments

2,830 2,585 1,952 2,208 1,671 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

264 968 -2,085 3,162 3,407 0.1 0.5 -1.0 1.5 1.6

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

10,105 10,393 8,882 9,757 10,550 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.3 3.6

At expanding establishments

9,590 9,724 8,484 9,120 9,555 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.3

At opening establishments

515 669 398 637 995 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

8,289 10,289 10,405 9,988 12,829 2.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 4.4

At contracting establishments

7,752 9,372 9,700 8,728 11,991 2.7 3.2 3.3 3.0 4.1

At closing establishments

537 917 705 1,260 838 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

Net employment change (2)

1,816 104 -1,523 -231 -2,279 0.6 0.0 -0.5 -0.1 -0.8

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

6,200 6,088 6,304 7,479 5,999 4.7 4.6 4.7 5.6 4.4

At expanding establishments

5,301 5,280 5,577 6,305 5,022 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.7 3.7

At opening establishments

899 808 727 1,174 977 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

5,957 5,952 5,960 6,405 6,050 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.5

At contracting establishments

4,948 4,951 5,181 5,139 5,380 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.8 4.0

At closing establishments

1,009 1,001 779 1,266 670 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.5

Net employment change (2)

243 136 344 1,074 -51 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.9 -0.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

23,296 21,253 19,724 20,057 20,747 6.1 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.3

At expanding establishments

21,841 19,515 18,234 18,398 18,608 5.7 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.8

At opening establishments

1,455 1,738 1,490 1,659 2,139 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5

Gross job losses

16,500 20,406 18,509 18,990 16,765 4.3 5.3 4.8 5.0 4.3

At contracting establishments

14,635 17,364 16,883 17,234 15,225 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.5 3.9

At closing establishments

1,865 3,042 1,626 1,756 1,540 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4

Net employment change (2)

6,796 847 1,215 1,067 3,982 1.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,856 5,999 6,009 8,387 6,104 5.5 5.7 5.7 7.8 5.6

At expanding establishments

5,082 5,287 5,022 7,840 5,546 4.8 5.0 4.8 7.3 5.1

At opening establishments

774 712 987 547 558 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

6,232 5,754 5,565 5,583 6,746 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.2 6.2

At contracting establishments

5,497 5,096 4,939 5,035 6,395 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.7 5.9

At closing establishments

735 658 626 548 351 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3

Net employment change (2)

-376 245 444 2,804 -642 -0.4 0.2 0.4 2.6 -0.6

Information

Gross job gains

6,816 6,599 5,438 4,960 6,709 4.9 4.6 3.7 3.4 4.5

At expanding establishments

6,365 6,030 4,969 4,405 6,136 4.6 4.2 3.4 3.0 4.1

At opening establishments

451 569 469 555 573 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4

Gross job losses

3,744 3,220 3,316 5,305 3,675 2.7 2.3 2.3 3.7 2.5

At contracting establishments

2,351 2,808 2,929 4,765 3,247 1.7 2.0 2.0 3.3 2.2

At closing establishments

1,393 412 387 540 428 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Net employment change (2)

3,072 3,379 2,122 -345 3,034 2.2 2.3 1.4 -0.3 2.0

Financial activities

Gross job gains

7,367 7,744 7,685 7,754 6,785 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.5

At expanding establishments

6,552 6,565 6,287 6,623 5,270 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.4 3.5

At opening establishments

815 1,179 1,398 1,131 1,515 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.0

Gross job losses

6,085 6,322 6,957 7,207 6,154 4.1 4.2 4.6 4.8 4.1

At contracting establishments

5,053 5,016 5,573 5,833 5,401 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.9 3.6

At closing establishments

1,032 1,306 1,384 1,374 753 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.5

Net employment change (2)

1,282 1,422 728 547 631 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.4

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

26,247 28,657 28,792 27,314 26,281 6.3 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.0

At expanding establishments

22,213 24,574 23,557 22,981 22,656 5.3 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2

At opening establishments

4,034 4,083 5,235 4,333 3,625 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

23,957 22,941 25,830 25,137 22,931 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.8 5.3

At contracting establishments

19,849 18,639 22,928 21,182 20,035 4.7 4.4 5.4 4.9 4.6

At closing establishments

4,108 4,302 2,902 3,955 2,896 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

2,290 5,716 2,962 2,177 3,350 0.6 1.4 0.6 0.5 0.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

20,663 18,212 21,248 22,927 58,971 4.4 3.8 4.5 4.8 12.2

At expanding establishments

16,919 15,444 17,580 17,286 13,916 3.6 3.2 3.7 3.6 2.9

At opening establishments

3,744 2,768 3,668 5,641 45,055 0.8 0.6 0.8 1.2 9.3

Gross job losses

17,967 17,118 16,684 19,152 56,255 3.9 3.6 3.5 4.0 11.7

At contracting establishments

13,945 14,743 14,170 15,296 16,225 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.4

At closing establishments

4,022 2,375 2,514 3,856 40,030 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.8 8.3

Net employment change (2)

2,696 1,094 4,564 3,775 2,716 0.5 0.2 1.0 0.8 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

27,061 29,332 26,279 26,232 25,139 7.9 8.5 7.6 7.7 7.3

At expanding establishments

23,032 24,808 22,011 22,274 20,902 6.7 7.2 6.4 6.5 6.1

At opening establishments

4,029 4,524 4,268 3,958 4,237 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

27,926 28,417 29,156 24,266 35,553 8.2 8.3 8.6 7.1 10.4

At contracting establishments

23,844 24,470 25,788 20,850 32,657 7.0 7.1 7.6 6.1 9.6

At closing establishments

4,082 3,947 3,368 3,416 2,896 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-865 915 -2,877 1,966 -10,414 -0.3 0.2 -1.0 0.6 -3.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

8,808 6,891 5,702 7,251 6,324 9.4 7.2 6.0 7.5 6.6

At expanding establishments

8,151 6,039 4,815 6,349 4,781 8.7 6.3 5.1 6.6 5.0

At opening establishments

657 852 887 902 1,543 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.6

Gross job losses

5,569 6,232 6,999 5,544 6,885 6.0 6.5 7.4 5.8 7.2

At contracting establishments

4,745 5,368 6,076 4,672 5,952 5.1 5.6 6.4 4.9 6.2

At closing establishments

824 864 923 872 933 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

3,239 659 -1,297 1,707 -561 3.4 0.7 -1.4 1.7 -0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

United States(1)

6.0 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.1

Alabama

6.1 5.9 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.9

Alaska

10.1 10.7 9.6 10.3 9.2 9.0 10.1 10.1 10.2 9.5

Arizona

5.7 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.9

Arkansas

5.3 5.0 5.6 6.5 5.1 5.1 5.7 5.8 4.9 5.5

California

6.4 6.6 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.7

Colorado

6.6 7.0 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 7.0

Connecticut

5.3 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.9

Delaware

6.5 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.6 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.6

District of Columbia

5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.3 4.7 5.3

Florida

6.2 6.5 6.6 6.6 5.4 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.2

Georgia

6.7 6.1 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.7 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.9

Hawaii

5.5 4.8 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.8

Idaho

7.5 7.1 7.0 7.7 7.6 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.2 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0

Indiana

5.8 5.1 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.8 5.9 5.6 5.1 6.0

Iowa

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.9

Kansas

5.6 5.7 5.6 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.0

Kentucky

5.8 5.8 5.9 6.2 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1

Louisiana

6.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.3 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.3

Maine

7.5 7.4 6.5 7.3 6.4 6.7 7.4 7.3 6.9 7.0

Maryland

6.4 6.4 6.2 6.4 5.7 5.7 6.5 6.3 5.9 6.7

Massachusetts

6.1 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0

Michigan

5.2 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.0 4.6 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.7

Minnesota

5.2 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6

Mississippi

5.7 5.8 5.7 6.2 5.6 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.2

Missouri

5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7

Montana

7.6 8.1 7.4 8.6 7.7 8.1 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.7

Nebraska

5.7 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1

Nevada

6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.5 5.0 6.3

New Hampshire

6.4 6.4 5.8 6.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.4

New Jersey

5.7 6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3

New Mexico

6.7 6.3 6.8 7.0 6.1 5.8 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.5

New York

6.0 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.4

North Carolina

6.4 6.0 5.8 6.3 5.8 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.4 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0

Ohio

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

5.9 6.0 6.4 6.5 5.4 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.7

Oregon

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.3 5.2 5.4 4.9 4.8 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.6

Rhode Island

5.9 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.5

South Carolina

6.6 6.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.6

South Dakota

5.7 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6

Tennessee

5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3

Texas

5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5

Utah

7.3 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4

Vermont

6.9 7.1 6.3 6.9 5.8 6.3 7.1 7.6 6.4 7.6

Virginia

6.4 6.1 5.5 6.5 5.6 5.5 5.8 6.3 5.5 6.1

Washington

6.4 6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4

West Virginia

6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 7.1 6.8

Wisconsin

5.2 5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3

Wyoming

9.0 8.5 8.6 9.4 8.6 7.8 9.5 8.9 8.7 9.3

Puerto Rico

7.2 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.2

Virgin Islands

12.9 8.9 12.0 10.3 7.2 7.6 6.9 6.4 7.3 8.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, November 06, 2020