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News Release Information

19-2130-SAN
Thursday, December 05, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Washington – First Quarter 2019

From December 2018 to March 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Washington totaled 176,059, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 160,092, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Richard Holden, the Bureau’s Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations, noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 15,967. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 22,274.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Washington’s number of gross job gains decreased by 6,235 during the first quarter of 2019, following an increase of 9,650 in the previous quarter. Gross job losses rose by 72 in the first quarter of 2019, after decreasing by 21,167 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 6.2 percent of private-sector employment in Washington in the first quarter of 2019, while gross job losses accounted for 5.6 percent of private-sector employment. Nationally, gross job gains and gross job losses accounted for 5.9 and 5.5 percent of private-sector employment, respectively. (See chart 2.) The rates of both gross job gains and job losses in Washington have been at or above the U.S. rate each quarter since data became available in 1992.

During the first quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Washington. For example, within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,238. While 19,823 jobs were gained in opening and expanding establishments in the industry, 15,585 jobs were lost by closing and contracting establishments in the first quarter of 2019. In retail trade, 19,588 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, while 16,113 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, the transportation and warehousing industry sector had a net employment loss, with gross job losses exceeding gross job gains by 281.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for the Second Quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2020.

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Washington, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

201,233 204,847 172,644 182,294 176,059 7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2

At expanding establishments

173,336 162,388 145,887 159,042 156,538 6.2 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.5

At opening establishments

27,897 42,459 26,757 23,252 19,521 1.0 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

172,808 180,137 181,187 160,020 160,092 6.2 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6

At contracting establishments

139,977 159,065 159,430 141,757 143,348 5.0 5.7 5.7 5.0 5.0

At closing establishments

32,831 21,072 21,757 18,263 16,744 1.2 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

28,425 24,710 -8,543 22,274 15,967 1.0 0.8 -0.3 0.8 0.6

Construction

Gross job gains

21,322 20,122 17,576 20,492 18,610 10.8 10.1 8.9 10.2 8.9

At expanding establishments

18,232 16,552 14,941 17,965 16,425 9.2 8.3 7.6 8.9 7.9

At opening establishments

3,090 3,570 2,635 2,527 2,185 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.0

Gross job losses

16,310 17,480 18,451 14,683 17,712 8.2 8.7 9.3 7.3 8.5

At contracting establishments

13,654 15,054 16,247 13,230 15,836 6.9 7.5 8.2 6.6 7.6

At closing establishments

2,656 2,426 2,204 1,453 1,876 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.9

Net employment change (2)

5,012 2,642 -875 5,809 898 2.6 1.4 -0.4 2.9 0.4

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

11,480 10,166 10,971 11,872 9,967 4.0 3.5 3.9 4.2 3.5

At expanding establishments

10,827 9,477 9,573 11,388 9,518 3.8 3.3 3.4 4.0 3.3

At opening establishments

653 689 1,398 484 449 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

8,572 9,291 9,252 8,143 8,180 3.1 3.3 3.3 2.8 2.8

At contracting establishments

7,768 8,238 8,724 7,522 7,784 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.7

At closing establishments

804 1,053 528 621 396 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Net employment change (2)

2,908 875 1,719 3,729 1,787 0.9 0.2 0.6 1.4 0.7

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

6,976 7,113 6,280 6,821 6,200 5.3 5.4 4.7 5.1 4.7

At expanding establishments

5,802 5,568 5,440 6,051 5,303 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.0

At opening establishments

1,174 1,545 840 770 897 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

5,992 6,673 6,295 5,749 5,575 4.5 5.0 4.7 4.3 4.2

At contracting establishments

5,036 5,759 5,356 4,906 4,958 3.8 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.7

At closing establishments

956 914 939 843 617 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

984 440 -15 1,072 625 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.5

Retail trade

Gross job gains

20,350 21,080 20,196 16,066 19,588 5.4 5.5 5.3 4.2 5.2

At expanding establishments

18,372 18,302 17,117 14,754 18,217 4.9 4.8 4.5 3.9 4.8

At opening establishments

1,978 2,778 3,079 1,312 1,371 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.4

Gross job losses

16,432 19,890 19,036 19,414 16,113 4.4 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.2

At contracting establishments

14,628 17,974 17,283 17,458 14,589 3.9 4.7 4.5 4.6 3.8

At closing establishments

1,804 1,916 1,753 1,956 1,524 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4

Net employment change (2)

3,918 1,190 1,160 -3,348 3,475 1.0 0.3 0.3 -0.9 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,512 6,415 5,306 7,560 5,649 5.3 6.2 5.1 7.3 5.4

At expanding establishments

4,929 5,040 4,756 6,855 4,902 4.7 4.9 4.6 6.6 4.7

At opening establishments

583 1,375 550 705 747 0.6 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

7,295 5,601 6,696 5,791 5,930 7.0 5.4 6.5 5.6 5.6

At contracting establishments

6,367 5,118 5,799 5,503 5,574 6.1 4.9 5.6 5.3 5.3

At closing establishments

928 483 897 288 356 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.3

Net employment change (2)

-1,783 814 -1,390 1,769 -281 -1.7 0.8 -1.4 1.7 -0.2

Information

Gross job gains

5,095 7,251 5,854 4,555 6,839 3.9 5.5 4.4 3.3 4.9

At expanding establishments

4,397 6,242 5,106 4,107 6,356 3.4 4.7 3.8 3.0 4.6

At opening establishments

698 1,009 748 448 483 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.3

Gross job losses

3,492 3,098 3,639 4,461 3,498 2.8 2.4 2.7 3.3 2.5

At contracting establishments

2,774 2,451 3,245 3,803 2,317 2.2 1.9 2.4 2.8 1.7

At closing establishments

718 647 394 658 1,181 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.8

Net employment change (2)

1,603 4,153 2,215 94 3,341 1.1 3.1 1.7 0.0 2.4

Financial activities

Gross job gains

7,374 8,456 7,065 6,795 7,315 5.0 5.8 4.8 4.6 4.9

At expanding establishments

6,322 6,435 5,895 5,609 6,516 4.3 4.4 4.0 3.8 4.4

At opening establishments

1,052 2,021 1,170 1,186 799 0.7 1.4 0.8 0.8 0.5

Gross job losses

6,175 6,940 7,417 7,361 5,842 4.2 4.7 5.0 5.0 3.9

At contracting establishments

5,088 5,963 6,227 6,235 5,110 3.5 4.0 4.2 4.2 3.4

At closing establishments

1,087 977 1,190 1,126 732 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5

Net employment change (2)

1,199 1,516 -352 -566 1,473 0.8 1.1 -0.2 -0.4 1.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

28,609 28,208 25,476 25,491 25,559 7.0 6.8 6.2 6.1 6.1

At expanding establishments

24,417 22,969 21,466 21,260 21,712 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.2

At opening establishments

4,192 5,239 4,010 4,231 3,847 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.0 0.9

Gross job losses

22,389 24,342 24,398 23,608 22,674 5.5 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.4

At contracting establishments

18,333 20,551 21,073 20,529 19,894 4.5 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7

At closing establishments

4,056 3,791 3,325 3,079 2,780 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

6,220 3,866 1,078 1,883 2,885 1.5 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

28,720 30,311 19,568 19,953 19,823 6.2 6.6 4.1 4.2 4.2

At expanding establishments

21,806 15,225 15,157 17,122 16,738 4.7 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.5

At opening establishments

6,914 15,086 4,411 2,831 3,085 1.5 3.3 0.9 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

24,590 28,561 17,198 15,378 15,585 5.3 6.1 3.7 3.2 3.3

At contracting establishments

13,334 26,990 13,890 12,851 13,719 2.9 5.8 3.0 2.7 2.9

At closing establishments

11,256 1,571 3,308 2,527 1,866 2.4 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4

Net employment change (2)

4,130 1,750 2,370 4,575 4,238 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

29,228 29,709 25,810 31,343 27,064 8.8 8.9 7.7 9.3 7.9

At expanding establishments

24,265 24,394 20,717 25,636 22,988 7.3 7.3 6.2 7.6 6.7

At opening establishments

4,963 5,315 5,093 5,707 4,076 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.2

Gross job losses

26,030 26,052 29,151 24,867 26,174 7.8 7.8 8.7 7.4 7.6

At contracting establishments

22,275 22,717 26,224 21,246 23,729 6.7 6.8 7.8 6.3 6.9

At closing establishments

3,755 3,335 2,927 3,621 2,445 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.7

Net employment change (2)

3,198 3,657 -3,341 6,476 890 1.0 1.1 -1.0 1.9 0.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

6,116 6,896 5,888 5,813 8,711 6.7 7.5 6.4 6.3 9.3

At expanding establishments

5,115 5,706 5,192 5,083 8,093 5.6 6.2 5.6 5.5 8.6

At opening establishments

1,001 1,190 696 730 618 1.1 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

5,814 5,542 6,057 6,048 5,305 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.5 5.6

At contracting establishments

4,776 4,778 5,371 5,280 4,646 5.3 5.2 5.8 5.7 4.9

At closing establishments

1,038 764 686 768 659 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

302 1,354 -169 -235 3,406 0.3 1.5 -0.1 -0.2 3.7

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

United States(1)

6.1 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.9 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5

Alabama

6.1 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.5

Alaska

10.1 10.9 8.9 11.0 10.0 8.9 10.7 10.7 9.8 9.0

Arizona

6.0 6.0 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.5

Arkansas

5.4 5.0 6.1 5.9 5.2 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.0 5.1

California

6.4 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.2

Colorado

6.8 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.0 6.1 6.8 6.0 6.3

Connecticut

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 4.9 5.7

Delaware

7.1 6.4 5.7 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.5

District of Columbia

6.0 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.9

Florida

6.2 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6

Georgia

6.5 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.8 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7

Hawaii

5.1 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.9

Idaho

7.9 7.3 6.8 7.4 7.5 6.1 6.8 6.9 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.1

Indiana

5.7 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8

Iowa

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.4

Kansas

5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

Kentucky

6.2 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.5

Louisiana

6.7 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.9

Maine

7.0 8.0 6.1 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.4

Maryland

6.3 6.1 6.3 6.8 6.4 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.4 5.7

Massachusetts

5.7 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.2 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.2

Michigan

5.6 5.5 5.0 5.6 5.1 4.6 5.2 6.2 5.2 4.6

Minnesota

5.4 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1

Mississippi

5.5 5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.3 6.2

Missouri

5.5 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.4 5.3

Montana

7.9 8.0 7.2 8.9 7.6 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.2 8.0

Nebraska

5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.6

Nevada

6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4

New Hampshire

6.1 6.7 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.8 5.7 5.7

New Jersey

5.7 6.5 6.0 6.4 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6

New Mexico

6.5 6.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 5.7 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.8

New York

6.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3

North Carolina

6.2 6.1 5.7 6.7 6.3 5.3 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.2 6.4

Ohio

5.6 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1

Oklahoma

6.2 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.8 5.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8

Oregon

8.0 6.2 6.2 6.7 6.3 5.8 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.8

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.8

Rhode Island

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 5.7 5.6

South Carolina

6.3 7.5 5.8 7.4 6.4 5.1 6.7 6.5 5.4 6.0

South Dakota

6.4 6.1 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.4

Tennessee

5.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 4.9 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.8

Texas

5.9 5.9 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.2

Utah

7.5 6.9 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2

Vermont

6.5 7.2 6.9 7.4 6.7 7.0 7.1 7.6 6.8 6.3

Virginia

6.0 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.4 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.5

Washington

7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5 5.6 5.6

West Virginia

6.9 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6

Wisconsin

5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.7 5.5 5.9 5.0 4.8

Wyoming

8.6 8.4 8.3 10.0 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.4 7.8 7.8

Puerto Rico

8.5 7.9 7.2 6.0 7.1 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.1

Virgin Islands

13.3 13.2 12.8 7.9 11.9 18.6 7.0 5.9 7.1 7.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 05, 2019