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News Release Information

20-429-SAN
Wednesday, March 11, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Anchorage area – February 2020

Area prices were unchanged over the past two months, down 0.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Anchorage area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged for the two months ending in February 2020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that during this period lower prices for gasoline and shelter helped counter higher prices for food and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U decreased 0.3 percent. The index for all items less food and energy declined 0.8 percent over the year. Food prices rose 1.7 percent. Energy prices increased 1.3 percent, influenced by an increase in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 1.1 percent for the two months ending in February. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 1.8 percent, while prices for food away from home were unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 1.7 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 1.9 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 1.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 3.3 percent for the two months ending in February. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-5.0 percent). Prices for electricity decreased 3.0 percent, while prices for natural gas service were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices increased 1.3 percent over the year, influenced by higher prices for gasoline (4.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 5.3 percent, but prices for electricity declined 6.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (4.2 percent) and other goods and services (0.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for shelter (-0.4 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy declined 0.8 percent. Components contributing to the decrease included recreation (-3.3 percent), used cars and trucks (-2.3 percent), and shelter (-1.0 percent). Partly offsetting the decreases were price increases in medical care (3.7 percent) and other goods and services (3.5 percent).

The April 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Anchorage area is scheduled to be released on May 12, 2020.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index changed to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in February, 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.

Historical data, including semiannual and annual averages, are available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Urban Alaska area covered in this release consists of Anchorage and Matanuska-Susitna Borough in the State of Alaska.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Urban Alaska (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020
Feb.
2020
Feb.
2019
Dec.
2019
Jan.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

226.527 - 226.510 -0.3 0.0 -

All items (1967=100)

604.633 - 604.587 - - -

Food and beverages

216.444 - 219.024 1.9 1.2 -

Food

222.266 - 224.636 1.7 1.1 -

Food at home

214.390 213.065 218.176 1.4 1.8 2.4

Cereals and bakery products

227.741 - 223.812 -3.7 -1.7 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

199.793 - 201.562 4.3 0.9 -

Dairy and related products

205.880 - 219.974 13.7 6.8 -

Fruits and vegetables

336.725 - 346.203 0.5 2.8 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

147.453 - 151.955 -0.3 3.1 -

Other food at home

175.554 - 177.711 -0.9 1.2 -

Food away from home

232.381 - 232.382 1.9 0.0 -

Alcoholic beverages

158.065 - 162.098 3.7 2.6 -

Housing

206.020 - 205.150 -0.8 -0.4 -

Shelter

204.161 203.613 203.391 -1.0 -0.4 -0.1

Rent of primary residence(2)

198.473 197.528 197.808 -1.2 -0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

205.857 205.577 205.137 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

205.857 205.577 205.137 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2

Fuels and utilities

360.488 - 357.178 -0.7 -0.9 -

Household energy

379.256 373.004 373.036 -1.7 -1.6 0.0

Energy services

422.871 415.761 415.761 -1.7 -1.7 0.0

Electricity

373.728 362.576 362.576 -6.2 -3.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

483.350 483.350 483.350 5.3 0.0 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

131.335 - 131.125 0.5 -0.2 -

Apparel

150.610 - 156.886 0.3 4.2 -

Transportation

221.517 - 218.384 -2.6 -1.4 -

Private transportation

231.099 - 227.135 -3.2 -1.7 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

109.313 - - - - -

New vehicles(1)

246.367 - - - - -

Used cars and trucks(1)

255.478 - 255.564 -2.3 0.0 -

Motor fuel

242.916 239.128 230.476 4.4 -5.1 -3.6

Gasoline (all types)

243.669 239.859 231.488 4.6 -5.0 -3.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

234.358 230.834 222.475 4.3 -5.1 -3.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

236.199 232.131 224.300 5.2 -5.0 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

250.937 246.231 239.441 5.7 -4.6 -2.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

895.661 - 895.661 -11.1 0.0 -

Medical care

630.543 - 631.082 3.7 0.1 -

Recreation(3)

128.981 - 129.429 -3.3 0.3 -

Education and communication(3)

113.834 - 114.166 1.0 0.3 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

- - 747.792 2.7 - -

Other goods and services

365.348 - 367.873 3.5 0.7 -

Commodity and service group

All items

226.527 - 226.510 -0.3 0.0 -

Commodities

182.804 - 183.746 0.4 0.5 -

Commodities less food & beverages

165.428 - 165.565 -0.5 0.1 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

211.982 - 211.866 2.3 -0.1 -

Durables

125.924 - 126.218 -2.9 0.2 -

Services

264.179 - 263.262 -0.7 -0.3 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

212.558 - 212.523 -0.6 0.0 -

All items less shelter

235.795 - 236.187 0.0 0.2 -

Commodities less food

165.489 - 165.835 -0.3 0.2 -

Nondurables

214.783 - 216.137 2.1 0.6 -

Nondurables less food

208.273 - 208.666 2.4 0.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

363.128 - 362.000 -0.4 -0.3 -

Services less medical care services

243.026 - 241.959 -1.3 -0.4 -

Energy

300.495 295.669 290.582 1.3 -3.3 -1.7

All items less energy

222.530 - 223.101 -0.5 0.3 -

All items less food and energy

222.969 - 223.218 -0.8 0.1 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 11, 2020