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19-1799-SAN
Thursday, October 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Hawaii Area – September 2019

Area prices were up 0.1 percent over the past two months, up 1.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Honolulu area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.1 percent for the two months ending in September 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for apparel and food. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent over the year. Food prices advanced 2.3 percent. Energy prices decreased 4.6 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of electricity. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.7 percent for the two months ending in September. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.4 percent, while prices for food away from home were unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.3 percent. Prices for food away from home moved up 2.9 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home increased 1.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 0.7 percent for the two months ending in September. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for electricity (-3.6 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 2.6 percent, and prices for gasoline increased 1.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 4.6 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for electricity (-8.3 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service decreased 2.3 percent, and prices for gasoline declined 1.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy were unchanged in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (4.3 percent) and recreation (0.8 percent) helped counter lower prices for used cars and trucks (-2.8 percent) and shelter (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included apparel (7.5 percent) and shelter (2.1 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in recreation (-2.1 percent).

The November 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Honolulu area is scheduled to be released on December 11, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index changed to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in January, 2018. The first indexes using the new structure were published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.

Historical data, including semiannual and annual averages, are available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Urban Hawaii area covered in this release consists of Honolulu in the State of Hawaii.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Urban Hawaii (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

281.928 - 282.106 1.1 0.1 -

All items (1967=100)

776.141 - 776.631 - - -

Food and beverages

286.820 - 288.845 2.2 0.7 -

Food

287.794 - 289.897 2.3 0.7 -

Food at home

275.503 274.430 279.412 1.8 1.4 1.8

Cereals and bakery products

306.873 - 320.709 1.7 4.5 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

256.110 - 259.093 2.8 1.2 -

Dairy and related products

233.274 - 241.165 3.0 3.4 -

Fruits and vegetables

343.568 - 348.239 4.6 1.4 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

354.821 - 341.022 1.5 -3.9 -

Other food at home

258.082 - 264.782 -1.1 2.6 -

Food away from home

294.721 - 294.786 2.9 0.0 -

Food away from home

294.721 - 294.786 2.9 0.0 -

Alcoholic beverages

268.465 - 269.003 0.2 0.2 -

Housing

308.675 - 307.837 1.6 -0.3 -

Shelter

336.375 337.367 335.338 2.1 -0.3 -0.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

324.765 324.999 325.470 1.5 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

349.834 350.252 348.983 2.0 -0.2 -0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

349.834 350.252 348.983 2.0 -0.2 -0.4

Fuels and utilities

372.624 - 372.132 -2.5 -0.1 -

Household energy

301.405 300.943 291.448 -7.9 -3.3 -3.2

Energy services

296.264 295.899 286.291 -8.0 -3.4 -3.2

Electricity

293.643 292.727 283.010 -8.3 -3.6 -3.3

Utility (piped) gas service

293.243 305.875 300.900 -2.3 2.6 -1.6

Household furnishings and operations

147.089 - 147.081 0.8 0.0 -

Apparel

115.789 - 120.772 7.5 4.3 -

Transportation

225.351 - 225.011 -1.8 -0.2 -

Private transportation

226.415 - 226.093 -0.2 -0.1 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

- - - - - -

New vehicles(1)

- - - - - -

Used cars and trucks(1)

246.401 - 239.382 1.7 -2.8 -

Motor fuel

269.399 268.710 273.279 -1.7 1.4 1.7

Gasoline (all types)

276.433 275.722 280.439 -1.7 1.4 1.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

288.932 287.685 292.672 -2.3 1.3 1.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

233.276 231.895 233.225 0.5 0.0 0.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

250.397 252.443 256.997 1.2 2.6 1.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

485.506 - 481.526 0.3 -0.8 -

Medical care

- - - - - -

Recreation(3)

127.234 - 128.248 -2.1 0.8 -

Education and communication(3)

143.234 - 143.329 0.0 0.1 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,781.754 - 1,795.838 - 0.8 -

Other goods and services

509.694 - 505.864 1.8 -0.8 -

Commodity and service group

All items

281.928 - 282.106 1.1 0.1 -

Commodities

208.100 - 208.433 1.5 0.2 -

Commodities less food & beverages

160.041 - 159.538 0.8 -0.3 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

204.906 - 203.476 0.2 -0.7 -

Durables

- - - - - -

Services

346.398 - 346.445 0.9 0.0 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

274.070 - 274.351 1.0 0.1 -

All items less shelter

258.163 - 258.975 0.4 0.3 -

Commodities less food

164.138 - 163.654 0.7 -0.3 -

Nondurables

247.331 - 247.672 1.4 0.1 -

Nondurables less food

208.970 - 207.632 0.2 -0.6 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

356.631 - 358.471 -0.9 0.5 -

Services less medical care services

338.385 - 338.225 0.8 0.0 -

Energy

281.286 280.697 279.287 -4.6 -0.7 -0.5

All items less energy

283.639 - 283.972 1.5 0.1 -

All items less food and energy

284.752 - 284.752 1.3 0.0 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 10, 2019