Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-1852-SAN
Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — August 2022

Area prices were up 0.1 percent over the past month, up 7.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.1 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the August increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 7.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 9.2 percent. Energy prices rose 20.7 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 6.2 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Los Angeles, August 2019-August 2022
Food

Food prices increased 0.5 percent for the month of August. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.3 percent, led by higher prices for cereals and bakery products (2.0 percent). Prices for food away from home advanced 0.7 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 9.2 percent. Prices for food at home rose 12.1 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 7.6 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs to 17.7 percent for other food at home. Prices for food away from home advanced 5.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 5.0 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-10.0 percent). Electricity prices were unchanged, while natural gas service prices advanced 11.0 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 20.7 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (22.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 30.6 percent, and prices for electricity increased 10.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.5 percent in August. Higher prices for apparel (9.2 percent) and shelter (0.8 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for medical care (-2.0 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-1.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 6.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (13.4 percent), medical care (6.9 percent), and shelter (5.2 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9 1.1 7.5

February

0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0 0.3 7.4

March

0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2 1.5 8.5

April

0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6 0.5 7.9

May

0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9 0.8 8.0

June

-0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0 1.1 8.6

July

0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9 -0.2 7.7

August

0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0 0.1 7.6

September

0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 5.4

November

-0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0 0.6 6.0

December

-0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5 0.4 6.6

The September 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on October 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

314.072 313.415 313.608 7.6 -0.1 0.1

All items (1967=100)

927.908 925.967 926.537 - - -

Food and beverages

314.494 316.016 317.736 9.0 1.0 0.5

Food

315.862 317.530 319.021 9.2 1.0 0.5

Food at home

307.614 309.766 310.558 12.1 1.0 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

315.506 325.385 331.841 17.4 5.2 2.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

340.484 337.476 337.247 7.6 -1.0 -0.1

Dairy and related products

300.685 302.333 304.347 13.5 1.2 0.7

Fruits and vegetables

421.056 420.071 417.611 9.3 -0.8 -0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

297.600 295.495 296.194 8.4 -0.5 0.2

Other food at home

237.795 243.595 244.159 17.7 2.7 0.2

Food away from home

318.245 319.227 321.602 5.8 1.1 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

275.268 274.646 279.473 5.9 1.5 1.8

Housing

349.329 349.523 352.247 6.0 0.8 0.8

Shelter

396.161 397.446 400.693 5.2 1.1 0.8

Rent of primary residence(2)

419.626 420.576 423.239 4.9 0.9 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

410.336 412.096 415.107 4.9 1.2 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

410.312 412.073 415.083 4.9 1.2 0.7

Fuels and utilities

452.268 438.677 450.050 14.1 -0.5 2.6

Household energy

413.181 392.117 405.977 17.2 -1.7 3.5

Energy services(2)

410.501 390.049 403.902 17.1 -1.6 3.6

Electricity(2)

429.503 424.685 424.685 10.4 -1.1 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

415.134 364.677 404.711 30.6 -2.5 11.0

Household furnishings and operations

131.664 132.307 130.500 7.1 -0.9 -1.4

Apparel

117.065 112.323 122.620 9.8 4.7 9.2

Transportation

284.834 279.034 269.677 13.8 -5.3 -3.4

Private transportation

285.890 281.262 272.449 13.7 -4.7 -3.1

New and used motor vehicles(4)

115.058 116.193 116.345 13.4 1.1 0.1

New vehicles(1)

194.139 194.191 194.828 6.1 0.4 0.3

Used cars and trucks(1)

404.909 406.991 405.360 8.5 0.1 -0.4

Motor fuel

480.589 451.041 406.125 22.9 -15.5 -10.0

Gasoline (all types)

469.166 439.859 395.770 22.6 -15.6 -10.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

471.683 441.781 396.978 22.8 -15.8 -10.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

445.477 418.631 377.878 22.1 -15.2 -9.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

443.040 417.067 377.309 22.0 -14.8 -9.5

Medical care

554.625 557.440 546.372 6.9 -1.5 -2.0

Recreation(6)

118.720 119.450 120.067 3.6 1.1 0.5

Education and communication(6)

154.579 155.764 157.399 5.8 1.8 1.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

2,163.845 2,170.105 2,216.400 12.5 2.4 2.1

Other goods and services

484.584 488.129 489.187 5.2 0.9 0.2

Commodity and service group

All items

314.072 313.415 313.608 7.6 -0.1 0.1

Commodities

221.928 220.404 218.853 9.9 -1.4 -0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

172.891 170.243 167.480 10.7 -3.1 -1.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

247.147 238.862 232.395 13.4 -6.0 -2.7

Durables

105.694 106.710 106.495 7.1 0.8 -0.2

Services

394.879 395.063 396.914 6.5 0.5 0.5

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

303.497 302.707 303.339 7.7 -0.1 0.2

All items less shelter

277.836 276.302 275.119 9.3 -1.0 -0.4

Commodities less food

177.844 175.215 172.615 10.4 -2.9 -1.5

Nondurables

282.410 278.960 276.532 10.8 -2.1 -0.9

Nondurables less food

252.050 244.139 238.295 12.8 -5.5 -2.4

Services less rent of shelter(3)

403.984 402.499 402.260 8.4 -0.4 -0.1

Services less medical care services

379.967 379.974 382.702 6.4 0.7 0.7

Energy

456.205 429.904 408.390 20.7 -10.5 -5.0

All items less energy

307.564 308.450 309.953 6.7 0.8 0.5

All items less food and energy

306.206 306.958 308.463 6.2 0.7 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 13, 2022