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News Release Information

21-1852-SAN
Wednesday, October 13, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – September 2021

Area prices were up 0.3 percent over the past month, up 4.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.3 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for education and communication as well as shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 4.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 4.7 percent. Energy prices jumped 25.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.0 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Los Angeles, September 2018-September 2021

Food

Food prices increased 0.6 percent for the month of September. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 0.6 percent, led by higher prices for cereals and bakery products (2.4 percent). Prices for food away from home rose 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 4.7 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 5.3 percent since a year ago. Five of the six grocery categories recorded price increases of 3.6 percent or more, while dairy and related products prices were unchanged. Prices for food away from home rose 4.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.3 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for electricity (0.6 percent). Prices for gasoline moved up 0.2 percent, but prices for natural gas service edged down 0.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 25.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (35.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 16.1 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 11.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in September. Higher prices for education and communication (2.6 percent) and shelter (0.2 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.2 percent) new and used motor vehicles (-1.1 percent), and recreation (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 3.0 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (15.0 percent), recreation (11.6 percent), and shelter (1.7 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in apparel (-1.9 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9

February

0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0

March

0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 -0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2

April

0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6

May

0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9

June

-0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0

July

0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9

August

0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0

September

0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7

November

0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0

December

0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5

The October 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on November 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on September 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

290.890 291.333 292.209 4.6 0.5 0.3

All items (1967=100)

859.418 860.727 863.315 - - -

Food and beverages

289.881 291.593 293.122 4.6 1.1 0.5

Food

290.582 292.167 293.808 4.7 1.1 0.6

Food at home

277.535 277.010 278.800 5.3 0.5 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

283.924 282.737 289.631 3.6 2.0 2.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

321.214 313.448 318.188 8.4 -0.9 1.5

Dairy and related products

265.171 268.182 264.585 0.0 -0.2 -1.3

Fruits and vegetables

372.452 382.012 380.845 6.3 2.3 -0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

272.546 273.176 273.232 3.6 0.3 0.0

Other food at home

209.102 207.404 209.000 5.4 0.0 0.8

Food away from home

300.355 303.980 305.459 4.2 1.7 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

260.790 263.850 263.966 3.5 1.2 0.0

Housing

332.085 332.206 333.188 2.4 0.3 0.3

Shelter

381.105 380.890 381.714 1.7 0.2 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

403.329 403.587 403.905 1.1 0.1 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

395.231 395.806 396.130 1.1 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

395.208 395.784 396.108 1.1 0.2 0.1

Fuels and utilities

393.448 394.546 395.653 11.2 0.6 0.3

Household energy

345.035 346.461 347.820 12.8 0.8 0.4

Energy services(2)

343.597 345.029 346.380 12.8 0.8 0.4

Electricity(2)

384.683 384.683 386.985 11.6 0.6 0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

305.289 309.848 309.431 16.1 1.4 -0.1

Household furnishings and operations

120.866 121.846 123.284 1.9 2.0 1.2

Apparel

107.807 111.691 110.378 -1.9 2.4 -1.2

Transportation

238.876 236.982 235.491 15.9 -1.4 -0.6

Private transportation

238.880 239.577 238.743 18.5 -0.1 -0.3

New and used motor vehicles(4)

102.565 102.573 101.484 15.0 -1.1 -1.1

New vehicles(1)

179.479 183.610 182.561 7.9 1.7 -0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

378.904 373.749 358.475 23.4 -5.4 -4.1

Motor fuel

326.954 330.324 331.109 35.0 1.3 0.2

Gasoline (all types)

319.494 322.764 323.535 35.0 1.3 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

320.020 323.306 324.048 35.8 1.3 0.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

306.247 309.360 310.148 33.2 1.3 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

306.233 309.330 310.177 32.3 1.3 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

823.411 821.038 821.038 7.6 -0.3 0.0

Medical care

511.849 510.897 512.342 0.6 0.1 0.3

Recreation(6)

114.741 115.884 115.674 11.6 0.8 -0.2

Education and communication(6)

148.291 148.759 152.655 1.2 2.9 2.6

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,939.965 1,970.492 2,050.902 4.1 5.7 4.1

Other goods and services

464.816 465.026 466.018 5.3 0.3 0.2

Commodity and service group

All items

290.890 291.333 292.209 4.6 0.5 0.3

Commodities

197.297 199.101 199.515 7.5 1.1 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

149.550 151.343 151.240 10.3 1.1 -0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

202.451 204.844 206.070 12.1 1.8 0.6

Durables

98.260 99.466 98.332 7.4 0.1 -1.1

Services

373.713 372.791 374.093 3.1 0.1 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

281.186 281.675 282.525 4.9 0.5 0.3

All items less shelter

251.018 251.738 252.632 6.6 0.6 0.4

Commodities less food

154.482 156.332 156.235 9.8 1.1 -0.1

Nondurables

247.439 249.502 250.888 7.6 1.4 0.6

Nondurables less food

208.757 211.223 212.379 11.2 1.7 0.5

Services less rent of shelter(3)

373.051 371.090 373.110 5.3 0.0 0.5

Services less medical care services

360.556 359.629 361.032 3.4 0.1 0.4

Energy

335.719 338.421 339.416 25.9 1.1 0.3

All items less energy

290.195 290.490 291.365 3.2 0.4 0.3

All items less food and energy

290.279 290.327 291.056 3.0 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 13, 2021