Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-868-SAN
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — April 2022

Area prices were up 0.5 percent over the past month, up 7.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.5 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and new and used motor vehicles. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 7.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 7.5 percent. Energy prices jumped 34.2 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 5.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Los Angeles, April 2019-April 2022

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent for the month of April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home edged up 0.1 percent over the month as three categories rose, and three categories declined. Food away from home advanced 0.6 percent.

Over the year, food prices advanced 7.5 percent. Prices for food at home increased 9.5 percent since a year ago, led by an 11.7 percent increase for fruits and vegetables. Prices for food away from home increased 5.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index was unchanged over the month. Decreases in electricity prices (-2.7 percent) and natural gas prices (-1.7 percent) were countered by higher gasoline prices (1.2 percent).

Energy prices jumped 34.2 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (46.2 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 25.1 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 14.0 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in April. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (2.3 percent), medical care (0.7 percent), and shelter (0.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-3.4 percent) and apparel (-2.9 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 5.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase were new and used motor vehicles (15.1 percent), medical care (6.5 percent), and shelter (4.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9 1.1 7.5

February

0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0 0.3 7.4

March

0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2 1.5 8.5

April

0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6 0.5 7.9

May

0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9

June

-0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0

July

0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9

August

0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0

September

0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 5.4

November

-0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0 0.6 6.0

December

-0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5 0.4 6.6

The May 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on June 10, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

302.164 306.679 308.302 7.9 2.0 0.5

All items (1967=100)

892.725 906.065 910.861 - - -

Food and beverages

303.742 307.249 308.581 7.5 1.6 0.4

Food

304.383 308.115 309.222 7.5 1.6 0.4

Food at home

291.759 298.567 298.979 9.5 2.5 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

302.848 312.021 314.432 11.0 3.8 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

325.612 333.696 333.224 8.5 2.3 -0.1

Dairy and related products

275.947 279.034 284.203 9.8 3.0 1.9

Fruits and vegetables

404.906 421.214 418.360 11.7 3.3 -0.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

282.701 291.248 284.238 2.9 0.5 -2.4

Other food at home

222.709 224.184 227.000 11.3 1.9 1.3

Food away from home

312.864 312.426 314.422 5.2 0.5 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

275.374 275.507 279.900 7.3 1.6 1.6

Housing

343.245 344.997 345.199 5.4 0.6 0.1

Shelter

389.980 391.014 393.393 4.4 0.9 0.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

413.909 414.737 416.441 3.7 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

403.608 404.757 406.347 3.8 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

403.585 404.733 406.323 3.8 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

419.106 431.131 423.283 13.8 1.0 -1.8

Household energy

373.176 387.909 378.542 16.7 1.4 -2.4

Energy services(2)

371.495 385.556 376.317 16.5 1.3 -2.4

Electricity(2)

431.726 449.175 437.223 14.0 1.3 -2.7

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

298.413 307.719 302.477 25.1 1.4 -1.7

Household furnishings and operations

134.455 135.380 130.758 8.7 -2.7 -3.4

Apparel

117.926 118.761 115.276 4.0 -2.2 -2.9

Transportation

250.475 266.393 272.999 20.9 9.0 2.5

Private transportation

254.166 269.276 272.877 21.4 7.4 1.3

New and used motor vehicles(4)

108.029 108.100 110.535 15.1 2.3 2.3

New vehicles(1)

192.755 189.915 191.967 10.7 -0.4 1.1

Used cars and trucks(1)

398.415 392.079 389.987 21.9 -2.1 -0.5

Motor fuel

359.445 435.041 441.000 46.3 22.7 1.4

Gasoline (all types)

351.114 425.278 430.416 46.2 22.6 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

352.034 427.284 432.301 46.8 22.8 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

335.663 404.341 409.667 44.7 22.0 1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

335.327 402.677 408.099 43.8 21.7 1.3

Medical care

537.117 538.381 542.186 6.5 0.9 0.7

Recreation(6)

115.548 117.521 118.313 7.0 2.4 0.7

Education and communication(6)

152.117 151.545 152.197 3.6 0.1 0.4

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

2,080.565 2,079.704 2,079.704 8.8 0.0 0.0

Other goods and services

471.452 476.838 479.117 2.2 1.6 0.5

Commodity and service group

All items

302.164 306.679 308.302 7.9 2.0 0.5

Commodities

209.458 215.759 216.387 12.1 3.3 0.3

Commodities less food & beverages

160.431 167.491 167.805 15.9 4.6 0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

218.087 236.491 236.812 19.9 8.6 0.1

Durables

104.662 104.113 104.379 11.0 -0.3 0.3

Services

383.772 386.484 389.020 5.7 1.4 0.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

291.852 296.477 298.009 8.0 2.1 0.5

All items less shelter

263.316 269.412 270.699 10.2 2.8 0.5

Commodities less food

165.550 172.522 172.947 15.4 4.5 0.2

Nondurables

262.283 273.383 274.210 12.6 4.5 0.3

Nondurables less food

224.443 241.939 242.519 18.8 8.1 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(3)

385.112 390.423 393.244 7.8 2.1 0.7

Services less medical care services

369.433 372.207 374.671 5.7 1.4 0.7

Energy

367.030 418.559 418.382 34.2 14.0 0.0

All items less energy

300.237 301.947 303.689 6.1 1.1 0.6

All items less food and energy

299.588 300.952 302.803 5.8 1.1 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022