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19-262-SAN
Wednesday, February 13, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – January 2019

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past month, up 3.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.7 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the January increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 3.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices advanced 2.5 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of natural gas service. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 0.4 percent for the month of January. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home rose 1.1 percent, but prices for food at home declined 0.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 2.0 percent. Prices for food away from home moved up 4.8 percent since a year ago, but prices for food at home decreased 0.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 2.7 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-4.0 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 0.9 percent, and prices for electricity decreased 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices advanced 2.5 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for natural gas service (21.1 percent). Prices paid for electricity increased 1.1 percent, and prices for gasoline rose 0.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.0 percent in January. Higher prices were noted for apparel (5.3 percent), household furnishings and operations (1.4 percent), and shelter (0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (5.4 percent), other goods and services (4.0 percent), and medical care (1.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in new vehicles (-0.7 percent) and recreation (-0.5 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2

The February 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim area is scheduled to be released on March 12, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Jan.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018

Expenditure category

All items

268.560 267.631 269.468 3.2 0.3 0.7

All items (1967=100)

793.446 790.700 796.129 - - -

Food and beverages

261.228 261.875 263.128 1.9 0.7 0.5

Food

261.629 262.476 263.610 2.0 0.8 0.4

Food at home

253.093 254.461 253.860 -0.7 0.3 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

265.799 267.239 266.787 1.3 0.4 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

278.024 280.729 273.811 0.7 -1.5 -2.5

Dairy and related products

240.482 242.143 241.170 0.4 0.3 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

337.767 336.731 339.832 -5.3 0.6 0.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

259.688 260.932 265.622 4.0 2.3 1.8

Other food at home

195.746 197.268 197.640 -2.1 1.0 0.2

Food away from home

267.031 267.322 270.248 4.8 1.2 1.1

Food away from home

267.031 267.322 270.248 4.8 1.2 1.1

Alcoholic beverages

239.931 237.875 240.653 1.2 0.3 1.2

Housing

305.329 306.739 309.193 5.0 1.3 0.8

Shelter

352.139 353.056 355.952 5.4 1.1 0.8

Rent of primary residence(2)

372.992 374.865 375.935 5.1 0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

366.574 367.831 369.294 4.9 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

366.553 367.809 369.273 4.9 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

321.352 329.083 328.241 4.6 2.1 -0.3

Household energy

274.505 284.067 282.486 5.9 2.9 -0.6

Energy services(2)

273.276 282.974 281.164 5.9 2.9 -0.6

Electricity(2)

319.592 319.592 317.874 1.1 -0.5 -0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

214.830 245.309 243.082 21.1 13.2 -0.9

Household furnishings and operations

117.857 118.987 120.705 2.0 2.4 1.4

Apparel

107.913 103.518 108.962 2.6 1.0 5.3

Transportation

215.680 209.970 209.141 1.0 -3.0 -0.4

Private transportation

212.739 208.021 206.710 1.5 -2.8 -0.6

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.525 91.518 92.091 -0.2 0.6 0.6

New vehicles(1)

168.836 170.223 171.896 -0.7 1.8 1.0

Used cars and trucks(1)

265.900 266.041 267.062 1.3 0.4 0.4

Motor fuel

281.614 264.008 253.550 0.6 -10.0 -4.0

Gasoline (all types)

275.024 257.773 247.517 0.6 -10.0 -4.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

275.743 258.279 247.851 0.6 -10.1 -4.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

264.453 248.378 238.913 1.2 -9.7 -3.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

261.426 245.834 236.805 0.6 -9.4 -3.7

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

782.657 774.857 774.857 5.1 -1.0 0.0

Medical care

473.339 474.709 481.041 1.2 1.6 1.3

Recreation(6)

108.583 107.717 107.787 -0.5 -0.7 0.1

Education and communication(6)

147.138 146.245 146.179 1.2 -0.7 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,908.743 1,893.973 1,893.973 6.6 -0.8 0.0

Other goods and services

431.331 429.497 432.648 4.0 0.3 0.7

Commodity and service group

All items

268.560 267.631 269.468 3.2 0.3 0.7

Commodities

182.141 180.223 181.312 1.0 -0.5 0.6

Commodities less food & beverages

140.548 137.783 138.740 0.3 -1.3 0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.166 185.434 186.137 1.1 -3.1 0.4

Durables

90.875 91.550 92.675 -0.9 2.0 1.2

Services

345.479 345.417 347.919 4.2 0.7 0.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

259.573 258.561 260.220 3.3 0.2 0.6

All items less shelter

231.868 230.095 231.460 1.6 -0.2 0.6

Commodities less food

144.916 142.134 143.151 0.4 -1.2 0.7

Nondurables

228.277 224.768 225.740 1.5 -1.1 0.4

Nondurables less food

197.391 190.821 191.646 1.1 -2.9 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(3)

345.210 343.732 345.710 2.4 0.1 0.6

Services less medical care services

334.097 333.981 336.054 4.4 0.6 0.6

Energy

281.149 272.892 265.455 2.5 -5.6 -2.7

All items less energy

269.851 269.401 271.869 3.2 0.7 0.9

All items less food and energy

271.552 270.898 273.579 3.4 0.7 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 13, 2019