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18-1305-SAN
Friday, August 10, 2018

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — July 2018

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 3.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were up 0.2 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the July increase was influenced by higher prices for apparel and food. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices jumped 18.4 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.3 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.5 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.9 percent, and prices for food away from home edged up 0.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 1.3 percent. Prices for food away from advanced 2.9 percent since a year ago, but prices for food at home declined 0.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index edged up 0.1 percent over the month. The increase was largely due to higher prices for electricity (2.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 5.1 percent, but prices for gasoline declined 1.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 18.4 percent over the year, mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (25.4 percent). Prices paid for electricity increased 8.9 percent, and prices for natural gas service advanced 3.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in July. Higher prices for apparel (2.1 percent), education and communication (0.5 percent), and shelter (0.1 percent) were partially offset by a decline in new vehicle prices (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (5.1 percent), other goods and services (2.8 percent), and apparel (2.4 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in recreation (-1.2 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.6 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.8 2.0 0.5 0.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5

February

0.7 2.2 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7  0.7  3.6

March

0.1 1.3 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7  0.4  3.8

April

-0.4 0.9 0.0 1.4 -0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7  0.4 4.0

May

0.1 1.0 0.4 1.7 1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5  0.4  4.1

June

-0.1 1.4 0.1 1.8 -0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2  -0.2 4.0

July

-0.1 1.3 0.1 2.0 0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5  0.2  3.9

August

0.1 0.8 -0.1 1.8 -0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8    

September

0.2 0.6 0.0 1.7 -0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1    

October

0.1 -0.1 -0.1 1.4 0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1    

November

-0.5 0.4 -0.7 1.3 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6    

December

0.0 1.1 -0.5 0.7 -0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6    

The August 2018 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim area is scheduled to be released on September 13, 2018.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/georevision2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jul.
2018
Jul.
2017
May
2018
Jun.
2018

Expenditure category

All items

266.148 265.522 266.007 3.9 -0.1 0.2

All items (1967=100)

786.319 784.470 785.904 - - -

Food and beverages

259.252 258.121 259.476 1.3 0.1 0.5

Food

259.611 258.493 259.767 1.3 0.1 0.5

Food at home

255.115 251.908 254.096 -0.3 -0.4 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

258.547 265.089 263.179 - 1.8 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

276.998 276.874 276.583 - -0.1 -0.1

Dairy and related products

243.136 230.080 234.972 - -3.4 2.1

Fruits and vegetables

342.775 334.496 344.753 - 0.6 3.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

260.211 254.932 258.283 - -0.7 1.3

Other food at home

202.990 200.450 200.663 - -1.1 0.1

Food away from home

260.832 261.902 262.209 2.9 0.5 0.1

Food away from home

260.832 261.902 262.209 2.9 0.5 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

238.649 237.407 239.755 1.7 0.5 1.0

Housing

300.896 300.801 301.542 4.7 0.2 0.2

Shelter

346.704 346.681 346.981 5.1 0.1 0.1

Rent of primary residence(2)

362.688 363.460 365.169 4.7 0.7 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

358.741 360.277 361.296 5.2 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

358.720 360.256 361.275 5.2 0.7 0.3

Fuels and utilities

320.397 320.494 328.041 7.3 2.4 2.4

Household energy

274.524 274.645 282.590 7.7 2.9 2.9

Energy services(2)

273.095 273.373 281.402 7.8 3.0 2.9

Electricity(2)

313.199 309.886 316.429 8.9 1.0 2.1

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

227.144 234.695 246.743 3.7 8.6 5.1

Household furnishings and operations

116.160 115.769 115.972 -0.6 -0.2 0.2

Apparel

107.820 105.173 107.346 2.4 -0.4 2.1

Transportation

216.802 215.564 213.623 8.6 -1.5 -0.9

Private transportation

212.498 211.801 211.018 9.6 -0.7 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

92.071 92.013 92.280 - 0.2 0.3

New vehicles(1)

169.306 169.414 169.010 - -0.2 -0.2

Used cars and trucks(1)

267.205 268.557 270.549 - 1.3 0.7

Motor fuel

288.201 284.872 280.952 25.6 -2.5 -1.4

Gasoline (all types)

281.580 278.310 274.462 25.4 -2.5 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

282.335 279.017 275.178 25.7 -2.5 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

269.950 267.048 263.459 24.9 -2.4 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

267.712 264.768 260.989 23.9 -2.5 -1.4

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

758.909 758.909 758.909 - 0.0 0.0

Medical care

480.668 479.922 480.464 1.2 0.0 0.1

Recreation(6)

105.700 105.881 105.881 -1.2 0.2 0.0

Education and communication(6)

144.240 144.897 145.628 1.3 1.0 0.5

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,775.946 1,780.097 1,828.363 - 3.0 2.7

Other goods and services

428.442 426.226 428.248 2.8 0.0 0.5

Commodity and service group

All items

266.148 265.522 266.007 3.9 -0.1 0.2

Commodities

182.353 180.949 181.190 3.0 -0.6 0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

141.575 140.158 139.961 4.3 -1.1 -0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.946 191.320 191.669 8.9 -1.2 0.2

Durables

91.224 90.882 90.239 -3.3 -1.1 -0.7

Services

340.747 340.805 341.507 4.3 0.2 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

256.804 256.185 256.666 4.1 -0.1 0.2

All items less shelter

230.818 229.915 230.487 3.1 -0.1 0.2

Commodities less food

145.895 144.464 144.332 4.2 -1.1 -0.1

Nondurables

228.379 226.376 227.194 4.8 -0.5 0.4

Nondurables less food

199.029 196.442 196.905 8.4 -1.1 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(3)

341.387 341.556 342.924 3.2 0.5 0.4

Services less medical care services

328.759 328.838 329.484 4.6 0.2 0.2

Energy

285.492 283.343 283.532 18.4 -0.7 0.1

All items less energy

266.971 266.441 266.950 3.0 0.0 0.2

All items less food and energy

268.532 268.094 268.484 3.3 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, August 10, 2018