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News Release Information

20-59-SAN
Tuesday, January 14, 2020

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – December 2019

Area prices were down 0.6 percent over the past month, up 3.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), decreased 0.6 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the December decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 3.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent over the year. Food prices rose 2.6 percent. Energy prices advanced 4.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.1 percent for the month of December. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.3 percent, while prices for food away from home were unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 2.6 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 4.5 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 0.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 4.7 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-8.1 percent). Prices for electricity were unchanged, while prices for natural gas service jumped 10.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices advanced 4.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (6.7 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 3.3 percent, but prices for natural gas service dropped 10.0 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy decreased 0.3 percent in December. Lower prices for recreation (-1.5 percent) and shelter (-0.2 percent) were partially offset by higher prices for medical care (0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.8 percent) and medical care (2.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in recreation (-1.7 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.1 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0

The January 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on February 13, 2020.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Oct.
2019
Nov.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

278.075 277.239 275.553 3.0 -0.9 -0.6

All items (1967=100)

821.558 819.088 814.106 - - -

Food and beverages

268.773 268.232 267.623 2.2 -0.4 -0.2

Food

269.868 269.725 269.400 2.6 -0.2 -0.1

Food at home

257.259 257.137 256.446 0.8 -0.3 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

276.331 273.013 271.514 1.6 -1.7 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

280.590 284.748 281.643 0.3 0.4 -1.1

Dairy and related products

249.190 252.231 253.042 4.5 1.5 0.3

Fruits and vegetables

347.434 341.367 342.395 1.7 -1.5 0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

253.321 255.707 259.489 -0.6 2.4 1.5

Other food at home

198.414 197.047 195.258 -1.0 -1.6 -0.9

Food away from home

279.400 279.237 279.297 4.5 0.0 0.0

Food away from home

279.400 279.237 279.297 4.5 0.0 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

237.752 231.925 227.556 -4.3 -4.3 -1.9

Housing

319.381 319.370 319.257 4.1 0.0 0.0

Shelter

368.322 370.434 369.854 4.8 0.4 -0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

391.895 393.179 394.303 5.2 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

382.524 384.010 384.958 4.7 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

382.502 383.988 384.936 4.7 0.6 0.2

Fuels and utilities

337.793 326.698 331.851 0.8 -1.8 1.6

Household energy

290.446 276.725 283.097 -0.3 -2.5 2.3

Energy services(2)

288.848 275.203 281.858 -0.4 -2.4 2.4

Electricity(2)

331.131 330.012 330.012 3.3 -0.3 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

240.518 199.891 220.806 -10.0 -8.2 10.5

Household furnishings and operations

122.880 118.888 118.839 -0.1 -3.3 0.0

Apparel

109.325 106.580 106.453 2.8 -2.6 -0.1

Transportation

225.128 221.128 213.991 1.9 -4.9 -3.2

Private transportation

222.627 218.837 212.053 1.9 -4.7 -3.1

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.183 90.685 89.681 -2.0 -1.6 -1.1

New vehicles(1)

168.472 168.689 168.357 -1.1 -0.1 -0.2

Used cars and trucks(1)

265.251 263.523 262.995 -1.1 -0.9 -0.2

Motor fuel

319.939 306.142 281.470 6.6 -12.0 -8.1

Gasoline (all types)

312.811 299.212 274.921 6.7 -12.1 -8.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

313.280 299.590 274.851 6.4 -12.3 -8.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

300.817 287.692 265.897 7.1 -11.6 -7.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

297.181 284.650 263.520 7.2 -11.3 -7.4

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

782.920 782.920 782.920 1.0 0.0 0.0

Medical care

484.305 485.276 485.696 2.3 0.3 0.1

Recreation(6)

107.776 107.510 105.912 -1.7 -1.7 -1.5

Education and communication(6)

149.112 149.289 149.031 1.9 -0.1 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,959.569 1,959.569 1,959.856 3.5 0.0 0.0

Other goods and services

441.100 450.146 447.306 4.1 1.4 -0.6

Commodity and service group

All items

278.075 277.239 275.553 3.0 -0.9 -0.6

Commodities

188.209 185.573 182.787 1.4 -2.9 -1.5

Commodities less food & beverages

145.669 142.409 138.978 0.9 -4.6 -2.4

Nondurables less food & beverages

202.158 196.819 190.233 2.6 -5.9 -3.3

Durables

91.689 90.318 89.682 -2.0 -2.2 -0.7

Services

358.059 358.805 358.083 3.7 0.0 -0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

268.989 268.089 266.331 3.0 -1.0 -0.7

All items less shelter

238.399 236.218 234.021 1.7 -1.8 -0.9

Commodities less food

149.910 146.542 143.044 0.6 -4.6 -2.4

Nondurables

237.382 234.116 230.114 2.4 -3.1 -1.7

Nondurables less food

206.858 201.420 194.864 2.1 -5.8 -3.3

Services less rent of shelter(3)

352.824 351.611 350.670 2.0 -0.6 -0.3

Services less medical care services

346.147 346.853 346.037 3.6 0.0 -0.2

Energy

311.941 298.072 284.050 4.1 -8.9 -4.7

All items less energy

278.028 278.051 277.171 2.9 -0.3 -0.3

All items less food and energy

279.732 279.781 278.812 2.9 -0.3 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, January 14, 2020