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19-1485-SAN
Tuesday, August 13, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – July 2019

Area prices were up 0.1 percent over the past month, up 3.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.1 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard J. Holden noted that the July increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and food. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 3.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 2.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of electricity. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 0.6 percent for the month of July. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.6 percent, and prices for food away from home advanced 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices moved up 3.1 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 5.2 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 1.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 0.3 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-1.4 percent). Prices for natural gas service increased 3.2 percent, and prices for electricity rose 1.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 2.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for electricity (5.2 percent). Prices paid for gasoline increased 1.5 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 3.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in July. Higher prices for other goods and services (0.9 percent), household furnishings and operations (0.5 percent), and shelter (0.2 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.8 percent), new vehicles (-1.0 percent), and recreation (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (6.4 percent) and shelter (5.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in recreation (-1.5 percent) and apparel (-1.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2

The August 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on September 10, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Jul.
2018
May
2019
Jun.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

274.479 274.380 274.682 3.3 0.1 0.1

All items (1967=100)

810.932 810.640 811.534 - - -

Food and beverages

266.326 265.569 266.975 2.9 0.2 0.5

Food

267.125 266.300 267.789 3.1 0.2 0.6

Food at home

256.821 255.135 256.670 1.0 -0.1 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

276.434 273.550 278.288 5.7 0.7 1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

282.296 276.577 279.145 0.9 -1.1 0.9

Dairy and related products

247.601 247.328 245.850 4.6 -0.7 -0.6

Fruits and vegetables

342.939 344.121 345.694 0.3 0.8 0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

259.587 256.609 255.491 -1.1 -1.6 -0.4

Other food at home

195.805 196.263 197.945 -1.4 1.1 0.9

Food away from home

274.293 274.377 275.796 5.2 0.5 0.5

Food away from home

274.293 274.377 275.796 5.2 0.5 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

239.413 239.605 239.819 0.0 0.2 0.1

Housing

313.929 315.967 317.017 5.1 1.0 0.3

Shelter

361.789 364.285 365.102 5.2 0.9 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

382.263 384.472 386.502 5.8 1.1 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

375.869 378.241 379.331 5.0 0.9 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

375.847 378.219 379.309 5.0 0.9 0.3

Fuels and utilities

328.064 330.978 336.032 2.4 2.4 1.5

Household energy

281.595 285.199 290.527 2.8 3.2 1.9

Energy services(2)

280.104 283.915 289.173 2.8 3.2 1.9

Electricity(2)

323.435 328.400 332.992 5.2 3.0 1.4

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

228.545 230.518 237.789 -3.6 4.0 3.2

Household furnishings and operations

122.762 122.835 123.428 6.4 0.5 0.5

Apparel

108.695 107.736 105.821 -1.4 -2.6 -1.8

Transportation

224.193 218.918 217.078 1.6 -3.2 -0.8

Private transportation

220.355 215.066 214.303 1.6 -2.7 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.852 91.783 92.094 -0.2 0.3 0.3

New vehicles(1)

170.988 170.548 168.876 -0.1 -1.2 -1.0

Used cars and trucks(1)

266.438 269.839 273.654 1.1 2.7 1.4

Motor fuel

310.132 289.321 285.269 1.5 -8.0 -1.4

Gasoline (all types)

303.027 282.687 278.711 1.5 -8.0 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

303.996 282.930 278.800 1.3 -8.3 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

290.177 272.609 268.892 2.1 -7.3 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

287.318 269.393 266.404 2.1 -7.3 -1.1

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

774.857 774.857 774.857 2.1 0.0 0.0

Medical care

484.009 484.327 486.727 1.3 0.6 0.5

Recreation(6)

104.690 104.541 104.282 -1.5 -0.4 -0.2

Education and communication(6)

147.015 147.723 148.046 1.7 0.7 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,893.391 1,915.729 1,920.755 5.1 1.4 0.3

Other goods and services

435.145 440.145 443.955 3.7 2.0 0.9

Commodity and service group

All items

274.479 274.380 274.682 3.3 0.1 0.1

Commodities

187.156 185.060 184.820 2.0 -1.2 -0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.211 142.742 141.895 1.4 -2.3 -0.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

199.884 194.186 192.698 0.5 -3.6 -0.8

Durables

92.769 93.110 92.839 2.9 0.1 -0.3

Services

352.210 353.871 354.652 3.8 0.7 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

265.285 265.171 265.392 3.4 0.0 0.1

All items less shelter

236.119 234.840 234.910 1.9 -0.5 0.0

Commodities less food

149.502 147.071 146.242 1.3 -2.2 -0.6

Nondurables

234.975 231.408 231.210 1.8 -1.6 -0.1

Nondurables less food

204.767 199.311 197.895 0.5 -3.4 -0.7

Services less rent of shelter(3)

347.842 348.341 349.081 1.8 0.4 0.2

Services less medical care services

340.299 341.972 342.706 4.0 0.7 0.2

Energy

302.397 289.953 289.143 2.0 -4.4 -0.3

All items less energy

274.798 275.518 275.897 3.4 0.4 0.1

All items less food and energy

276.421 277.384 277.590 3.4 0.4 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 13, 2019