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News Release Information

21-871-SAN
Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – April 2021

Area prices were up 1.1 percent over the past month, up 3.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.1 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for new and used motor vehicles and recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 4.1 percent. Energy prices jumped 26.4 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.9 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 1.3 percent for the month of April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 2.1 percent, led by higher prices for fruits and vegetables. Prices for food away from home advanced 0.6 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 4.1 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 4.2 percent. Prices for food at home increased 4.1 percent since a year ago, led by higher prices for fruits and vegetables (7.3 percent) and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (6.6 percent).

Energy

The energy index rose 1.8 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (3.3 percent). Prices for electricity advanced 0.5 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 3.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 26.4 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (35.6 percent). Prices paid for electricity jumped 15.2 percent, and prices for natural gas service rose 8.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.0 percent in April. Higher prices for new and used motor vehicles (4.8 percent), recreation (4.6 percent), and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-0.6 percent) and education and communication (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included apparel (7.2 percent), new and used motor vehicles (5.7 percent), and shelter (0.9 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in education and communication (-1.5 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.7 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9

February

0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0

March

0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 -0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2

April

0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6

May

0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9

June

-0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4

July

0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9

August

0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0

September

0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2

October

0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7

November

0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0

December

0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5

The May 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on June 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on April 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in April was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020
Feb.
2021
Mar.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

281.347 282.648 285.808 3.6 1.6 1.1

All items (1967=100)

831.223 835.067 844.403 - - -

Food and beverages

283.522 283.505 287.089 4.0 1.3 1.3

Food

283.715 283.750 287.567 4.1 1.4 1.3

Food at home

269.217 267.292 273.030 4.1 1.4 2.1

Cereals and bakery products

277.500 281.430 283.353 -0.4 2.1 0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

299.450 302.461 307.235 6.6 2.6 1.6

Dairy and related products

261.590 259.853 258.855 -0.6 -1.0 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

363.625 358.042 374.431 7.3 3.0 4.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

275.704 268.265 276.135 3.1 0.2 2.9

Other food at home

203.485 199.524 203.904 4.0 0.2 2.2

Food away from home

294.972 296.916 298.823 4.2 1.3 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

260.811 260.197 260.793 2.2 0.0 0.2

Housing

326.053 326.591 327.410 1.5 0.4 0.3

Shelter

375.778 375.676 376.875 0.9 0.3 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

401.167 400.962 401.462 0.7 0.1 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

392.372 392.227 391.614 0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

392.349 392.204 391.592 0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Fuels and utilities

372.538 373.221 371.953 11.8 -0.2 -0.3

Household energy

325.529 325.995 324.439 13.5 -0.3 -0.5

Energy services(2)

324.104 324.444 322.917 13.5 -0.4 -0.5

Electricity(2)

381.106 381.498 383.502 15.2 0.6 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

250.556 250.837 241.865 8.4 -3.5 -3.6

Household furnishings and operations

117.480 120.176 120.280 -0.7 2.4 0.1

Apparel

107.305 111.445 110.832 7.2 3.3 -0.6

Transportation

211.493 216.878 225.729 14.9 6.7 4.1

Private transportation

213.448 218.064 224.775 15.1 5.3 3.1

New and used motor vehicles(4)

92.547 91.675 96.073 5.7 3.8 4.8

New vehicles(1)

172.218 171.386 173.352 1.5 0.7 1.1

Used cars and trucks(1)

286.569 293.092 320.026 20.1 11.7 9.2

Motor fuel

270.418 291.927 301.473 35.5 11.5 3.3

Gasoline (all types)

264.161 285.179 294.486 35.6 11.5 3.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

263.769 284.872 294.509 36.2 11.7 3.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

255.014 273.815 283.189 32.6 11.0 3.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

256.056 276.184 283.871 33.7 10.9 2.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

802.689 802.689 800.022 17.8 -0.3 -0.3

Medical care

507.285 505.630 508.953 1.8 0.3 0.7

Recreation(6)

102.330 105.756 110.592 2.1 8.1 4.6

Education and communication(6)

149.850 147.020 146.927 -1.5 -2.0 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,910.404 1,911.766 1,911.766 -2.6 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

466.852 462.504 468.902 4.1 0.4 1.4

Commodity and service group

All items

281.347 282.648 285.808 3.6 1.6 1.1

Commodities

187.956 190.310 193.088 6.7 2.7 1.5

Commodities less food & beverages

139.124 142.487 144.819 9.2 4.1 1.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

188.403 194.778 197.510 12.2 4.8 1.4

Durables

91.359 92.146 94.010 4.7 2.9 2.0

Services

364.297 364.509 367.939 2.1 1.0 0.9

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

271.527 272.925 276.059 3.7 1.7 1.1

All items less shelter

239.730 241.621 245.599 5.5 2.4 1.6

Commodities less food

144.350 147.596 149.884 8.8 3.8 1.6

Nondurables

237.175 240.376 243.550 7.2 2.7 1.3

Nondurables less food

195.613 201.533 204.134 11.2 4.4 1.3

Services less rent of shelter(3)

357.544 358.214 364.931 4.0 2.1 1.9

Services less medical care services

350.902 351.183 354.558 2.0 1.0 1.0

Energy

291.972 306.138 311.797 26.4 6.8 1.8

All items less energy

282.868 283.317 286.335 2.3 1.2 1.1

All items less food and energy

282.860 283.389 286.255 1.9 1.2 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 12, 2021