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19-962-SAN
Wednesday, June 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – May 2019

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 3.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.2 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the May increase was influenced by higher prices for household furnishings and operations and natural gas service. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 5.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.2 percent for the month of May. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.3 percent, and prices for food away from home moved up 0.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 2.9 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 5.2 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 0.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 1.4 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for natural gas service (11.9 percent). Prices for gasoline increased 0.8 percent, but prices for electricity inched down 0.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 5.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (7.6 percent). Prices paid for electricity moved up 3.3 percent, and prices for natural gas service increased 0.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.1 percent in May. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (3.0 percent) and medical care (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.5 percent) and recreation (-0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (5.7 percent) and shelter (4.4 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in recreation (-1.0 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2

February

0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4 0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5

March

1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7

April

-0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3

May

1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1

June

-0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8 -0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0

July

0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9

August

-0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4 0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9

September

-0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9

October

0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1

November

0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.8 0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6

December

-0.1 2.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2

The June 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on July 11, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, Los Angeles and Riverside have separate indexes. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles and Orange Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

271.311 273.945 274.479 3.1 1.2 0.2

All items (1967=100)

801.573 809.356 810.932 - - -

Food and beverages

264.112 265.788 266.326 2.7 0.8 0.2

Food

264.592 266.459 267.125 2.9 1.0 0.2

Food at home

255.111 256.108 256.821 0.7 0.7 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

267.027 270.934 276.434 6.9 3.5 2.0

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

274.330 278.702 282.296 1.9 2.9 1.3

Dairy and related products

246.976 243.276 247.601 1.8 0.3 1.8

Fruits and vegetables

343.687 342.410 342.939 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

265.537 263.960 259.587 -0.2 -2.2 -1.7

Other food at home

197.371 198.575 195.805 -3.5 -0.8 -1.4

Food away from home

270.937 273.686 274.293 5.2 1.2 0.2

Food away from home

270.937 273.686 274.293 5.2 1.2 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

241.589 240.606 239.413 0.3 -0.9 -0.5

Housing

312.127 312.688 313.929 4.3 0.6 0.4

Shelter

359.475 361.669 361.789 4.4 0.6 0.0

Rent of primary residence(2)

380.499 381.531 382.263 5.4 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

373.265 375.066 375.869 4.8 0.7 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

373.243 375.044 375.847 4.8 0.7 0.2

Fuels and utilities

329.908 321.975 328.064 2.4 -0.6 1.9

Household energy

284.090 274.065 281.595 2.6 -0.9 2.7

Energy services(2)

282.620 272.507 280.104 2.6 -0.9 2.8

Electricity(2)

321.116 323.613 323.435 3.3 0.7 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

241.126 204.313 228.545 0.6 -5.2 11.9

Household furnishings and operations

121.782 119.225 122.762 5.7 0.8 3.0

Apparel

109.928 110.382 108.695 0.8 -1.1 -1.5

Transportation

212.514 223.435 224.193 3.4 5.5 0.3

Private transportation

209.911 219.807 220.355 3.7 5.0 0.2

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.803 91.923 91.852 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

New vehicles(1)

169.506 170.106 170.988 1.0 0.9 0.5

Used cars and trucks(1)

269.606 269.228 266.438 -0.3 -1.2 -1.0

Motor fuel

267.783 307.726 310.132 7.6 15.8 0.8

Gasoline (all types)

261.512 300.758 303.027 7.6 15.9 0.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

261.977 301.683 303.996 7.7 16.0 0.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

252.139 288.797 290.177 7.5 15.1 0.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

249.632 285.205 287.318 7.3 15.1 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

774.857 774.857 774.857 2.1 0.0 0.0

Medical care

478.912 482.458 484.009 0.7 1.1 0.3

Recreation(6)

105.446 105.404 104.690 -1.0 -0.7 -0.7

Education and communication(6)

146.326 146.969 147.015 1.9 0.5 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,893.391 1,893.391 1,893.391 6.6 0.0 0.0

Other goods and services

438.268 436.530 435.145 1.6 -0.7 -0.3

Commodity and service group

All items

271.311 273.945 274.479 3.1 1.2 0.2

Commodities

182.634 186.418 187.156 2.6 2.5 0.4

Commodities less food & beverages

140.105 144.444 145.211 2.6 3.6 0.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

190.025 199.474 199.884 3.1 5.2 0.2

Durables

91.869 91.741 92.769 1.7 1.0 1.1

Services

350.227 351.856 352.210 3.4 0.6 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

262.204 264.792 265.285 3.3 1.2 0.2

All items less shelter

232.548 235.395 236.119 2.3 1.5 0.3

Commodities less food

144.522 148.777 149.502 2.5 3.4 0.5

Nondurables

228.388 234.497 234.975 2.9 2.9 0.2

Nondurables less food

195.428 204.438 204.767 2.9 4.8 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(3)

346.301 347.142 347.842 1.9 0.4 0.2

Services less medical care services

338.536 340.005 340.299 3.5 0.5 0.1

Energy

275.385 298.187 302.397 5.9 9.8 1.4

All items less energy

273.189 274.505 274.798 2.9 0.6 0.1

All items less food and energy

274.954 276.185 276.421 2.9 0.5 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 12, 2019